National Academies Press: OpenBook

Abrupt Climate Change: Inevitable Surprises (2002)

Chapter: Appendix G Acronym List

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix G Acronym List." National Research Council. 2002. Abrupt Climate Change: Inevitable Surprises. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10136.
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G
Acronym List

AO

Arctic Oscillation

AAO

Antarctic Oscillation

CFC

schloroflourocarbons

DSOW

Denmark Strait Overflow Water

ENSO

El Niño/Southern Oscillation

GCM

general circulation models

GFDL

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory

GISP2

Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2

IGBP

International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme

ITCZ

Intertropical Convergence Zones

LPTM

Late Paleocene Thermal Maximum

LSW

Labrador Sea Water

NAO

North Atlantic Oscillation

NBER

National Bureau of Economic Research

NEADW

Northeast Atlantic Deep Water

Suggested Citation:"Appendix G Acronym List." National Research Council. 2002. Abrupt Climate Change: Inevitable Surprises. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10136.
×

PAGESP

PAst Global changES program

PDO

Pacific Decadal Oscillation

PETM

Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum

PNA

Pacific North American pattern

SST

Sea surface temperature

TAO

Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean

THC

thermohaline circulation

THCC

thermohaline circulation collapse

USGCRPUS

US Global Change Research Program

WOCE

World Ocean Circulation Experiment

YD

Younger Dryas

Suggested Citation:"Appendix G Acronym List." National Research Council. 2002. Abrupt Climate Change: Inevitable Surprises. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10136.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix G Acronym List." National Research Council. 2002. Abrupt Climate Change: Inevitable Surprises. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10136.
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Page 220
Suggested Citation:"Appendix G Acronym List." National Research Council. 2002. Abrupt Climate Change: Inevitable Surprises. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10136.
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Page 221
Suggested Citation:"Appendix G Acronym List." National Research Council. 2002. Abrupt Climate Change: Inevitable Surprises. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10136.
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Page 222
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The climate record for the past 100,000 years clearly indicates that the climate system has undergone periodic--and often extreme--shifts, sometimes in as little as a decade or less. The causes of abrupt climate changes have not been clearly established, but the triggering of events is likely to be the result of multiple natural processes.

Abrupt climate changes of the magnitude seen in the past would have far-reaching implications for human society and ecosystems, including major impacts on energy consumption and water supply demands. Could such a change happen again? Are human activities exacerbating the likelihood of abrupt climate change? What are the potential societal consequences of such a change?

Abrupt Climate Change: Inevitable Surprises looks at the current scientific evidence and theoretical understanding to describe what is currently known about abrupt climate change, including patterns and magnitudes, mechanisms, and probability of occurrence. It identifies critical knowledge gaps concerning the potential for future abrupt changes, including those aspects of change most important to society and economies, and outlines a research strategy to close those gaps.

Based on the best and most current research available, this book surveys the history of climate change and makes a series of specific recommendations for the future.

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