Why does the National Academy of Sciences have a Committee on Human Rights? How does the committee define human rights and which rights are fundamental? Does a focus on human rights undermine efforts toward international scientific cooperation , development, political stability, or nuclear disarmament? Why does the committee work only in behalf of scientists and how do scientists become victims of human rights violations? How and why do some health professionals collude with torturers? These questions are typical of those asked frequently of the members and staff of the academy's Committee on Human Rights. They are important questions that this document helps to answer.
Science and Human Rights is the summary of the presentation and discussion of a Symposium convened by the National Academy of Sciences to discuss these issues. Also included in this report are three major papers written by former prisoners from Chile, South Africa, and the Soviet Union.
Table of Contents
|TORTURE, PSYCHIATRIC ABUSE, AND THE ETHICS OF MEDICINE||21-38|
|HUMAN RIGHTS, HUMAN NEEDS, AND SCIENTIFIC FREEDOM||39-60|
|HUMAN RIGHTS AND HUMAN SURVIVAL||61-80|
|APPENDIX A: AFFILIATIONS OF PARTICIPANTS||81-83|
|APPENDIX B: MANDATES, COMMITTEE ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND COMMITTEE ON HEALTH AND HUMAN RIGHTS||84-85|
|APPENDIX C: ORGANIZATION OF A HUMAN RIGHTS COMMITTEE||86-95|
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