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Medicare Coverage of Routine Screening for Thyroid Dysfunction (2003)

Chapter: Appendix D: Committee Biographies

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Medicare Coverage of Routine Screening for Thyroid Dysfunction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10682.
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APPENDIX D
Committee Biographies

ROBERT B. WALLACE, M.D. (Chair) is the Irene Ensminger Stecher Professor of Epidemiology and Internal Medicine at the University of Iowa College of Medicine. Dr. Wallace is Co-Director of the University of Iowa Center on Aging and is the former head of the Department of Preventive Medicine and Environmental Health. He is Editor of the Maxcy-Rosenau-Last Public Health and Pre ventive Medicine textbook and Co-Editor of The Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly. Dr. Wallace is the current chair of the IOM Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention and has served on numerous IOM Committees.

GAY J. CANARIS, M.D., M.S.P.H., is Assistant Professor of Medicine in the Department of Internal Medicine at the University of Nebraska Medical Center, College of Medicine. Dr. Canaris has worked on clinical studies to develop prediction rules for hypothyroidism and influenza infection. She has published studies on predictors of hypothyroidism as well as the Colorado Thyroid Disease Prevalence Study.

INDER J. CHOPRA, M.D., is Professor of Medicine at the University of California at Los Angeles Center for Health Services. Dr. Chopra is widely recognized for his contributions in both clinical and basic science investigation in the field of thyroid research. He is one of the few clinical investigators who have developed and characterized the metabolism of thyroid hormones, disease effects, and therapeutic implications. He has also had a major role in development of thyroid hormone immunoassay methods.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Medicare Coverage of Routine Screening for Thyroid Dysfunction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10682.
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LAURENCE MAURICE DEMERS, Ph.D., is Distinguished Professor of Pathology and Medicine at the Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine and Associate Director of the Section of Clinical Pathology and Director of Clinical Chemistry and the Automated Testing Laboratory at the Penn State University, M.S. Hershey Medical Center. Dr. Demers is past-president of the American Association for Clinical Chemistry and has served as both Secretary and President of the National Academy of Clinical Biochemistry. He was co-editor for the NACB-sponsored thyroid testing clinical guidelines document first published in 1997 and revised in 2002.

NEIL R. POWE, M.D., M.P.H., M.B.A., is Professor of Medicine in the Department of Medicine at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Director of the Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research. He also is Professor of Epidemiology and Health Policy and Management at the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, where he directs the Clinical Epidemiology Program and the Johns Hopkins Evidence-Based Practice Center. In additional to his general expertise in clinical medicine, epidemiology, prevention, and health services research; he is an author of decision and cost-effectiveness analyses on screening practices including thyroid screening.

JANE E. SISK, Ph.D., is an Economist and Professor in the Department of Health Policy and Co-Director of the Center on Evidence-Based Medicine and Aging at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine. Her current research is focused on the implementation of evidence-based guidelines; evaluation of Medicaid managed care, and cost-effectiveness of health care interventions, including pneumococcal vaccination for elderly people.

ROBERT D. UTIGER, M.D., is Clinical Professor of Medicine and at the Harvard University School of Medicine, Editor-in-Chief of Clinical Thyroidology, former Deputy Editor of the New England Journal of Medicine, and Co-Editor of Werner and Ingbar’s The Thyroid: A Fundamental and Clinical Text.

STEPHEN D. WALTER, Ph.D., is Professor of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics at the Faculty of Health Sciences of McMaster University. Dr. Walter has published over 200 refereed journal articles and book chapters on epidemiology and biostatistical methods. Particular interests include disease screening and diagnosis; risk assessment; environmental health; and analysis of spatial and temporal data patterns. He is a former Editor of the American Journal of Epide miology and is currently Section Editor for Clinical Epidemiology in the Wiley Encyclopedia of Biostatistics

STEVEN H. WOOLF, M.D., M.P.H., is Professor of Family Practice and Preventive and Community Medicine at Virginia Commonwealth University and is

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Medicare Coverage of Routine Screening for Thyroid Dysfunction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10682.
×

Director of Research for the Department of Family Practice. Dr. Woolf is interested in the methods used in evidence-based medicine, including the critical appraisal of evidence, systematic reviews, and the development of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. He has helped develop advanced methods for reviewing evidence of the effectiveness of clinical preventive services, focusing on health services research and evidence-based medicine. He is a member of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and has served on numerous IOM Committees.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Medicare Coverage of Routine Screening for Thyroid Dysfunction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10682.
×
Page 119
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Medicare Coverage of Routine Screening for Thyroid Dysfunction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10682.
×
Page 120
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Medicare Coverage of Routine Screening for Thyroid Dysfunction. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10682.
×
Page 121
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When the Medicare program was established in 1965, it was viewed as a form of financial protection for the elderly against catastrophic medical expenses, primarily those related to hospitalization for unexpected illnesses. The first expansions to the program increased the eligible population from the retired to the disabled and to persons receiving chronic renal dialysis. It was not until 1980 that an expansion of services beyond those required "for the diagnosis or treatment of illness or injury or to improve the functioning of a malformed body member" was included in Medicare. These services, known as preventive services, are intended either to prevent disease (by vaccination) or to detect disease (by diagnostic test) before the symptoms of illness appear. A Committee was formed "to conduct a study on the addition of coverage of routine thyroid screening using a thyroid stimulating hormone test as a preventive benefit provided to Medicare beneficiaries under Title XVIII of the Social Security Act for some or all Medicare beneficiaries."

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