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Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities (2000)

Chapter: Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
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APPENDIX C
Animal Resources Survey-1999 and Survey Tables

INTRODUCTION

This appendix contains the questionnaire that was sent to 130 animal care and use programs throughout the United States. The Committee on Cost of and Payment for Animal Research reviewed the questionnaire and suggested some enhancements that were incorporated into the survey by Yale Section of Comparative Medicine personnel before it was distributed. There were 63 responses for a nearly 50% response rate. The focus of the Cost Committee was to suggest methods for cost containment in traditional biomedical animal research facilities. Judging from the numbers and types of species used, some of the respondents to the survey appeared to be primarily in agricultural research or aquaculture. Therefore, the decision was made to restrict analysis to the 53 institutions that had an average daily mouse census of 1,000 or more. The 53 institutions were divided into three groups according to average daily mouse census: group 1 (n = 23) 1,000-9,999, group 2 (n = 16) 10,000-29,999, and group 3 (n = 14) > 29,999.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

Group

Mouse average daily census

Institution ID numbers

No. institutions

1

1,000-9,999

4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 15, 17, 18, 20, 24, 28, 29, 34, 37, 39, 45, 46, 49, 53, 56, 57, 58, 59

23

2

10,000-29,999

11, 14, 19, 23, 25, 27, 36, 41, 42, 43, 44, 47, 54, 55, 60, 62

16

3

> 29,999

1, 3, 7, 10, 16, 21, 31, 35, 40, 48, 51, 52, 61, 63

14

The responses to the questionnaire are summarized in the ensuing tables. Nearly all tables have 1 row for each group and a final row for all 53 institutions. Where necessary, a description (in parentheses) of what the numbers in the table represent (mean number of institutions, mean percentage of the group or of all 53 institutions, and so on) is provided.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×
Animal Resources Survey – 1999

Table of Contents

Page

Identification page .................................................................................................1

I Physical plant ................................................................................................................2

II Staffing ..........................................................................................................................6

III Animal procurement and census ..........................................................................12

IV Services..........................................................................................................................13

V Prevalence of infectious agents ..............................................................................18

VI Finances .....................................................................................................................19

VII Regulatory issues ....................................................................................................27

VII Regulatory issues ....................................................................................................27

VIII Resource–client relationships .............................................................................28

IX Future directions .......................................................................................................29

General Instructions

Please use black ink.

Please write legibly.

Please answer all questions.

Please do not add explanatory notes to your answers unless they are requested.

If you are unsure about the accuracy of a proposed answer (eg, institutional financial data), please ask an appropriate colleague at your institution for help.

If you are unsure about the intent of a question or how to answer a question, send your query by e–mail to: valeria.krizsan@yale.edu . We will try to help.

Please do not separate questionnaire pages. If you must do so, please restaple them securely before you return the questionnaire.

Please remember to enclose with the completed questionnaire your:

  • organizational chart

  • list of per diem rates

  • financial contribution

  • Please return the completed questionnaire by MARCH 15, 1999.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

1. Physical Plant:

A. Configuration:

Which configuration describes most accurately the layout of your resource:

1. Fully centralized: (all sites contiguous (under “one roof”))

___

2. Partially centralized: (one dominant site and one or more regional sites)

___

3. De–centralized: (multiple regional sites of approximately equal size)

___

4. Total number of sites

___

Is your institution pursuing centralization or consolidation of animal resources to improve operating efficiency? (Circle one)

Y N

B. Space allocation for full physical plant:

No.

Ft2

1. Animal rooms

____

____

2. Procedure rooms

____

____

3. Washing centers (including autoclaves, etc)

____

____

4. Food and bedding storage rooms

____

____

5. Laboratory animal medicine exam/treatment rooms

____

____

6. Operating rooms

____

____

7. Diagnostic laboratory rooms (path + micro + etc)

____

____

8. Administrative and faculty offices, library, etc

____

____

9. All other rooms

____

____

10. Corridors

******

____

TOTALS

____

____

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

Percent of total space available for animal housing

(Animal room ft2divided by total ft2)

____

C. Security:

C1. Physical Security:

Number of sites from A4 protected by:

electronics (eg card reader)

____

keys

____

electronics and keys

____

C2. Environmental security:

Number of animal rooms from B1 protected by:

automated environmental monitoring or controls

____

emergency power

____

D. Characteristics of individual sites:

The size ranges in the following table are given in gross square feet (gsf). Your responses should indicate the total number of sites, rooms and machines per size range. Example: 3 sites at 5,000 gsf x 20 animal rooms/site = enter 3 under No. sites and 60 under No. animal rooms.

Size of site (gsf)

0–5,000

5,001–10,000

10,001–20,000

> 20,000

Total

No. sites

No. animal rooms

No. washing centers

No. tunnel washers

No. rack washers

No. autoclaves

No. procedure rooms

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

F. Housing for MICE:

F1. Current housing conditions

Data in the following table represent conditions for the following period: Month____Yr____

Housing or husbandry condition

No. cages (avg daily census)

No. mice (avg daily census)

Conventional cages (no bonnets) with water bottles

Conventional cages with autowater

Microisolation cages with water bottles

Microisolation cages with autowater

Individually ventilated cages with water bottles

Individually ventilated cages with autowater

Total mouse cages

***********

Total mice

***************

Total ft2assigned to housing of mice_______

Mice/ft2of mouse housing space_______

E2. Recent or planned additions to housing for MICE

Status

Completed since 1993

Under discussion

Designed

Under construction

Completion due (year)

Census capacity

Gross ft2

Use of individually ventilated racks (1 = high, 2 = moderate, 3 = low, 4 = none)

Washing center? (Y or N)

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

F. Facilities for animal health services:

(If some rooms identified in the following table are multi–purpose (eg bacteriology and serology) please enter the combination of uses and relevant square footage in the space provided under “Combined use”).

Function

No. of rooms

Total ft2

Examinations/ minor procedures

Surgery (sterile)

Post–operative recovery

Diagnostic imaging

Intensive care

Pharmacy

Necropsy

Histotechnology

Bacteriology/parasitology

Serology

Virology

Clinical chemistry

Combined use:

(Should equal totals obtained by summating I.B.6–8) Totals

Section II, beginning on the next page, focuses on staffing. In addition to your responses, please enclose an organizational chart that includes the institutional official(s) to whom the resource director reports.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

II. Staffing

The position titles used in Section II may not correspond exactly to those used by your resource.

Generic terminology has been used in this survey to help you make comparable choices.

A. Administrative staff:

Full–time equivalents is abbreviated in this and all subsequent queries as FTEs.

Example: If you have two assistant directors and each devotes 50% effort, enter 2 in the “number of persons” column and 1.0 in the “FTEs” column).

Position

Number of persons

FTEs

Degree(s) of current occupants DVM PhD MBA Other

1. Director

2. Assoc/assist director

3. Business manager

4. Informatics specialist

5. Purchasing agent

6. Regulatory compliance officer

Total managerial staff (1–6)

****************************

****************************

Total clerical staff

****************************

B. Animal care staff:

B1. Composition of animal care staff

Position

Number of persons

FTEs

Number with AALAS certification – (specify levels)

1. Senior manager for animal care

2. Assistant manager for animal care

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

3. Regional supervisor for animal care

4. Training coordinator

Total manager/supervisor staff (1–4)

***********************

***********************

5. Animal technologist

6. Animal technician

7. Assistant animal technician

Total technical staff (5–7)

***********************

B2. Configuration of animal care staff

Enter the number which most closely indicates the configuration of your staff.

1 = all

2 = majority

3 = minority

4 = none

Internal (institutional employees)

___

External (eg outsourced to a commercial firm)

___

Unionized (technicians)

___

Centralized (technicians report directly to senior supervisor/manager(s))

___

Regional (regional staffs are led by supervisor who reports to a senior supervisor/manager).

___

Other configuration ______________________________________________________________________

B3. Criteria for determining animal care staffing levels

Quantified time–effort reporting

___

Qualitative assessments by animal care supervisors

___

Other______________________________________________________________________

___

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

B4. Wages and benefits for animal care staff

Standard work week (hours)

___

Starting hourly wage for an entry level technician (animal care/sanitation)

___

Current average annual salary for the animal technician staff

___

Current fringe benefit rate (in %) for an animal care technician's salary

___

Annual benefit days for a technician with 5 years of service:

Vacation days

___

Sick days

___

Paid holidays

___

Other recess days

___

Personal days

___

Total annual benefit days

__

B5. Recruitment of animal care staff

Rank the following factors for their impact on limiting your resource's ability to recruit

(Table A) and retain (Table B) new staff:

(1 = high, 2 = moderate, 3 = low, 4 = none)

TABLE A

Recruitment factor

Manager/ Supervisor

Technician

Starting salary

Earning potential

Benefits

Training and experience

Job responsibilities

Career opportunities

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

Regional competition

Location of resource

TABLE B

Retention factor

Manager/Supervisor

Technician

Earning potential

Benefits

Career opportunities

Regional competition

Working conditions

B6. Training of animal care staff (Check all strategies in use)

Training coordinator employed by animal resource

___

Inhouse courses, including AALAS training

___

Regional (multi–institutional) AALAS training

___

Informal on–the–job training

___

Computer–based training

___

Participation in regional/national meetings

___

Extended training on the production, biology and use of genetically altered animals (beyond that offered in AALAS coursework)

___

Other_________________________________________________________

___

B7. Productivity of animal care staff

Please indicate, in the table on the following page, your responses for staff productivity for mouse husbandry in your most efficiently configured housing site(s):

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

For small mouse (“shoebox”) cages

Change station used?(Y or N)

Interval (days) between cage changes

Average number of cages changed per technician per week

1. Conventional cage with water bottle

2. Conventional cage with auto water

3. Microisolation cage with water bottle

4. Microisolation cage with autowater

5. Individually ventilated cage with water bottle

6. Individually ventilated cage with autowater

C. Laboratory animal medicine staff:

C1. Composition of laboratory animal medicine staff

Example for completing the following table: If 2 persons each devote half-time effort, enter 2.0 under “no. of persons” and 1.0 under “FTEs”.

Title

No. of persons

No. of FTEs

Degree(s) for each person

Specialty board(s)f or each person

No. of approved but unfilled positions

1. Clinician

2. Pathologist

3. Microbiologist

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

Title

persons

FTEs

degrees

boards

unfilled

4. Virologist

Total professional staff (1–4)

********

********

6. clinical technologist

7. Necropsy prosector

8. Clinical pathology technologist

9. Histotechnologist

10. Microbiology technologist

11. Virology/serology technologist

Other

Total technical staff

********

********

C2. Academic appointments for laboratory animal medicine professional staff

Please indicate the number of members of your professional staff who hold academic appointments.

Rank

Director

Clinician(s)

Pathologist(s)

Other service faculty

Professor

Assoc Professor

Assist Professor

Instructor

Other rank

None

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

C3. Criteria for size and configuration of laboratory animal medicine staff

Judgment of the resource director and senior staff

____

Review and approval by a faculty user group

____

Review and approval by the institutional administration

____

Budgetary priorities

____

Other _________________________________________________

____

III. Animal Procurement and Census

Please enter data consistent with the reporting period checked on the identification page (Page 2). (Enter “U”for unknown)

Species

Average daily census

No. purchased/year

No. produced internally/ year

No. quarantine groups/year**

Mouse

Rat

*************

Other rodent

*************

Rabbit

*************

Dog

*************

Cat

*************

Pig

*************

Sheep/goat

*************

Primate

Amphibian

*************

Miscellaneous

*************

Totals

**Quarantine should reflect animals procured from external non–commercial sources.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

IV. Services

A. Services for mice:

A1. Husbandry for mice

Methods used to prevent or minimize exposure to infectious agents in mice.

Caging types used: static microisolation cages

Y N

individually ventilated cages

Y N

cages with water bottles

Y N

cages with autowater

Y N

changed in a HEPA–filtered change station

%

Interval (days) between changes for static microisolation cages

Days

Interval (days) between changes for individually ventilated cages

Days

Type of bedding used for mice

Treatment of bedding (1 = none, 2 = autoclaving, 3 = none)

1 2 3

Treatment of water (1 = reverse osmosis, 2 = autoclaving, 3 = acidification, 4 = chlorination, 5 = none)

1 2 3 4 5

Treatment of feed (1 = none, 2 = autoclaving, 3 = pasteurization, 4 = irradiation, 5 = none)

1 2 3 4 5

Maximum number of mice permitted per small (shoebox) cage

Number of cage racks in a typical mouse room

What do you consider to be the minimum aisle width between racks?

Ft

A2. Cage sanitation

Item

Conventional cage

Microisolation cage

Ventilated cage

Washed in hot water only

Washed in hot water and detergent

Autoclaved after washing

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

A3. Waste disposal

Source

Sanitary sewer

Sanitary landfill

Incinerator

Other

Soiled bedding

Other nonhuman waste

Carcasses

Hazardous animal carcasses

B. Animal technology services and revenue sources:

Please use the following key for entries: R = rodent (mouse or rat)

C = carnivore (dog or cat)

N = nonhuman primate

Item

Fully covered by per diem fees

Covered by per diem fees supplemented by institutional funds

Separate fee (not part of per diem fees)

Not available

Housing

Husbandry

Census taking

Gnotobiotics

Intramural transport of animals

Cage sanitation and waste disposal

Euthanasia

Breeding colony management, including record–keeping

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

item

covered

part–covered

separate

not available

Special supplies (gowns, gloves, etc)

Animal identification (eg ear punching, tattooing)

Weaning

Rederivation (Cesarean or other)

Blood and tissue collection, including tail biopsies

Standardized therapeutic medication (eg treatment for pinworms)

Administration of compounds/drugs during experimentation

Restraint (chemical or physical)

Feeding of special diets

Other:__________

______________

C. Outsourcing of animals and/or services:

Please indicate institutional policies and practices for outsourcing animals and animal care services. Outsourcing is defined as animal housing, animal husbandry or animal health care provided by external sources (eg a private firm) either on campus or off–campus. Please enter the number corresponding to the percentage of average daily census for each species for which the corresponding outsourcing policy/practice is used.

Key: 0 = none

1 = ≤25%

2 = 26–50%

3 = 51–75%

4 = > 75%

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

Mice/rats

Rabbits

Dogs/cats

Nonhuman primates

Farm animals

Animal housing and care outsourced

Only animal care outsourced

Animal health care outsourced

Outsourcing used primarily to save space

Outsourcing used primarily to decrease operating costs

Outsourcing used to protect animal health

Outsourcing involves off– campus housing

Outsourcing involves contracting of external personnel to provide on– campus services

D. Laboratory animal medicine services:

(Enter one or more letters corresponding to the following species in the relevant box(es) ):

R = rodent (mouse or rat)

C = carnivore (dog or cat)

N = nonhuman primate

Services

Fully covered by per diem fees

Covered by per diem fees supplemented by institutional funds

Separate fee (not covered by per diem fees)

Not available

Health assessment during quarantine

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

Microbiological monitoring for infectious agents (serology, etc)

Therapy for naturally occurring illness

Therapy for iatrogenic illness

Consultation about animal experimentation (planning grant proposals, anesthesia, etc)

Anesthesia for experimentation (eg experimental surgery)

Post–operative care

Euthanasia

Pathology for naturally occurring conditions

Pathology for iatrogenic conditions

Clinical chemistry for naturally occurring illness

Clinical chemistry for iatrogenic illness

Microbiological assessment of cell lines

E. Research Services:

Please indicate all sources that apply. If your animal resource or comparative medicine program has a core lab for producing KO mice, check “animal resource program”).

Service

Animal resource program

Other internal source

External vendor

Fully recharged to users

Partially/fully subsidized by institution

Production of polyclonal antibody

Production of monoclonal antibody

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

Targeted mutagenesis for mice (KO mice)

Transgenesis for mice

Cryopreservation of embryos or sperm

Phenotyping of genetically altered animals

Experimental surgery

Other: (please list)

F. Communications and administrative services:

Service

Operative

Planned

Not offered

Assistance in preparing grant applications using animals

Interactive web site

Animal ordering by users “on–line”

E–mail user lists to disseminate information

Newsletter

Programmed meetings with user groups

Comprehensive computer–based accounting system

V. Prevalence of infectious agents

Please indicate, in the following table, the current prevalence of infectious agents in your MOUSE colonies. Prevalence should be given as the percent of mouse rooms in which the agent or serological evidence of the agent is present. If the percent is unknown, enter “U”.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

Infectious agent

Percent of barrier rooms

Percent of non–barrier rooms

Mouse adenovirus

Mouse hepatitis virus

Mouse parvovirus or MVM

Mouse rotavirus

Pneumonia virus of mice

Sendai virus

Theiler's MEV

Mycoplasma species

Helicobacter species

Pinworms

VI. Finances

A. Fees for ancillary animal care services:

A1. Procurement/setup fees.

Do you have animal procurement/setup fees?

____

The procurement fee is based on:

Percent of total $$ for animal order

____

Percent of total $$ for animal order up to a set maximum

____

Percent of cost/animal up to a set maximum

____

A standard charge per animal, per box or per order regardless of the total amount of the order

____

The setup fee is based on:

Fixed fee per cage

____

Fixed fee per order

____

Percent of the per diem rate for the species

____

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

The following services are included in the procurement/ set up fees:

Placing animal orders

____

Verification of animal orders for regulatory compliance

____

Administrative check–in for new arrivals

____

Health check for new arrivals

____

Transportation to animal room

____

Uncrating and caging of new arrivals

____

Preparation of cage cards, census, other records

____

Do you have a cage purchase charge incremental to per diem fees?

Y N

This charge is based on:

Charge per cage

____

Percentage of a research project's animal budget

____

Do you have a shipping charge for preparing and shipping animals from your institution to another site? Y N

For rodent cages with low occupancy such as singly–housed mice:

The full per diem rate is charged

____

A reduced per diem rate is charged

____

If a reduced rate is charged, indicate the percent reduction compared to the full rate

____

B. Variations in per diem charges:

Indicate which conditions in the following table warrant a per diem rate or charge which differs from the standard rate for basic care.

Key:

R = mouse or rat

C = dog or cat

N = nonhuman primate

Condition

Increased per diem rate or supplemental charge

Reduced per diem rate

Large colonies (eg high volume users)

Short–term housing

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

Breeding females

Barrier housing ( eg autoclaved equipment and supplies, “sterile” technique for cage servicing)

Housing and husbandry for hazardous infectious agents (BL2)

Housing and husbandry for hazardous infectious agents (BL3)

Housing and husbandry for hazardous chemical agents

Quarantine of mice from non–commercial sources

Quarantine of dogs or cats

Quarantine of nonhuman primates

Please enclose a copy of your institution's per diem rates for FY 98–99

C. Formulation of Per diem rates:

How often do you adjust per diem rates each year?

1X

2X

3X

4X

How often do you cost account each year?

1X

2X

3X

4X

Do you use cost accounting is used primarily as:

a guide for rate setting?

Y

N

the absolute determinant for rate setting?

Y

N

Do you use the NIH Cost Analysis and Rate Setting Manual for cost accounting and rate setting?

Y

N

Based on your most recent cost accounting, indicate the contribution (%) of the following costs to your per diem rate for MICE:

Internal Indirect Cost Centers

%

Maintenance and repair

____

General and administrative costs

____

Transportation

____

Cage washing and sanitation

____

Laboratory services

____

Health care

____

Training

____

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×
 

Direct Cost Centers (continued)

Receipt/processing

____

Technical services

____

Husbandry

____

 

Total

100.00

Do per diem rates for a given species subsidize the rate(s) for another species?

______

Have any species been removed (or been targeted for removal) from your institution's research program because they are too costly to maintain?

______

Please name the affected species __________________________________________________________________

______

D. Extramural funding:

Please indicate the total current extramural funding for biomedical research and training for the components of your institution? Provide figures for as many boxes as possible.

Type

Source

Funding for all types of biomedical research and training ($$millions)

Total funding for animal– related biomedical research and training ($$ million)

Direct

NIH

Other federal

All other

SUBTOTAL

Indirect

NIH

Other federal

All other

SUBTOTAL

TOTAL

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

E. Operating budget:

E1. Expense categories

Indicate which of the following categories of expenses are typically included in the DIRECT operating budget for your animal resource, irrespective of the source(s) of off–setting revenues.

1 = totally included

2 = partially included

3 = not included

Animal purchases (including purchase price, transportation, etc)

____

Salaries for directors, managers and supervisors

____

Salaries for veterinarians and other animal health professionals

____

Wages for technical staff (animal care, vet techs, dx lab techs, etc)

____

Animal care supplies (food, bedding, detergents, etc)

____

Personnel supplies (uniforms, shoes, gloves, etc)

____

Safety supplies and equipment

____

Rodent caging

____

Water bottles

____

Nonhuman primate caging

____

Transportation services (gas, oil, licenses, vehicle maintenance)

____

Informatics services and supplies (software, connect fees, etc)

____

Computer purchases

____

Capital equipment

____

Service contracts on fixed equipment

____

Service contracts on moveable equipment

____

Pharmaceuticals for animal health

____

Serological/microbiological monitoring

____

Staff training expenses

____

Travel (AALAS meetings, etc)

____

Facilities maintenance (painting, plumbing, electrical,etc)

____

Energy costs for heating and lighting animal rooms

____

Regulatory license and accreditation costs

____

IACUC costs

____

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

E2. Salary sources

Please indicate the current salary sources (as percent) for staff for each of the categories listed. If a staff position has more than one member, indicate the total percent under each column for all individuals in the position. (Example: If salaries for 2 of 4 clinical veterinarians are paid from per diem revenues, enter “50” in the “per diem revenues” column.

Staff position

Per diem revenues

Institutional funds

Fees for service

Research funds

Total FTEs

Director

Associate/Assistant Director(s)

Clinical veterinarian(s)

Pathologist(s)

Microbiologist

Virologist

Veterinary assistants/techs

Diagnostic laboratory techn(s)

Business manager

Senior animal care manager(s)

Animal care supervisors

Animal care technicians

Regulatory (compliance) personnel

Have you requested or do you expect a change during the coming year in institutional support for any of the positions listed above? For example, do you expect institutional support for clinical veterinary salaries to increase or decrease in the coming year? If so, please indicate the change.

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

E3. Deficit coverage

Institutional policy for handling year–end deficits in the animal resource operating budget includes:

Carried forward by the resource

____

Covered by the institution

____

Either or both mechanisms cited above may be used

____

F. Institutional subsidy:

This section asks for information about the institutional subsidy for your animal resource. The definition of “subsidy” is likely to differ among institutions. Please be as accurate as possible with your answers. Options are provided to minimize potential uncertainty about the source or level of subsidy.

Please indicate the items that apply to the institutional subsidy for your resource.

Items

Yes

No

Uncertain

The resource receives an institutional subsidy

The subsidy is negotiated annually

The subsidy is applied only to specific pre–determined expenses

The subsidy can be used as a discretionary account for the resource

The subsidy offsets operating costs for specific species

The subsidy is used, in part, to cover year–end operating deficits

Operating costs to which the subsidy is typically applied are:

***

**

*********

Director's salary

Salaries for other professional staff or faculty

Purchase of fixed equipment

Purchase of moveable equipment

Purchase of supplies for animal care and/or health services

Minor renovations (<$50,000)

Major renovations (>$50,000)

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

Facility maintenance (eg floors, walls, plumbing, electrical, etc)

Diagnostic laboratory costs

Program development (eg environmental enrichment, new management techniques, new diagnostic tests, informatics, etc)

IACUC operations

Veterinary costs associated with regulatory requirements

Hazardous waste disposal

AAALAC accreditation cost

Occupational health and safety programs

Please indicate the subsidy for the fiscal year reported in the survey for:

 

Direct operating budget:

$_____

 

Regulatory activities:

_____

 

Renovations and equipment:

_____

 

All other categories:

_____

 

Total subsidy

$_____

 

Total subsidy as % of direct operating expense indicated in your responses to VI.E.1 (p. 24)

______

G. Indirect cost recovery:

The current federally negotiated indirect cost rate for your institution is:

_____%

The current federally negotiated cost rate for your animal resource, if it differs from the institutional rate:

_____%

The status of implementation of OMB Circular A–21 at your institution is:

Full implementation since (give date)

____

Implementation is in progress since

____

Due to be completed by

____

Implementation is scheduled to begin by (give date)

____

There are no current plans for implementation

____

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

Institutional strategies for complying with A–21 include(d) which of the following:

 

Increase fees to animal users

____

 

Designate animal resource space as organized research space

____

 

Subsidize the resource with institutional funds

____

 

The increased subsidy is/was:

Transient:

____

Expected to be permanent:

____

The estimated increase in per diem rates for MICE if the full cost is absorbed by recharges is:

___%

The actual increase in per diem rates for MICE after institutional strategies (indicated above) were activated was:

___%

The impact of A–21 implementation on animal census was:

 

A permanent decrease in census

____

 

A transient decrease in census

____

 

Too early to tell

____

VII. Regulatory Issues

 

Is your resource AAALAC–accredited?

_____

 

Approximately how many animal use protocols are active at any given time?

____

 

Approximately how many full protocols are reviewed by the IACUC annually?

(Exclude annual updates and minor revisions).

____

 

How many members serve on your IACUC?

____

 

How many staff FTEs are employed by the IACUC?

____

 

What is the estimated annual budget for the IACUC?

$______

 

Does your institution have a program for monitoring animal experimentation apart from semi–annual IACUC inspections?

____

 

If so, who conducts these inspections:

______________

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

Please indicate the compliance roles played by the staff/faculty veterinarians.

Primary responsibility for:

Initial review of every protocol

____

Initial review of selected protocols

____

Advising investigators on protocol preparation

____

training animal users

____

How many FTEs are designated for meeting regulatory requirements for training and monitoring of animal use?

FTEs

Veterinarians

____

Other staff

____

VIII. Resource–client Relationships

Please rank the following potential concerns among animal users at your institution:

1 = high level of user confidence and satisfaction

2 = most users are satisfied, but some are not

3 = general, moderate dissatisfaction

4 = substantial, widespread dissatisfaction and concern

Item

Rank

Per diem rates

Animal procurement fees

Space available for animal housing

Quality and reliability of the physical plant

Quality of animal care services

Quality of laboratory animal medicine services

Regulatory programs

Training for animal users

Institutional support for the resource

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

The foregoing ranking is based on:

Informal (anecdotal) information from users

___

 

Formal survey of users

___

IX. Future Directions

Please list up to 3 of the most important challenges facing your resource in each of the following categories:

Physical Plant

Administration

Animal care services

Animal health services

Financial support

Regulatory compliance

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×
Key to Survey Tables

Survey Tables Page

Physical Plant

Configuration .............................................................................................................Table .................1

Space allocation

Space allocation by number of rooms ...........................................................Table 2a....................1

Space allocation by ft2 ......................................................................................Table 2b....................1

Security ........................................................................................................................Table 3....................2

Characteristics of sites ...............................................................................................Table 4....................2

Housing for mice

Current housing for mice .................................................................................Table 5a....................3

New or planned housing for mice ..................................................................Table 5b....................3

New or planned housing for mice ..................................................................Table 5c....................3

Animal Health Facilities:

Number of rooms ...............................................................................................Table 6a....................4

Square footage ....................................................................................................Table 6b....................4

Staffing

Administrative staffing

Directorship .........................................................................................................Table 7a....................5

Other administrative staff ..................................................................................Table 7b....................5

Animal care staff

Mean number of staff members/institution ..............................................Table 8a.........................6

Mean staff FTEs/institution .........................................................................Table 8b.........................6

Percent of staff with AAALAS certification ................................................Table 8c.........................6

Configuration of animal care staff ................................................................Table 8d.......................7

Criteria for staffing levels ..............................................................................Table 8e........................7

Wages and benefits for animal care staff .....................................................Table 8f........................7

Recruitment and retention of animal care staff (managerial/supervisorystaff)

Impact of recruitment factors .........................................................................Table 8g......................8

Impact of retention factors ..............................................................................Table 8h......................8

Recruitment and retention of animal care staff (technical staff)

Impact of recruitment factors .........................................................................Table 8i.......................9

Impact of retention factors ..............................................................................Table 8j.......................9

Training of animal care staff ...........................................................................Table 8k....................10

Productivity of animal care staff

Conv. Cage ........................................................................................................Table 81....................11

MI Cage ..............................................................................................................Table 8m..................11

IVC ......................................................................................................................Table 8n...................11

Laboratory animal medicine staff

Number of staff members ...............................................................................Table 9a....................12

Number of staff FTEs ......................................................................................Table 9b....................12

Academic appointments for laboratory animal medicine staff

Director/Clinician ...........................................................................................Table 9c....................13

Pathologist/Other service faculty ................................................................Table 9d....................13

Criteria for size and configuration ................................................................Table 9e....................14

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

Animal Procurement and Census

Animal census and annual procurement /internal production (number of animals)

Mouse, Rat, Other Rodent ........................................................Table 10a....................15

Rabbit, Dog, Cat...........................................................Table 10b 15

Pig, Sheep/Goat, Nonhuman Primate...........................................................Table 10c....................15

Amphibian, Miscellaneous, Totals ........................................................Table 10d....................16

Services

Services for mice

Husbandry ........................................................Table 11a, b....................17–18

Cage sanitation...........................................................Table 11c....................19

Waste disposal...........................................................Table 11d....................19

Animal technology services and revenue sources:

Rodents ........................................................Tablea, b, c....................20

Carnivores ........................................................Table 12d, e, f....................21

Nonhuman primates ........................................................Table 12g, h, i....................22

Outsourcing of animals and/or services...........................................................Data too sparse to summarize usefully

Laboratory animal medicine services

Rodents ........................................................Table 14a, b, c....................23

Carnivores ........................................................Table 14d, e, f....................24

Nonhuman primates...........................................................Table 14g, h, i....................25

Research services

Polyclonal antibody ........................................................Table 15a....................26

Monoclonal antibody ........................................................Table 15b....................26

Gene targeting for mice...........................................................Table 15c....................26

Transgenesis for mice ........................................................Table 15d....................26

Cryopreserve mouse embryos or sperm ........................................................Table 15e....................27

Phenotype genetically altered animals...........................................................Table 15f....................27

Experimental surgery ........................................................Table 15g....................27

Other ........................................................Table 15h....................27

Communications and administrative services ........................................................Table 16....................28

Prevalence of infectious agents in mice ........................................................Table 17a, b....................29

Finances

Fees for Ancillary animal care services

Animal procurement/cage setup fees ........................................................Table 18a, b, c....................30

Increases in per diem charges

Rodents ........................................................Table 19a....................31

Carnivores ........................................................Table 19b....................31

Non–human primates...........................................................Table 19c....................31

Formulation of per diem rates

Policies ........................................................Table 20a....................32

Contribution of costs to per diem rate for mice ........................................................Table 20b....................32

Current per diem rates ........................................................Table 20c, d....................33

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

Extramural funding

All types of research and training ....................................................................Table 21a.....................34

Animal–related research and training ....................................................................Table 21b.....................34

Operating budget

Expense categories in DIRECT operating budget ....................................................................Table 22a, b, c.....................35

Salary sources ....................................................................Table 23a, b, c, d, e, f, g.....................36–37

Operating budget deficit ....................................................................Table 24.....................378

Institutional subsidy

Overview ....................................................................Table 25 38

Application to operating costs ....................................................................Table 26a, b.....................39

Subsidy for fiscal year reported ....................................................................Table 27.....................39

Indirect cost recovery ....................................................................Table 28a, b.....................40

Regulatory Program

Overview ....................................................................Table 29.....................41

Staff duties and responsibilities ....................................................................Table 30.....................41

Resource–client Relationships

Resource–client relationships ....................................................................Table 31.....................42

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

Survey Responses

I. Physical Plant

I. A. Which configuration describes most accurately the layout of your resource:

Table 1. Physical plant: Configuration (number of institutions)

 

Fully centralized

Partially centralized

Decentralized

Mean number sites/institutions

Centralization will increase

Group 1

3

18

2

6.13

6

Group 2

1

9

6

7.00

4

Group 3

1

10

3

11.71

3

All

5

37

11

7.87

13

I. B. Space allocation for full physical plant

Table 2a. Physical plant: Space allocation by number of rooms (mean number of rooms/institution)*

 

Animal rooms

Procedure rooms

Washing centers

Food/bedding rooms

Exam/treatment rooms

Operating rooms

Dx lab rooms

Offices/ library

Other rooms

Group 1

95.4

10.7

5.56

5.43

3.52

4.65

3.65

12.9

31.4

Group 2

113.6

19.2

10.81

9.56

3.25

8.00

4.75

19.8

39.4

Group 3

178.1

21.7

13.43

11.64

8.64

7.42

4.92

19.9

68.7

All

122.8

16.2

9.23

8.32

4.79

6.40

4.32

16.8

43.7

* Dx lab: Diagnostics laboratory

Table 2b. Physical plant: Space allocation by ft2(mean ft2/ institution)*

 

Animal rooms

Procedure rooms

Washing centers

Food/bedding rooms

Exam/treatment rooms

Operating rooms

Dx lab rooms

Offices/ library

Other rooms

Corridors

Total ft2

% total ft2 used as animal rooms

Group 1

24,931

1,935

3,144

1,395

701

1,463

938

2,149

10,226

9,489

56,757

44

Group 2

26,322

3,535

6,180

1,519

556

2,488

1,071

3,681

15,456

15,642

76,756

34

Group 3

38,052

3,157

6,648

2,938

1,388

2,163

1,503

3,700

12,032

11,553

84,468

45

All

28,639

2,733

4,954

1,819

828

1,953

1,120

3,008

12,287

11,898

70,114

41

* Dx lab: Diagnostics laboratory

Survey Tables – Page 1

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

I. C. Physical security protection of all sites and environmental security protection of all animal rooms

Table 3. Physical plant: Security

 

Mean number of sites/institution protected by:

Mean number of rooms/institution protected by:

 

Electronics

Keys

Electronics & keys

Environmental monitoring

Emergency power

Group 1

3.96

11.74

10.48

56.7

47.5

Group 2

2.38

2.19

3.06

87.6

88.7

Group 3

3.00

11.50

5.71

79.5

91.2

All

3.23

8.79

6.98

72.1

70.9

I. D. Characteristics of individual sites

Table 4. Physical plant: Characteristics of sites (mean number of sites or rooms/institution)

 

Sites per size range

Total

 

0–5,000 ft2

5,001–10,000 ft2

10,001–20,000 ft2

> 20,000 ft2

Sites

Animal rooms

Procedure rooms

Washing centers

Tunnel washers

Rack washers

Autoclaves

Group 1

3.00

1.09

0.82

0.68

5.55

96.6

9.5

4.05

1.27

3.36

3.95

Group 2

3.56

1.62

1.44

0.62

7.25

114.1

17.2

7.25

1.88

5.50

7.56

Group 3

6.14

3.00

1.64

0.86

11.64

176.4

23.8

9.00

2.79

7.86

10.64

All

4.02

1.77

1.23

0.71

7.71

123.5

15.7

6.37

1.87

5.23

6.87

Survey Tables – Page 2

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

I. E. Housing for mice

Table 5a. Physical plant: Current housing for (mean average daily cage census/institutions) *

 

Conv + bottles

Conv + autowater

MI + bottles

MI + autowater

IVC + bottles

IVC + autowater

Total cages

Total mice

Group 1

407

27

1,734

1.4

105

10

2,338

5,475

Group 2

910

312

4,235

56.2

733

616

6,868

21,705

Group 3

1,453

679

10,292

0

720

450

13,580

49,727

All

844

311

4,808

17.9

464

315

6,759

22,383

*Conv: conventional caging; MI: microisolette caging; IVC: individually ventilated cages

Table 5b. Physical plant: New or planned housing for mice (mean average daily cage census/institutions)*

 

Completed since 1993

Under discussion

Designed

 

Gross ft2

Cage capacity

IVC use

Washing center

Gross ft2

Cage capacity

IVC use

Washing center

Gross ft2

Cage capacity

IVC use

Washing center

Group 1

10,467

7,764

3.00

6

6,616

5,504

2.83

5

50,400

3,250

2.50

2

Group 2

25,524

14,996

2.86

7

24,575

34,850

1.71

6

16,542

26,469

1.78

8

Group 3

15,032

10,516

3.31

10

16,479

11,750

2.22

7

46,070

19,396

2.67

4

All

16,272

47,229

3.11

23

14,442

17,665

2.23

18

30,899

25,356

2.17

14

*IVC: individually ventilated cages; 1 = High; 2 = Moderate; 3 = Low; 4 = None

Table 5c. Physical plant: Housing for mice under construction (mean average daily cage census/institutions)*

 

Under construction

 

Gross ft2

Cage capacity

IVC use

Washing center

Group 1

18,333

20,933

1.00

2

Group 2

10,076

5,819

2.43

5

Group 3

27,220

16,282

2.33

5

All

16,981

12,330

2.12

12

IVC: individually ventilated cages; 1 = High; 2 = Moderate; 3 = Low; 4 = None

Survey Tables – Page 3

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

I. F. Facilities for animal health service

Table 6a. Physical plant: Animal health facilities: Number of rooms (mean number of rooms/institution)

 

Exams/ minor procedures

Surgery (sterile)

Post–op recovery

Diagnostic imaging

Intensive care

Pharmacy

Necropsy

Histo– technology

Microbiology

Serology

Virology

Clinical chemistry

Multiple use

Group 1

5.60

4.26

1.35

0.65

0.26

0.42

1.74

0.22

0.37

0.28

0.14

0.23

2.65

Group 2

8.62

6.62

1.11

1.06

0.33

0.67

1.83

0.43

0.46

0.39

0.27

0.32

1.04

Group 3

7.40

6.36

3.04

1.50

0.97

0.95

2.67

0.87

0.49

0.40

0.59

0.32

2.07

All

6.99

5.53

1.72

1.00

0.47

0.64

2.01

0.45

0.43

0.34

0.30

0.28

2.01

Table 6b. Physical plant: Animal health facilities: Square footage (mean ft2/institution)

 

Exams/ minor procedures

Surgery (sterile)

Post–op recovery

Diagnostic imaging

Intensive care

Pharmacy

Necropsy

Histo– technology

Microbiology

Serology

Virology

Clinical chemistry

Multiple use

Total

Group 1

1,180

1,373

272

160

103

102

43

94

134

142

62

89

270

4,081

Group 2

1,748

2,249

183

157

38

102

370

133

126

108

54

67

238

5,519

Group 3

1,139

1,991

356

227

210

136

443

208

152

121

209

102

651

5,901

All

1,341

1,801

267

177

112

111

418

136

137

126

98

86

361

4,996

Survey Tables – Page 4

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

II. Staffing

II. A. Administrative Staff (FTE = Full time equivalent)

Table 7a. Staffing: Administrative staffing: Directorship (mean/institution) *

 

Director

Associate/assistant director

 

No.

FTE(s)

DVM

DVM+

No DVM

No.

FTE(s)

DVM

DVM+

No DVM

Group 1

23

1.0

8

14

1

27

0.9

7

8

2

Group 2

15

0.9

6

6

3

15

0.8

7

2

3

Group 3

14

0.8

5

9

0

18

0.9

4

6

1

All

52

0.9

19

29

4

60

0.9

18

16

6

* DVM+: DVM plus PhD or MS or other masters' degree; No DVM: Degree other than DVM such as PhD or a masters' degree.

Table 7b. Staffing: Administrative staffing: Other administrative staff (mean/institution)

 

Number of staff members

Number of staff FTEs

 

Business manager

Informatics specialist

Purchasing agent

Regulatory/ comp. Officer

Total managerial staff

Total clerical staff

Business manager

Informatics specialist

Purchasing agent

Regulatory/ comp. Officer

Total FTEs managerial staff

Total FTEs clerical staff

Group 1

0.86

0.36

0.70

0.26

4.04

1.93

0.70

0.20

0.53

0.21

2.93

1.56

Group 2

0.88

0.31

0.81

0.56

4.44

2.94

0.81

0.26

0.70

0.39

3.19

2.22

Group 3

0.71

0.71

1.04

0.71

5.36

4.14

0.68

0.23

0.99

0.64

4.14

3.64

All

0.83

0.44

0.82

0.47

4.51

2.82

0.72

0.22

0.70

0.38

3.33

2.31

Survey Tables – Page 5

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

II. B. Animal care staff

II. B. 1. Composition of staff

Table 8a. Staffing: Animal care staff: Mean number of staff members/institution

 

Senior manager

Asst. manager

Regional supervisor

Training coordinator

Total mgr./ spvsr. staff

Animal care technologist

Animal care technician

Asst. animal care technician

Total technical staff

Group 1

1.17

0.52

1.17

0.26

3.13

1.57

5.43

9.61

16.61

Group 2

1.00

1.19

2.50

0.56

5.31

1.75

10.00

11.12

22.88

Group 3

1.21

0.71

3.64

0.50

6.07

5.00

20.71

17.57

43.29

All

1.13

0.77

2.23

0.42

4.57

2.53

10.85

12.17

25.55

Table 8b. Staffing: Animal care staff: Mean staff FTEs/institution

 

Senior manager

Asst. manager

Regional supervisor

Training coordinator

Total mgr./ spvsr. staff

Animal care technologist

Animal care technician

Asst. animal care technician

Total technical staff

Group 1

1.09

0.45

1.03

0.10

2.68

1.36

5.54

8.40

15.30

Group 2

0.96

1.19

2.03

0.41

4.58

1.69

9.84

9.41

20.93

Group 3

1.21

0.71

3.61

0.41

5.95

4.86

20.63

16.67

42.17

All

1.08

0.74

2.02

0.28

4.12

2.38

10.83

10.89

24.10

Table 8c. Staffing: Animal care staff: Percent of staff with AAALAS certification *

 

Senior manager

Asst. manager

Regional supervisor

Training coordinator

Animal care technologist

Animal care technician

Asst. animal care technician

 

A

T

Tg

A

T

Tg

A

T

Tg

A

T

Tg

A

T

Tg

A

T

Tg

A

T

Tg

Group 1

13

9

61

4

30

0

9

39

35

0

4

13

35

26

39

52

2

0

2

13

39

Group 2

0

19

75

0

69

56

38

56

44

0

6

25

6

28

19

88

3

6

1

0

0

Group 3

0

7

86

21

0

36

11

1

1

0

0

43

46

1

64

2

3

7

71

21

0

All

6

11

72

8

34

26

18

64

58

0

4

26

29

46

40

1

2

4

1

11

17

* Percent of institutions in groups or total; percents do not total to 100 as some institutions had no certified staff in that category; A: ALAT; T: LAT; Tg: technologist.

Survey Tables – Page 6

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

II. B. 2. Configuration of staff

Table 8d. Staffing: Animal care staff: Configuration of animal care staff * (number of institutions)

Institutional

Outsourced

Unionized

Centralized

Regional‡

Score

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Group 1

21

1

1

0

0

0

0

16

4

2

1

10

11

2

0

4

5

2

2

8

Group 2

15

1

0

0

0

0

0

12

3

3

0

9

7

1

2

3

6

2

1

3

Group 3

14

0

0

0

0

0

2

13

4

3

1

6

3

2

3

4

3

4

1

4

All

50

2

1

0

0

0

2

41

11

8

2

25

21

5

5

11

14

8

4

15

* Numbers do not sum to group or total as some responses were left blank. 1 = all; 2 = majority; 3 = minority; 4 = none

†techs report directly to senior manager; ‡techs report to regional supervisor who reports to center

II. B. 3. Criteria for determining animal care staffing levels

Table 8e. Staffing: Animal care staff: Criteria for staffing levels (number of institutions using that criterion)

 

Time–effort reporting

Assessments by supervisors

Other

Group 1

12

17

6

Group 2

5

14

2

Group 3

8

12

4

All

25

43

12

II. B. 4. Wages and benefits for animal care staff

Table 8f. Staffing: Animal care staff: Wages and benefits for animal care staff

 

Profile

Annual technician benefit days

 

Standard work week (hours)

Entry level hourly wage ($)

Average annual salary for tech ($)

Current fringe rate (%)

Vacation days

Sick days

Paid holidays

Recess days

Personal days

Total benefit days

Group 1

39.3

8.53

21,779

0.26

15.0

11.2

9.6

0.4

1.9

38.2

Group 2

39.7

9.35

22,096

0.28

16.5

12.8

9.4

0.5

1.2

40.3

Group 3

38.9

9.55

23,268

0.27

15.6

12.1

10.3

2.3

1.9

40.7

All

39.3

9.05

22,268

0.27

15.6

11.9

9.7

0.9

1.7

39.5

Survey Tables – Page 7

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

II. B. 5. Recruitment and retention of animal care staff (managerial/supervisory) (Tables 8g h)

Table 8g. Staffing: Animal care staff: Recruitment and retention of animal care staff (managerial/supervisory staff): Impact of recruitment factors (number of Institutions)*

 

Starting salary

Earning potential

Benifits

Training & experience

Job responsibility

Career opportunity

Regional competition

Location of resource

Rating

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Group 1

7

10

4

2

5

13

3

2

1

6

9

7

5

12

5

1

3

11

6

3

4

10

7

2

4

6

9

4

6

5

7

5

Group 2

2

10

3

1

6

5

4

1

1

2

3

10

7

4

4

1

0

5

8

3

0

5

10

1

6

4

5

1

2

5

7

2

Group 3

5

7

2

0

4

5

3

2

1

2

2

9

1

9

1

3

3

4

5

2

2

6

6

0

5

4

4

1

2

3

6

3

All

14

27

9

3

15

23

10

5

3

10

14

26

13

25

10

5

6

20

19

8

6

21

23

3

15

14

18

6

10

13

20

10

* 1 = high impact; 2 = moderate; 3 = low; 4 = no

Table 8h. Staffing: Animal care staff: Recruitment and retention of animal care staff (managerial/supervisory staff): Impact of retention factors (number of institutions)*

 

Earning potential

Benefits

Career opportunity

Regional competition

Working conditions

Rating

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Group 1

3

13

5

2

2

4

10

7

3

12

7

1

4

7

7

5

2

7

7

7

Group 2

3

11

1

1

1

2

4

9

0

11

3

1

4

5

5

2

0

7

7

2

Group 3

4

6

4

0

1

3

1

9

4

4

5

1

3

3

8

0

2

2

9

1

All

10

30

10

3

4

9

15

25

7

27

15

3

11

15

20

7

4

16

23

10

* 1 = high impact; 2 = moderate; 3 = low; 4 = no

Survey Tables – Page 8

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

II. B. 5. Recruitment and retention of animal care staff (technical) (Tables 8i j)

Table 8i. Staffing: Animal care staff: Recruitment and retention of animal care staff (technical staff): Impact of recruitment factors (number of institutions)*

Starting salary

Earning potential

Benefits

Training & experience

Job responsibility

Career opportunity

Regional competition

Location of resource

Rating

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Group 1

10

6

6

1

7

8

7

1

2

6

10

5

6

11

4

2

2

11

9

1

3

13

5

2

5

6

8

4

6

4

8

5

Group 2

5

5

5

1

4

6

6

0

1

1

4

10

5

5

3

3

0

8

6

2

1

6

7

2

2

9

3

2

3

4

6

3

Group 3

4

6

3

1

5

6

2

1

0

2

3

9

3

5

2

4

3

4

5

2

2

7

4

1

4

4

5

1

2

3

5

4

All

19

17

14

3

16

20

15

2

3

9

17

24

14

21

9

9

5

23

20

5

6

26

16

5

11

19

16

7

11

11

19

12

* 1 = high impact; 2 = moderate; 3 = low; 4 = no

Table 8j. Staffing: Animal care staff: Recruitment and retention of animal care staff (technical staff): Impact of retention factors (number of institutions)*

Earning potential

Benefits

Career opportunity

Regional competition

Working conditions

Rating

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Group 1

6

10

5

2

2

4

10

7

2

12

8

1

5

7

6

5

4

8

5

6

Group 2

3

7

6

0

1

2

5

8

2

7

5

1

2

9

3

2

0

8

7

1

Group 3

4

7

3

0

0

4

1

9

2

9

1

2

5

5

3

1

4

4

5

1

All

13

24

14

2

3

10

16

24

6

28

14

4

12

21

12

8

8

20

17

8

* 1 = high impact; 2 = moderate; 3 = low; 4 = no

Survey Tables – Page 9

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

II. B. 6. Training of animal care staff – check all strategies in use

Table 8k. Staffing: Animal care staff: Training of animal care staff (number of institutions)

 

On–staff training coordinator

Inhouse courses, including AALAS

Regional AALAS

Informal on the job training

Computer based training

Regional/ national meetings

Extended training on production, biology, use of genetically altered animals

Other

Group 1

9

21

16

23

11

17

7

2

Group 2

10

15

10

16

9

16

4

2

Group 3

5

13

8

14

2

11

7

3

All

24

49

34

53

22

44

18

7

Survey Tables – Page 10

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

II. B. 7. Productivity of animal care staff

Please indicate your responses for staff productivity for mouse husbandry in your most efficiently configured housing sites (for small mouse “shoebox ” cages((Tables 8l n)

Table 8l. Staffing: Animal care staff: Productivity of animal care staff (cage changes (technician x week)): Conv. cage*

 

Conv. cage + water bottle

Conv. cage + autowater

 

Change station used

Change interval. (days)

Changes per tech per week

Change station used

Change interval. (days)

Changes per tech per week

 

Yes

No

   

Yes

No

   

Group 1

0

15

7.4

345.7

0

9

3.9

187.0

Group 2

1

6

5.7

814.0

0

3

4.5

671.0

Group 3

0

7

7.0

804.5

0

3

7.0

1,215.0

Avg 2 & 3

1

13

6.4

809.2

0

6

5.8

943.0

All

1

28

6.8

569.8

0

15

4.6

489.0

* Conv: conventional

Table 8m. Staffing: Animal care staff: Productivity of animal care staff (cage changes (technician x week)); MI cage*

MI cage + water bottle

MI cage + autowater

 

Change station used

Change interval. (days)

Changes per tech per week

Change station used

Change interval. (days)

Changes per tech per week

 

Yes

No

 

Yes

No

 

Group 1

15

7

5.2

405.1

0

6

4.7

10.0

Group 2

14

2

4.6

930.0

3

0

5.8

700.0

Group 3

14

0

5.9

896.2

1

1

5.5

960.0

Avg 2 & 3

28

2

5.2

914.2

4

1

5.7

804.0

All

43

9

5.2

691.2

4

7

5.3

511.7

* MI: microisolette

Table 8n. Staffing: Animal care staff: Productivity of animal care staff (cage changes (technician x week)): IVC*

IVC + water bottle

IVC + autowater

 

Change station used

Change interval (days)

Changes per tech per week

Change station used

Change interval (days)

Changes per tech per week

 

Yes

No

 

Yes

No

 

Group 1

9

2

6.6

234.2

1

3

7.0

200.0

Group 2

8

0

8.9

446.3

6

1

10.2

425.4

Group 3

9

0

8.9

366.0

2

1

10.5

503.5

Avg 2 & 3

17

0

8.9

403.8

8

2

10.3

448.8

All

26

2

8.1

343.6

9

5

10.0

416.8

* IVC: individually ventilated cage

Survey Tables – Page 11

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

II. C. Laboratory animal medicine staff

II. C. 1. Composition of laboratory animal medicine staff (Tables 9a b )

Table 9a. Staffing: Laboratory animal medicine staff (mean number of staff members/institution)

 

Clinician

Pathologist

Microbiologist

Virologist

Clinical technologist

Necropsy prosector

Clinical pathology technologist

Histotechnologist

Microbiology technologist

Virology/ Serology technologist

Other

Group 1

2.3

1.0

0.6

0.1

1.0

0.1

0.3

0.2

0.2

0.1

0.5

Group 2

2.2

0.5

0.2

0.0

0.9

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.1

0.1

1.3

Group 3

3.5

1.3

0.2

0.0

1.8

0.4

0.2

0.7

0.5

0.5

0.9

All

2.6

0.9

0.4

0.0

1.2

0.2

0.2

0.3

0.3

0.2

0.8

Table 9b. Staffing: Laboratory animal medicine staff (mean number of staff FTEs/institution)

 

Clinician

Pathologist

Microbiologist

Virologist

Clinical technologist

Necropsy prosector

Clinical pathology technologist

Histotechnologist

Microbiology technologist

Virology/ Serology technologist

Other

Group 1

1.7

0.4

0.0

0.0

0.7

0.1

0.2

0.2

0.1

0.1

0.5

Group 2

1.7

0.4

0.2

0.0

0.7

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.1

0.1

1.2

Group 3

2.1

0.8

0.0

0.0

1.5

0.3

0.2

0.5

0.4

0.4

0.9

All

1.8

0.5

0.1

0.0

0.9

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.2

0.8

Survey Tables – Page 12

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

II. C. 2. Academic appointments of laboratory animal medicine professional staff

Table 9c. Staffing: Laboratory animal medicine staff: Academic appointments for laboratory animal medicine staff (% of institutions)

Director

Clinician

 

Prof.

Assoc. prof.

Assist. prof.

Intsr.

Other rank

None

Prof.

Assoc. prof.

Assist. prof.

Intsr.

Other rank

None

Group 1

26

17

22

0

13

13

9

26

26

17

26

9

Group 2

12

31

12

0

12

12

0

25

31

12

12

25

Group 3

57

14

14

0

7

0

21

21

36

7

14

21

All

30

21

17

0

11

9

9

24

30

13

19

17

Table 9d. Staffing: Laboratory animal medicine staff: Academic appointments for laboratory animal medicine staff (% of institutions)

Pathologist

Other service faculty

 

Prof.

Assoc. prof.

Assist. prof.

Intsr.

Other rank

None

Prof.

Assoc. prof.

Assist. prof.

Intsr.

Other rank

None

Group 1

17

13

22

4

4

0

0

9

9

0

0

9

Group 2

0

12

6

0

6

6

0

0

0

0

0

0

Group 3

7

29

7

14

0

0

0

0

0

0

7

0

All

15

12

19

4

8

2

0

4

4

0

2

4

Survey Tables – Page 13

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

II. C. 3 Criteria for size and configuration of laboratory animal medicine staff (check all that apply).

Table 9e. Staffing: Laboratory animal medicine staff: Criteria for size and configuration of laboratory animal medicine staff (number of institutions)

 

Judgment of resource director

Review & approval by faculty users

Review & approval by institution

Budgetary priorities

Other

Group 1

20

2

14

15

3

Group 2

14

2

15

9

0

Group 3

14

4

9

8

1

All

48

8

38

32

4

Survey Tables – Page 14

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

III. Animal Procurement and Census

Please enter data with the reporting period checked on the identification page (Tables 10a d)

Table 10a. Animal procurement and census: Animal census and annual procurement /internal production (number of animals)

Mouse

Rat

Other Rodent

 

Avg. daily census

Purchased

Produced internally

Quarantine groups*

Avg. daily census

Purchased

Produced internally

Quarantine groups

Avg. daily census

Purchased

Produced internally

Quarantine groups

Group 1

9,881.3

17,426.0

6,267.4

12.4

18,926.0

6,907.3

461.3

0

279.6

475.4

15.0

0

Group 2

19,855.6

34,722.8

24,042.4

58.5

1,510.0

12,734.4

454.1

0

201.6

692.4

104.0

0

Group 3

46,184.9

39,233.1

56,665.2

82.3

2,253.6

14,482.2

6,121.1

0

275.4

673.7

131.1

0

All

22,482.0

28,200.0

23,042.9

44.8

9,264.3

10,594.0

1,704.1

0

254.9

593.3

70.2

0

Table 10b. Animal procurement and census: Animal census and annual procurement /internal production (number of animals)

Rabbit

Dog

Cat

 

Avg. daily census

Purchased

Produced internally

Quarantine groups*

Avg. daily census

Purchased

Produced internally

Quarantine groups

Avg. daily census

Purchased

Produced internally

Quarantine groups

Group 1

139.6

372.0

5.2

0

25.0

66.0

1.1

<1

34.7

45.7

2.7

1

Group 2

93.0

583.9

6.3

0

28.9

171.4

8.4

1

13.2

68.1

1.0

1

Group 3

181.2

926.1

2.1

0

62.9

151.0

1.7

0

14.1

24.7

4.7

0

All

136.5

582.4

4.7

0

36.2

120.2

3.5

<1

22.8

46.9

2.7

1

Table 10c. Animal procurement and census: Animal census and annual procurement/internal production (number of animals)

Pig

Sheep/Goat

Nonhuman Primate

 

Avg. daily census

Purchased

Produced internally

Quarantine groups*

Avg. daily census

Purchased

Produced internally

Quarantine groups

Avg. daily census

Purchased

Produced internally

Quarantine groups

Group 1

15.1

191.0

1

1

14.0

27.4

4

0

64.4

29.3

0

2.1

Group 2

16.3

253.2

0

0

3.9

46.7

0

1

53.8

22.5

2.2

12.8

Group 3

12.3

233.5

0

0

18.9

67.1

0

0

73.6

42.0

1.4

3.4

All

14.7

220.9

<1

1

12.2

43.7

2

<1

63.6

30.6

1.0

5.7

Survey Tables – Page 15

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

Table 10d. Animal procurement and census: Animal census and annual procurement/internal production (number of animals)

Amphibian

Miscellaneous

TOTALS

 

Avg. daily census

Purchased

Produced internally

Quarantin* e groups

Avg. daily census

Purchased

Produced internally

Quarantine groups

Avg. daily census

Purchased

Produced internally

Quarantine groups

Group 1

168.2

148.2

13.0

9.8

412.4

596.2

88.5

0

4,3407.8

26,284.6

5,744.4

20.7

Group 2

160.5

484.3

0

0

73.4

831.3

154.0

0

1,9745.9

47,104.6

24,684.1

63.3

Group 3

439.3

576.6

289.3

0

421.0

665.1

2,196.0

0

48,392.64

51,045.5

51,841.5

60.7

All

237.5

362.8

82.1

4.2

312.3

685.4

665.0

0

3,7581.3

39,110.5

23,638.6

44.1

* Quarantine should reflect animals procured from external non–commercial sources.

Survey Tables – Page 16

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

IV. Services

IV. A. Services for mice

IV. A. 1. Husbandry for mice. Methods used to prevent or minimize exposure to infectious agents in mice (Tables 11a b)

Table 11a. Services: Services for mice: Husbandry for mice (number of institutions)

Caging used to prevent infection

Cage change interval (days)

 

MI cage*

IVC*

Water bottles

Autowater

% changed in change station

MI cage

IVC

 

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

     

Group 1

22

1

11

10

22

0

7

15

55

5.4

8.2

Group 2

16

0

12

4

16

0

10

5

76

4.6

8.9

Group 3

14

0

11

3

14

0

4

10

61

5.9

8.9

All

52

1

34

17

52

0

21

30

63

5.3

8.7

* MI: microisolette; IVC: individually ventilated cage

Survey Tables–Page 17

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

Table 11b. Services: Services for mice: Husbandry for mice (continued)

 

Bedding type

Number of institutions

Max. mice/cage

Typical no. cage racks/room

Minimum aisle width between racks (ft)

Group 1

Alphadri

1

5.0

6.0

3.0

 

Aspen chips

3

5.0

3.7

2.8

 

Beta chips

2

4.5

3.0

3.0

 

Corn cob

5

4.6

2.8

3.2

 

Hardwood chips

7

4.4

4.2

3.1

 

Paper

2

4.0

3.5

3.0

 

Sanichips

1

2.0

3.0

4.0

 

Virgin paper

1

5.0

3.0

2.0

 

Wood chips

1

6.0

2.0

4.0

Group 2

Alphadri

1

5.0

8.0

2.0

 

Aspen chips

2

5.0

4.5

3.5

 

Beta chips

2

4.5

6.5

1.5

 

Carefresh

1

5.0

3.0

4.0

 

Corn cob

2

4.5

3.0

2.8

 

Ground corn cob

1

4.0

2.0

2.5

 

Hardwood chips

2

4.5

3.5

3.5

 

Shredded aspen

1

5.0

3.0

3.0

 

Sanichips

1

2.5

3.8

2.8

 

Wood chips

2

5.0

5.5

2.5

Group 3

Not specified

1

5.0

7.0

8.0

 

Corn cob

8

5.0

3.9

3.2

 

Hardwood chips

2

5.0

6.5

3.3

 

Sanichips

3

4.0

4.7

3.3

All

4.7

4.1

3.1

Survey Tables – Page 18

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

IV. A. 2. Cage sanitation

Table 11c. Services: Services for mice: Mouse cage sanitation (number of institutions) *

Hot water only

Hot water and detergent

Autoclaving

 

Conv. cage

MI cage

IVC

Conv. cage

MI cage

IVC

Conv. cage

MI cage

IVC

Group 1

0

0

0

15

21

8

1

17

9

Group 2

2

2

2

11

14

10

2

15

10

Group 3

1

4

3

8

11

6

1

11

7

All

3

6

5

34

46

24

4

43

26

* MI: microisolette; IVC: individually ventilated cage

IV. A. 3. Waste disposal

Table 11d. Services: Services for mice: Waste disposal (number of institutions)

Soiled bedding

Other non–human waste

Carcasses

Hazardous animal carcasses

 

Sewer

Landfill

Incinerator

Other

Sewer

Landfill

Incinerator

Other

Sewer

Landfill

Incinerator

Other

Sewer

Landfill

Incinerator

Other

Group 1

3

17

6

0

6

9

12

0

0

1

21

2

0

0

22

3

Group 2

5

12

5

2

4

12

4

2

0

1

15

3

0

0

12

3

Group 3

3

11

3

1

3

10

6

0

0

2

10

2

0

0

10

3

All

11

40

14

3

13

31

22

2

0

4

46

7

0

0

44

9

Survey Tables – Page 19

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

IV. B. Animal technology services and revenue sources for rodents (Tables 12a c), Carnivores (Tables 12d f) and nonhuman primates (Tables 12g –l)

Table 12a. Services: Animal technology services and revenue sources: Rodents* (number of institutions)

Housing

Husbandry

Census

Gnotobiotics

Internal transport

Cage sanitation

Euthanasia

Score

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Group 1

9

13

0

0

11

11

0

0

10

12

0

0

1

4

4

6

7

9

3

2

10

11

0

0

6

7

9

0

Group 2

10

5

1

0

10

6

0

0

10

6

0

0

5

2

1

4

4

4

8

0

9

6

1

0

4

4

8

0

Group 3

8

6

0

0

8

6

0

0

9

5

0

0

1

3

3

4

4

6

4

0

7

6

1

0

5

4

5

0

All

27

24

1

0

29

23

0

0

29

23

0

0

7

9

8

14

15

19

15

2

26

23

2

0

15

15

22

0

* 1 = per diem only; 2 = per diem + institution funds; 3 = separate fee; 4 = not available

Table 12b. Services: Animal technology services and revenue sources: Rodents * (number of institutions) (continued)

Breeding

Special supplies

Animal ID

Weaning

Rederivation

Specimen collection

Score

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Group 1

1

7

11

3

7

10

6

0

8

4

8

1

3

4

12

1

0

0

13

4

1

2

20

0

Group 2

3

1

8

3

6

6

4

0

5

1

10

0

2

3

9

2

0

1

10

4

0

0

15

1

Group 3

1

1

9

2

6

5

3

0

4

2

7

1

2

1

10

1

1

0

12

1

2

0

12

0

All

5

9

28

8

19

21

13

0

17

7

25

2

7

8

31

4

1

1

35

9

3

2

47

1

* 1 = per diem only; 2 = per diem + institution funds; 3 = separate fee; 4 = not available

Table 12c. Services: Animal technology services and revenue sources: Rodents * (number of institutions) (continued)

Routine medicine

Administer compounds

Restraint

Special diets

Other

Score

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Group 1

12

8

3

0

1

1

17

3

5

2

14

1

5

6

12

0

1

0

1

0

Group 2

4

6

6

0

0

1

15

0

1

2

12

0

2

5

8

1

1

0

2

0

Group 3

5

4

5

0

0

0

13

0

1

0

12

0

1

4

9

0

0

0

0

0

All

21

18

14

0

1

2

45

3

7

4

38

1

8

15

29

1

2

0

3

0

* 1 = per diem only; 2 = per diem + institution funds; 3 = separate fee; 4 = not available

Survey Tables – Page 20

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

Table 12d. Services: Animal technology services and revenue sources: Carnivores * (number of institutions)

Housing

Husbandry

Census

Gnotobiotics

Internal transport

Cage sanitation

Euthanasia

Score

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Group 1

8

12

0

0

10

10

0

0

9

11

0

0

1

4

1

5

6

8

4

0

10

10

0

0

4

5

11

0

Group 2

9

3

1

0

10

3

0

0

10

3

0

0

2

0

0

5

3

2

8

0

9

3

1

0

3

2

8

0

Group3

7

5

0

0

6

6

0

0

8

4

0

0

1

2

0

4

4

4

4

0

7

5

0

0

5

3

4

0

All

24

20

1

0

26

19

0

0

27

18

0

0

4

6

1

14

13

14

16

0

26

18

1

0

12

10

23

0

* 1 = per diem only; 2 = per diem + institution funds; 3 = separate fee; 4 = not available

Table 12e. Services: Animal technology services and revenue sources: Carnivores * (number of institutions) (continued)

Breeding

Special supplies

Animal ID

Weaning

Rederivation

Specimen collection

Score

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Group 1

1

3

3

5

6

9

4

0

9

6

5

1

4

2

3

3

0

0

5

5

1

3

14

0

Group 2

2

0

2

5

7

4

0

0

4

2

5

0

1

1

1

4

0

0

1

6

0

0

11

0

Group 3

1

1

4

2

4

4

4

0

2

4

4

0

1

3

2

1

0

0

2

4

1

1

6

1

All

4

4

9

12

17

17

8

0

15

12

14

1

6

6

6

8

0

0

8

15

2

4

31

1

* 1 = per diem only; 2 = per diem + institution funds; 3 = separate fee; 4 = not available

Table 12f. Services: Animal technology services and revenue sources: Carnivores * (number of institutions) (continued)

Routine medicine

Administer compounds

Restraint

Special diets

Other

Score

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Group 1

9

7

3

0

1

1

14

3

5

2

11

1

6

7

7

0

0

0

0

0

Group 2

4

3

6

0

0

1

12

0

1

1

10

0

2

3

6

1

1

0

0

0

Group 3

4

3

4

0

0

0

11

0

1

0

10

0

0

3

8

0

0

0

0

0

All

17

13

13

0

1

2

37

3

7

3

31

1

8

13

21

1

1

0

0

0

* 1 = per diem only; 2 = per diem + institution funds; 3 = separate fee; 4 = not available

Survey Tables – Page 21

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

Table 12g. Services: Animal technology services and revenue sources: Nonhuman primates* (number of institutions)

Housing

Husbandry

Census

Gnotobiotics

Internal transport

Cage sanitation

Euthanasia

Score

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Group 1

3

6

2

0

6

4

0

0

5

5

0

0

0

4

0

2

5

4

1

0

6

5

0

1

2

2

7

1

Group 2

5

5

1

0

7

4

0

0

7

4

0

0

2

0

0

4

1

2

8

0

6

4

1

0

3

2

6

0

Group 3

5

6

0

0

5

6

0

0

6

5

0

0

1

3

0

3

2

4

5

0

5

5

1

0

4

3

4

0

All

13

17

3

0

18

14

0

0

18

14

0

0

3

7

0

9

8

10

14

0

17

14

2

1

9

7

17

1

* 1 = per diem only; 2 = per diem + institution funds; 3 = separate fee; 4 = not available

Table 12h. Services: Animal technology services and revenue sources: Nonhuman primates* (number of institutions) (continued)

Breeding

Special supplies

Animal ID

Weaning

Rederivation

Specimen collection

Score

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Group 1

1

3

1

2

4

5

3

0

4

4

4

1

1

1

2

3

0

0

3

3

0

2

10

0

Group 2

1

0

2

4

6

4

1

0

4

1

5

0

1

0

2

4

0

0

2

5

0

0

9

0

Group 3

1

1

4

4

4

4

3

0

3

5

2

0

0

1

2

4

0

0

1

5

0

1

7

1

All

3

4

7

10

14

13

7

0

11

10

11

1

2

2

6

11

0

0

6

13

0

3

26

1

* 1 = per diem only; 2 = per diem + institution funds; 3 = separate fee; 4 = not available

Table 12i. Services: Animal technology services and revenue sources: Nonhuman primates* (number of institutions) (continued)

Routine medicine

Administer compounds

Restraint

Special diets

Other

Score

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Group 1

5

4

2

0

0

0

9

2

3

1

6

1

4

4

4

0

0

0

0

1

Group 2

4

4

3

0

0

1

10

0

0

1

9

0

1

2

6

1

0

0

0

0

Group 3

3

4

2

0

0

0

10

0

0

1

9

0

3

0

6

0

0

0

0

0

All

12

12

7

0

0

1

29

2

3

3

24

1

5

9

16

1

0

0

0

1

* 1 = per diem only; 2 = per diem + institution funds; 3 = separate fee; 4 = not available

Survey Tables – Page 22

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

IV. C. Outsourcing of animals and/or services

Indicate institutional policies and practices for outsourcing. Enter the number corresponding to the percentage of average daily census for each species for which the outsourcing policy is used.

Data too sparse to summarize usefully.

IV. D. Laboratory animal medicine services for rodents (Tables 14a c), carnivores (Tables 14d f), and nonhuman primates (Tables 14g i)

Table 14a. Services: Laboratory animal medicine services: Rodents* (number of institutions)

Quarantine health assessment

Microbiological monitoring

Therapy: natural illness

Therapy: iatrogenic illness

Consultation

Score

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Group 1

4

9

8

0

10

8

4

1

11

8

4

0

4

6

13

0

8

12

2

0

Group 2

6

2

7

0

7

5

4

0

4

6

6

0

2

2

12

0

9

7

0

0

Group 3

5

4

5

0

7

5

2

0

6

4

4

0

1

2

11

0

6

8

0

0

All

15

15

20

0

24

18

10

1

21

18

14

0

7

10

36

0

23

27

2

0

* 1 = per diem only; 2 = per diem + institution funds; 3 = separate fee; 4 = not available

Table 14b. Services: Laboratory animal medicine services: Rodents* (number of institutions) (continued)

Anesthesia

Post–op care

Euthanasia

Pathology: natural conditions

Score

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Group 1

1

1

20

1

2

2

17

1

8

4

10

0

10

7

5

0

Group 2

1

1

13

0

1

3

12

0

6

4

6

0

8

6

2

0

Group 3

0

1

13

0

1

0

11

1

5

3

6

0

4

8

2

0

All

2

3

46

1

4

5

40

2

19

11

22

0

22

21

9

0

* 1 = per diem only; 2 = per diem + institution funds; 3 = separate fee; 4 = not available

Table 14c. Services: Laboratory animal medicine services: Rodents* (number of institutions) (continued)

Pathology: iatrogenic conditions

Clinical chemistry: natural illness

Clinical chemistry: iatrogenic illness

Microbiology on cell lines

Score

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Group 1

4

2

16

0

11

6

4

1

3

1

16

2

2

1

14

4

Group 2

1

3

12

0

5

4

7

0

0

0

14

0

1

0

10

3

Group 3

0

2

12

0

5

6

3

0

0

0

14

0

1

1

9

2

All

5

7

40

0

21

16

14

1

3

1

44

2

4

2

33

9

* 1 = per diem only; 2 = per diem + institution funds; 3 = separate fee; 4 = not available

Survey Tables – Page 23

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

Table 14d. Services: Laboratory animal medicine services: Carnivores* (number of institutions)

Quarantine health assessment

Microbiological monitoring

Therapy: natural illness

Therapy: iatrogenic illness

Consultation

Score

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Group 1

2

7

8

0

4

7

4

2

10

7

4

0

4

5

12

0

7

11

2

0

Group 2

4

2

6

0

3

1

5

0

4

3

6

0

2

1

10

0

9

4

0

0

Group 3

4

3

5

0

4

4

3

0

5

4

4

0

1

1

11

0

5

8

0

0

All

10

12

19

0

11

12

12

2

19

14

14

0

7

7

33

0

21

23

2

0

* 1 = per diem only; 2 = per diem + institution funds; 3 = separate fee; 4 = not available

Table 14e. Services: Laboratory animal medicine services: Carnivores* (number of institutions) (continued)

Anesthesia

Post–op care

Euthanasia

Pathology: natural conditions

Score

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Group 1

1

2

18

0

2

3

15

0

5

3

12

0

8

6

6

0

Group 2

1

0

12

0

0

1

12

0

3

2

8

0

8

4

1

0

Group 3

0

1

12

0

1

0

12

0

5

1

7

0

3

7

3

0

All

2

3

42

0

3

4

39

0

13

6

27

0

19

17

10

0

* 1 = per diem only; 2 = per diem + institution funds; 3 = separate fee; 4 = not available

Table 14f. Services: Laboratory animal medicine services: Carnivores* (number of institutions) (continued)

Pathology: iatrogenic conditions

Clinical chemistry: natural illness

Clinical chemistry: iatrogenic illness

Microbiology on cell lines

Score

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Group 1

4

2

14

0

9

6

5

0

3

2

14

1

2

1

7

6

Group 2

1

3

9

0

3

3

7

0

0

0

12

0

0

0

4

3

Group 3

0

1

12

0

4

5

4

0

0

0

13

0

1

1

4

3

All

5

6

35

0

16

14

16

0

3

2

39

1

3

2

15

12

* 1 = per diem only; 2 = per diem + institution funds; 3 = separate fee; 4 = not available

Survey Tables – Page 24

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

Table 14g. Services: Laboratory animal medicine services: Nonhuman primates * (number of institutions)

Quarantine health assessment

Microbiological monitoring

Therapy: natural illness

Therapy: iatrogenic illness

Consultation

Score

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Group 1

2

5

7

0

3

6

3

1

5

5

5

0

2

3

10

0

4

8

2

0

Group 2

3

2

7

0

2

3

5

0

3

4

5

0

1

1

9

0

7

5

0

0

Group 3

3

3

6

0

4

4

2

0

4

4

4

0

1

1

10

0

4

8

0

0

All

8

10

20

0

9

13

10

1

12

13

14

0

4

5

29

0

15

21

2

0

* 1 = per diem only; 2 = per diem + institution funds; 3 = separate fee; 4 = not available

Table 14h. Services: Laboratory animal medicine services: Nonhuman primates * (number of institutions) (continued)

Anesthesia

Post–op care

Euthanasia

Pathology: natural conditions

Score

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Group 1

0

1

15

0

1

1

13

0

2

2

10

0

4

5

5

0

Group 2

0

0

12

0

0

1

11

0

3

2

7

0

7

5

0

0

Group 3

0

1

11

0

0

0

12

0

4

1

7

0

2

7

3

0

All

0

2

38

0

1

2

36

0

9

5

24

0

13

17

8

0

* 1 = per diem only; 2 = per diem + institution funds; 3 = separate fee; 4 = not available

Table 14i. Services: Laboratory animal medicine services: Nonhuman primates * (number of institutions) (continued)

Pathology: iatrogenic conditions

Clinical chemistry: natural illness

Clinical chemistry: iatrogenic illness

Microbiology on cell lines

Score

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Group 1

2

1

11

0

5

5

4

0

1

0

12

1

2

0

5

4

Group 2

0

3

9

0

4

4

4

0

0

0

11

0

0

0

3

4

Group 3

0

1

11

0

3

6

3

0

0

0

12

0

1

1

4

3

All

2

5

31

0

12

15

11

0

1

0

35

1

3

1

12

11

* 1 = per diem only; 2 = per diem + institution funds; 3 = separate fee; 4 = not available

Survey Tables – Page 25

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

IV. E. Research services

Please indicate all sources that apply (Tables 15a –I)

Table 15a. Services: Research services: Polyclonal antibody (% of institutions offering service)

 

Animal resource program

Other internal source

External vendor

Fully recharged to users

Partially/ fully subsidized

Group 1

30

30

39

48

13

Group 2

44

56

56

56

0

Group 3

57

29

50

71

0

All

42

38

47

57

6

Table 15b. Services: Research services: Monoclonal antibody (% of institutions offering service)

 

Animal resource program

Other internal source

External vendor

Fully recharged to users

Partially/ fully subsidized

Group 1

22

52

30

35

17

Group 2

31

56

50

50

0

Group 3

36

50

57

64

7

All

28

53

43

47

9

Table 15c. Services: Research services: Gene targeting for mice (% of institutions offering service)

 

Animal resource program

Other internal source

External vendor

Fully recharged to users

Partially/ fully subsidized

Group 1

0

43

39

26

22

Group 2

19

62

44

31

6

Group 3

14

64

7

36

29

All

9

55

32

30

19

Table 15d. Services: Research services: Transgenesis for mice (% of institutions offering service)

 

Animal resource program

Other internal source

External vendor

Fully recharged to users

Partially/ fully subsidized

Group 1

4

52

39

22

26

Group 2

25

69

50

25

12

Group 3

14

79

7

43

21

All

13

64

34

28

21

Survey Tables – Page 26

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

Table 15e. Services: Research services: Cryopreserve mouse embryos or sperm (% of institutions offering service)

 

Animal resource program

Other internal source

External vendor

Fully recharged to users

Partially/ fully subsidized

Group 1

9

22

30

9

22

Group 2

19

25

38

6

19

Group 3

14

64

21

43

7

All

13

34

30

17

17

Table 15f. Services: Research services: Phenotype genetically altered animals (% of institutions offering service)

 

Animal resource program

Other internal source

External vendor

Fully recharged to users

Partially/ fully subsidized

Group 1

0

30

35

13

22

Group 2

25

62

31

25

25

Group 3

43

50

14

43

21

All

19

45

28

25

23

Table 15g. Services: Research services: Experimental surgery (% of institutions offering service)

 

Animal resource program

Other internal source

External vendor

Fully recharged to users

Partially/ fully subsidized

Group 1

65

26

17

30

26

Group 2

56

56

25

38

19

Group 3

50

21

0

57

14

All

58

34

15

40

21

Table 15h. Services: Research services: Other (% of institutions offering service)

 

Animal resource program

Other internal source

External vendor

Fully recharged to users

Partially/ fully subsidized

Group 1

9

0

0

9

13

Group 2

6

0

0

0

12

Group 3

7

0

0

7

7

All

8

0

0

6

11

Survey Tables – Page 27

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

IV. F. Communications and administrative services

Table 16. Services: Communications and administrative services (number of institutions)

Grant application assistance

Interactive web site

On–line animal ordering

Email user lists

Newsletter

User group meetings

Computer–based accounting

 

Operative

Planned

Operative

Planned

Operative

Planned

Operative

Planned

Operative

Planned

Operative

Planned

Operative

Planned

Group 1

19

1

13

7

5

11

17

4

13

2

15

2

5

15

Group 2

15

0

6

9

3

6

8

4

8

2

11

1

5

11

Group 3

12

0

7

7

1

10

10

3

6

2

11

0

4

10

All

46

1

26

23

9

27

35

11

27

6

37

3

14

36

Survey Tables – Page 28

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

V. Prevalence of infectious agents

Please indicate the current prevalence of infectious agents in your mouse colonies

Table 17a. Services: Laboratory animal medicine services: Prevalence of infectious agents in mice (number of institutions with infection)*

Agent

Mouse adenovirus

Mouse hepatitis virus

Mouse parvovirus/MVM

Mouse rotavirus

Mouse pneumonia virus

Type of room

Barrier

Non–barrier

Barrier

Non–barrier

Barrier

Non–barrier

Barrier

Non–barrier

Barrier

Non–barrier

All

1

2

3

22

2

15

1

6

0

6

* MVM: minute virus of mice

Table 17b. Services: Laboratory animal medicine services: Prevalence of infectious agents in mice (number of institutions with infection)*

Agent

Sendai virus

Theiler's MEV

Mycoplasma species

Helicobacter species

Pinworms

Type of room

Barrier

Non–barrier

Barrier

Non–barrier

Barrier

Non–barrier

Barrier

Non–barrier

Barrier

Non–barrier

All

1

0

1

7

1

2

14

14

9

21

* MEV: murine encephalomyelitis virus

Survey Tables – Page 29

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

VI. Finances

VI. A. Fees for ancillary care services

VI. A. 1. Procurement/setup fees. Do you have animal procurement/setup fees?

Table 18a. Finances: Fees for ancillary animal care services: Animal procurement/cage setup fees (number of institutions)

Procurement fee based on:

Setup fee based on:

 

Procurement/ set–up fees?

% total $ for animal order

% total $ for animal order to set up max

% cost/animal up to set max

Standard charge/animal/ box/ order, regardless of total $

Fixed fee per cage

Fixed fee per order

% of per diem rate

Group 1

18

5

1

0

11

2

7

1

Group 2

10

1

1

0

8

1

1

1

Group 3

9

4

0

3

4

0

2

2

All

37

10

2

3

23

3

10

4

The following services are included in the procurement/setup fees.

Table 18b. Finances: Fees for ancillary animal care services: Animal procurement/cage setup fees (number of institutions) (continued)

Services included in procurement/setup fees:

 

Placing animal orders

Verification for regulatory compliance

Admin check–in for new arrivals

Health check for new arrivals

Transportation to animal rooms

Uncrating, caging of new arrivals

Preparation: cage cards, census, other records

Group 1

16

15

14

13

14

14

15

Group 2

11

10

10

6

7

6

8

Group 3

10

10

10

9

9

9

9

All

37

35

34

28

30

29

32

Do you have a cage purchase charge incremental to per diem fees? If so, this charge is based on:

Do you have a shipping charge for preparing and shipping animals to another site?

For rodent cages with low occupancy such as singly–housed mice:

Table 18c. Finances: Fees for ancillary animal care services: Animal procurement/cage setup fees (Number of institutions) (continued)

Purchase charge based on:

Rodent cages with low occupancy, such as singly–housed:

 

Cage purchase charge?

Charge per cage

% of animal budget for project

Shipping charge

Full per diem rate is charged

Reduced per diem rate is charged

% reduction

Group 1

3

2

0

13

14

3

48

Group 2

2

2

0

11

11

3

40

Group 3

3

1

1

10

7

4

46

All

8

5

1

34

32

10

45

Survey Tables – Page 30

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

VI. B. Variations in per diem charges:

Indicate which conditions warrant a per diem rate or charge which differs from the standard rate for basic care for rodents (Table 19a), carnivores (Table 19b), or nonhuman primates (Table 19c)

Table 19a. Finances: Increases in per diem charges: Rodents (number of institutions) *

 

Large colonies

Short–term housing

Breeding female mice

Barrier housing

Hazardous agents (BL2)

Hazardous agents (BL3)

Hazardous chemicals

Quarantine: mice

Group 1

0

0

6

14

11

8

9

3

Group 2

1

1

2

9

9

8

7

11

Group 3

0

1

2

10

8

8

7

8

All

1

2

10

33

28

24

23

22

* BL2: animal biosafety level 2; BL3: animal biosafety level 3

Table 19b. Finances: Increases in per diem charges: Carnivores (number of institutions)*

 

Large colonies

Short–term housing

Breeding females

Barrier housing

Hazardous agents (BL2)

Hazardous agents (BL3)

Hazardous chemicals

Quarantine: dog/cat

Group 1

0

1

1

3

4

2

3

6

Group 2

0

0

0

0

2

2

2

4

Group 3

0

1

0

1

3

3

1

4

All

0

2

1

4

9

7

6

14

* BL2: animal biosafety level 2; BL3: animal biosafety level 3

Table 19c. Finances: Increases in per diem charges: Nonhuman primates (number of institutions)*

 

Large colonies

Short–term housing

Breeding females

Barrier housing

Hazardous agents (BL2)

Hazardous agents (BL3)

Hazardous chemicals

Quarantine: NHP

Group 1

0

0

1

3

3

2

3

7

Group 2

0

0

0

0

1

1

2

5

Group 3

0

0

0

1

4

3

1

6

All

0

0

1

4

8

6

6

18

* BL2: animal biosafety level 2; BL3: animal biosafety level 3

Survey Tables – Page 31

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

VI. C. Formulation of per diem rates

How often do you adjust per diem rates each year?

How often do you cost account each year?

Do you use cost accounting primarily as a guide for rate setting? The absolute determinant for rate setting? Do you use the NIH Cost Analysis and Rate Setting Manual for cost accounting and rate setting?

Table 20a. Finances: Formulation of per diem rates: Policies (number of institutions)

Rate adjustments per year

Cost accountings per year

Cost acct. guides rates

Cost acct. determines rate

NIH Manual used

Cross subsidy between species

Any species targeted or removed because of high rates?

Affected species

 

1

2

12

12

4

2

1

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

Group 1

23

0

0

0

6

0

15

21

2

2

21

15

8

9

11

4

19

Nonhuman primates

Group 2

15

1

0

1

1

3

11

16

0

2

14

12

4

5

11

0

16

Group 3

13

0

1

2

1

1

10

14

0

1

13

13

1

4

9

1

13

Sea turtles

All

51

1

1

3

8

4

36

51

2

5

48

40

13

18

31

5

48

Based on your most recent cost accounting, indicate the contribution (%) of the following costs to your per diem rate for mice:

Table 20b. Finances: Formulation of per diem rates: Contribution of costs to per diem rate for mice (%)

 

Maintenance & repair

General & administrative

Transportation

Cage washing & sanitation

Laboratory services

Health care

Training

Receipt/processing

Technical services

Husbandry

Group 1

6

16

1

11

5

4

1

2

3

51

Group 2

8

17

1

16

3

6

1

1

1

47

Group 3

3

12

0

10

3

8

1

0

1

56

All

6

15

1

12

4

5

1

1

2

51

Survey Tables – Page 32

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

Please enclose a copy of your institution's per diem rates for FY98–99 (Tables 20c d)

Table 20c. Finances: Formulation of per diem rates: Current per diem rates ($)

 

Mouse

Mouse basic

Mouse full

Rat

Rat basic

Rat full

 

Per mouse

Per cage

Per mouse

Per cage

Per mouse

Per cage

Per rat

Per cage

Per rat

Per cage

Per rat

Per cage

Group 1

0.20

0.55

0.16

0.46

0.31

0.91

0.46

0.94

0.33

0.69

0.77

1.50

Group 2

023

0.53

0.55

0.54

1.48

0.88

0.38

0.98

0.77

0.80

0.93

1.27

Group 3

0.29

0.42

0.46

0.67

0.62

1.07

0.89

1.25

0.81

All

0.22

0.50

0.24

0.50

0.55

0.81

0.49

0.98

0.51

0.81

0.99

1.25

Table 20d. Finances: Formulation of per diem rates: Current per diem rates ($)(continued)

 

Hamster

G Pig

Rabbit

Ferret

Cat

Dog

Primate

Primate small

Primate large

Sheep

Pig

Frog

 

Per animal

Per cage

Per animal

Per cage

                   

Group 1

0.50

0.85

1.10

1.67

2.40

2.97

4.39

9.89

7.18

5.00

9.63

11.10

11.11

1.88

Group 2

0.38

0.98

0.96

1.44

1.86

2.58

4.93

7.30

6.19

3.55

8.69

11.02

9.79

0.89

Group 3

0.46

1.20

0.99

1.38

1.89

2.85

4.50

8.45

7.89

4.88

8.34

9.09

8.86

0.97

All

0.46

1.01

1.03

1.52

2.11

2.83

4.57

8.82

6.97

4.63

8.65

10.31

10.16

1.31

Survey Tables – Page 33

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

VI. D. Extramural funding

Please indicate the total current extramural funding for biomedical research and training for the components of your institution.

Table 21a. Finances: Extramural funding; All types of research and training (in millions of dollars, mean)

 

Direct

Indirect

 

NIH

Other federal

All other

Subtotal

NIH

Other federal

All other

Subtotal

Total

Group 1

39.4

17.8

28.7

82.1

11.2

1.9

2.9

18.6

100.3

Group 2

86.9

29.2

40.6

152.4

39.6

5.5

6.9

50.2

196.3

Group 3

97.2

23.3

46.8

150.2

48.2

8.3

15.6

69.7

213.6

All

70.5

23.3

37.0

123.7

30.9

4.8

7.5

42.4

160.8

Table 21b. Finances: Extramural funding: Animal–related research and training (in millions of dollars, mean)

 

Direct

Indirect

 

NIH

Other federal

All other

Subtotal

NIH

Other federal

All other

Subtotal

Total

Group 1

12.6

3.9

5.1

20.5

4.9

0.7

0.5

7.6

33.7

Group 2

41.4

4.5

6.3

54.0

19.7

0.5

1.0

20.9

72.1

Group 3

48.6

4.9

9.4

60.2

22.4

1.8

1.8

25.6

81.2

All

33.1

4.4

6.7

43.4

14.9

0.9

1.0

17.2

59.9

Survey Tables – Page 34

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

VI. E. Operating budget

VI. E. 1. Expense categories

Indicate which of the following categories of expense are typically included in the DIRECT operating budget for your animal resources, irrespedctive of the source(s) of off-setting revenues (Tables 22a c)

Table 22a. Finances: Operating budget: Expense categories in DIRECT operating budget (number of institutions)*

Animal purchases

Salaries: director, managers/ supervisors

Salaries: veterinarians & related

Wages: technical staff

Animal care supplies

Personnel supplies

Safety supplies, equipment

Rodent caging

Rating

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

Group 1

16

2

5

9

11

3

10

10

3

17

4

2

21

1

1

21

1

1

19

3

1

20

2

1

Group 2

8

1

5

12

4

0

12

4

0

15

1

0

16

0

0

15

0

0

16

0

0

15

1

0

Group 3

10

2

2

6

8

0

8

6

0

13

1

0

14

0

0

14

0

0

14

0

0

13

1

0

All

34

5

12

27

23

3

30

20

3

45

6

2

51

1

1

50

1

1

49

3

1

48

4

1

* 1 = fully included; 2 = partially included; 3 = not included.

Table 22b. Finances: Operating budget: Expense categories in DIRECT operating budget (continued) (number of institutions)*

Water bottles

NHP caging

Transportation services

Informatics services/supplies

Computer purchases

Capital equipment

Fixed equipment contracts

Movable equipment contracts

Rating

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

Group 1

21

1

1

10

2

7

16

4

2

14

6

3

16

5

2

9

8

6

15

6

2

15

6

2

Group 2

16

0

0

9

2

1

14

0

1

15

1

0

14

2

0

7

3

5

15

0

1

16

0

0

Group 3

13

1

0

6

4

2

12

1

1

9

5

0

9

5

0

2

11

1

12

1

1

12

2

0

All

50

2

1

25

8

10

42

5

4

38

12

3

39

12

2

18

22

12

42

7

4

43

8

2

* 1 = fully included; 2 = partially included; 3 = not included.

Table 22c. Finances: Operating budget: Expense categories in DIRECT operating budget (continued) (number of institutions)*

Pharmaceuticals

Serological/ microbiological monitoring

Staff training

Travel

Facilities maintenance

Energy costs

Regulatory license accreditation

IACUC costs

Rating

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

Group 1

19

4

0

21

1

1

19

4

0

17

3

3

6

13

4

4

1

18

14

5

4

3

5

15

Group 2

14

0

1

14

2

0

14

2

0

14

2

0

9

4

2

1

1

13

13

2

1

3

4

9

Group 3

13

1

0

11

3

0

10

4

0

10

4

0

2

9

3

0

0

14

9

2

3

3

2

9

All

46

5

1

46

6

1

43

10

0

41

9

3

17

26

9

5

1

45

36

9

8

9

11

33

* 1 = fully included; 2 = partially included; 3 = not included.

Survey Tables – Page 35

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

VI. E. 2. Salary sources

Please indicate the current salary sources (as percent) for staff for each of the categories listed. If a staff position has more than one member, indicate the total percent under each column for all individuals in the position (Tables 23a g)

Table 23a. Finances: Operating budget: Salary sources (%)

 

Director

Associate/assistant director

 

Per diem revenue

Inst. funds

Fees for service

Research funds

Per diem revenue

Inst. funds

Fees for service

Research funds

Group 1

18

78

2

2

24

69

0

6

Group 2

31

62

0

7

53

40

0

7

Group 3

36

54

0

9

48

44

3

5

All

27

67

1

5

40

53

1

6

Table 23b. Finances: Operating budget: Salary sources (%)(continued)

Clinical veterinarian

Pathologist

 

Per diem revenue

Inst. funds

Fees for service

Research funds

Per diem revenue

Inst. funds

Fees for service

Research funds

Group 1

27

72

1

0

16

72

3

9

Group 2

56

39

3

2

25

54

0

21

Group 3

60

32

3

4

39

42

1

18

All

46

50

2

2

28

55

1

16

Table 23c. Finances: Operating budget: Salary sources (%)(continued)

Microbiologist

Virologist

 

Per diem revenue

Inst. funds

Fees for service

Research funds

Per diem revenue

Inst. funds

Fees for service

Research funds

Group 1

0

100

0

0

0

100

0

0

Group 2

17

27

17

40

Group 3

68

3

2

27

8

64

12

16

All

32

36

7

25

8

64

12

16

Survey Tables – Page 36

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Animal Research Survey-1999 and Survey Tables." National Research Council. 2000. Strategies That Influence Cost Containment in Animal Research Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10006.
×

Table 23d. Finances: Operating budget: Salary sources (%)(continued)

 

Veterinary assistant/tech

Diagnostic laboratory tech

 

Per diem revenue

Inst. funds

Fees for service

Research funds

Per diem revenue

Inst. funds

Fees for service

Research funds

Group 1

67

31

2

0

42

26

8

23

Group 2

58

20

18

4

46

20

16

18

Group 3

66

10

24

0

60

24

11

4

All

63

21

14

1

51

24

12

13

Table 23e. Finances: Operating budget: Salary sources (%)(continued)

 

Business manager

Senior animal care manager

 

Per diem revenue

Inst. funds

Fees for service

Research funds

Per diem revenue

Inst. funds

Fees for service

Research funds

Group 1

40

59

2

0

48

52

0

0

Group 2

61

39

0

0

69

25

0

5

Group 3

71

29

0

0

85

7

4

4

All

54

45

1

0

66

30

1

3

Table 23f. Finances: Operating budget: Salary sources (%)(continued)

 

Animal care supervisor

Animal care techs

 

Per diem revenue

Inst. funds

Fees for service

Research funds

Per diem revenue

Inst. funds

Fees for service

Research funds

Group 1

55

43

0

2

76

24

0

1

Group 2

82

14

0

4

84

14

0

2

Group 3

88

6

1

5

90

7

1

2

All

74

22

0

3

82

16

0

1