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Climate Change: Evidence and Causes

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Climate Change

Evidence and Causes (2014)
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Climate Change: Evidence and Causes is a jointly produced publication of The US National Academy of Sciences and The Royal Society. Written by a UK-US team of leading climate scientists and reviewed by climate scientists and others, the publication is intended as a brief, readable reference document for decision makers, policy makers, educators, and other individuals seeking authoritative information on the some of the questions that continue to be asked.

Climate Change makes clear what is well-established and where understanding is still developing. It echoes and builds upon the long history of climate-related work from both national academies, as well as on the newest climate-change assessment from the United Nations' Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. It touches on current areas of active debate and ongoing research, such as the link between ocean heat content and the rate of warming.


Suggested Citation

National Academy of Sciences. 2014. Climate Change: Evidence and Causes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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Publication Info

36 pages | 8.5 x 11
ISBN: 978-0-309-30202-9

Table of Contents

skim chapter
Front Matter i-ii
Table of Contents 1-1
Summary 2-2
Q&A 3-22
Basics 23-30
Conclusion 31-31
Acknowledgements 32-32
For further reading 33-34



An introduction to climate change in 60 seconds

Climate science explained in 60 seconds by the Royal Society and the US National Academy of Sciences.

During the last 200 years, human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels have increased concentrations of CO2 in the atmosphere by 40%. If unchecked, continuing emissions will warm up the planet by 2.6°C to 4.8°C by the end of this century. This would have serious implications for human societies and the natural world.

This 60-second animation from the world's two leading science academies brings you the science behind climate change.


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