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Engineering and Technology

Engineering and Technology : Applications of Technology
Systems Engineering to Improve Traumatic Brain Injury Care in the Military Health System Workshop Summary

This book makes a strong case for taking advantage of the best of two disciplines--health care and operational systems engineering (a combination of science and mathematics to describe, analyze, plan, design, and integrate systems with complex interactions among people, processes, ...

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Computational Technology for Effective Health Care:Immediate Steps and Strategic Directions

Despite a strong commitment to delivering quality health care, persistent problems involving medical errors and ineffective treatment continue to plague the industry. Many of these problems are the consequence of poor information and technology (IT) capabilities, and most importantly, the ...

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The Potential Impact of High-End Capability Computing on Four Illustrative Fields of Science and Engineering

Many federal funding requests for more advanced computer resources assume implicitly that greater computing power creates opportunities for advancement in science and engineering. This has often been a good assumption. Given stringent pressures on the federal budget, the White House ...

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Integrated Computational Materials Engineering: A Transformational Discipline for Improved Competitiveness and National Security

Integrated computational materials engineering (ICME) is an emerging discipline that can accelerate materials development and unify design and manufacturing. Developing ICME is a grand challenge that could provide significant economic benefit. To help develop a strategy for development of this ...

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Nanophotonics: Accessibility and Applicability

The Committee on Technology Insight-Gauge, Evaluate & Review set up by the NRC at the request of the Defense Intelligence Agency, has selected a number of emerging technologies to investigate for their potential threats to and opportunities for national security. ...

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Assessment of Technologies for Improving Light Duty Vehicle Fuel Economy: Letter Report

In 2001, the NRC released Effectiveness and Impact of Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards. High oil prices and recent legislation mandating a further increase in the CAFE standards have renewed interest in the current and expected technical potential ...

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Proceedings of a Workshop on Statistics on Networks (CD-ROM)

A large number of biological, physical, and social systems contain complex networks. Knowledge about how these networks operate is critical for advancing a more general understanding of network behavior. To this end, each of these disciplines has created ...

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Assessment of Wingtip Modifications to Increase the Fuel Efficiency of Air Force Aircraft

The high cost of aviation fuel has resulted in increased attention by Congress and the Air Force on improving military aircraft fuel efficiency. One action considered is modification of the aircraft’s wingtip by installing, for example, winglets to reduce ...

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Improving the Efficiency of Engines for Large Nonfighter Aircraft

Because of the important national defense contribution of large, non-fighter aircraft, rapidly increasing fuel costs and increasing dependence on imported oil have triggered significant interest in increased aircraft engine efficiency by the U.S. Air Force. To help address this ...

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A Path to the Next Generation of U.S. Banknotes: Keeping Them Real

The rapid pace at which digital printing is advancing is posing a very serious challenge to the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Bureau of Printing (BEP). The BEP needs to stay ahead of the evolving counterfeiting threats to U.S. currency. ...

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