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PART III Parapsychological Techniques OF ALL THE SUBlECTS TREATED in this volume, none is more contro- versial than parapsychology. While the flavor of the debates is captured to some extent in this chapter, the subject is treated in the same manner as the other techniques reviewed: we address the question of whether the evidence warrants further consideration of parapsychological techniques for research or application or both. Emphasized here is information gathering by remote viewing and mind- over-matter effects in controlling machine behavior, particularly machines that generate series of random numbers, which are often used in para- psychology experiments. Although scattered results are said to be statis- tically significant, an evaluation of a large body of the best available evidence does not support the contention that these phenomena exist. If, however, future experiments, conducted according to the best possible methodological standards, are more generally viewed as producing sig- nificant results, it would be appropriate to consider a systematic program of research. Such a program should include a concern for the need to proceed from small effects to practical applications. 167