Committee Member Biographies
John F.Ahearne is the director of the Ethics Program at the Sigma XI Center for Sigma XI, The Scientific Research Society, a lecturer in public policy, an adjunct professor in civil and environmental engineering at Duke University, and an adjunct scholar at Resources for the Future. His professional interests are reactor safety, energy issues, resource allocation, and public policy management. He has served as commissioner and chairman of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, system analyst for the White House Energy Office, deputy assistant secretary of Energy, and principal deputy assistant secretary of Defense. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He received his B.S. and M.S. degrees from Cornell University and a Ph.D. in physics from Princeton University.
Nikolai P.Laverov is vice president of the Russian Academy of Sciences and director of the Institute of Geology of Ore Deposits, Petrology, Mineralogy, and Geochemistry. He has worked in and with the Russian government on a range of ecological problems, particularly nuclear waste disposal. Dr. Laverov has held a variety of administrative positions, including chief of the Scientific Research Organizations Administration, which oversees the work of the Ministry of Geology’s subordinate institutes. In 1992, he was named co-chair of the Earth Science Joint Working Group, which is under the auspices of the U.S.-Russian Space Agreement. He is also a member of the Council on Science and Technology under the President of the Russian Federation. Dr. Laverov graduated from the M.I.Kalinin Nonferrous Metals and Gold Institute in Moscow in 1954 and earned a doctorate in geological-mineralogical sciences in 1958. He is an academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Rodney C.Ewing is a professor in the Department of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences with joint appointments in the Departments of Geological Sciences and Materials Science & Engineering at the University of Michigan. Prior to arriving at Michigan, Dr. Ewing was Regents’ Professor in the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at the University of New Mexico for 23 years. His professional interests are in mineralogy and materials science, and his research has focused on radiation effects in complex ceramic materials and the long-term durability of radioactive waste forms. He is president of the Mineralogical Society of America. Dr. Ewing received M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in geology from Stanford University.
B.John Garrick is president of Garrick Consulting and was a co-founder of PLG, Inc., an international engineering, applied science, and management consulting firm formerly in Newport Beach, California. He retired as president and chief executive officer in 1997. His professional interests involve risk assessment in fields such as nuclear energy, space and defense, chemicals and petroleum, and transportation. He is a past president of the Society for Risk Analysis. Dr. Garrick is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, and of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s Advisory Committee on Nuclear Waste. Dr. Garrick received his B.S. degree in physics from Brigham Young University and his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in engineering and applied science from the University of California, Los Angeles, and is a graduate of the Oak Ridge School of Reactor Technology.
Darleane C.Hoffman is professor of the graduate school in chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley, and charter director and senior advisor of the Glenn T. Seaborg Institute for Transactinium Science at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. She is currently co-leader of the Heavy Element Nuclear & Radiochemistry Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, where she is a faculty senior scientist. Dr. Hoffman’s research is in the field of atom-at-a-time studies of the nuclear and chemical properties of the transfermium elements, spontaneous fission properties, and studies of radionuclide migration in the environment. Dr. Hoffman was awarded the U.S. National Medal of Sci-
ence in 1997 and the American Chemical Society’s highest honor, the Priestly Medal, in 2000. Dr. Hoffman received a B.S. and a Ph.D. in physical chemistry from Iowa State University.
George M.Hornberger is associate dean for the sciences and Ernest H. Ern Professor of Environmental Sciences at the University of Virginia, where he has taught since 1970. His research concerns the effects of hydrological processes on transport of dissolved and suspended constituents through catchments and aquifers. Dr. Hornberger is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He was appointed to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s Advisory Committee on Nuclear Waste in 1996 and currently serves as chair of the committee. Dr. Hornberger received his B.S. and M.S. degrees from Drexel University in 1965 and 1967, respectively. In 1970, he received a Ph.D. in hydrology from Stanford University.
Nikolay N.Melnikov is director of the Mining Institute of the Kola Science Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He has worked on a range of underground civil construction and underground space problems, including emplacement of nuclear power facilities and radioactive waste management and disposal. Professor Melnikov has three years of research experience in Canada and has been a leader of international projects on radioactive waste management with companies in Germany, France, Belgium, Norway, and Finland, especially on the Tacis program under the European Commission. Author of over 200 published works, professor Melnikov graduated from the Moscow Mining Institute in 1960 and earned a doctorate in science (engineering) in 1974 and professor’s diploma in 1977. He is an academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Boris F.Myasoedov is deputy secretary general for science of the Russian Academy of Sciences and chief of the Radiochemical Laboratory of V.I. Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences. His scientific activity covers such fields as fundamental chemistry of actinides, fuel reprocessing, partitioning of radioactive waste, and environmental protection. He is an author of more than 450 publications, including monographs. Academician Myasoedov graduated
from D.I. Mendeleev Chemical-Technology Institute in Moscow in 1954 and earned a doctor of chemistry in 1965.
Alexander A.Pek is head of the section of mathematical modeling in the Institute of Geology of Ore Deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy, and Geochemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences. His field of scientific activity includes modeling of ore-forming system evolution, studies on heat and mass transport in heterogeneous rocks, and investigation of contaminant transport in geological media. He is author or co-author of more than 150 works. Dr. Pek graduated from the Polytechnical Institute in Novocherkassk, defended Ph.D. thesis in 1966, and obtained the second degree (doctor of sciences) in 1983.