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Environmental Tobacco Smoke: Measuring Exposures and Assessing Health Effects

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Environmental Tobacco Smoke

Measuring Exposures and Assessing Health Effects (1986)
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Overview

Contributors

Description

This comprehensive book examines the recent research investigating the characteristics and composition of different types of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and discusses possible health effects of ETS. The volume presents an overview of methods used to determine exposures to environmental smoke and reviews both chronic and acute health effects. Many recommendations are made for areas of further research, including the differences between smokers and nonsmokers in absorbing, metabolizing, and excreting the components of ETS, and the possible effects of ETS exposure during childhood and fetal life.

Topics

Suggested Citation

National Research Council. 1986. Environmental Tobacco Smoke: Measuring Exposures and Assessing Health Effects. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/943.

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Publication Info

351 pages | 5 x 9
Paperback
ISBN: 978-0-309-07456-8
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17226/943
Contents

Table of Contents

skim chapter
Front Matter i-xiv
Executive Summary 1-12
1 Introduction 13-22
I PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND TOXICOLOGICAL STUDIES OF ENVIRONMENTAL TOBACCO SMOKE 23-24
2 The Physicochemical Nature of Sidestream Smoke and Environmental Tobacco Smoke 25-53
3 In Vivo and In Vitro Assays to Assess the Health Effects of Environmental Tobacco Smoke 54-62
II ASSESSING EXPOSURES TO ENVIRONMENTAL TOBACCO SMOKE 63-64
4 Introduction 65-68
5 Assessing Exposures to Environmental Tobacco Smoke in the External Environment 69-100
6 Assessing Exposures to Environmental Tobacco Smoke Using Questionnaires 101-119
7 Exposure-Dose Relationships for Environmental Tobacco Smoke 120-132
8 Assessing Exposures to Environmental Tobacco Smoke Using Biological Markers 133-160
III HEALTH EFFECTS POSSIBLY ASSOCIATED WITH EXPOSURE TO ENVIRONMENTAL TOBACCO SMOKE BY NONSMOKERS 161-162
9 Introduction 163-165
10 Sensory Reactions to and Irritation Effects of Environmental Tobacco Smoke 166-181
11 Effects of Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke on Lung Function and Respiratory Symptoms 182-222
12 Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Lung Cancer 223-249
13 Cancers Other Than Lung Cancer 250-256
14 Cardiovascular System 257-268
15 Other Health Considerations in Children 269-276
APPENDIXES 277-278
Appendix A: Guidelines for Public and Occupational Chemical Exposures to Materials That Are Also Found in Environmental 279-283
Appendix B: Method of Combining Data from Studies of Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure and Lung Cancer 284-288
Appendix C: Adjustments to Epidemiologic Estimates of Excess Lung Cancer in Persons Exposed to Environmental Tobacco Smoke 289-293
Appendix D: Risk Assessment - Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Lung Cancer 294-337
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