TRB's Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Synthesis 85: Alternative Fuels in Airport Fleets is designed to assist airport operators in analyzing complex procurement, operational, and environmental decisions when considering alternative fuels in airport fleets.
Airports own and contract fleets to transport passengers, staff, and goods by on- and off-road vehicles. Although most transportation fuels are consumed by aircraft, using alternative fuels in airport fleets is one opportunity airports have to control emissions and fuel costs and potentially reduce maintenance.
The report compiles information on eight alternative fuels, including biodiesel, renewable diesel, compressed natural gas, renewable natural gas, liquefied natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, hydrogen, and electricity.
Ethanol and hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs) are not included in this report because the driving experience and refueling operations associated with ethanol and HEVs are well understood and documented elsewhere.
Table of Contents
|CHAPTER ONE Introduction||4-8|
|CHAPTER TWO Methods||9-10|
|CHAPTER THREE Overview of Alternative Fuel Use in Airport Fleets||11-17|
|CHAPTER FOUR Airport Experience with Alternative Fuels By Fuel Type||18-23|
|CHAPTER FIVE Airport Experience with Alternative Fuels By Vehicle Type||24-26|
|CHAPTER SIX Conclusions and Further Research||27-28|
|APPENDIX A Survey Questionnaire||33-38|
|APPENDIX B List of Survey Respondents||39-39|
|APPENDIX C Fuel Properties||40-40|
|APPENDIX D Fuel Use by Airport in Online Survey||41-44|
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