Biographical Sketches of Committee Members and Staff
Richard J. Bonnie (Chair) is John S. Battle professor of law and professor of psychiatric medicine at the University of Virginia and director of the university’s Institute of Law, Psychiatry, and Public Policy. He writes and teaches in the fields of criminal law and procedure, mental health law, bioethics, and public health law. Active in public service throughout his academic career, he served as associate director of the National Commission on Marijuana and Drug Abuse (1971-1973); as a member of the National Advisory Council on Drug Abuse (1975-1980); as chair of Virginia’s State Human Rights Committee, responsible for protecting rights of persons with mental disabilities (1979-1985); and as adviser for the American Bar Association’s Criminal Justice Mental Health Standards Project (1981-1988). He was a member of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Mental Health and the Law (1988-1996), and is currently on the MacArthur Research Network on Mandated Community Treatment. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine.
Marilyn Aguirre-Molina is a professor of population and family health at the Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University. Previously, she served as the executive vice president of the California Endowment and as a senior program officer at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Her work focuses on program development and applied research that address policy and public health approaches to the prevention of health problems among young people (alcohol and tobacco use), particularly among ethnic and racial minority populations. She is a member of various
national boards and committees that focus on public health issues, including the National Advisory Council of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and the Subcommittee on College Drinking at the National Institutes of Health. In addition to her interest in health promotion for youth, she has worked extensively on Latino health policy issues. Her most recent book is Latina Health in the U.S.: A Public Health Reader.
Philip J. Cook is the ITT/Terry Sanford distinguished professor of public policy studies, professor of economics, and professor of sociology at Duke University. His research has focused on the costs and consequences of the widespread availability of guns, the prevention of alcohol-related problems through restrictions on alcohol availability, the efficacy of minimum-purchase-age laws in preventing fatal crashes, and the causes and consequences of the growing inequality of earnings. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine.
Judith A. Cushing is president and chief executive officer of the Oregon Partnership, a statewide nonprofit organization dedicated to substance abuse prevention and treatment referral services. Previously, she served as project coordinator of the Oregon Office of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Programs’ Oregon Together Project responsible for all aspects of strategy implementation using the risk and protective factor model for 75 community coalitions throughout Oregon. That project became the national model for Communities That Care, a research-based model for community based prevention and mobilization. She is a lecturer, adviser, and consultant to national, state, and community organizations, including the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, and the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. A member of national advisory boards at the Drug Enforcement Administration and Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of America, she also serves on the executive board of the National Family Partnership. She is a 1994 fellow of the Join Together National Leadership Fellows Program.
Joel W. Grube is director of the Prevention Research Center of the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation. Previously, he was coordinator of the Public Opinion Laboratory (1977-1978) and assistant director of the Social Research Center at Washington State University (1978-1981); senior research officer at the Economic and Social Research Institute in Dublin, Ireland (1981-1983); and a postdoctoral research fellow in alcohol studies at the School of Public Health of the University of California, Berkeley (1985-1986). His research focuses on social-psychological and environmental influences, including advertising and the media, on drinking and other problem behaviors among adolescents and young adults. His current research projects include a longitudinal study of the effects of alcohol outlet density on underage drinking and drinking problems, a longitudinal study
on the effects of alcohol advertising on the drinking beliefs and behaviors of children and adolescents, and a longitudinal study on the effects of exposure to sexuality in the media on adolescents’ sexual risk taking.
Bonnie L. Halpern-Felsher is an associate professor in the Division of Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF). She is also a faculty member at UCSF’s Psychology and Medicine Postdoctoral Program, the Center for Health and Community, and the Comprehensive Cancer Center. She is a developmental psychologist whose research has focused on health-related decision making, perceptions of risk and vulnerability, and health communication. She has also conducted research on the relationships among parenting practices, peer relationships, adolescents’ self-perceptions, and risky behavior. She has served as a consultant to a number of community-level adolescent health promotion programs and has been an active member on several national campaigns to understand and reduce adolescent risk behavior.
William B. Hansen has been president of Tanglewood Research since 1993. He received an honors B.A. degree from the University of Utah and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in social psychology from the University of Houston. He has served on the faculty at UCLA (1978-1984), the University of Southern California (1980-1989), and Bowman Gray School of Medicine (1989-1996). A widely recognized expert in alcohol and drug prevention, he has written numerous curricula for school and community-based prevention, including Project SMART, Project STAR, and All Stars. He has authored more than 80 articles in scientific journals on research and evaluation methods, prevention theory, and strategies for successful prevention practice. The goal of his research has been to identify and evaluate evidence-based approaches to prevention that can achieve reductions in the onset of use and that can be applied in everyday settings. He has been the principal investigator on major studies to test norm setting and refusal skills strategies for preventing the onset of alcohol use and the development of alcohol problems among young adolescents, the basis of common alcohol and drug abuse education efforts, and projects designed to translate knowledge about prevention into practice. He has been an adviser to the U.S. Office of Technology Assessment, the U.S. Department of Education, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, numerous state agencies, numerous foundations, the United Nations, the Swiss, Spanish, Mexican, and Portuguese Departments of Health, and the U.S. Information Agency.
Denise Herd is associate professor of behavioral sciences in the Division of Health and Social Behavior of the School of Public Health at the University of California, Berkeley. Her research focuses on drinking and drug use patterns and problems, images of alcohol and violence in rap music, activism regarding local alcohol policy in African American commu-
nities, and social movements. She contributed to Alcohol Use Among Ethnic Minorities from the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, and she has received funding from the National Institutes of Health and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation for a study on community mobilization regarding alcohol policy issues. She received an award through the Innovators Combating Substance Abuse Program at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.
Robert Hornik is Wilbur Schramm professor of communication and health policy at the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania. He has a wide range of experience in mass-media communication evaluations, including breastfeeding promotion, AIDS education, immunization and child survival projects, and anti-drug and domestic violence media campaigns at the community, national, and international levels. He has been a consultant and member of various committees of the World Health Organization (WHO), including its Care-Seeking Project Technical Advisory Committee, and to the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy, the United States Agency for International Development, the United Nations Children’s Fund, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the World Bank. He won the Andreasen Scholar Award in social marketing, and the Fisher Mentorship Award from the International Communication Association. He is the scientific director for the evaluation of the Office of National Drug Control Policy’s National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign.
Janis Jacobs is professor of human development and family studies, professor of psychology, and vice provost for Undergraduate Education and International Programs at Pennsylvania State University. Her research and writing focus on the development of social cognitive processes during childhood and adolescence. One major area of study focuses on the formation of judgment biases in real-world decisions, emphasizing developmental trends during childhood and adolescence, and the role of social influences on judgment and decision making. Her second major area of study also involves social cognition, but is focused on gender differences in achievement motivation, self-perceptions of achievement, and parents’ influence on achievement. She has worked on two longitudinal survey studies, one in which the self-perceptions, achievement attitudes, and choices of a group of individuals were tracked between ages 6 and 18, and the other in which the self-perceptions and achievement choices of a group were tracked between ages 12 and 28. In her role as vice provost, she has been involved in the university’s efforts to prevent underage and binge drinking.
Mark H. Moore is the Guggenheim Professor of criminal justice policy and management and director of the Hauser Center for Non-Profit Organizations at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. He was the founding chairman of the Kennedy School’s Committee on Execu-
tive Programs and served in that role for over a decade. He is also the faculty chair of the school’s Program in Criminal Justice Policy and Management. His research interests are in public management and leadership, in criminal justice policy and management, and in the intersection of the two. In the intersection of public management and criminal justice, he has written (with others) From Children to Citizens: Vol. I., The Mandate for Juvenile Justice and Beyond 911: A New Era for Policing.
Mary Ellen O’Connell is a senior program officer with the Board on Children, Youth, and Families. She is the study director for the Committee on Developing a Strategy to Reduce and Prevent Underage Drinking and the Committee on Evaluation of Children’s Health: Measures of Risk, Protective and Promotional Factors for Assessing Child Health in the Community. Mary Ellen also developed two standalone workshops for the board on welfare reform and children and gun violence. She came to the board from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), where she spent 8 years in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE), most recently as director of State and Local Initiatives. During her tenure in ASPE, Mary Ellen focused on data, research, and policy related to homelessness and community-based health decision making. Prior to HHS, Mary Ellen worked at the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development on homeless policy and program design issues. She also was a member of an R.O.W. Sciences’ team conducting the national evaluation of an NIAAA research demonstration project and worked for several years at the department of public welfare in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts as the director of field services. Mary Ellen received her bachelor’s degree with distinction from Cornell University and a master’s degree in the management of human services from the Heller School at Brandeis University.
Daniel A. Trujillo is the associate dean for Community Development and Substance Abuse programs at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He also serves as a center associate for the U.S. Department of Education’s Higher Education Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Prevention. His major areas of research have focused on environmental and individual strategies for alcohol and other drug prevention and intervention. Previously, while at the University of Missouri-Columbia, the State University of New York-Albany, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he directed the development, implementation, and evaluation of social norm marketing campaigns targeting alcohol use, sexual behavior, and health protective behavior; the development of university-community coalitions to work with city and state agencies and local tavern owners to end alcohol advertising and promotions on campus, to end drink specials offered in local licensed establishments, and to increase the enforcement of underage
drinking laws; and the revision, implementation, and evaluation of policy and sanction initiatives, including the use of parental notification. He is currently working with the Massachusetts Department of Public Health on the implementation and evaluation of a statewide coalition project to address underage and problem drinking.