Final version available August 2018.
Over the last few decades, research, activity, and funding has been devoted to improving the recruitment, retention, and advancement of women in the fields of science, engineering, and medicine. In recent years the diversity of those participating in these fields, particularly the participation of women, has improved and there are significantly more women entering careers and studying science, engineering, and medicine than ever before. However, as women increasingly enter these fields they face biases and barriers and it is not surprising that sexual harassment is one of these barriers.
Over thirty years the incidence of sexual harassment in different industries has held steady, yet now more women are in the workforce and in academia, and in the fields of science, engineering, and medicine (as students and faculty) and so more women are experiencing sexual harassment as they work and learn. Over the last several years, revelations of the sexual harassment experienced by women in the workplace and in academic settings have raised urgent questions about the specific impact of this discriminatory behavior on women and the extent to which it is limiting their careers.
Sexual Harassment of Women explores the influence of sexual harassment in academia on the career advancement of women in the scientific, technical, and medical workforce. This report reviews the research on the extent to which women in the fields of science, engineering, and medicine are victimized by sexual harassment and examines the existing information on the extent to which sexual harassment in academia negatively impacts the recruitment, retention, and advancement of women pursuing scientific, engineering, technical, and medical careers. It also identifies and analyzes the policies, strategies and practices that have been the most successful in preventing and addressing sexual harassment in these settings.
Table of Contents
|2 Sexual Harassment Research||23-50|
|3 Sexual Harassment in Academic Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine||51-66|
|4 Job and Health Outcomes of Sexual Harassment and How Women Respond to Sexual Harassment||67-92|
|5 Legal and Policy Mechanisms for Addressing Sexual Harassment||93-120|
|6 Changing the Culture and Climate in Higher Education||121-168|
|7 Findings, Conclusions, and Recommendations||169-188|
|Appendix A Committee Biographical Information||211-220|
|Appendix B Committee Meeting and Workshop Agendas||221-228|
|Appendix C Qualitative Study of Sexual Harassment in Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine||229-272|
|Appendix D Consultant Report on the University of Texas System Campus Climate Survey||273-290|
How can academic institutions improve in the #MeToo era? This video presents the top four tips for how organizations can prevent and address sexual harassment in academic settings, and specifically in science, engineering, and medicine. Together, we can do better.
A message from the National Academy of Sciences President Marcia McNutt on newly released National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine report, Sexual Harassment of Women: Climate, Culture, and Consequences in Academic Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.
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