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Nutritional Needs in Hot Environments: Applications for Military Personnel in Field Operations

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Nutritional Needs in Hot Environments

Applications for Military Personnel in Field Operations(1993)
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This volume examines the current state of knowledge concerning the influence of a hot environment on nutrient requirements of military personnel. A parallel concern is ensuring that performance does not decline as a result of inadequate nutrition.

The committee provides a thorough review of the literature in this area and interprets the diverse data in terms of military applications. In addition to a focus on specific nutrient needs in hot climates, the committee considers factors that might change food intake patterns and therefore overall calories. Although concern for adequate nutrition for U.S. soldiers in Saudi Arabia prompted the initiation of this project, its scope includes the nutrient needs of individuals who may be actively working in both hot-dry and hot-moist climates.


Suggested Citation

Institute of Medicine. 1993. Nutritional Needs in Hot Environments: Applications for Military Personnel in Field Operations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

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Publication Info

392 pages |6 x 9
ISBN: 978-0-309-04840-8

Table of Contents

skim chapter
Front Matter i-xiv
Part I: Committee Summary and Recommendations 1-2
1. Introduction and Backgrounds 3-44
2. Conclusions and Recommendations 45-52
Part II: Invited Presentations 53-54
3. Physiological Responses to Excercise in Heat 55-74
4. Effects of Excercise and Heat on Gastrointestinal Function 75-86
5. Water Requirements During Excercise in the Heat 87-96
6. Energetics and Climate with Emphasis on Heat: A Historical Perspective 97-116
7. The Effect of Excercise and Heat on Mineral Metabolism and Requirements 117-136
8. The Effect of Excercise and Heat on Vitamin Requirements 137-172
9. Heat as a Factor in the Perception of Taste, Smell, and Oral Sensation 173-186
10. Effects of Heat on Appetite 187-214
11. Situational Influences on Food Intake 215-244
Part III: U.S. Army Presentations: A Reevaluation of Sodium Requirements for Work in the Heat 245-246
12. Responses of Soldiers to 4-gram and 8-gram NaCl Diets During 10 Days of Heat Acclimation 247-258
13. Endocrinological Responses to Dietary Salt Restriction During Heat Acclimation 259-276
14. Subjective Reports of Heat Illness 277-294
Part IV: Committee Discussion Paper 295-296
15. Food Intake, Appetite, and Work in Hot Environments 297-304
Appendixes 305-306
Appendix A: Military Recommended Dietary Allowances, AR 25-40; 1985 307-328
Appendix B: Nutritional Needs in Hot Environments -- A Selected Bibliography 329-352
Appendix C: Biographical Sketches 353-362
Index 363-378

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