TRB’s Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) Legal Research Digest 35: Reductions in Transit Service or Increases in Fares: Civil Rights, ADA, Regulatory, and Environmental Justice Implications explores the legal implications of reductions in transit service or increases in fares in the context of environmental justice. Based on federal environmental justice principles, the report analyzes constitutional and statutory provisions and regulations in regard to transit agencies’ compliance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VI) and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
Table of Contents
|II. CIVIL RIGHTS ISSUES ARISING UNDER TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 WHEN PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION PROJECTS ALLEGEDLY DISCRIMINATE AGAINST MINORITY OR ETHNIC GROUPS||5-13|
|III. JUDICIAL INTERPRETATION OF SECTIONS 601 AND 602 OF TITLE VI||14-14|
|IV. PROOF OF DISPARATE TREATMENT AND DISPARATE IMPACT||15-22|
|V. WHETHER DISPARATE-IMPACT CLAIMS ARE ACTIONABLE UNDER SECTION 1983||23-24|
|VI. ADMINISTRATIVE ENFORCEMENT OF TITLE VI COMPLAINTS||25-27|
|VII. TITLE II OF THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT AND TRANSIT SERVICE||28-34|
|VIII. TITLE III OF THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT AND PRIVATE TRANSPORTATION ENTITIES||35-37|
|IX. DISCUSSION OF PRACTICES WHEN REDUCING SERVICE OR INCREASING FARES||38-45|
|APPENDIX A SURVEY QUESTIONS||47-50|
|APPENDIX B TRANSIT AGENCIES RESPONDING TO THE SURVEY||51-52|
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