TRB’s Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Research Report 199: Climate Resilience and Benefit–Cost Analysis: A Handbook for Airports provides information on how to apply benefit–cost analysis tools and techniques to improve decision making affecting resilience of airport infrastructure projects in response to potential long-term impacts of climate change and extreme weather events.
The handbook is designed to improve the process by which infrastructure investment strategies are evaluated, with an emphasis on ensuring climate-related resiliency.
Procedures for presenting assumptions and results transparently and for implementing the process are also included so that industry users and decision makers can understand and communicate the outcome of the analytical process.
Based on data availability, the analytical methods included in the handbook focus on two specific areas of climate change likely to affect airports (although these methods can, in principle, be used more widely): (1) the potential for extreme flooding events resulting from storm surge and sea level rise near coastal airports, and (2) the potential for rising temperatures that require weight restrictions on aircraft takeoffs (or possibly full flight delays) at airports with shorter runways in warm climates or at high elevations.
The results available from application of the suggested methodologies do not necessarily make the decision of whether to invest in a mitigation project to combat climate change any easier but, rather, provide a full range of potential outcomes and possibilities for airport planners and managers to consider. Using this methodology, airport decision makers can then determine how much risk from uncertain climate change and extreme weather events they are willing or able to accommodate. Implementation of the methods presented in the handbook can be used to obtain essential quantifiable estimates of those risks, which is of particular value to airport financial professionals.
The handbook is accompanied by a set of Microsoft Excel models to support the decision-making process (one for extreme water rise causing potential flooding events, and the other for high temperatures that may affect weight restrictions on aircraft takeoffs), a video tutorial, a report summary document, and an executive briefing to help decision makers understand the process.
Table of Contents
|Chapter 1 - Introduction||7-11|
|Chapter 2 - Evaluation Methods Under Risk and Uncertainty||12-28|
|Chapter 3 - State-of-the-Art Climate Measures||29-33|
|Chapter 4 - Potential Airport Impacts||34-39|
|Chapter 5 - Responses and Adaptations||40-46|
|Chapter 6 - Other Relevant Topics for Airports Addressing Climate Change||47-54|
|Chapter 7 - Case Studies||55-61|
|Chapter 8 - Study Limitations and Recommendations for Future Research||62-63|
|Appendix A - Institutional Background: Existing Airport Resources and Plans||64-76|
|Appendix B - Other Climate Risk Evaluation Approaches||77-78|
|Appendix C - Monte Carlo Simulation and Value-at-Risk Analysis||79-82|
|Appendix D - Accessing Available Climate Projections||83-88|
|Appendix E - Microsoft Excel Templates||89-102|
|Appendix F - Climate Risk and Mitigation Numerical Examples||103-112|
|Appendix G - FAA Guidance on Benefit Cost Analysis||113-118|
|Appendix H - Case Study Details||119-131|
|Appendix I - Potential Climate Change Effects and Illustrative Responses for Airports||132-136|
|Bibliography Keyed to Major Topics||137-139|
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