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INTRODUCTION 6 INTRODUCTION At the request of the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), the National Research Council appointed a committee to assess the scientific information for the Radiation Exposure Screening and Education Program (RESEP) (committee members are listed in Appendix D). In the paragraphs to follow, the committee sets out its overall view of the potential impact of recent developments in radiation dosimetry, radiation biology, and radiation epidemiology on the risk-assessment process for the purposes of establishing whether the exposed populations covered by RECA are likely to be at greater or less risk of cancer as the result of prior radiation exposures than currently estimated (item b in the statement of task). We also discuss part of the statement of task concerning screening and education (item a in the statement of task). These two items will be discussed in more detail in the final report. This interim report confines itself to early feedback on the above items to HRSA and its grantees. The final report will address in more detail all points of the statement of task, particularly issues related to compensation of other groups of people and additional geographic areas that should be covered under RECA (item c).