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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2001. Materials in the New Millennium: Responding to Society's Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10187.
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Materials in the New Millennium

Responding to Society’s Needs

Proceedings of the 2000 National Materials Advisory Board Forum

National Materials Advisory Board

Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

National Research Council

NMAB-501

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
Washington, DC

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2001. Materials in the New Millennium: Responding to Society's Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10187.
×

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, DC 20418

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

This material is based upon work supported by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Defense Sciences Office, under Contract #MDA972-01-D-0001. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the official policies, either expressly or implied, of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency or the U.S. Government.

International Standard Book Number: 0-309-07562-9

Copies available in limited supply from:

National Materials Advisory Board

HA-262

2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W.

Washington, DC 20418

202–334–3505

nmab@nas.edu

http://www.nas.edu/nmab

Additional copies are available for sale from:
National Academy Press
Box 285 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, DC 20055 800–624–6242 202–334–3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area) http://www.nap.edu

Copyright 2001 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2001. Materials in the New Millennium: Responding to Society's Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10187.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

National Academy of Sciences

National Academy of Engineering

Institute of Medicine

National Research Council

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M.Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. William A.Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I.Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M.Alberts and Dr. William A.Wulf are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2001. Materials in the New Millennium: Responding to Society's Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10187.
×

NATIONAL MATERIALS ADVISORY BOARD

EDGAR A.STARKE, Chair,

University of Virginia, Charlottesville

EDWARD C.DOWLING,

Cleveland Cliffs, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio

THOMAS EAGAR,*

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge

HAMISH L.FRASER,

Ohio State University, Columbus

ALASTAIR M.GLASS,

Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, New Jersey

MARTIN E.GLICKSMAN,

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York

JOHN A.S.GREEN,

Aluminum Association, Inc. (retired), Ellicott City, Maryland

THOMAS S.HARTWICK, TRW (retired),

Redmond, Washington

ALLAN J.JACOBSON,

University of Houston, Houston, Texas

MICHAEL JAFFE,*

New Jersey Institute of Technology and Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark

SYLVIA M.JOHNSON,*

NASA-Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California

FRANK E.KARASZ,

University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts

SHEILA F.KIA,

General Motors Research and Development Center, Warren, Michigan

LISA KLEIN,*

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick (Board member until December 2000)

HARRY A.LIPSITT,

Wright State University (emeritus), Dayton, Ohio

ALAN G.MILLER,*

Boeing Commercial Airplane Group, Seattle, Washington

ROBERT C.PFAHL, JR.,*

Motorola, Schaumburg, Illinois

JULIA PHILLIPS,*

Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico

HENRY J.RACK,

Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina

KENNETH L.REIFSNIDER,

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg

T.S.SUDARSHAN,

Materials Modification, Inc., Fairfax, Virginia

JULIA WEERTMAN,

Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois

Staff

TONI MARECHAUX, Director

ARUL MOZHI, Associate Director

DANIEL MORGAN, Staff Officer

SHARON YEUNG, Staff Officer

JULIUS CHANG, Staff Officer

TERI THOROWGOOD, Research Associate

DANA CAINES, Financial Associate

JUDY ESTEP, Administrative Assistant

JANICE PRISCO, Administrative Assistant

PAT WILLIAMS, Administrative Assistant

*  

Forum Planning Group.

†  

Forum Planning Group staff.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2001. Materials in the New Millennium: Responding to Society's Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10187.
×

Preface

The 2000 National Materials Advisory Board Forum was held on February 8 and 9, 2000, at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, D.C. Participants included more than 180 congressional and agency staff, industry leaders, and scientists and engineers from across the spectrum of the materials research community (see p. 50). The purpose of the forum was to bring the importance of materials to the attention of policy makers and to promote interactions between policy makers and the materials community. Participants were asked to address four key themes:

  • the critical role of materials in advancing technology and enhancing the nation’s economy, security, and health

  • industrial and societal needs that will require materials development in the new millennium

  • materials research areas with the greatest potential for meeting those needs

  • federal and industrial research initiatives that can help the materials community meet those needs

To help focus the discussions, special sessions were convened to address the current and future roles of materials in four selected areas: information technology, health and biotechnology, national security, and energy and the environment. We hope to cover other areas in future years. In each session there were brief presentations by invited speakers, followed by panel discussions.

The NMAB thanks the speakers and panelists (see p. 47), exhibitors (see p. 49), planning group (see p. iv), and others who helped to make the forum a success. We would also like to acknowledge the work of the NMAB staff, including Daniel Morgan, Teri Thorowgood, and Sharon Yeung.

These proceedings are a factual summary of what occurred at the forum in February 2000. Summaries of individual talks were prepared by the members and staff of the NMAB and edited by Sylvia Johnson and Daniel Morgan. The proceedings were reviewed by Edgar A.Starke (University of Virginia, Charlottesville) and Kenneth L.Reifsnider (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg).

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2001. Materials in the New Millennium: Responding to Society's Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10187.
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Participants in the forum made uniformly positive comments on the selection of topics and the quality of the talks and discussion sessions. They were particularly pleased that the forum brought together the diverse segments of the materials community in a single, unifying event. The NMAB intends to make this the first of many such meetings. To find out more or to give us your ideas for the next forum, please send e-mail to <nmab@nas.edu> or call 202–334–3505.

Edgar A.Starke, Chair

National Materials Advisory Board

Sylvia M.Johnson, Chair

Forum Planning Group

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2001. Materials in the New Millennium: Responding to Society's Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10187.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2001. Materials in the New Millennium: Responding to Society's Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10187.
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This book details the forum that was held by the National Materials Advisory Board at the National Academy of Sciences. The purpose of this forum was to bring the importance of materials to the attention of policy makers and to promote interactions between policy makers and the materials community. Four key themes were addressed: the critical role of materials in advancing technology and enhancing the nation's economy, security, and health, industrial and societal needs that will require materials development in the new millennium. Materials research areas with the greatest potential for meeting those needs, and federal and industrial research initiatives that can help the materials community meet those needs. To help focus this discussion, special sessions were convened to address the current and future roles of materials in four selected areas: information technology, health and biotechnology, national security, and energy and the environment.

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