ACRP Research Report 198: Wetland Mitigation, Volume 2, A Guidebook for Airports explores how to mitigate potential impacts to wetlands from airport construction, expansion, and safety improvements.
The report addresses a broad range of issues, including:
• Concerns over the creation of potential wildlife hazards;
• Existing requirements, which may or may not be conflicting;
• Impact to existing and future airport development;
• Airport considerations of cost and logistics in developing mitigation and related life-cycle obligations; and
• Environmental benefits.
Airport improvements often result in the unavoidable loss of wetlands, as many airports are located in or adjacent to wetlands. In addition, the size and scale of airports and supporting infrastructure is extensive, which has made it difficult to completely avoid impacting wetlands.
Table of Contents
|Chapter 1 - Introduction||5-9|
|Chapter 2 - Regulatory Issues||10-32|
|Chapter 3 - Wetland Identification and Impacts||33-45|
|Chapter 4 - Mitigation Types||46-51|
|Chapter 5 - Constraints||52-59|
|Chapter 6 - Engineering and Design Issues||60-67|
|Chapter 7 - Costs and Funding||68-72|
|Chapter 8 - Public Outreach and Stakeholder Involvement||73-82|
|Chapter 9 - Case Studies||83-115|
|Acronyms and Abbreviations||121-124|
|Appendix A - PowerPoint Presentation||125-144|
|Appendix B - Regulatory Agency Contacts||145-146|
|Appendix C - Summary of Information Request Responses||147-148|
|Appendix D - Cowardin Wetlands and Deepwater Habitats Classification||149-150|
|Appendix E - Current State-of-the-Art and Additional Research Requirements (Task 8)||151-160|
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