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Air Pollution, the Automobile, and Public Health

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Overview

Contributors

Description

"The combination of scientific and institutional integrity represented by this book is unusual. It should be a model for future endeavors to help quantify environmental risk as a basis for good decisionmaking."--William D. Ruckelshaus, from the foreword. This volume, prepared under the auspices of the Health Effects Institute, an independent research organization created and funded jointly by the Environmental Protection Agency and the automobile industry, brings together experts on atmospheric exposure and on the biological effects of toxic substances to examine what is known--and not known--about the human health risks of automotive emissions.

Topics

Suggested Citation

National Research Council. 1988. Air Pollution, the Automobile, and Public Health. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/1033.

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Publication Info

704 pages | 7 x 10
Paperback
ISBN: 978-0-309-08682-0
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17226/1033
Contents

Table of Contents

skim chapter
Front Matter i-x
Part I: Overview 1-2
The Social Context of Automotive Emissions Research 3-10
Project History and Organization 11-16
Motor Vehicle Emissions: A Strategy for Quantifying Risk 17-36
Part II: Exposure Analysis 37-38
Automotive Emissions 39-76
Atmospheric Transport and Dispersion of Air Pollutants Associated with Vehicular Emissions 77-98
Atmospheric Transformations of Automotive Emissions 99-132
Ambient Levels of Anthropogenic Emissions and Their Atmospheric Transformation Products 133-160
Mathematical Modeling of the Effect of Emission Sources on Atmospheric Pollutant Concentrations 161-206
Assessment of Human Exposure to Air Pollution: Methods, Measurements, and Models 207-238
Biological Disposition of Airborne Particles: Basic Principles and Application to Vehicular Emissions 239-298
Biological Disposition of Vehicular Airborne Emissions: Particle-Associated Organic Constituents 299-322
Transport and Uptake of Inhaled Gases 323-366
Dosimetry Modeling of Inhaled Toxic Reactive Gases 367-386
Part III: Biological Effects 387-388
Epidemiologic Studies of Effects of Oxidant Exposure on Human Populations 389-414
Biochemical and Cellular Interrelationships in the Development of Ozone-Induced Pulmonary Fibrosis 415-440
Relation of Pulmonary Emphysema and Small Airways Disease to Vehicular Emissions 441-464
Asthma and Automotive Emissions 465-498
Effects of Automotive Emissions on Susceptibility to Respiratory Infections 499-518
Assessment of Carcinogenicity: Generic Issues and Their Application to Diesel Exhaust 519-554
Potential Carcinogenic Effects of Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Nitroaromatics in Mobile Source Emissions 555-578
Health Effects of Aldehydes and Alcohols in Mobile Source Emissions 579-604
Evaluation of Automotive Emissions as Risk Factors for the Development of Atherosclerosis and Coronary Heart Disease 605-630
Identifying Neurobehavioral Effects of Automotive Emissions and Fuel Components 631-658
Index 659-692
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