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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10759.
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Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?

Workshop Summary

Committee on Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century

Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention

Lyla Hernandez, Editor

INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, D.C.
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10759.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20001

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

Support for this project was provided by Contract/Grant No. 042024 between the National Academy of Sciences and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The views presented in this report are those of the Institute of Medicine Committee on Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century and are not necessarily those of the funding agencies.

International Standard Book Number 0-309-08966-2 (Book)

International Standard Book Number 0-309-52570-5 (PDF)

Additional copies of this report are available from the
National Academies Press,
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For more information about the Institute of Medicine, visit the IOM home page at: www.iom.edu.

Copyright 2003 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America.

The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The serpent adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine is a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatliche Museen in Berlin.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10759.
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“Knowing is not enough; we must apply. Willing is not enough; we must do.”

—Goethe

INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Shaping the Future for Health

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10759.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Wm. A. Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. Wm. A. Wulf are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.

www.national-academies.org

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10759.
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REVIEWERS

This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the NRC’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report:

Michael Eriksen, Sc.D., Professor and Director, Institute of Public Health, Georgia State University

William C.Livingood, Ph.D., Director, Institute for Health, Policy & Evaluation Research, Duval County Health Department

Sheila M.Smythe, M.S., Executive Vice President and Dean, School of Public Health, New York Medical College

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the report nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10759.
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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The input of many individuals contributed greatly to the planning, conduct, and implementation of the workshop that this report summarizes. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWFJ) sponsored the meeting and provided important suggestions for its implementation, in particular, Pamela Williams Russo, M.D., M.P.H. Suggestions for issues and questions that should be considered during the workshop were offered by numerous individuals, with special thanks extended to: Elaine Auld, M.P.H.; Palmer Beasley, M.D., M.S.; Ron Bialek, M.P.P.; Patrick Libbey; Maureen Lichtveld, M.D., M.P.H.; William Livingood, Ph.D.; Harrison Spencer, M.D., M.P.H.; Tim Stephens, Michael R.Fraser, Ph.D.; and Kathy Vincent.

We wish to express appreciation to the workshop presenters, Kristine Gebbie, Dr.P.H., R.N., J.Michael McGinnis, M.D., and Linda Rosenstock, M.D., M.P.H., for providing an excellent overview of: the recommendations of the report Who Will Keep the Public Healthy? Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21stCentury; the importance of public health professional education, and for a discussion of the issues and questions surrounding the implementation of those recommendations. Finally, our thanks go to all those who took time from their busy schedules to attend the workshop and contribute to the discussion.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2003. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10759.
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In today's world the public faces many health threats from bioterrorism to the epidemic of obesity. It's thus important to have an effective public health system. This system depends significantly on the quality and preparedness of our public health workforce as well as the quality of public health education and training. In March, 2001 the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation asked the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to examine the education of public health professionals and develop recommendations for how public health education, training, and research could be strengthened to meet the needs of future public health professionals to improve population-level health. As a result the Committee on Educating Public Health Professionals for the 21st Century was formed; members can be seen in Appendix A.

Over the course of one year, the committee held five meetings; reviewed and analyzed key literature; and abstracted, analyzed, and synthesized data from catalogs, web sites, and survey responses of accredited schools of public health. Because numerous institutions and agencies play important roles in public health education, training, research, and leadership development, the report addresses its recommendations to schools of public health, degree-granting programs in public health, medical schools, schools of nursing, other professional schools (e.g., law), and local, state, and federal public health agencies. Conclusions and recommendations for each of these sectors are present in the report.

The report generated a lot of discussion, resulting in the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation asking the IOM to hold a workshop of interested people to foster joint discussion among the academic and practice communities. The workshop was held May 22, 2003 and over 100 representatives attended. Who Will Keep the Public Healthy?: Workshop Summary includes the workshop presentations, recommendations, workshop agendas, and more.

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