A sustainable transit agency provides environmental, social, and economic benefits to the communities it serves. Transit agency efforts to quantify these benefits have focused primarily on environmental sustainability. The American Public Transportation Association (APTA) has developed guidance for transit agencies on how to use performance measures to quantify transit’s impact on environmental sustainability. APTA has yet to develop similar guidance to measure social and economic sustainability, which is the focus of this research project.
The TRB Transit Cooperative Research Program's TCRP Research Report 205: Social and Economic Sustainability Performance Measures for Public Transportation: Final Guidance Document explores a practical tool to help transit agencies of all sizes develop and use social and economic sustainability performance measures to plan, evaluate, and report on social and economic sustainability.
The report is intended to complement the APTA Recommended Practice for Social and Economic Sustainability for Transit Agencies (2018). APTA’s Recommended Practice provides a framework for approaching economic and social sustainability, along with an overview of recommended practices; however, the document does not include performance measures, which are a key component to reporting progress and gauging success.
The report is presented with a companion Excel workbook that can be used by transit agencies to develop their own initial list of performance measures. The workbook includes 606 social and economic sustainability performance measures, as well as 93 transit service performance measures.
Table of Contents
|Section 1 - Introduction||5-7|
|Section 2 - State of the Practice||8-19|
|Section 3 - Performance Measures||20-26|
|Section 4 - Operationalizing the Performance Measures||27-44|
|Section 5 - Suggestions for Additional Research||45-46|
|Appendix A - Literature Review Summary||50-105|
|Appendix B - Interview Summaries||106-113|
|Appendix C - Performance Measure Evaluation Process||114-127|
|Appendix D - Performance Measure Survey and Results||128-142|
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