Nearly all transit agencies are seeing potential benefits to multimodal payment convergence. However, many agencies find that implementing necessary upgrades is cost-prohibitive, which is the biggest barrier to full adoption.
The TRB Transit Cooperative Research Program's TCRP Synthesis 144: Multimodal Fare Payment Integration documents current practices and experiences of transit agencies dealing with the complexities of multimodal fare payment convergence.
Table of Contents
|Chapter 1 - Overview of Multimodal Payment Convergence||5-7|
|Chapter 2 - History, Context, and Technological Change||8-17|
|Chapter 3 - Status of Payment Convergence in the United States||18-28|
|Chapter 4 - Case Examples||29-42|
|Chapter 5 - Conclusions and Further Research||43-45|
|Abbreviations and Acronyms||51-51|
|Appendix A - The Survey Questionnaire||52-72|
|Appendix B - List of Survey Respondents||73-76|
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