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Health and Medicine : HIV and AIDS
Methodological Challenges in Biomedical HIV Prevention Trials

The number of people infected with HIV or living with AIDS is increasing at unprecedented rates as various scientists, organizations, and institutions search for innovative solutions to combating and preventing the disease. At the request of the Bill & Melinda ...

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PEPFAR Implementation: Progress and Promise

In 2003, Congress passed the United States Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Act, which established a 5-year, $15 billion initiative to help countries around the world respond to their AIDS epidemics. The initiative is generally referred to by the ...

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Preventing HIV Infection among Injecting Drug Users in High Risk Countries: An Assessment of the Evidence

Drug dependence is a complex, chronic, relapsing condition that is often accompanied by severe health, psychological, economic, legal, and social consequences. Injecting drug users are particularly vulnerable to HIV and other bloodborne infections (such as hepatitis C) as a result ...

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The Zombie Curse: A Doctor's 25-year Journey Into the Heart of the AIDS Epidemic in Haiti

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Public Financing and Delivery of HIV/AIDS Care: Securing the Legacy of Ryan White

Each year it is estimated that approximately 40,000 people in the U.S. are newly infected with HIV. In the late 1990s, the number of deaths from AIDS dropped 43% as a result of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Unfortunately, the complex system currently in ...

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Review of the HIVNET 012 Perinatal HIV Prevention Study

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Healers Abroad: Americans Responding to the Human Resource Crisis in HIV/AIDS

Healers Abroad:Americans Responding to the Human Resource Crisis in HIV/AIDS calls for the federal government to create and fund the United States Global Health Service (GHS) to mobilize the nation�s best health care professionals and other highly skilled experts to ...

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Scaling Up Treatment for the Global AIDS Pandemic: Challenges and Opportunities

An estimated forty million people carry the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and five million more become newly infected annually. In recent years, many HIV-infected patients in wealthy nations have enjoyed significantly longer, good-quality lives as a result of antiretroviral therapy ...

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Measuring What Matters: Allocation, Planning, and Quality Assessment for the Ryan White CARE Act

The Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency (CARE) Act gives funding to cities, states, and other public and private entities to provide care and support services to individuals with HIV and AIDS who have low-incomes and little or no insurance. The CARE Act ...

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No Time to Lose: Getting More from HIV Prevention

The United States has spent two productive decades implementing a variety of prevention programs. While these efforts have slowed the rate of infection, challenges remain. The United States must refocus its efforts to contain the spread of HIV and AIDS in a way that would ...

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