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Industry and Labor

Industry and Labor : Policy, Reviews and Evaluations
Rising to the Challenge: U.S. Innovation Policy for the Global Economy

America's position as the source of much of the world's global innovation has been the foundation of its economic vitality and military power in the post-war. No longer is U.S. pre-eminence assured as a place to turn laboratory discoveries into ...

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Growing Innovation Clusters for American Prosperity: Summary of a Symposium

Responding to the challenges of fostering regional growth and employment in an increasingly competitive global economy, many U.S. states and regions have developed programs to attract and grow companies as well as attract the talent and resources necessary to develop ...

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Building the 21st Century: U.S. China Cooperation on Science, Technology, and Innovations

The global economy is characterized by increasing locational competition to attract the resources necessary to develop leading-edge technologies as drivers of regional and national growth. One means of facilitating such growth and improving national competitiveness is to improve the operation ...

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The Future of Photovoltaic Manufacturing in the United States

Technological innovation and growth are critical to U.S. competitiveness in a global economy. One means of facilitating growth and improving competitiveness is to foster more robust innovation ecosystems through the development of public-private partnerships, industry consortia, and other regional and ...

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Global Technology:Changes and Implications: Summary of a Forum

Engineers know what they mean by the word technology. They mean the things engineers conceive, design, build, and deploy. But what does the word global in the phrase global technology mean? Does it mean finding a way to feed, clothe, ...

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S&T Strategies of Six Countries:Implications for the United States

An increase in global access to goods and knowledge is transforming world-class science and technology (S&T) by bringing it within the capability of an unprecedented number of global parties who must compete for resources, markets, and talent. In particular, globalization ...

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The Dragon and the Elephant:Understanding the Development of Innovation Capacity in China and India: Summary of a Conference

The return of the once-dormant economies of China and India to dynamism and growth is one of the most remarkable stories in recent history. The two countries are home to nearly 40 percent of the world's population, but until recently ...

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Investor Exits, Innovation, and Entrepreneurial Firm Growth:Questions for Research

The bursting of the dot-com bubble in 2001 coincided with an abrupt and lasting change in the development of entrepreneurial venture-backed firms in the United States. Previously, entrepreneurs and investors commonly took viable young firms public through initial public ...

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Approaches to Reducing the Use of Forced or Child Labor:Summary of a Workshop on Assessing Practice

Globally, child labor and forced labor are widespread and complex problems. They are conceptually different phenomena, requiring different policy responses, though they may also overlap in practice. The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) was designed to reduce the ...

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An Assessment of the Small Business Innovation Research Program at the Department of Defense

The SBIR program allocates 2.5 percent of 11 federal agencies' extramural R&D budgets to fund R&D projects by small businesses, providing approximately $2 billion annually in competitive awards. At the request of Congress, the National Academies conducted a comprehensive study ...

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