National Academy of Sciences
National Academy of Engineering
Institute of Medicine
National Research Council
Office of News and Public Information
May 23, 2002

Running Time: 0:39:28
Format: RealAudio (Requires free RealPlayer)

Nearly 85 percent of the 29 million gallons of petroleum that enter North American ocean waters each year as a result of human activities comes from land-based runoff, polluted rivers, airplanes, and small boats and jet skis, while less than 8 percent comes from tanker or pipeline spills, says a new report from the National Academies' National Research Council. Oil exploration and extraction are responsible for only 3 percent of the petroleum that enters the sea. Another 47 million gallons seep into the ocean naturally from the seafloor.


Speakers:
Nancy N. Rabalais, Professor, Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium, Chauvin and Member, Committee on Oil in the Sea: Inputs, Fates, and Effects.