MONITORING INTERNATIONAL LABOR STANDARDS
SUMMARY OF DOMESTIC FORUMS
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.
This study was supported by Contract/Grant No. DOL-4653 between the National Academy of Sciences and U.S. Department of Labor. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the U.S. Department of Labor.
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Copyright 2003 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Cover photo credits: The four cover photos are courtesy of the International Labour Organization, with individual credit as follows: upper left corner, P. DeLoche; upper right corner, A. Khemka; the two remaining photos—left mid-page and bottom left, J. Maillard.
Suggested citation: National Research Council. (2003). Monitoring International Labor Standards: Summary of Domestic Forums. Roger McElrath, editor. Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education and Policy and Global Affairs Division. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES
Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine
The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences.
The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Wm. A. Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering.
The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine.
The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. Wm. A. Wulf are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.
This workshop summary has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the Report Review Committee of the National Research Council. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.
We thank the following individuals for their review of this report: Fay Lyle, Solidarity Center, Washington, DC; Victor Narro, Sweatshop Watch, Los Angeles, CA; Emily O’Connor, Debevoise & Plimpton, New York, NY; Ruth Rosenbaum, CREA, Hartford, CT; Nina Smith, RUGMARK Foundation USA, Washington, DC.
Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the report nor did they see the final draft of the report, nor did they see the draft of the final report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Burt Barnow, Institute for Policy Studies, Johns Hopkins University. Appointed by the National Research Council, he was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authors and the institution.
The committee also would like to thank Roger McElrath as the com- missioned editor of this report. McElrath has worked for the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania and George Mason University, consulted to the International Labour Organization, and is currently assist- ing Business for Social Responsibility.
JANICE BELLACE (Moderator), The Wharton School of Business, University of Pennsylvania
BIPUL CHATTOPADHYAY, Centre for International Trade, Economics & Environment; Consumer Unity & Trust Society, India
MIKE GRACE, Communications Workers of America
NEIL KEARNEY, International Textile, Garment and Leather Workers’ Federation, Belgium
MARCELA MANUBENS, Phillips-Van Heusen Corporation
GREGG NEBEL, adidas-Salomon AG
CAROL PIER, Human Rights Watch
MILA ROSENTHAL, Lawyers Committee for Human Rights
DAVID SCHILLING, Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility
ROLAND SCHNEIDER, Trade Union Advisory Committee to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, France
BARBARA SHAILOR, American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organization
ANNA WALKER, United States Council for International Business
ROBERT ZANE, Liz Claiborne, Inc.
WILLIAM B. GOULD IV (Moderator), Stanford Law School, Stanford University, Emeritus, and Willamette University College of Law
GARRETT D. BROWN, Maquiladora Health and Safety Support Network
PETER CHAPMAN, Shareholder Association for Research and Education, Canada
RICHARD CLAYTON, Service Employees International Union
STEPHEN COATS, U.S./Labor Education in the Americas Project
TOM DELUCA, Toys “R” Us, Inc.
PHARIS J. HARVEY, International Labor Rights Fund, Retired
TOM HAYDEN, The Campaign for the Abolition of Sweatshops and Child Labor
AEWHA KIM, Asia Monitor Resource Center, Hong Kong
ROGER P. McDIVITT, Patagonia, Inc.
DEBBIE O’BRIEN, Business for Social Responsibility
KATIE QUAN, Center for Labor Research and Education, Institute of Industrial Relations, University of California at Berkeley
DENNIS A. SMITH, Commission for the Verification of Corporate Codes of Conduct, Guatemala
MAY WONG, Asia Monitor Resource Center, Hong Kong
List of Acronyms
American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organization
Asia Monitor Resource Center
Business for Social Responsibility
California Division of Occupational Safety and Health
California Public Employees’ Retirement System
Commission for the Verification of Corporate Codes of Conduct
Consumer Unity & Trust Society
Communications Workers of America
German federation of trade unions
U.S. Department of Labor
Fair Labor Association
Generalized System of Preferences
Human Rights Watch
Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility
International Labour Organization
International Confederation of Free Trade Unions
Bureau of International Labor Affairs, U.S. Department of Labor
International Labor Rights Fund
international labor standards (core)
International Textile, Garment and Leather Workers’ Federation
Liz Claiborne, Inc.
Lawyers Committee for Human Rights
North American Free Trade Agreement
National Academy of Sciences
National Research Council
New York City Employees’ Retirement System
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Overseas Private Investment Corporation
Phillips-Van Heusen Corporation
Social Accountability International
Service Employees International Union
Shareholder Association for Research and Education
Toys “R” Us, Inc.
Trade Union Advisory Committee
United Nations Children’s Fund
Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees
United States Council for International Business
U.S./Labor Education in the Americas Project
World Trade Organization