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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES
National Academy of Sciences
National Academy of Engineering
Institute of Medicine
National Research Council
The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M.Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences.
The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. William A.Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering.
The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I.Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine.
The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M.Alberts and Dr. William A.Wulf are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council.
NATIONAL MATERIALS ADVISORY BOARD
EDGAR A.STARKE, Chair,
University of Virginia, Charlottesville
Cleveland Cliffs, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge
Ohio State University, Columbus
Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, New Jersey
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York
Aluminum Association, Inc. (retired), Ellicott City, Maryland
THOMAS S.HARTWICK, TRW (retired),
University of Houston, Houston, Texas
New Jersey Institute of Technology and Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark
NASA-Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California
University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts
General Motors Research and Development Center, Warren, Michigan
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick (Board member until December 2000)
Wright State University (emeritus), Dayton, Ohio
Boeing Commercial Airplane Group, Seattle, Washington
ROBERT C.PFAHL, JR.,*
Motorola, Schaumburg, Illinois
Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico
Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg
Materials Modification, Inc., Fairfax, Virginia
Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois
TONI MARECHAUX, Director
ARUL MOZHI, Associate Director
DANIEL MORGAN,† Staff Officer
SHARON YEUNG,† Staff Officer
JULIUS CHANG, Staff Officer
TERI THOROWGOOD,† Research Associate
DANA CAINES, Financial Associate
JUDY ESTEP, Administrative Assistant
JANICE PRISCO, Administrative Assistant
PAT WILLIAMS, Administrative Assistant
The 2000 National Materials Advisory Board Forum was held on February 8 and 9, 2000, at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, D.C. Participants included more than 180 congressional and agency staff, industry leaders, and scientists and engineers from across the spectrum of the materials research community (see p. 50). The purpose of the forum was to bring the importance of materials to the attention of policy makers and to promote interactions between policy makers and the materials community. Participants were asked to address four key themes:
the critical role of materials in advancing technology and enhancing the nation’s economy, security, and health
industrial and societal needs that will require materials development in the new millennium
materials research areas with the greatest potential for meeting those needs
federal and industrial research initiatives that can help the materials community meet those needs
To help focus the discussions, special sessions were convened to address the current and future roles of materials in four selected areas: information technology, health and biotechnology, national security, and energy and the environment. We hope to cover other areas in future years. In each session there were brief presentations by invited speakers, followed by panel discussions.
The NMAB thanks the speakers and panelists (see p. 47), exhibitors (see p. 49), planning group (see p. iv), and others who helped to make the forum a success. We would also like to acknowledge the work of the NMAB staff, including Daniel Morgan, Teri Thorowgood, and Sharon Yeung.
These proceedings are a factual summary of what occurred at the forum in February 2000. Summaries of individual talks were prepared by the members and staff of the NMAB and edited by Sylvia Johnson and Daniel Morgan. The proceedings were reviewed by Edgar A.Starke (University of Virginia, Charlottesville) and Kenneth L.Reifsnider (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg).
Participants in the forum made uniformly positive comments on the selection of topics and the quality of the talks and discussion sessions. They were particularly pleased that the forum brought together the diverse segments of the materials community in a single, unifying event. The NMAB intends to make this the first of many such meetings. To find out more or to give us your ideas for the next forum, please send e-mail to <email@example.com> or call 202–334–3505.
Edgar A.Starke, Chair
National Materials Advisory Board
Sylvia M.Johnson, Chair
Forum Planning Group