Liquefied natural gas (LNG) has not been transported to any significant degree by freight railroads in the United States. When the Further Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2020 was enacted, it directed the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) to enter into an agreement with the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM) to convene a committee of independent experts to study the safe transportation of LNG by rail tank car.
TRB Special Report 339: Preparing for LNG by Rail Tank Car: A Review of a U.S. DOT Safety Research, Testing, and Analysis Initiative, from TRB and NASEM, finds that PHMSA’s task force presented a comprehensive plan of work that built on longstanding safety programs, as well as surfacing opportunities for future research. The findings in the report will serve as a good base for the second phase of TRB’s phased continued study of the issue. The next phase will be informed by this technical report; will consider experience transporting LNG in other modes, including marine tankers and cargo tank trucks; and will examine the applicability of existing emergency response plans, protocols, and guides for responding to any possible hazardous materials incidents of transporting LNG by rail.
Table of Contents
|2 Background on Liquefied Natural Gas and Its Transport||18-21|
|3 Tasks Specifically Relevant to Transporting LNG by Rail||22-34|
|4 Tasks Relevant to Hazardous Materials Transport by Rail||35-44|
|5 Tasks Broadly Relevant to Railroad Safety||45-49|
|Appendix A: Study Committee Biographical Information||50-54|
|Appendix B: Disclosure of Unavoidable Conflicts of Interest||55-56|
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