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Pavement Markings--Design and Typical Layout Details

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TRB’s National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Synthesis 356: Pavement Markings—Design and Typical Layout Details identifies variations in pavement marking designs, practices, and policies, as provided by 48 of 50 state departments of transportation, and transportation agencies from the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and four cities.


Suggested Citation

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2006. Pavement Markings--Design and Typical Layout Details. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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Publication Info

138 pages |8.5 x 11

Table of Contents

skim chapter
Front Matter i-vii
Summary 1-2
Chapter One - Introduction 3-4
Chapter Two - Pavement Markings at Intersections 5-24
Chapter Three - Pavement Markings Between Intersections 25-35
Chapter Four - Pavement Markings at Interchanges 36-42
Chapter Five - Pavement Markings not Specifically Addressed in the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices 43-44
Chapter Six - Conclusions and Future Research Needs 45-49
Bibliography 50-52
Glossary 53-53
Appendix A - Figures from Chapter 3B of the 2003 MUTCD that are Referenced in this Synthesis 54-70
Appendix B - Standards from Chapter 3B of the 2003 MUTCD that are Referenced in This Synthesis 71-71
Appendix C - Inventory of information Received from the 54 Agencies that Supplied Information for this Synthesis 72-76
Appendix D - Turn Lanes at intersections 77-86
Appendix E - Lane Lines for Dual Turn Lanes 87-89
Appendix F - Dotted Lines in Turn Lane Tapers 90-92
Appendix G - Left-Turn Lane Added Between the Through Lanes of a Two-Way Highway 93-94
Appendix H - Solid Lane Lines Between Through Lanes on Signalized Approaches 95-96
Appendix I - Crosswalks and Stop Lines 97-103
Appendix J - Minimum Length of Passing Zones 104-105
Appendix K - Minimum Length of No-Passing Zones 106-106
Appendix L - Two-Way Left-Turn Lanes 107-110
Appendix M - Climbing or Passing Lanes 111-113
Appendix N - Lane Reductions 114-116
Appendix O - Channelizing Islands, Painted Medians, Paved Shoulders, and Approaches to Obstructions 117-121
Appendix P - Entrance Ramp Gores 122-128
Appendix Q - Exit Ramp Gores 129-137
Appendix R - Non-MUTCD Items 138-138

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