In July 2005, the National Academies released the report Strengthening Long-term Nuclear Security: Protecting Weapon-Usable Material in Russia. The report highlighted several obstacles in the transition from a U.S.-Russian cooperative program to a Russian-directed and Russian-funded fully indigenized program that will ensure the security of 600 tons of weapon-usable nuclear material at a level of international acceptability. Overcoming these obstacles requires an increased political commitment at a number of levels of the Russian Government to modern material protection, control, and accounting systems (MPC&A). Adequate resources must be provided to facilities where weapon-usable material is located for upgrading and maintaining MPC&A systems. Additionally, the technical security systems that are being installed through the cooperative program need to be fully embraced by Russian managers and specialists. The report recommends the establishment of a ten-year indigenization fund of about $500 million provided by Russia and its G-8 partners as a new mechanism for gradually shifting the financial burden of MPC&A to the Russian Government.
Table of Contents
|1 Responding to the Threat of Nuclear Terrorism||11-26|
|2 The Need for Russian Champions for MPC&A||27-30|
|3 Financial Support for MPC&A Activities||31-38|
|4 Improved Approaches to Facilitate Indigenization||39-46|
|Appendix A Agreement Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Russian Federation Regarding Cooperation in the Area of Nuclear Material Physical Protection, Control, and Accounting||49-56|
|Appendix B Specific Recommendations from Two Previous National Research Council Reports Concerning Indigenization of MPC&A||57-58|
|Appendix C Committee Biographies||59-62|
|Appendix D United States Legislative Basis for DOE MPC&A Activities in Russia and DOE MPC&A Program Description||63-70|
|Appendix E The U.S. Department of Energy’s Approach to Materials Protection, Control, and Accounting Sustainability in Russia||71-74|
|Appendix F List of Consultations and Site Visits by the Committee||75-76|
|Appendix G Timeline of the U.S. Department of Energy- Ministry of Atomic Energy Cooperation||77-80|
|Appendix H U.S. Congressional Appropriations and Funding Projections for MPC&A Cooperative Program with the Russian Federation||81-84|
|Appendix I Russian Facilities Participating in the Cooperative MPC&A Program as of June 2005||85-86|
|Appendix J Russian Federal Target Program on Nuclear and Radiation Safety in Russia for 2000–2006||87-104|
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