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The Ongoing Challenge of Managing Carbon Monoxide Pollution in Fairbanks, Alaska: Interim Report (2002)

Chapter: Appendix: Biographical Information on the Committee on Carbon Monoxide Episodes in Meteorological and Topographical Problem Areas

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Information on the Committee on Carbon Monoxide Episodes in Meteorological and Topographical Problem Areas." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 2002. The Ongoing Challenge of Managing Carbon Monoxide Pollution in Fairbanks, Alaska: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10378.
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Appendix
Biographical Information on the Committee on Carbon Monoxide Episodes in Meteorological and Topographical Problem Areas

Armistead G.Russell (Chair) is the Georgia Power Distinguished Professor of Environmental Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology. His research areas include air pollution control, aerosol dynamics, atmospheric chemistry, emissions control, air pollution control strategy design and computer modeling. Dr. Russell has served on a number of National Research Council (NRC) committees and was chair of the Committee to Review EPA’s Mobile Source Emissions Factor (MOBILE) model. He received a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the California Institute of Technology.

Roger Atkinson is a research chemist and Distinguished Professor of Atmospheric Chemistry at the University of California, Riverside. His research areas include the kinetics and mechanisms of atmospherically important reactions of organic compounds in the gas phase. Dr. Atkinson serves on the California Air Resources Board’s Reactivity Scientific Advisory Committee and its Scientific Review Panel on Air Toxics, and he has served on NRC committees including the Committee on Tropospheric Ozone Formation and Measurement and the Committee on Ozone-Forming Potential of Reformulated Gasoline. He received a Ph.D in physical chemistry from the University of Cambridge.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Information on the Committee on Carbon Monoxide Episodes in Meteorological and Topographical Problem Areas." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 2002. The Ongoing Challenge of Managing Carbon Monoxide Pollution in Fairbanks, Alaska: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10378.
×

Sue Ann Bowling is a retired professor at the University of Alaska, Fairbanks. Her research interests included air pollution meteorology, polar meteorology, radiative transfer, paleoclimatology, and climatic change. Dr. Bowling received a Ph.D. from the University of Alaska, Fairbanks.

Steven D.Colome is deputy director of the Southern California Particle Center and Supersite and an adjunct professor in environmental health at the University of California, Los Angeles, School of Public Health. His research interests include human exposure assessment, environmental epidemiology, indoor air quality, regional exposure modeling, and health effects assessment. Dr. Colome previously served on the NRC Committee on Toxicological and Performance Aspects of Oxygenated Motor Vehicle Fuels. He was a reviewer of the EPA document Air Quality Criteria for Carbon Monoxide. He received a Sc.D. in environmental health sciences from Harvard University, School of Public Health.

Naihua Duan is professor in residence in the Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences and the Department of Biostatistics at the University of California, Los Angeles. Previously, he was a corporate chair and Senior RAND Fellow in statistics at RAND. His research interests include nonparametric and semiparametric regression methods, sample design, hierarchical models, and environmental exposure assessment, including exposure to carbon monoxide. He served as a member of the NRC Committee on Advances in Assessing Human Exposure to Airborne Pollutants. Dr. Duan received a Ph.D. in statistics from Stanford University.

Gerald Gallagher is president of J.Gallagher and Associates. Previously, he served as manager of the Mobile Sources Program for the Air Pollution Control Division of the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. His responsibilities included the development and implementation of air quality management plans for controlling carbon monoxide. He was also responsible for the operation of a metro-wide inspection and maintenance program, consisting of about 1.8 million inspections per year for gasoline- and diesel-fueled vehicles. Dr. Gallagher is a member of the NRC Committee on Vehicle Emissions Inspection and Maintenance Programs. He received a Ph.D. in intergovernmental relations and environmental management from the University of Colorado.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Information on the Committee on Carbon Monoxide Episodes in Meteorological and Topographical Problem Areas." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 2002. The Ongoing Challenge of Managing Carbon Monoxide Pollution in Fairbanks, Alaska: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10378.
×

Randall L.Guensler is an associate professor in the School of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Georgia Institute of Technology. His research interests include the relationships between land use, infrastructure, travel behavior, and vehicle emission rates; transportation and air quality planning and modeling theory and practice; and emission control-strategy effectiveness. Dr. Guensler is currently chairman of the Transportation Research Board’s Committee on Transportation and Air Quality. He received a Ph.D. in civil and environmental engineering from the University of California, Davis.

Susan L.Handy is an associate professor in the Community and Regional Planning Program at the University of Texas. Her research focuses on the relationship between transportation systems and land use patterns, and the effects of telecommunication technologies on patterns of development and travel behavior. Dr. Handy is chair of the Transportation Research Board Committee on Telecommunications and Travel Behavior and also serves on the Committee on Transportation and Land Development. She received a Ph.D. in city and regional planning from the University of California, Berkeley.

Simone Hochgreb is managing engineer in the Thermal Sciences Practice at Exponent. Her research focuses on fundamental and applied problems in combustion and chemical kinetics, particularly applications to transportation, internal-combustion engines, and pollutant-emission formation. Dr. Hochgreb served as a member of the NRC Committee on Toxicological and Performance Aspects of Oxygenated Motor Vehicle Fuels and the NRC Review Panel for the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles. She received a Ph.D. in mechanical and aerospace engineering from Princeton University.

Sandra N.Mohr is an assistant professor at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center and is the residency director for occupational and environmental medicine there and at the National Jewish Medical and Research Center. Dr. Mohr’s research focuses on the health effects of air pollutants. She has been a lead researcher in the health effects of methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE), a gasoline additive, and has served on the NRC Committee on Toxicological and Performance Aspects of Oxygenated Motor Vehicle Fuels. She received an M.D. from the University of Kansas School of Medicine and an M.P.H. degree from Yale University.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Information on the Committee on Carbon Monoxide Episodes in Meteorological and Topographical Problem Areas." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 2002. The Ongoing Challenge of Managing Carbon Monoxide Pollution in Fairbanks, Alaska: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10378.
×

Roger A.Pielke Sr. is a professor in the Department of Atmospheric Science at Colorado State University. He is also state climatologist for Colorado. His research areas include the study of global, regional, and local weather and climate phenomena through the use of sophisticated mathematical simulation models, air pollution meteorology, and mesoscale meteorology. Dr. Pielke received a Ph.D. in meteorology from Pennsylvania State University.

Karl J.Springer is retired vice president for automotive products and emissions research at Southwest Research Institute. His research focused on the measurement and control of air pollution emissions from on-road and off-road vehicles and equipment powered by internal-combustion engines. Mr. Springer is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He received a BSME from Texas A & M and an M.S. in physics from Trinity University.

Roger Wayson is an associate professor of civil and environmental engineering at the University of Central Florida, where he conducts research in the microscale modeling of carbon monoxide ambient concentrations that result from mobile sources and airport operations. Dr. Wayson obtained his B.S. and M.S. in environmental engineering from the University of Texas, Austin, and his Ph.D. in civil engineering from Vanderbilt University.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Information on the Committee on Carbon Monoxide Episodes in Meteorological and Topographical Problem Areas." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 2002. The Ongoing Challenge of Managing Carbon Monoxide Pollution in Fairbanks, Alaska: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10378.
×
Page 131
Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Information on the Committee on Carbon Monoxide Episodes in Meteorological and Topographical Problem Areas." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 2002. The Ongoing Challenge of Managing Carbon Monoxide Pollution in Fairbanks, Alaska: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10378.
×
Page 132
Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Information on the Committee on Carbon Monoxide Episodes in Meteorological and Topographical Problem Areas." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 2002. The Ongoing Challenge of Managing Carbon Monoxide Pollution in Fairbanks, Alaska: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10378.
×
Page 133
Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Information on the Committee on Carbon Monoxide Episodes in Meteorological and Topographical Problem Areas." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 2002. The Ongoing Challenge of Managing Carbon Monoxide Pollution in Fairbanks, Alaska: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10378.
×
Page 134
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Carbon monoxide (CO) is a toxic air pollutant produced largely from vehicle emissions. Breathing CO at high concentrations leads to reduced oxygen transport by hemoglobin, which has health effects that include impaired reaction timing, headaches, lightheadedness, nausea, vomiting, weakness, clouding of consciousness, coma, and, at high enough concentrations and long enough exposure, death. In recognition of those health effects, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), as directed by the Clean Air Act, established the health-based National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for CO in 1971.

Most areas that were previously designated as "nonattainment" areas have come into compliance with the NAAQS for CO, but some locations still have difficulty in attaining the CO standards. Those locations tend to have topographical or meteorological characteristics that exacerbate pollution. In view of the challenges posed for some areas to attain compliance with the NAAQS for CO, congress asked the National Research Council to investigate the problem of CO in areas with meteorological and topographical problems. This interim report deals specifically with Fairbanks, Alaska. Fairbanks was chosen as a case study because its meteorological and topographical characteristics make it susceptible to severe winter inversions that trap CO and other pollutants at ground level.

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