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386 I88I, April 19-22. November 15-17. I 882, April ~ 8-2 I. November 14-17. I 883, April I 7-2 I . November ~ 3-I 6. 1884, April 15-18. April 17, Evening. October 14-17. October I5. 1885, April 21-24. November IO-13. 1866, April 2~23. November 9-I I. I 887, April I 9-22. November 8-I I. 1888, April 17-20. November 13-15. APPENDICES Washington (All Souls' Church). Philadelphia. Washington. New York City. Washington. New Haven, Connecticut. Washington (U. S. National Museum). Memorial Service (U. S. National Museum). Newport, Rhode Island (Court House). Special business session. Washington (U. S. National Museum). Albany, New York (Assembly Parlor at the Capitol). Washington (U. S. National Museum). Boston (Massachusetts Institute of Technology). Washington (U. S. National Museum). New York City (Columbia College). Washington (U. S. National Museum). New Haven, Connecticut ~ North Sheffield Hall, Yale University). 889, April ~ 6-~ 9. Washington ~ U. S. National Museum) . November ~2-~4. Philadelphia (University of Pennsylvania). 890, April ~ 5-~ 8. Washington ~ U. S. National Museum) . November ~-~3. 89~, April z~-24. November 10-12. 892, April ~ 9-2~. November ~-3. Baltimore (Johns Hopkins University). ~893, April ~8-2~. Washington (U. S. National Museum). November 7-9. Albany, New York (Capitol). ~894, April ~7-20. Washington (U. S. National Museum). October 30-November I. New Haven, Connecticut ~ North Sheffield Hall, Yale University). 895, February 9 ~ Special) . New York City ~ Columbia College) . April ~6-~9. Washington (U. S. National Museum). October 30-November I. Philadelphia ~ University of Pennsylvania Boston (Boston Society of Natural History). Washington (U. S. National Museum). New York City (Columbia College). Washington (U. S. National Museum). 896, April z~-~4. November ~ 7-~ 8. 897, April 20-22. November ~ 6-~ 8. 898, April ~ 9-~2. November ~5-~7. . Department of Hygiene). Washington (U. S. National Museum). New York City ~ Columbia University) . Washington (U. S. National Museum). Boston (Massachusetts Institute of Technology). Washington (Congressional Library). New Haven, Connecticut (Sheffield Scientific School). 1

APPENDICES - I 899, April I 8-20. November 14-I 6. goo, April ~ 7-19. November ~3-~4. egos, April 16-18. November ~2-~4. god, April I 5- I 7. November ~ ~-~2. ~903, April 21-23. November ~ 7-I 8. ~904, April ~ 9-2 I . November ~ 5-I 6. ~905, April I 8-20. November 14-15. I 906' April I 6- I 8. November 20-22. 1907, April I6-I8. November 19-20. I 908, April 2 I -23. November I 7-I 8. 1909, April 20-22. November I 6- I 8. 1910, April 19-21. November 8-Io. 19I I, April 18-20. November 21-22. 1912. April I~I8. November I 2- I 3. 387 Washington (Columbian University). New York City ~ Columbia University). Washington (Columbian University). Providence, Rhode Island (Brown University). Washington (U. S. National Museum). Philadelphia (Houston Hall, University of Pennsyl- vania). Washington (U. S. National Museum). Baltimore (Physical Laboratory, Johns Hopkins Uni- versity) . Washington (U. S. National Museum). Chicago ~ Haskell Oriental Museum, University of Chicago) . Washington (U. S. National Museum). New York City ~ Havemeyer Hall, Columbia Uni- versity) . Washington ~ U. S. National Museum ~ . New Haven, Connecticut (Sheffield Scientific School, Yale University). Washington (U. S. National Museum). Boston (Harvard Medical School). Washington ~ Smithsonian Institution and U. National Museum). New York City ~ Schermerhorn Hall, Columbia Uni- versity) . Washington (Smithsonian Institution). Baltimore (Johns Hopkins University). Washington (Smithsonian Institution). Princeton, New Jersey (Guyot Hall, Princeton Uni- versity) . Washington (Smithsonian Institution). St. Louis (Missouri Botanical Garden). Washington ~ U. S. National Museum ~ . New York City (New York Public Library). Washington (U. S. National Museum). New Haven, Connecticut ~ Sloane Physical Labora- tory, Yale University). . ~ . ~ ~' ~ ~ ~ ~ · . ·r Se

INDEX Abbot, Charles G., 6~. awarded Henry Draper Medal, 98. Abbot, Henry L., 8T, 3~2, 3~4, 3~6, 320, 325. Abel, Professor, 85. Academic des Sciences, Paris, 56. Adams, John, 7, I2. Adams, John Quincy, 280, 284. Agassiz, Alexander, 84, 93, zoo, 272, 28~, 3 ~ 6, 320, 324, 325. death of, 99. elected President of the Academy, 77. remarks of Professor Mayer on, 99. Agassiz Fund. ( See Alexander Agassiz Fund.) Agassiz, Louis, 4, 5, 9, ~ I, 2~, 23, 27, 3 5, 4~, 42. becomes regent of Smithsonian Institu- tion, 5. expedition of to South America, 32. Agassiz Medal. ~ See Alexander Agassiz Medal.) Airy, Sir G. B., 2~7. Albert Medal, Society of Arts, 44. Alcoholometer, committee on Saxton's, 2~8. Alexander Agassiz Fund, 36~. Alexander Agassiz Medal, cot. Alexander, J. H., 206, 207, 223, 225. biographical sketch of, cog. Alexander, Stephen, 2~, 27, 34, 62. biographical sketch of, ~ ~2. Allen, A. H., 282. Allen, Horatio, 226, 2~7. Allison,- Wm. B., 295, 299. American Academy of Arts and Sciences, doe. Objects of, ~2. American Association for the Advancement of Science, cot. American coals, resolution on, by Academy, 4I, 42 American Ephemeris, committee on proposed changes in, 267. American Geological Society, I 5. American Philosophical Society, 33, 99, Ion, 103. Americanists, International Congress of, 84. Ammen, Daniel, 258. Ampere and volt, committee on application of definitions of, 313. Annual of the Academy, ~7, 28, 29, 32, 35, 44, 2~9, 226, 227. first, publication of, 29. second, publication of, 32. Appalachian forest reserve, 324. Apparatus, philosophical and scientific, com- mittee on, 302. Argelander, F. W. A., 28. Army knapsacks, committee on the preser- vation of, 33~. Associates, foreign, list of, 337. Association of Academies, International, 80, 8z, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 90, 92, 93, 94, 95, 98, 99. Asteroids, discovery of new, 36. Astronomical day, the, 304. committee on the, 303. Astronomical physics, Pickering's work on, 67. Astronomical Tables, committee on, 42. Astronomische gesellschaft, 7~. Auwers, Arthur, awarded the Watson Medal, 7~. Bache, Alexander Dallas, I, 9, As, 12, ~6, AT, 23, 26, So, 3z, 34`, 47, 62, zz3, 201' 202, 206, 207, 2~5, 2s7, 2~8, 227, 239, 240. account of first meeting of Academy, by, 22. address of, 7. death of, 32. estate of, 33. first President of the Academy, 23. meeting at house of, to arrange plan of incorporation, 6. remarks of, on committees, 27. remarks of, on need of national scientific organization, 7. remarks of, on objects of Academy, ~3. will of, 33. Bache Fund, 34, 38, 45, 64, 76, cot, 36~. grants from, 33, 96. Bache, Henry Wood, 33. Bache, Mrs. A. D., death of, 33. Baird, Spencer F., So, 4~, 302. Barker, G. F., 293, 302, Go, 3~4. Barlow, Joel, 7, I2. 389 Z

39o Barnard, F. A. P., 2I, 27, 4I, 7I, 75, 207, 218, 223, 226, 227, 240, 241, 257, 304. biographical sketch of, zz6. death of, 7I. will of, 7I. Barnard, J. G., 27, 62. biographical sketch of, I I7. Barnard Medal, 7~, 72, 75, 89, go, 98. awarded to Ernest Rutherford, 98. awarded to Henri Becquerel, 89. awarded to Professor Rontgen, 82. committee on, 82. establishment of, 7I. first award of, 72. Bartlett, J. R., 225. Bartlett, W. H. C., 75. biographical sketch of, I]9. Barus, C., 3~4. Batcheller, Geo. S., 3 ~2. Baume, hydrometer, committee on, 52. Beaumont, J. B. Elie de, 28. Becker, George F7 92, Ion, 326. -Becquerel, Henri, awarded Barnard Medal, 89. Bell, A. Graham, 8z, 304. Benjamin Apthorp Gould Fund, 79, 96, 367. Bentley, Henry, 46. Bequests, question of Academy administer- ing, 58. Bequests and trusts, text of, 36~. Billings, J. S., 57, 77, 8~, 282, 283. Biographical Memoirs, cop. publication of first volume of, 28, 44. Bologna, University of, 57. Botanical Congress, International, 92. Botanists, International Association of, 84. Bourgois, M., 223. Bowditch, H. P., 8~. Bradley, James, 7~. Brewer, Wm. H., 60, 286, 296, 307, 3~6, 320, 325, 326. Brewster, Sir David, 28, Bristow, B. H., 262. Brogger, W. C., 93. Brown, S. I., 64. Brush, Geo. J., 302. Building-stone, committee on, 204, 33~. Bunsen, Robert, 28. Burton, J. R., letter of, regarding a national Appalachian forest reserve, 324. Calf's hair goods, committee on distinguish- ing from woolen goods, 204, 33~. Campbell, W. W., 6~, 92, 330. Capitol, meeting of Academy held in, 30. Carnegie Institution of Washington, 87. INDEX Caroline Island, eclipse expedition to, 64. report on, 64. Carpenter, Captain, 63, 65. Carpmael, Charles, 3~2. Caswell, Alexis, 20, AT, 36, 45, 75, 223. biographical sketch of, zoo. Cent coins, committee on materials for the manufacture of, 227. Centennial Exhibition, Government collec- tions at, 43. Central American Transit Company, 249, 250. Chamberlin, T. C., 92, 95. Chandler, Charles F`., 262, 263, 280, 282, 286, 29~, 293, 307, Go. letter regarding the Declaration of Inde- pendence, 283. Chandler, Ralph, 259. Chandler, Seth C., 75. awarded Watson Medal, 75. Chaplain, M., 59. Chart of the Heavens, resolutions on, 56. Chase, Salmon P., 27, 206, 227. Chasles, Michel, 28. Chauvenet, Wm., 35, 38, 206, 2~8, 223. biographical sketch of, Car. Chemical research, plan for national co- operation in, go. Chemical tables, plan to publish, 99. Chemicals on revenue stamp, committee on the effect of, 254. Chenango, U. S. S., 23~, 232. committee on explosion on the, 230. Chittenden, R. H., 95. Circassian, U. S. S., 2~6. Classes of Academy, 30, 68. Classification of membership, committee on, 68, 69. Cleveland, President, 3~7, 320. Coal mines, committee on protection of, 253. Coast and Geodetic Survey, committee on, 295. Coffin, J. H. C., 37, 52, 63, 223, 233, 257, 258, 267. biographical sketch of, ~22. elected Treasurer of Academy, 52. Coinage, consideration of changes in, 36. Coinage, weights and measures, bill on, 2~0. Collier, Peter, 285, 286. Color, conventional standard of, corre- spondence relating to, 33~. Combs, H. Wheeler, 307. Commercial Advertiser, the, 20. Commission, Permanent, I, 2, 4, ~5. Select, 2. on electrical units, resolution on, 54.

INDEX Committee on award of Barnard Medal, report of, 82, go, 98. Committee on award of Henry Draper Medal, report of, 55, 67, 82, 85. Committee on award of Lawrence Smith Medal, report of, 66. Committee on chemical research, 9~. Committee on experiments on velocity of light, 49. Committee on first Henry Draper Medal, 55. Committee on Gilliss' observations on zones of stars around the South Pole, 36. Committee on Harkness' magnetic observa- tions, 3 6. Committee on paleontologic correlation, cot. Committee on revision of constitution of the Academy, 38. Committee on solar eclipse of ~883, 63. Committee on tables of celestial movements, 42. Committee on transit of Venus of ~874, 38. Committee on weights, measures and coin- age, 36, 45. Committee to cooperate with National Board of Health, 50. ~-Committees, appointment of first, 26. remarks of Bache on, 27. _—Committees on behalf of the Government, list of, 203. list of reports of, 348. " Compass committee," 36, 2~5. Comstock, Cyrus B., 207, 27~, 276, 296. Comstock Fund, 9z, 363. Comstock Prize, 9~, 92. Congress of Electricians, 54. Conklin, E. G., 99. Conness, Senator, 23 5. Constitution, amendment to, 58. committee on amendment to, 73, 74. Constitution of the National Academy of Sciences, 3 52. Counterfeiting, committee on the preven- tion of, 33~. Coville, F. V., 327. Cox, S. S., 58. Cox and Murphy, meter of, 244. Crafts, J. M., 8~. Craig, B. F., 240, 24~. Customhouse' at Chicago, committee on building stone for, 33~. Dahlgren, John A. B., 62. biographical sketch of, z23. Daly, Chief Justice, of N. Y., 3~2. 39I Dana, Edward S., 309. Dana, James D., 23, 30, as, 76, 85, 223, 272, 279, 3°4 biographical sketch of, z25. reasons of, for resignation, So. Davis, A. McF., to. Davis, Charles H., Admiral, I, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, to, As, 23, 45, 2~3, 2~5, 2~6, 2~9, 222, 226, 250, 256, 258, 259, 306. appointed chief of Bureau of Naviga- · . tlon, 2. biographical sketch of, 127. letter of, to Bache, 22~. letter of, to Gideon Welles, 222. letters of, on organization of Academy, 3. relation of, to organization of Academy, 8. Davis, Charles H., Captain, 2. Davis, W. M., 95. Dean,' G. W., Dry. Declaration of Independence, committees on restoration of, 279. first report of committee on, 28~. Delegates, appointment of, 56, 57, 8~, 84, 85, 92, 95, 98, 99. practice of appointing, inaugurated by Academy, 56. Demarara sugars, committee on, 264. Dietrich's method of analysis, 3~. Diploma of the Academy, committee on, 23. Distilled spirits, committee on proving and gauging, 239. Douglass, J. W., letter of, regarding revenue stamps, 255. Draper Fund. (See Henry Draper Fund.) Draper, Henry, 55, 63, 207, 259, 260. Draper, Mrs. Henry, establishment of Draper Medal by, 55. Draper Medal. (See Henry Draper Medal.) Dublin, University of, 57. D2`rchmllsfer2cr~g, Southern, 68. Eckfeldt, J. R., 229. Eclipse of sun, ~869, committee on, 36. May 6, ~883, committee on, 62, 63. Edison, Thomas A., 46. Electrical units, committee on application of definitions of, 3 ~ 3. commission on, 54. Electricians, congress of, 54. Emmons, S. F., 92, 99. Engelmann, George, 75. biographical sketch of, z29. Evermann, B. W., 327. Experiments on animals, bill relating to, 77. remarks of Senator Gallinger on, 78. 1

392 Fairchild, C. S., 308, 309. letter of, on sugar determinations, 308. Faraday, Michael, 28. Farlow, Wm. G., 84. Farnam, Wm. W., letter of, 97. Ferguson, Professor, 306. Ferrel, William, 253, 290. F`illebrown, Lieut., 23~. First organization of Academy, 25. Fizeau, M., 49. Folsom, C. W., 238. Foreign associates of Academy, first list of, 28. Forest policy, committee on the inaugura- · r lion or a, 314. recommendations of committee on, 3~9. Forest reserve, report of committee on National Appalachian, 324. Forests of White Mts. and Appalachians, resolutions on, 93. Foster, Sir Michael, 86. Foucault, J. B. L., 49. Fractional currency, committee on water- proofing, 26~. Francis, D. R., 3~7. Franklin, Benjamin, 7, z2. Franklin Institute, 226. Franklin, Sir John, 3~. Frazer, J. F., 2~, 36, 42, 2~8, 223, 231. biographical sketch of, z32. Freer, P. C., 329. French, H. F`., 302. Frye, A. D., 2~7. Fua, Mr., 253, 254. INDEX Gallinger, Jacob H., 77, 78. Garfield, President, 6~. Gay Lussac, J. L., 2~9. Geikie, Sir Archibald, 92. Genth, F. A., 265. Geological Congress, International, 92, 99. Geological Society of London, 93. Geological Survey, committee on, 295. Geological Survey of Pennsylvania, reports of, resolution relating to, 77. Gibbs Fund. (See Wolcott Gibbs Fund.) Gibbs, Wolcott, 2!, 23, 38, 48, 49, 72, 73, 76, 77, 78, 84, 93, 206, 207, 213, 2159 227, 255, 280, 290, 302, 316, 317, 320. biographical sketch of, I 33. death of, 93. elected President of the Academy, 48, 77. elected Vice-President of Academy, 38. resignation of as President of the Academy, 84. Gilbert, Grove K., 92. Gilder, W. H., 3 ~ I, 3 z2. Gill, Sir David, awarded Watson Medal, 82. Gill, Theodore N., 79, 84. Gilliss, James M., 30, 34, 36, 22~, 260. biographical sketch of, 135. Glucose, committee on, 293. Goessman, C. A., 286. Goodale, George L., 8I. Goode, G. Brown, 7. Gould, A. A., 3I, 34, So, 52. biographical sketch of, 137. Gould, Alice Bache, letter of, establishing Gould Fund, 79. Gould, Benjamin Apthorp, 4, 9, zo, 23, 27, 28, 38, 53, 73, 76, 79, 85, 207, 253. astronomical works of, 53. biographical sketch of, 138. first Watson Medal awarded to, 53. Gould Fund (see Benjamin Apthorp Gould Fund), 79, 96. Government collections at the Centennial Exhibition, resolution on, 43. Government, scientific work under the, com- mittee on, 330. list of reports of committees on behalf of, 348. Gray, Asa, 76. biographical sketch of, Go. Greeley, A. W., 3 r2. Green, F. M., 52. Grey, Wilbur M., 282. Greytown Harbor, Nicaragua, committee on the improvement of, 3~, 247. Guyot, Arnold, In, 30, 206, 223. biographical sketch of, z42. lIague, Arnold, to, 92, 93, 99, ~02, 3~6, 320. Hale, Eugene, 295, 299. Hale, George E., 85, 88, 92, 93, 95, 98. awarded Henry Draper Medal, 85. Hall, Asaph, 63, 267, 306, 325. Hall, Chas. F., 39, 40, 4~. Hall, James, 76, 85. biographical sketch of, z45. Hall's Third Arctic Expedition, instructions for, 40. remarks on, by Henry, 4~. Hamilton, Sir Wm. Rowan, 28. Harkness, William, 36, 37, 258, 260. Hartford, U. S. S., 63, 64, 65. Hastings, Chas. S., 64, 309, 3~4. Hay, John, letters from, regarding Declara tion of Independence, 28z, 283. Hayden, F. V., 269, 273. l

INDEX Hazelton, if. H., z80. Hazen, Wm. B., 290. Headstones, committee on galvanic action · — In Iron, 232. discussion on, in Senate, 235. report of committee on, 233. Hecate, asteriod, 36. Helena, asteroid, 36. Henry Draper Fund, 76, 365. Henry Draper Medal, 55, 67, 70, 74, 8~, 82, 85, 98. awarded to C. G. Abbot, 98. awarded to E. C. Pickering, 67. awarded to George E. Hale, 85. awarded to H. A. Rowland, 70. awarded to H. K. Vogel, 74. awarded to J. E. Keeler, 8~. awarded to Sir Wm. Huggins, 82. awarded to S. P. Langley, 55. report of committee on award of, 67, 8~. restrictions on award of, 67. Henry Fund. (See Joseph Henry Fund.) Henry, Joseph, I, 4, 9, At, z4, z5, no, 2~, 27, 30, 32, 37, 39, 4I, 42, 48, 65, 66, 206, 207, 2I 5, 227, 228, 229, 233, 240, 242, 243, 244, 245, 249, 255, 262, 263, 265, 3 I 3 biographical sketch of, 147. death of, 47. elected President of Academy, 3~, 35. farewell address of, 46. letter of, regarding Nicaragua, z50. letter of, to Hugh McCulloch, 208. letter of, to the President, 2~2. letter to, from E. M. Stanton, 237. recommended to receive Albert Medal, 44. remarks of, on incorporation of Academy, 6. remarks of, on objects of Academy, z3. remarks of Professor Marsh on the services of, 47. resolution on the services of, 46. Herald, the New York, 2~. Herbert, Hilary A., 295, 299, 30~. Hibben, President, zoo. Hilgard, J. E., 33, 4r, 52, 63, 76, 207, 223, 240, 242, 243, 244, 245, 249, 250, 25~, 262, 263, 267, 280. biographical sketch of, z50. Hill, George W., to, 258. letter of, regarding origin of Academy, As. Hitchcock, Edward, 29, 34. biographical sketch of, ~5~. Hjort, Johan, 22~. Hodgkins Fund, 6~. Holden, E. S., 64, 305, 306. 393 Holmes, W. H., 327. Honorary members of Academy, 36. Hubbard, J. S., 22, 28, 29, 34. biographical sketch of, ~53. death of, 28. Huggins, Sir Wm., awarded Henry Draper Medal, 82. Humphreys, A. A., 250, 272, 275, 276. biographical sketch of, z54. Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 88. Hunt, T. Sterry, 56. Hydrographic office, committee on the, 295. Hydrometer, Baume, 52. Gay Lussac's, Big. Tralles', 2~9, 240. Hygiene and demography, International Congress of, 57. Incorporation, Act of, 35~. bill of, in House, 6. in Senate, 5. Incorporators, death of, 28, 29, 30, 3~, 32, 34, 36, 38, 42, 45, 47, 75, 85, 93. list of, 104. International Association of Academies, 80, 8~, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, go, 92, 93, 94, 95, 98, 99. delegates to, A, 84, 85, 92, 93, 95, 98, 99. International Association of Botanists, 84. International Botanical Congress, 92. International Bureau of Weights and Mean Ores, 42, 45, 2~2. International conference on metric stand- ards, 42. International Congress of Americanists, 84. International Congress of Arts and Sciences, 88. International Congress of Hygiene and Demography, 57. International Congress on Electrical Units, 54, 55. American delegates to, 54. International cooperation in research, Comer mittee on, 94, 98. International Geological Congress, 92, 99. resolution of Academy relative to, 54. International Meteorological Committee, 88, 89. International paleontological correlation, 95 International Seismological Association, 87, 90. International Statistical Congress, 206. International Union for Cooperation in Solar Research, 88, go, 94, zoo. *I

394 International Zoological Congress, 78, 93, 99 Inventions, exhibition of before Academy, 45 Iron ships, committee on magnetic deviation in, HI 5. Iron vessels, committee on protecting the bottoms of, az3. Isherwood, B. F., 226. J. C. Watson Fund, 64, 75, 76, 97, 372. J. Lawrence Smith Fund, 58, 76, 27~. Jablokoff electric candle, 45. James, Edmund J., 84. Jean~zelte, S. S., 3~. Jefferson, Thomas, 7. John L. LeConte Fund, 370. John Murray Fund, 37~. Johnson, Samuel W., 255, 286. Johnson, W. R., 4~. Jones, Captain, 249. Joseph Henry Fund, 48, 370. Kastle, I. H., Go. Keeler, J. E., awarded Henry Draper Medal, 8~. King, Clarence, 278. Langley, S. P., 56, 59, 60, 6~, 63, 290, 296, Scat, 3~2 awarded Henry Draper Medal, 55. Lankester, Sir E. Ray, 92. Lartigue, M., 223. Lawrence Smith Fund. ~ See J. Lawrence Smith Fund.) Lawrence Smith Medal, 59. awarded to H. A. Newton, 66. restriction, on award of, 67. Le Conte Fund. ( See John L. Le Conte Fund.) Le Conte, John L., 62, 225. biographical sketch of, ~56. Leidy, Joseph, 2~, 76. biographical sketch of, ~ 58. Lesley, [J]~ Peter, 9, to, z7, 2~, 22, 23, 30, 76, 77, 223. biographical sketch of, ~60. early promoter of Academy movement, 9. remarks of, on oath of allegiance, ~7. Lesley, Mrs., to. Lewis, G. N., 9~. INDEX Lincoln, President, 5, I6. Lincoln, Robert T., letter of regarding Mt. Whitney, 60. Linnaeus, Carolus, 93. List of members at first meeting, 20. Lister, Lord, letter of, relating to associa- tion of academies, 80. Lodge, Senator Henry C., 329. Loeb bequest. (See Morris Loeb bequest.) Loeb, Morris, ~02. Longitude, determination of telegraphically, resolution relating to, 52. Longstreth, M. F., 76, z62. biographical sketch of, z62. Loomis, Elias, 290. Loring, G. B., 286, 287. Louisiana Purchase Exposition, 88. Lovering, Joseph, 207. Lowry, Robert, 295, 299. Lull, E. P., 252. Lyman, Benjamin S., 9, to. Lyman, Theodore, 295, 296, 304. McCrary, G. W., 275. McCulloch, Hugh, 208, 240. McKinley, President, 320. Magnetic north pole, committee on a system- atic search for, 3~. Mahan, D. H., T63. biographical sketch of, ~63. Mall, F. P., 95. Manning, Daniel, 307. Marcou, Jules, 9. Marsh Fund. (See 0. C. Marsh Fund.) Marsh, 0. C., 47, 48, 49, 53, 57, 66, 77, 97, 291, 296, 302, 303, 3Io, 312. acting President of the Academy, 48. death of, 82. elected President of the Academy, 49. Maury, M. F., Dig, 220, zoo, 223, 224. Maximilian, Emperor, 221. Mayer, A. M., 99, 312. remarks of, on Alexander Agassiz, 99. Medalists, list of, 346. Meek, F. B., 4~. Meetings, list of, 385. Meigs, M. C., 4~, 42, 207, 232, 237, 238, 240, 242, 245, 296. Members of the Academy, honorary, 36. list of, 337. original, death of, 28, 29, 30, 3~, 32, 34, 36, 38, 42, 45, 47 ~ The letter J was added by Lesley to his name when he came of age, to distinguish his signature from that of his father.

INDEX Membership of the Academy, classification of, in ~864, 68. in ~892, 69. in ~894, 70. In Adz, 70. question of increase of, 34, 37, 39. restriction on increase of removed, 73. Memoirs of the Academy, 27, 32, 6z, 65, 74, 85, 89, zoz. publication of first volume of, 32. publication of second and third volumes of, 62. publication of fourth volume of, 74. publication of fifth volume of, 74. publication of sixth volume of, 74. publication of seventh volume of, 38~. publication of eighth volume of, 85. publication of ninth volume of, 89. publication of tenth volume of, cot. Mendenhall, T. C., 207, Liz, 3~2, 3~4. Merriam, C. Hart, 326, 327. Merrick, J. V., 226. Meteorological Committee, International, 88, 89. Meteorological science and its applications, committee on, 290. Meteors, Newton's study of, 66. Methyl, or wood spirits, committee on separation of, from ethyl alcohol, 29~, 292. Metric standards, for the States, 2~. international conference on, 42. ^5 Metric system, resolutions relating to, 34, 35. endorsed by Academy, 32. Metric weights and measures, bills relating to, 210. committee on, zo6. letter of Henry on, zag. remarks of Bache on, 207. report of committee on, cog, 209. use of in post-offices, 2~. Miantonomah, U. S. S., 37. Michelson, Albert A., 49, 50, 207, 3~4. Michigan Agricultural College, both anni- versary of, 93. Milne-Edwards, Henri, 28. Mitchell, H. M., 25~. Mitchell, S. Weir, 57. Molina, Don Luis, 249, 25~. Monadnock, U. S. S., 2~7. magnetic observations on, 36. Moore, E. H., 85, 95. Moore, Gideon E., 286. Moreau, G., 228. Morgan, John T., 296, 299, 30~. Morley, E. W., 207. 395 Morris, Francis, 249. Morris Loeb bequest, 370. Morse, Edward S., In, 84. remarks of, on founders of Academy, At. Morton, Henry, 262, 263, 307. Mt. Whitney, committee on, 60. description of, 59. Langley's observations on, 59. reservation on, 60. shelter for observers on, 6r. Murray Fund. (See John Murray Fund.) Murray, Sir John, cot, 22~. National Academy of Sciences, act of in- corporation of, 6, 35~. annals of, 25. Ideal of, z7, 28, 29, 32, 35, 44. bill of incorporation of, 5, 6. biographical memoir, first, 28, 44. Biographical Memoirs of, 375. classification of members of, 25, 30. classes of, 39. committee on diploma of, 23. committee on experiments on velocity of light, 49. committee on organization of, 2~. committee on seal, 23. constitution of, 352. constitution of, amendment to, 58. constitution and by-laws, adoption of, 28. constitution of, committee on revision of, 38. Davis' letters relating to, 3, 4. discussion regarding in ~862, to. first meeting of, 20, 22, 25. first scientific session of, 26, 27. foreign associates, first list of, 28. foreign associates of, list of, 337. founding of the, I. governmental relations of, ~7. honorary members of, 36. incorporators of, list of, cod. medalists of, list of, 346. meetings of, date of changed, 39. membership of, question of increase in, 34, 37, 39. members of, list of, 337. Memoirs of, 27, 32, 62, 65, 85, 89, cot. metric system endorsed by, 32. Oath administered to members of, ~6, 22. Objects of, ~3, z5. Officers of, list of, 335. Organization of, for ~863, 23 original members of, death of, 28, 29, 30, 3I' 32, 34, 36, 38, 42, 45, 47, 6I, 75, 78, 93.

-396 National Academy of Sciences—Continued. plan of incorporating, 4. principal promoters of, 9. Proceedings of, 28, 37, 44, 5~, 66, 67. Proceedings of, publication of first volume of' 44. second session of in z864, as. sections of, 39. National Board of Health, committee to cooperate with, 50. National cemeteries, iron headstones in, 232. National cooperation in chemical research, plan for, go. National currency, committee on, 204, 33 I. National forest reserve in Southern Appa- lachians, committee on establishment of INDEX a, 323 National Institute, annual scientific conven- tion of, ~2. Naval Observatory, 3os. committee on the erection of a, 303. Newberry, J. S., 23, 76, 272. biographical sketch of, ~64. Newcomb, Simon, 4~, 49, 50, 63, 8z, 85, 92, 207, 256, 257, 258, 260, 26~, 267, 268, 272, 290, 296, 302, 305, 306. Newton, H. A., 59, 63, 76, 85, z66, 207, 290. awarded Lawrence Smith Medal, 66. biographical sketch of, z66. Nicaragua, 251. Nicaragua, Compania de Transito de, 248. Nicaraguan Transit Company, 249. Nichols, E. L., 330. Northampton, Mass., meeting of Academy in, 30, 32. Northwestern University, 84. Noyes, A. A., 95, 330. O. C. Marsh Fund, 97, 37~. Officers, list of, 335. Onondaga, U. S. S., 23~. Opium, committees on the tent of, 309. Ordway, John M., 263. Organization of the Academy for z863, 23. Osborn, Henry F., 93, 95, zoo. Paleontological correlation, international, 95. Passaic, the monitor, 2~7. Patterson, C. P., 276. Peirce, Benjamin, 4, 9, zo, 2~, 23, 27, z68, 2~5, 223, 256. biographical sketch of, ~68. Peirce, C. S., 63, 207. Pendleton, Geo. H., 295, 296. Permanent Commission, letter of appoint- ment, I. Peters, C. H. F., S6, 267. Philippine Islands, committee on scientific explorations of the, 325. Phonograph, exhibition of, 46. Physical tables, plan to publish annually, 99. Pickering, Edward C., 67, 296, 304. Henry Draper Medal awarded to, 67. Pinchot, GiBord, 3~6, 320, 323, 327. Plana, G. A. A., 28. Poinsett, J. R., 7. Polaris, voyage of the, 40. scientific instructions for expedition of, 4o. Polariscope to determine the value of sugars, committee on, 264. Pollock, James, 229, 230. Powell, J. W., 60, 269, 273, 277. Preston, E. D., 64. Princeton University, zoo. Proceedings of the Academy, 28, 37, 44, 5z, 66, 67. publication of first volume of, 44. Procyon, proper motion of, 7~. Prussian Academy of Sciences, 80, A. Publication, committee on, 27. I, A, Publications of the Academy, list of, 374. Putnam, F. W., 326. Ramsay, Senator Alexander, 235. Raum, Green B., 29~. letter of, concerning methyl alcohol, 29~. Rayleigh, Lord, 72, 75. awarded Barnard Medal, 72, 75. Remsen, Ira, 8z, 84, 282, 283, 29~, 293, Go, 330. elected President of the Academy, 84. Reports of committees on behalf of the Government, list of, 348. Road, O. N., 290. Roanoke, the iron-clad, 2~7. Robeson, George M., 40, 256, 259. morphine con- Rockwell, C. H., 63, 64. Rodgers, John, 2~, 36, 62, z7z, 206. biographical sketch of, zip. Rodgers, U. S. S., 3~. Rogers, Fairman, 23, 33, 37, 52, 76, 85, ~73, 206, 2~ 5, 2~7, 226, 23 I. biographical sketch of, ~73. resigns as treasurer of Academy, 52. Rogers, Joseph A., 260. Rogers, Robert E., 2z, 76, ~74, 225, 280. biographical sketch of, ~74. Rogers, William B., 2~, 6z, ~76, 272, 280, 286, 293. biographical sketch of, ~76. elected President of the Academy, 48. letter of, on meeting for organization, _

INDEX Rollins, E. A., 243. Rontgen, W. C., awarded Barnard Medal, 82. Roosevelt, President, 326, 327, 329. letter of, regarding Philippine Islands, 325, 326, 327. Rowland, H. A., 54, 3~4. awarded Henry Draper Medal, 70. Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences, 80, 8~. Royal Society of Canada, 56, 57. Royal Society, ~ 5, 64, 87, zoo. letter from, 80, 8~. Rucker, D. H., 237. letter of, regarding headstones, 233. Ruggles, Samuel B., 206, 209. Rules of the National Academy, 357. Rutherford, Ernest, awarded Barnard Medal, 98. Rutherfurd, L. M., 23, 27, 76, z78, 206, 232, 245, 257. biographical sketch of, z78. Saccharimeters for sugar determinations, committee on quartz plates used in, 308. Sands, B. F., 256, 257, 258. San Juan, Nicaragua, improvement of harbor of, 3~. Sargent, Chas. S., 3~6, 320, 325. Saxton, Joseph, 42, z80, 207, 2~8, 2~9, 226, 228, 233. biographical sketch of, ~80. Saxton's alcoholometer, committee on, 2~8. Schonfeld, Edward, award of Watson Medal to, 68. Schott, Charles A., 2~7, 267, 290, 3~, 3~2. Schriver, Ed., 238. Schurz, Carl, 280. Schwatka, Lieut., 3~2. Scientific papers, publication of by Academy, 5~ Scientific work under the government, com- mittee on methods and expenses of, 330. Scudder, S. H., 302. Seismological Association, International, go. Seismological laboratory, plan to establish a, 99. Seismometry, committee on, 87. Sellers, Wm., 207, 262, 263. Seward, William H., letter of, regarding Nicaragua, 250. letter from, to Bache, z6. Shannon, H. M. S., 249. Sherman, Senator John, 58. Ship-canal company, Atlantic 248. 397 Signal Service of the army, committee on, 295. Silk culture in the United States, committee on, 33~ Silliman, Benjamin, Jr., or, 76, ~85, 206, 2~3, 225, 285, 286. biographical sketch of, zap. Silliman, Benjamin, Sr., 23, 29, 34, z83, 213. biographical sketch of, z83. Singleton, Representative, 58. Sirius, proper motion of, 7~. Smith, Edgar F., 85. Smith Fund. ~ See J. Lawrence Smith Fund.) Smith, Hoke, 3~5. letter of regarding a rational forest policy, 3 ~ 5. Smith, J. Lawrence, 57, 59, 280, 286. death of, 57. Smith, Mrs. J. Lawrence, 58, 59. fund established by, 58. Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge, 37 Smithsonian Institution, I, 4, 5, 32, 43, 99. Solar eclipse of August, ~886, committee on, 3°3, 3°4. Solar research, International Union for, 88, 90, 93, 94, zoo. Solar Union, report on the work of the, 89. Sorghum sugar, committee on, 284. Spicer-Simpson, Theodore, zoz. Stanton, E. M., letter of, regarding head- stones, 237. Statistical Congress, International, 206. Steam, expansion of, committee on experi- ments on the, 226. Stewart, Wm. M., 4~. Stiles, C. W., 79. Stillwell's method of analysis, 3~. Strong, Theodore, 27, 36. biographical sketch of, z86. Sugars, committee on artificial coloring of, 204, 264 Sugar determinations, saccharimeters for use in, 308. Sumner, Senator Charles, 2~ I. Sun, total eclipse of, committee on, in ~868, 36. committee on, in z883, 62. act of Congress relating to, 64. committee on, 63. resolution relating to, 63. Surgeon-General's Office, library of, resolu- and Pacific, tions on catalogue of, 77. l ! 1 .,

398 Surveying the Territories, committee on a plan for, 268. Surveys under the Government, views of the Academy regarding, 48. Swain, Joseph, 85. Swarthmore College, 85. Swiss Society of Natural Sciences, 98. Tagliabue, Wm. G., 24z, 242. Tariff classification of wools, committee on, 306. Telephone, carbon, exhibition of, 46. Territories of United States, committee on a plan for surveying the, 268. Thayer, Nathaniel, 32. Thompson, R. W., 49. Tice, I. P., 244, 245, 246. Ticonderoga, U. S. S., 2~7. Tilghman, R. A., 226. Tittmann, 0. H., 327. Torrey, John, 23, 42, ~88, 240, 255. biographical sketch of, ~88. Totten, J. G., 29, ~go, 2~8. biographical sketch of, ~go. Totten, John, 34. Towne, J. H., 226. Transit of Venus, committee on, 256. Trelease, William, 92. Triangulation connecting the Atlantic and Pacific coasts, committee on, 33~. Tribune, the New York, 2~. Trowbridge, John, 54, 3~4. Trowbridge, W. P., 207, 2~5, 272, 296, 3~2. Trust funds, act authorizing Academy to receive and hold, 58. amounts of, 76. Trusts, question of Academy administering, 58. text of bequests and, 36~. Tyndale, Hector, 65. Tyndall, John, 65, 66. Tyndall trust fund, 65. Union for Cooperation in 93. Solar Research, University of Aberdeen, quaternary cele- bration of, 92. University of Berlin, tooth anniversary of, 99. University of Bologna, 800th anniversary of, s7. University of City of New York, z8. University of Dublin, 57. University of Glasgow, 84. Upton, Winslow, 64. INDEX " Uranometria Argentina " of B. A. Gould, resolution relating to, 5~. Vanderbilt, Cornelius, 248. Van Hise, C. R., 85, 92, 330. Velocity of light, committee on experiments on, 49. Vignaud, Henry, 55. Vincer~nes, U. S. S., 2~9, 220. Vivisection bill, 78. Vogel, H. K., awarded Henry Draper Medal, 74. Von Baer, Karl Ernst, 28. Wade, Senator B. F`., 235. Walcott, Charles D., 327. Walker, episode in Nicaragua, 248. Walker, Francis A., 57, 296. Walker, Professor, 306. Washington, George, 7. Water-meter, Worthington's, 244. 206, 225, 227 Watson Fund. (See J. C. Watson Fund.) Watson, James C., 257, 267. bequest of, 52. Watson Medal, 53, 68, 7z, 74, 75, 82. awarded to Arthur Auwers, 7~. awarded to Edward Schonfeld, 68. awarded to Seth C. Chandler, 75. awarded to Sir David Gill, 82. first award of, to B. A. Gould, 53. recommendations of board of trustees on award of, 75. Webb, W. H., 249. Webster, Arthur G., 207. Weights, Measures, and Coinage, com- mittee on, 27, 35, 36, 45, 206. Weights and Measures, International Bu- reau of, 42, 2~2. Welles, Gideon, I, 226. letter of, 2. West, Preston C. F., 249, 250. Wex, Gustav, 3~8. Whiskey, committee on the question of tests for the purity of, 225. White Mountains, forests of, resolutions on, 93. Whitney, J. D., 76, 85, 27z, 276. biographical sketch of, ~93. Whitney, W. C., letter from, regarding the astronomical day, 303. Wiesbaden, conference at, 8~. delegates to, 8~. Williams, Henry, 2~3, 2~. Wilson, E. B., 95. Wilson, Senator Henry, 4, 5, to, As, ~7, 20, 26, 37, 38, 62, 235. address of, at first meeting of Academy, ~8. l

. Wilson, [ames, 323. Wind and Current Charts and Sailing Directions, committee on, zz9. Winlock, Joseph, 2z, 45, 195, 223. biographical sketch of, ~97. Wolcott Gibbs Fund, 72, 76, 96, 702, 366. establishment of, 72. Woodward, A. S., 207, 326, 330. Wools, committee on tariff classification of, 306. World, the New York, 2~. Worthington's water-meter, z44. Wright, Arthur W., 309. INDEX 399 Wright, H. G., 275. Wyman, Jeffries, 45, 197. biographical sketch of, 195. Yale University, 84. Yellowstone region, committee on the ex- ploration of, by General Stanley, 205, 331. Youmans, E. L., 65. Young, C. A., 63, 207, 267, 290, 296, 304. Zoological Congress, International, 78, 93, 99- 1

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A History of the First Half-Century of the National Academy of Sciences: 1863-1913 Get This Book
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The National Academy of Sciences is the third oldest American institution, being established after the Smithsonian Institute and the American Association for the Promotion of Science. The Academy dates back to 1863, right in the midst of the American Civil War. Fortunately for the time, the Academy was vital to the development of the war in favor of the Union through its establishment of much needed scientific advancements and insight tantamount to those of the academies in Great Britain and the rest of Europe despite the involvement of science's most primary men. Since then, the Academy has served as a scientific adviser to the government, an adviser greatly appreciated by the government. The Academy's recommendations have been adopted, its findings accepted, and its investigations used to better advance the nation as a whole.

A History of the First Half-Century of the National Academy of Sciences: 1863-1913 (1913) illustrates the Academy's history from its creation to the appointment of Woodrow Wilson as president. The book features a detailed look into the founding and forming of the Academy; the annals of the academy including the classifications of membership in 1892; lists of those involved with the Academy including officers and foreign associates; the Academy's publications, and more.

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