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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Novel Approaches to Carbon Management: Separation, Capture, Sequestration, and Conversion to Useful Products: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10699.
×

NOVEL APPROACHES TO CARBON MANAGEMENT

Separation, Capture, Sequestration, and Conversion to Useful Products

WORKSHOP REPORT

Committee on Novel Approaches to the Management of Greenhouse Gases from Energy Systems

Board on Energy and Environmental Systems

Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

Board on Earth Sciences and Resources

Division on Earth and Life Studies

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, D.C.
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Novel Approaches to Carbon Management: Separation, Capture, Sequestration, and Conversion to Useful Products: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10699.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This report and the workshop on which it is based were supported by the Department of Energy through Grant No. DE-AT01–02FE67594. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Novel Approaches to Carbon Management: Separation, Capture, Sequestration, and Conversion to Useful Products: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10699.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M.Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Wm. A.Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V.Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M.Alberts and Dr. Wm. A.Wulf are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.

www.national-academies.org

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Novel Approaches to Carbon Management: Separation, Capture, Sequestration, and Conversion to Useful Products: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10699.
×

COMMITTEE ON NOVEL APPROACHES TO THE MANAGEMENT OF GREENHOUSE GASES FROM ENERGY SYSTEMS

DALE F.STEIN, NAE,1Chair,

Michigan Technological University at Houghton (retired), Tucson

THOMAS ANTHONY,

NAE, GE Corporate Research and Development, Niskayuna, New York

CORALE BRIERLEY,

NAE, Brierley Consultancy LLP, Highlands Ranch, Colorado

JOHN B.CARBERRY,

E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, Wilmington, Delaware

ANANDA CHAKRABARTY,

University of Illinois, College of Medicine, Chicago

GARY COLEMAN,

University of Maryland, College Park

RAMON ESPINO,

University of Virginia, Charlottesville

GEORGE M.HIDY,

Envair/Aerochem, Placitas, New Mexico

JOHN L.HILL III,

UTD Incorporated, Springfield, Virginia

DAVID KEITH,

Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

FREDERICK KRAMBECK,

NAE, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland

MARTHA A.KREBS,

Science Strategies, Los Angeles, California

HAROLD HING CHUEN KUNG,

Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois

ALEXANDRA NAVROTSKY,

NAS,2 University of California at Davis

MICHAEL Q.PILSON,

University of Rhode Island, Narragansett

JEFFREY SIIROLA,

NAE, Eastman Chemical Company, Kingsport, Tennessee

ROBERT WILLIAMS,

Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey

J.GREGORY ZEIKUS,

Michigan State University, East Lansing

Liaison from the Board on Energy and Environmental Systems

WILLIAM (BILL) FISHER,

University of Texas at Austin

Project Staff

ALAN CRANE, Senior Program Officer,

Board on Energy and Environmental Systems (BEES)

ANTHONY R.de SOUZA, Director,

Board on Earth Sciences and Resources (BESR)

TAMARA L.DICKINSON, Senior Program Officer,

BESR

PANOLA GOLSON, Senior Project Assistant,

BEES

MARTIN OFFUTT, Program Officer,

BEES, and

Study Director

CHRISTOPHER YANG, Research Associate,

BEES

JAMES ZUCCHETTO, Board Director,

BEES

1  

NAE=Member, National Academy of Engineering

2  

NAS=Member, National Academy of Sciences

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Novel Approaches to Carbon Management: Separation, Capture, Sequestration, and Conversion to Useful Products: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10699.
×

BOARD ON ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS

ROBERT L.HIRSCH, Chair,

Scientific Applications International Corporation, Arlington, Virginia

ROBERT W.FRI, Vice Chair,

Resources for the Future, Washington, D.C.

DAVID L.BODDE,

University of Missouri, Kansas City

PHILIP R.CLARK,

NAE,2 GPU Nuclear Corporation (retired), Boonton, New Jersey

WILLIAM L.FISHER,

NAE, University of Texas, Austin

HAROLD FORSEN,

NAE, National Academy of Engineering, Washington, D.C.

CHARLES GOODMAN,

Southern Company Services, Birmingham, Alabama

DAVID G.HAWKINS,

Natural Resources Defense Council, Washington, D.C.

MARTHA A.KREBS,

Science Strategies, Los Angeles, California

GERALD L.KULCINSKI,

NAE, University of Wisconsin, Madison

JAMES J.MARKOWSKY,

NAE, American Electric Power (retired), North Falmouth, Massachusetts

DAVID K.OWENS,

Edison Electric Institute, Washington, D.C.

EDWARD S.RUBIN,

Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

MAXINE L.SAVITZ,

Honeywell, Inc. (retired), Los Angeles, California

PHILIP R.SHARP,

Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts

ROBERT W.SHAW, JR.,

Aretê Corporation, Center Harbor, New Hampshire

KATHLEEN C.TAYLOR,

NAE, General Motors Corporation (retired), Falmouth, Massachusetts

JOHN J.WISE,

NAE, Mobil Research and Development Company (retired), Princeton, New Jersey

National Research Council Staff

JAMES ZUCCHETTO, Director

ALAN CRANE, Senior Program Officer

MARTIN OFFUTT, Program Officer

DANA CAINES, Financial Associate

PANOLA GOLSON, Project Assistant

1  

Douglas R.Chapin, NAE,2 takes over as Chair, Board on Energy and Environmental Systems effective April 17, 2003.

2  

NAE=member, National Academy of Engineering

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Novel Approaches to Carbon Management: Separation, Capture, Sequestration, and Conversion to Useful Products: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10699.
×

BOARD ON EARTH SCIENCES AND RESOURCES

GEORGE M.HORNBERGER, NAE,1Chair,

University of Virginia, Charlottesville

JILL F.BANFIELD,

University of California, Berkeley

STEVEN R.BOHLEN,

Joint Oceanographic Institutions, Washington, D.C.

VICKI J.COWART,

Colorado Geological Survey, Denver

DAVID L.DILCHER,

NAS,2 University of Florida, Gainesville

ADAM M.DZIEWONSKI,

NAS, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts

WILLIAM L.GRAF,

University of South Carolina, Columbia

RHEA GRAHAM,

New Mexico Interstate Stream Commission, Albuquerque

V.RAMA MURTHY,

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis

DIANNE R.NIELSON,

Utah Department of Environmental Quality, Salt Lake City

RAYMOND A.PRICE,

NAS, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

MARK SCHAEFER,

NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia

BILLIE L.TURNER II,

NAS, Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts

THOMAS J.WILBANKS,

Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee

National Research Council Staff

ANTHONY R.de SOUZA, Director

PAUL M.CUTLER, Senior Program Officer

TAMARA L.DICKINSON, Senior Program Officer

DAVID A.FEARY, Senior Program Officer

ANNE M.LINN, Senior Program Officer

RONALD F.ABLER, Senior Scientist

KRISTEN L.KRAPF, Program Officer

LISA M.VANDEMARK, Program Officer

YVONNE P.FORSBERGH, Research Assistant

MONICA R.LIPSCOMB, Research Assistant

VERNA J.BOWEN, Administrative Associate

JENNIFER T.ESTEP, Administrative Associate

RADHIKA CHARI, Senior Project Assistant

KAREN L.IMHOF, Senior Project Assistant

TERESIA K.WILMORE, Project Assistant

WINFIELD SWANSON, Technical Editor

1  

NAE=member, National Academy of Engineering

2  

NAS=member, National Academy of Sciences

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Novel Approaches to Carbon Management: Separation, Capture, Sequestration, and Conversion to Useful Products: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10699.
×

Acknowledgments

The Committee on Novel Approaches to the Management of Greenhouse Gases from Energy Systems wishes to acknowledge and thank the many individuals who participated in the National Research Council (NRC) Workshop on Novel Approaches to Carbon Mangement held in Irvine, California on February 12–14, 2003. These individuals, all of whom made valuable contributions in the form of discussions or presentations, are listed in Appendix A. Their input is the basis for the workshop report that the committee has prepared.

The committee wishes to thank Scott Klara and Michael Knaggs, National Energy Technology Laboratory, for their presentations and discussions with the committee and workshop participants and for responding to requests for information by the committee.

Finally, the chairman wishes to recognize the committee members and the staff of the Board on Energy and Environmental Systems and the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources of the NRC for their hard work organizing and planning committee meetings and their individual efforts in gathering information and writing sections of the report.

This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the NRC’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report:

Jay Ague, Yale University;

Ronald Cohen, University of California, Berkeley;

L.S.Fan (NAE), Ohio State University;

James G.Ferry, Pennsylvania State University; and

John R.Wise (NAE), Mobil Research and Development Company, retired.

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations, nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by H.M.Hubbard, retired president and CEO, Pacific International Center for High Technology Research. Appointed by the National Research Council, he was responsible for making sure that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Novel Approaches to Carbon Management: Separation, Capture, Sequestration, and Conversion to Useful Products: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10699.
×

considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.

Dale F.Stein, Chair

Committee on Novel Approaches to the Management of Greenhouse Gases from Energy Systems

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Novel Approaches to Carbon Management: Separation, Capture, Sequestration, and Conversion to Useful Products: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10699.
×
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Novel Approaches to Carbon Management: Separation, Capture, Sequestration, and Conversion to Useful Products: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10699.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Novel Approaches to Carbon Management: Separation, Capture, Sequestration, and Conversion to Useful Products: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10699.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Novel Approaches to Carbon Management: Separation, Capture, Sequestration, and Conversion to Useful Products: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10699.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Novel Approaches to Carbon Management: Separation, Capture, Sequestration, and Conversion to Useful Products: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10699.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Novel Approaches to Carbon Management: Separation, Capture, Sequestration, and Conversion to Useful Products: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10699.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Novel Approaches to Carbon Management: Separation, Capture, Sequestration, and Conversion to Useful Products: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10699.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Novel Approaches to Carbon Management: Separation, Capture, Sequestration, and Conversion to Useful Products: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10699.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Novel Approaches to Carbon Management: Separation, Capture, Sequestration, and Conversion to Useful Products: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10699.
×
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Novel Approaches to Carbon Management: Separation, Capture, Sequestration, and Conversion to Useful Products: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10699.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Novel Approaches to Carbon Management: Separation, Capture, Sequestration, and Conversion to Useful Products: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10699.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2003. Novel Approaches to Carbon Management: Separation, Capture, Sequestration, and Conversion to Useful Products: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10699.
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The National Research Council's (NRC's) Committee on Novel Approaches to the Management of Greenhouse Gases from Energy Systems held a workshop at the Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center in Irvine, California, on February 12-14, 2003, to identify promising lines of research that could lead to currently unforeseen breakthroughs in the management of carbon from energy systems. The information identified by participants in the workshop will be used by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Fossil Energy (FE) to award grants for new research in carbon management.

During the workshop, invited participants from a variety of disciplines contributed their expertise and creativity to addressing the problem of carbon management. The ideas developed during the workshop were synthesized into this report by the committee, which oversaw the organization and execution of the workshop. However, this workshop summary does not contain any committee conclusions or recommendations, but simply reports on research areas that were identified as promising during the workshop discussions. The purpose of the workshop, as noted, was to identify novel approaches to the management of carbon from energy systems.

The workshop is part of a project conducted by the NRC for DOE's Office of Fossil Energy (DOE/FE). DOE/FE will consider the workshop report as it develops a solicitation to be issued in spring 2003. The solicitation will call for research proposals on enabling science and technology research on novel approaches for the management of carbon from energy systems.

Chapters 2 through 6 of this report summarize the most promising new ideas on carbon management identified by each of the four subgroups at the workshop. In the respective chapters, the ideas are described, their significance is explained, and research opportunities are listed. Each chapter includes a statement of the scientific and engineering challenges related to its topic. Chapter 6 includes crosscutting issues not specific to one of the four subgroups. The chapters themselves do not include detailed analysis regarding feasibility, energy and mass balance, and so forth, as the workshop's time and scope did not permit this; it is assumed such analyses will be carried out in the research proposals that DOE funds.

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