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125 Paul R. Portney, chair, is president of and senior fellow at Resources for the Future. His former positions at RFF in- clude vice president and senior fellow; director, Center for Risk Management; and director, Quality of the Environment Division. His previous positions include visiting lecturer, Princeton University; senior staff economist, Council on Environmental Quality; and visiting professor, Graduate School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley. He has served on a number of National Research Council committees, including the Committee on Epidemiology of Air Pollutants, the Board on Environmental Sciences and Toxicology, the National Forum on Science and Technology Goals, and the Committee on Opportunities in Applied En- vironmental Research and Development: Environment. He is the former chair of the Environmental Economics Advi- sory Committee of the Environmental Protection Agency and of the Science Advisory Board and was an associate editor of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management. He has published widely in the areas of natural resources and public policy, environmental and resource economics, applied wel- fare economics, and on economic and public policy issues. He has a Ph.D. in economics from Northwestern University and a B.A. in economics and mathematics from Alma Col- lege. David L. Morrison, vice chair, is retired director of the Of- fice of Nuclear Regulatory Research, U.S. Nuclear Regula- tory Commission. His previous positions include technical director of the Energy, Resource and Environmental Sys- tems Division, MITRE Corporation; president of the IIT Research Institute; and director of program development and management, Battelle Memorial Institute. He has been a member of the NRCâs Energy Engineering Board and the National Materials Advisory Board, chaired the NRC Com- mittee on Alternative Energy R&D Strategies, chaired the NRC Committee on Industrial Energy Conservation, and has served on a number of other NRC committees, including the Committee on Fuel Economy of Automobiles and Light Trucks and the Committee to Review the United States Ad- vanced Battery Consortiumâs Electric Vehicle R&D Project Selection Process, and as chairman of the Committee to Re- view the R&D Strategy for Biomass-Derived Ethanol and Biodiesel Transportation Fuels. His areas of expertise in- clude research management, energy and environmental re- search, materials, nuclear technology, and physical chemis- try, and he has extensive experience in the assessment of energy technologies. Dr. Morrison has a B.S. degree from Grove City College and a Ph.D. in chemistry from the Carnegie Institute of Technology. Michael M. Finkelstein is principal, Michael Finkelstein & Associates. He has held his present position since 1991. Ear- lier, he held a number of positions with the Department of Transportationâs National Highway Traffic Safety Adminis- tration, including those of policy advisor for the Intelligent Vehicle Highway System; associate administrator for R&D; associate administrator for Rulemaking; and associate ad- ministrator for Planning and Evaluation. He has served on several NRC committees, including the Committee on Trans- portation Safety Management, the Committee for Review of the Automated Highway System Consortium, and the Com- mittee for Review of the Intelligent Vehicle Initiative. He has a B.A. from Columbia University and an M.A. from Rutgers University. David L. Greene is corporate fellow of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). He has spent more than 20 years re- searching transportation and energy policy issues, including energy demand modeling, economic analysis of petroleum dependence, modeling market responses to advanced trans- portation technologies and alternative fuels, economic analy- sis of policies to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions from transportation, and developing theory and methods for mea- suring the sustainability of transportation systems. Dr. Greene received a B.A. degree from Columbia University in 1971, an M.A. from the University of Oregon in 1973, and a B Biographical Sketches of Committee Members
126 EFFECTIVENESS AND IMPACT OF CORPORATE AVERAGE FUEL ECONOMY (CAFE) STANDARDS Ph.D. in geography and environmental engineering from the Johns Hopkins University in 1978. Dr. Greene spent 1988 and 1989 in Washington, D.C., as a senior research analyst in the Office of Domestic and International Energy Policy, Department of Energy (DOE). He has published over 150 articles in professional journals, contributions to books, and technical reports. From 1997 to 2000, Dr. Greene served as the first editor in chief of the Journal of Transportation and Statistics, and he currently serves on the editorial boards of Transportation Research D, Energy Policy, Transportation Quarterly, and the Journal of Transportation and Statistics. Active in the Transportation Research Board (TRB) and the National Research Council, Dr. Greene has served on sev- eral standing and ad hoc committees. He is past chair and member emeritus of the TRBâs Energy Committee, past chair of the Section on Environmental and Energy Concerns, and a recipient of the TRBâs Pyke Johnson Award. John H. Johnson is Presidential Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics, Michigan Technological University (MTU) and a fellow of the Society of Automotive Engineers. His experience spans a wide range of analysis and experimental work related to advanced en- gine concepts, emissions studies, fuel systems, and engine simulation. He was previously project engineer, U.S. Army Tank Automotive Center, and chief engineer, Applied En- gine Research, International Harvester Co., before joining the MTU mechanical engineering faculty. He served as chairman of the MTU mechanical engineering and engineer- ing mechanics department from 1986 until 1993. He has served on many committees related to engine technology, engine emissions, and health effects, including committees of the Society of Automotive Engineers, the National Re- search Council, the Combustion Institute, the Health Effects Institute, and the Environmental Protection Agency, and he consults for a number of government and private sector in- stitutions. In particular, he served on the NRC Committee on Fuel Economy of Automobiles and Light Trucks and its Committee on Advanced Automotive Technologies Plan and was chair of the Committee on Review of DOEâs Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies. He received his Ph.D. in me- chanical engineering from the University of Wisconsin. Maryann N. Keller was the president of priceline.comâs Auto Services division until November 2000. Before that, Ms. Keller spent nearly 28 years on Wall Street, including positions at Kidder Peabody & Co., Paine Webber, and Vilas-Fischer Associates, and was the managing director of Furman Selz Incorporated. She was named one of the top three auto analysts on Wall Street for 12 consecutive years. Ms. Kellerâs monthly column has appeared in Automotive Industries magazine for more than 10 years. She has also appeared on numerous television and radio programs in the United States, Europe, and Japan and has been a frequent guest on business and financial programs aired on Bloomberg, CNN, and CNBC. Her first book, Rude Awak- ening: The Rise, Fall and Struggle to Recover at General Motors, was published in 1989 by William Morrow. Colum- bia University awarded her the prestigious Eccles prize for her book. Her second book, Collision: GM, Toyota and Volkswagen and the Race to Own the Twenty-First Century, was published by Doubleday in 1993. She has a B.S. in chemistry from Rutgers University and an MBA in finance from the Bernard Baruch School, City University of New York. Charles A. Lave is professor of economics (emeritus) at the University of California, Irvine, and associate director of the Institute of Transportation Studies. He received a Ph.D. in economics from Stanford University. He has been a visiting scholar at Berkeley, Stanford, and the Massachusetts Insti- tute of Technology. He was chair of the department of eco- nomics at the University of California, Irvine, for three terms. He was the American Economics Associationâs representa- tive on the Board of Directors of the National Bureau of Economic Research. He has been a member of numerous Transportation Research Board standing committees, study committees, and panels. He has served on the editorial boards of four transportation journals. He received the Transporta- tion Research Boardâs Pyke Johnson Award for the outstand- ing research paper at its 65th Annual Meeting. He received the Extraordinarius Award of the University of California, Irvine, for distinguished contributions to teaching, service, and scholarship. His research concentrates on the demand for automobile travel, the future of mass transit, and the con- servation of transportation energy. Adrian K. Lund is currently the chief operating officer for the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS), where he has overall responsibility for research programs at the Insti- tute and its affiliate, the Highway Loss Data Institute. Before coming to IIHS in 1981 as a psychologist and behavioral scientist, he was an assistant professor in the Department of Behavioral Sciences and Community Health at the Univer- sity of Connecticut School of Dental Medicine. Since join- ing the institute, Dr. Lund has participated in and directed research spanning the range of driver, vehicle, and roadway factors involved in the safety of motor vehicle travel. He is a member of the Society of Automotive Engineers, the Ameri- can Public Health Association, and the American Psycho- logical Association. He also currently serves as chairman of the Side Airbag Out-of-Position Injury Technical Working Group, an effort cosponsored by the Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers, the Association of International Automobile Manufacturers, the Automotive Occupant Restraints Coun- cil, and the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety. Phillip S. Myers (NAE) is emeritus distinguished research professor and former chairman of the Department of Me- chanical Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison,
APPENDIX B 127 and a fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engi- neers, the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). He was the president in 1969 of the SAE and has served on numerous NRC committees, including the Com- mittee on Fuel Economy of Automobiles and Light Trucks, the Committee on Toxicological and Performance Aspects of Oxygenated Motor Vehicle Fuels, the Committee on Ad- vanced Automotive Technologies Plan, and the Committee on Review of the DOEâs Office of Heavy Vehicle Technolo- gies. He is a fellow of the SAE and the AAAS. He is a mem- ber of the National Academy of Engineering. His research interests include internal combustion engines, combustion processes, engine emissions, and fuels. He has a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Gary W. Rogers is president, CEO, and sole director of FEV Engine Technology, Inc. He is also vice president of North American Operations, FEV Motorentechnik GmbH. Earlier, he was director, Power Plant Engineering Services Division, and senior analytical engineer, Failure Analysis Associates, Inc.; design development engineer, Garrett Tur- bine Engine Company; and exploration geophysicist, Shell Oil Company. He has extensive experience in research, de- sign, and development of advanced engine and powertrain systems, including homogeneous and direct-injection gaso- line engines, high-speed direct-injection (HSDI) passenger car diesel engines, heavy-duty diesel engines, hybrid vehicle systems, and gas turbines, pumps, and compressors. He pro- vides corporate leadership for a multinational research, de- sign, and development organization specializing in engines and energy systems. He is a member of the Advanced Powerplant Committee and the Society of Automotive Engi- neers and is an advisor to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency program on heavy-fuel engines and to the College of Engineering and Computer Science, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan. He recently served as a member of the NRCâs Committee on Review of DOEâs Of- fice of Heavy Vehicle Technologies Program. He has a B.S.M.E. from Northern Arizona University. Philip R. Sharp is lecturer in Public Policy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. He is the former director of the Institute of Politics at Harvard University and an associate of the Harvard Electricity Policy Group. He is a member of the Board of Directors of the En- ergy Foundation, the Cinergy Corporation, New England Electric Power (a subsidiary of National Grid USA), and Proton Energy Systems. He also serves on the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board. Dr. Sharp graduated from George- town Universityâs School of Foreign Service in 1964 and received his Ph.D. in government from Georgetown in 1974. He was a 10-term member of Congress from 1975 to 1995 from Indiana and served as chair of the Energy and Power Subcommittee of the House Committee on Energy and Com- merce from 1981 to 1995. James L. Sweeney is professor of management science and engineering, Stanford University, and senior fellow, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research. He has been direc- tor of the Office of Energy Systems; director of the Office of Quantitative Methods; and director of the Office of Energy Systems Modeling and Forecasting, Federal Energy Admin- istration. At Stanford University, he has been chair, Institute of Energy Studies; Director, Center for Economic Policy Research; director, Energy Modeling Forum; chair, Depart- ment of Engineering-Economic Systems; and chair, Depart- ment of Engineering-Economic Systems and Operations Research. He has served on several NRC committees, in- cluding the Committee on the National Energy Modeling System and the Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change and has been a member of the Board on En- ergy and Environmental Systems. He is currently a member of the NRC Committee on Benefits of DOEâs R&D in En- ergy Efficiency and Fossil Energy. He is a fellow of the Cali- fornia Council on Science and Technology. His research and writings address economic and policy issues important for natural resource production and use; energy markets includ- ing oil, natural gas, and electricity; environmental protec- tion; and the use of mathematical models to analyze energy markets. He has a B.S. degree from the Massachusetts Insti- tute of Technology and a Ph.D. in engineering-economic sys- tems from Stanford University. John J. Wise (NAE) is retired vice president of Research, Mobil Research and Development Corporation. He has also been vice president, R&E Planning; manager of Exploration and Production R&D; manager, Process and Products R&D; director of the Mobil Solar Energy Corporation; and director of the Mobil Foundation. He served on the Board of Direc- tors of the Industrial Research Institute and as co-chair of the Auto/Oil Air Quality Improvement Research Program. He has also served as a member and chair of numerous NRC committees, is currently a member of the Board on Energy and Environmental Systems, and recently served as a mem- ber of the Committee on Review of DOEâs Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies. He is a member of the National Acad- emy of Engineering. He has expertise in R&D management, petroleum refining, fuels and lubricants, the effect of fuels on vehicle emissions, and synthetic fuels. He received a B.S. in chemical engineering from Tufts University and a Ph.D. in chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technol- ogy.