Recent technological advances, particularly in microelectronics and telecommunications, biotechnology, and advanced materials, pose critical challenges and opportunities for developing countries, and for the development banks and other organizations that serve them. Those countries that fail to adapt to the transformations driven by new technologies in industry, agriculture, health, environment, energy, education, and other sectors may find it difficult to avoid falling behind. This book represents a joint effort by the World Bank and the National Research Council to survey the status and effect of technology change in key sectors and to recommend action by the development organizations, government, private sector and the scientific and technological community.
Table of Contents
|The Science of Sustainable Development||3-7|
|Forces Reshaping the World Economy||8-14|
|The Globalization of Knowledge and Technology||17-28|
|Marshaling Technology for Development: Assessing the Challenge||29-34|
|Opportunities and Strategies by Sector||35-49|
|Rising to the Challenge: Priorities for the Developing Countries and the International Development Community||50-58|
|The Global Generation, Transmission and Diffusion of Knowledge: How Can the Developing Countries Benefit?||61-82|
|What We Know and Do Not Know about Technology Transfer: Linking Knowledge to Action||83-96|
|Technological Trends and Applications in Biotechnology||97-127|
|Materials and Critical Technologies||128-136|
|Information Technology for Development||137-144|
|Broadened Agricultural Development: Pathways toward the Greening of Revolution||145-160|
|Lessons from the Evolution of Electronics Manufacturing Technologies||161-174|
|Innovations in Energy Technology||175-188|
|Educational Technology for Developing Countries||189-209|
|Technological Innovation and Services||210-218|
|Health Technology and Developing Countries||219-236|
|Sustainable Development: Mirage or Achievable Goal?||237-244|
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