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For Greener Skies: Reducing Environmental Impacts of Aviation (2002)

Chapter: Appendix A: Biographies of Committee Members

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographies of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2002. For Greener Skies: Reducing Environmental Impacts of Aviation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10353.
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Appendices

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographies of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2002. For Greener Skies: Reducing Environmental Impacts of Aviation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10353.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographies of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2002. For Greener Skies: Reducing Environmental Impacts of Aviation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10353.
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A Biographies of Committee Members

John A. Dutton (chair) is professor of meteorology and dean of the College of Earth and Mineral Sciences at Pennsylvania State University. Dr. Dutton previously served as chair of the Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate of the National Research Council (NRC), was a member of the NRC National Aviation Weather Services Committee, and has served as a member on numerous other NRC committees. Dr. Dutton served for many years as chairman of the board of directors of the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research Foundation. He is a fellow of the American Meteorological Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Dr. Dutton holds three degrees in meteorology from the University of Wisconsin and served as an officer in the Air Weather Service of the U.S. Air Force. His expertise includes dynamic meteorology, spectral modeling, climate theory, and global change. He has authored two textbooks in atmospheric science and a variety of articles on the dynamics of atmospheric motion. Dr. Dutton is an active general aviation pilot with multiengine and instrument ratings.

Donald Bahr, a member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE), was manager of the Combustion Technology Operation at GE Aircraft Engines for more that 20 years. He joined GE Aircraft Engines in 1956 as a combustion research engineer. As manager, he was responsible for the design, development, and certification of a variety of combustion systems used in both commercial and military aircraft turbine engines, as well as combustion systems used in industrial turbine engines. Mr. Bahr graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. degree in chemical engineering and from the Illinois Institute of Technology with M.S. degrees in chemical engineering and gas technology. He is a fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) and the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). He is a member of the General Electric Propulsion Hall of Fame.

Frank Berardino is president of GRA, Incorporated, with 25 years of professional consulting experience. He has directed several airline acquisition or divestiture studies for major airlines in the United States and overseas. Mr. Berardino has also recently directed studies for both public and private clients on issues related to airline access to airports in the United States and overseas. He has served as project manager of various environmental projects for the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and has testified as an expert witness in several legal cases and regulatory proceedings. Mr. Berardino has a B.A. in economics from Kenyon College and an M.A. in economics from the University of Pittsburgh. He specializes in applied microeconomics of regulated industries, including aviation, railroading, and other modes of transportation.

Benjamin A. Cosgrove, NAE, is a retired senior vice president of the Boeing Commercial Airplane Group. His career as a structural engineer began at Boeing in 1949 on the B-47 and B-52 bombers. He was involved in the design and analysis of every Boeing commercial airplane from the 707 through the 777. Mr. Cosgrove was the chief design engineer of the 767, became vice president of engineering and flight testing in 1985, and was promoted to senior vice president in 1989. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and received an honorary doctorate of engineering from the University of Notre Dame. Mr. Cosgrove is also a member of the NASA Advisory Council’s Task Force on the Shuttle-Mir Rendezvous and Docking Missions and the Task Force on International Space Station Operational Readiness.

Randall Guensler is an associate professor in the School of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Georgia Institute of Technology. He has been chairman of the Transportation Research Board’s Committee on Transportation and Air Quality since 1997. He has published an article on environ-

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographies of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2002. For Greener Skies: Reducing Environmental Impacts of Aviation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10353.
×

mental impact assessment. Dr. Guensler has been a fellow for the Eno Foundation Transportation Leadership, Chevron Corporation Research, Institute of Transportation Studies, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, as well as a scholar for the Air & Waste Management Association. He received a sustained superior accomplishment award from the California Air Resources Board. Dr. Guensler’s research focuses on transportation and the environment. Research interests include relationships between land use, infrastructure, travel behavior, and vehicle emission rates; transportation and air quality planning and modeling—theory and practice; emission control strategy effectiveness and economic/equity impacts; and environmental impact assessment and environmental ethics.

S. Michael Hudson is retired vice chairman of Rolls-Royce North America Holdings Inc. Previously he was president of Rolls-Royce Allison, executive vice president of engineering for Allison Engine Company, and general director of engineering for Allison Gas Turbine Division under the ownership of General Motors Corporation. He has also served as president of both Rolls-Royce Defense North America and Rolls-Royce Helicopter Units. Mr. Hudson served as chief engineer for advanced technology, chief engineer for small production engines, chief of preliminary design, and chief project engineer in vehicular gas turbines during his tenure at Allison. Before joining Allison he was employed by Pratt & Whitney Aircraft, working in engine design, installation, and performance, and industrial and marine application engineering.

Nicholas P. Krull held several positions with the FAA. Before retiring in 1995, he served as chief scientific and technical officer, director of the Technology Division, and manager of the Engines and Fuels Programs. Prior to joining the FAA, Mr. Krull was with American Airlines as director of space programs and director of new aircraft configuration management. Mr. Krull has also served as technical advisor to the U.S. representative to the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and on several committees. He has served on the NRC’s Panel on Atmospheric Effects of Aviation. His fields of expertise include atmospheric emissions, noise pollution, and environmental standards and regulations.

Rich Niedzwiecki retired in 1999 from NASA, where he had served as a senior engineer in aeronautics for combustion and emissions research and also as the chief of the Combustion Technology Branch, Propulsion Division, at the Lewis Research Center in Ohio. After retirement, Mr. Niedzwiecki has been involved in developing a report on aviation and the global environment through the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, an organization established by the World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme. He has also assisted in the preparation of a NASA report on the High Speed Research Program. Mr. Niedzwiecki is currently finalizing plans to assist the U.S. Air Force in determining the environmental impacts of military aircraft.

Akkihebal R. Ravishankara, a member of the National Academy of Sciences, is involved in the application of laboratory chemical kinetics to global environmental issues. His work includes many fundamental contributions to the understanding of the gas-phase and surface chemistry that controls atmospheric ozone, as well as the key chemistry of climate-relevant gases, and gases contributing to global atmospheric pollution. Dr. Ravishankara has measured many critical chemical reactions and processes with innovative methods, providing much of the current quantitative understanding of ozone depletion, chemical forcing of Earth’s climate system, and photochemical smog production. Currently, he acts as chief of the Atmospheric Chemical Kinetics Group at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. He is an adjoint professor of chemistry at the University of Colorado, Boulder. He serves on many panels and is currently an editor for Geophysical Research Letters.

Bradford Sturtevant (deceased) was the H.W. Liepman Professor of Aeronautics at the Graduate Aeronautical Laboratories, California Institute of Technology. He served as executive officer and option representative for aeronautics. Previously, Dr. Sturtevant held several visiting lecturer posts as the Gordon MacKay Lecturer on Fluid Mechanics at Harvard University; at the Institute for Aerospace Studies, Technical University, Aachen, Germany; at the Indian Institute of Technology, Bangalore, India; and, as visiting professor of geology, Bristol, England. He was a fellow of the American Physical Society and active in the AIAA, the American Geophysical Union, the Acoustical Society of America, the Society of Automotive Engineers, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. His teaching and research interests included gas dynamics and two-phase flow, with emphasis on shockwave dynamics, transient flows, and explosion phenomena.

Ray Valeika has been senior vice president of technical operations for Delta Air Lines since October 1996. Previously he served as vice president of technical operations for Delta and as senior vice president of technical operations for Continental Airlines. Mr. Valeika has chaired numerous committees and provided leadership for many of the industry’s technological innovations. He chaired the Air Transport Association’s original Aging Aircraft Task Force, which developed supplemental structural inspection programs.

Ian A. Waitz is a professor of aeronautics and astronautics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), where he is associate director of the MIT Gas Turbine Laboratory and director of the Aero-Environmental Research Laboratory. His principal fields of interest include propulsion, fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, reacting flows, aeroacoustics,

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographies of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2002. For Greener Skies: Reducing Environmental Impacts of Aviation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10353.
×

and, in particular, aspects of these areas that relate to environmental issues associated with aircraft design and operation. Dr. Waitz has published extensively in these areas. He has served as an associate editor of the AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power and is an associate fellow of the AIAA and a member of ASME and the American Society for Engineering Education. He currently teaches graduate and undergraduate courses in the fields of thermodynamics and energy conversion, propulsion, fluid mechanics, and the environmental effects of aircraft.

Anthony J. Broderick, the liaison from the NRC’s Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board to the Committee on Aeronautics Research and Technology for Environmental Compatibility, is an independent aviation safety consultant who works with international airlines, aerospace firms, a major aircraft manufacturer, and governments. Before retiring from his post as associate administrator for regulation and certification in the FAA, Mr. Broderick served for 11 years as the senior career aviation safety official in the U.S. government. He led the FAA’s development of the International Aviation Safety Assessment program. He was also instrumental in leading international efforts to establish certification and operational standards for safety. Prior to this appointment, Mr. Broderick spent 14 years in the FAA and the U.S. Department of Transportation, and 7 years in private industry. His portfolio also includes a background in commercial aviation security; aviation environmental issues; management of the FAA evaluation, currency, and transportation flying programs; and oversight of the FAA flight inspection program. He has received many awards and recognition for his work in the aeronautics industry.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographies of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2002. For Greener Skies: Reducing Environmental Impacts of Aviation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10353.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographies of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2002. For Greener Skies: Reducing Environmental Impacts of Aviation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10353.
×
Page 52
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographies of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2002. For Greener Skies: Reducing Environmental Impacts of Aviation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10353.
×
Page 53
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographies of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2002. For Greener Skies: Reducing Environmental Impacts of Aviation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10353.
×
Page 54
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographies of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2002. For Greener Skies: Reducing Environmental Impacts of Aviation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10353.
×
Page 55
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Each new generation of commercial aircraft produces less noise and fewer emissions per passenger-kilometer (or ton-kilometer of cargo) than the previous generation. However, the demand for air transportation services grows so quickly that total aircraft noise and emissions continue to increase. Meanwhile, federal, state, and local noise and air quality standards in the United States and overseas have become more stringent. It is becoming more difficult to reconcile public demand for inexpensive, easily accessible air transportation services with concurrent desires to reduce noise, improve local air quality, and protect the global environment against climate change and depletion of stratospheric ozone. This situation calls for federal leadership and strong action from industry and government.

U.S. government, industry, and universities conduct research and develop technology that could help reduce aircraft noise and emissions-but only if the results are used to improve operational systems or standards. For example, the (now terminated) Advanced Subsonic Technology Program of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) generally brought new technology only to the point where a system, subsystem model, or prototype was demonstrated or could be validated in a relevant environment. Completing the maturation process-by fielding affordable, proven, commercially available systems for installation on new or modified aircraft-was left to industry and generally took place only if industry had an economic or regulatory incentive to make the necessary investment. In response to this situation, the Federal Aviation Administration, NASA, and the Environmental Protection Agency, asked the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board of the National Research Council to recommend research strategies and approaches that would further efforts to mitigate the environmental effects (i.e., noise and emissions) of aviation. The statement of task required the Committee on Aeronautics Research and Technology for Environmental Compatibility to assess whether existing research policies and programs are likely to foster the technological improvements needed to ensure that environmental constraints do not become a significant barrier to growth of the aviation sector.

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