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Biographical Information JEROME H. GROSSMAN (chair) is senior fellow and director of the Health Care Delivery Project at Harvard University, where he brings his expertise in the health care system and information technology and his experience in com- munity services to innovations and reforms in the medical care delivery system. He is also chairman emeritus of New England Medical Center, where he was chairman and CEO from 1979 to 1995, professor of medicine at Tufts Univer- sity School of Medicine, and an honorary physician at the Massachusetts Gen- eral Hospital. Dr. Grossman is known for his leadership in the evolving role of academic medical centers in American medicine. In 1988, he founded the Health Institute at New England Medical Center, an organization involved in research and development programs and practical applications in medical outcomes, func- tional health status, the relationship of doctors and patients, and related areas. A member of the Institute of Medicine, he has chaired four committees studying utilization management and guidelines. In 1990, he was named a director of the FederalReserve Bank of Boston and was appointed chair from 1994to 1997. In 1999, he was appointed to the National Academies Council on Government- University-Industry Research Roundtable (GUIRR). In 2000, he was elected trustee of the Committee on Economic Development and is cochair of the Subcommittee on the Future of Employer-Based Health Insurance, Subcom- mittee on Education Policy, and Committee on the Future Supply of Scientists and Engineers. In 2001, he was invited to participate in the activities of the National Bureau of Economic Research. 235
236 THE IMPACT OF ACADEMIC RESEARCH ON INDUSTRIAL PERFORMANCE ALFRED V. AHO is vice president of computer sciences research at Bell Laboratories, Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, New Jersey. Prior to this ap- pointment, Dr. Aho was professor and chair of the Computer Science Depart- ment at Columbia University, and before that he was general manager of the Information Sciences and Technologies Research Laboratory at Bellcore in Morristown, New Jersey. Dr. Aho received a B.A.Sc. in engineering physics from the University of Toronto and a Ph.D. in electrical engineering (computer science) from Princeton University. Dr. Aho's research has focused on algorithms, compilers, database systems, and programming tools. He has written more than 60 research papers and pub- lished 10 books that are widely used around the world in computer science research and education. He is a coinventor of the AWK programming language and several UNIX programming tools. Dr. Aho is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Association for Computing Machinery, Bell Labo- ratories, and IEEE. He has received honorary doctorates from the University of Helsinki and the University of Waterloo for his contributions to computer science research. He has also been a distinguished lecturer at many leading universities and is an active member of a number of national and international advisory boards and committees. CYNTHIA BARNHART is codirector of the Operations Research Center at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), where she has been a faculty mem- ber since 1992. Her research activities have focused on the development of plan- ning models and algorithms to improve operations at airlines, railroads, trucking firms, and intermodal partnerships. Problems she has addressed include airline crew scheduling, airline fleet assignment, less-than-truckload routing and sched- uling, truckload freight routing, intermodal (e.g., rail-air-ship) freight transporta- tion planning, express freight service design, and rail service design. Professor Barnhart has served as an associate editor for Operations Research, Transporta- tion Science, and Management Science, as a board member for INFORMS (Insti- tute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences), and as president of the Women in Operations Research and Management Science Forum. She has been awarded the Mitsui Faculty Development Chair, the Junior Faculty Career Award from the General Electric Foundation, and the Presidential Young Inves- tigator Award from the National Science Foundation. Her work has been pub- lished in several books and research journals, including Transportation Science, Operations Research, Naval Research Logistics, Journal of Business Logistics, Mathematical Programming, Computational Optimization and Applications, and Annals of Operations Research. ROBERT E. BIXBY is a research professor and the Noah Harding Professor Emeritus of Computational and Applied Mathematics at Rice University and
BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION 237 technology fellow of ILOG S.A. He earned his B.S. in industrial engineering from the University of California, Berkeley (1968) and his M.S. and Ph.D. in operations research from Cornell University (1971 and 1972~. His research inter- ests include the solution of large-scale linear programming problems, the applica- tion of linear programming methods to integer programming, parallel methods for integer and linear programming, and algorithms for combinatorial optimiza- tion problems. In one real-world application, Dr. Bixby and coworkers from Princeton and Rutgers implemented a new algorithm for the solution of the linear programming relaxation of a 13-million-variable airline crew scheduling model. In addition to his academic work, Dr. Bixby cofounded a software company in 1988 called CPLEX Optimization, Inc., that markets algorithms for linear and mixed-integer programming. CPLEX Optimization was recently acquired by ILOG S.A, of which Dr. Bixby is a director. Besides its commercial applications, the CPLEX optimizer is used by universities throughout the world in education and research in integer and linear programming. Dr. Bixby is affiliated with many scientific organizations, committees, and publications and is currently a member of the Mathematical Programming Society, the Operations Research Society of America, and the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM) and chair of the Mathematical Programming Society Publications Committee. He has published more than 60 papers and technical reports. LILLIAN C. BORRONE retired as the assistant executive director of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey in December 2000. In that position, she advised the executive director and Board of Commissioners on various policy issues, including international trade development, real estate acquisition and dis- position for maritime, aviation, and mixed-use development projects and trans- portation capital project management. For 12 years, Mrs. Borrone was director of the Port Commerce Department, which oversees the agency's vast marine termi- nals, waterfront development, and international relations responsibilities. During her tenure, the maritime activities of the Port Authority increased significantly. Mrs. Borrone currently chairs the U.S. Department of Transportation Advi- sory Council to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics. She is past chair of the National Research Council (NRC) Transportation Research Board and a past member of the NRC Marine Board Executive Committee, secretary treasurer of the Board of the Eno Transportation Foundation, and a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Public Administration. In 2001, Mrs. Borrone was inducted into the Maritime Association Hall of Fame. She has also been honored with the Traffic Club of New York Transporta- tion Person of the Year 2000 Award and the Containerization Institute "Connie Award." She was a Year 2000 Executive Women of New Jersey "Salute to Policy Makers" honoree and one of New Jersey's Top Ten Business Women of 2000, selected by the Newark Star Ledger. Mrs. Borrone was also a recipient of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey's Robert F. Wagner
238 THE IMPACT OF ACADEMIC RESEARCH ON INDUSTRIAL PERFORMANCE Distinguished Service Medal. She holds an M.S. in civil engineering/ transportation management from Manhattan College and a B.A. in political science from American University. A. RAY CHAMBERLAIN, Ph.D., P.E., is vice president of Parsons Brinckerhoff, a worldwide engineering consulting firm. He was vice president for freight policy of the American Trucking Associations, Inc., from 1994 to 1998, and executive director of the Colorado Department of Transportation from 1987 to 1994. He also served terms as president of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, chairman of the Executive Com- mittee of the Transportation Research Board, and president of the National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges. From 1969 to 1980, he was the president of Colorado State University. Dr. Chamberlain earned three degrees in engineering and has comprehensive knowledge of surface transporta- . . talon Issues. JOHN M. CIOFFI received a B.S.E.E. in 1978 from the University of Illinois, Champaign, and a Ph.D.E.E. in 1984 from Stanford University. After graduation, he was a modem designer at Bell Laboratories from 1978 to 1984, and a disk read-channel researcher at IBM from 1984 to 1986. He has been on the faculty of Stanford since 1986, where he is now a tenured associate professor. He founded Amati Communications Corporation in 1991 (purchased by Texas Instruments in 1997) and was an officer and director of the company from 1991 to 1997. Dr. Cioffi's area of interest is high-performance digital transmission. He has published more than 200 papers and holds more than 40 patents, most of which are widely licensed, including basic patents on DMT, VDSL, and V-OFDM. He was elected a member of the National Academy of Engineering in 2001 and is a fellow of the IEEE. He has received many awards: the 2001 IEEE Kobayashi Medal; the 2000 IEEE Millennium Medal; the 2000 IEEE J.J. Tomson Medal; the 1999 U. of Illinois Outstanding Alumnus; the 1995 Outstanding Achievement Award of the American National Standards Institute; and the 1991 IEEE Commu- nications Magazine Best Paper Award. Dr. Cioffi was a National Science Foun- dation Presidential Investigator from 1987 to 1992 and has served in a number of editorial positions for IEEE magazines and conferences. He is currently on the boards or advisory boards of BigBand Networks, Coppercom, GoDigital, Ikanos, Ionospan, Ishoni, IteX, Marvell, Kestrel, Charter Ventures, and Portview Ven- tures. He is a member of the National Research Council Computer Science and Telecommunications Board. PAUL CITRON is vice president of technology policy and academic relations at Medtronic, Inc. Prior to this appointment, he was vice president of science and technology, responsible for corporate-wide assessment and coordination of tech- nology and for establishing and prioritizing corporate research. He was awarded
BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION 239 a B.S. in electrical engineering from Drexel University in 1969 and an M.S. in electrical engineering from the University of Minnesota in 1972. Mr. Citron was elected a member of the National Academy of Engneering in 2003. He was elected founding fellow of the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering (AIMBE) in January 1993, has twice won the American College of Cardiology Governor's Award for Excellence, and in 1980 was inducted as a fellow of the Medtronic Bakken Society. He was voted IEEE Young Electrical Engineer of the Year in 1979. He has numerous publications and eight U.S. medical device patents to his credit. In 1980, he was given Medtronic's "Inven- tion of Distinction" Award for his role as co-inventor of the fined pacing lead. He is a member of seven advisory boards and committees. COLIN CROOK retired from Citicorp in July 1997 as chief technology officer. He now advises clients worldwide on issues involving information technology, business investments, the use of complex, adaptive-systems theory in business, security, and global financial enterprises. Mr. Crook is a senior fellow of the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania and chairman of its Informa- tion Technology Committee. He is a fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineer- ing (elected in 1981) and a board member of several companies and nonprofit institutes. During the course of his career, Mr. Crook has worked in many parts of the world, has been involved with virtually all key information technologies, and has held a wide range of management positions. ANTONIO L. ELIAS is executive vice president and general manager of Orbital Sciences Corporation, where he has been senior vice president for advanced programs, chief technical officer (from 1996 to 1997), and corporate senior vice president (from 1992 to 1996~. As first vice president for engineering, he led the technical team that designed and built the Pegasus air-launched booster and was the launch-vehicle operator on the carrier aircraft for the rocket's first and fourth flights. He also led the design teams of Orbital's APEX and SeaStar satellites and the X-34 hypersonic research vehicle. In 1980, Dr. Elias joined the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- nology (MIT), where he held the Boeing Chair in the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics; he taught courses in control systems, spacecraft design, and computer hardware and software design, and conducted research in computer- aided engineering and air traffic control management. During the 1970s, Dr. Elias worked on the design of the Space Shuttle Orbiter avionics system at Draper Laboratory, where he originated the terminal area energy management (TAEM) guidance strategy, which is currently used for Shuttle landings. Dr. Elias holds a B.S., M.S., E.A.A., and Ph.D. from MIT. He is a fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), 1991 AIAA Engineer of the Year, and recipient of the AIAA Aircraft Design Award, Ameri- can Astronomical Society Brouwer Award, and corecipient of the National Medal
240 THE IMPACT OF ACADEMIC RESEARCH ON INDUSTRIAL PERFORMANCE of Technology and the National Air and Space Museum Trophy. Dr. Elias was elected a member of the National Academy of Engineering in 2001. He is the author of several publications, holds several patents, and is a licensed radio amateur and commercial pilot. DONALD M. ENGELMAN is Eugene Higgins Professor of Molecular Bio- physics and Biochemistry at Yale University. His scientific interests are focused on the structure and function of proteins and biological membranes. Dr. Engelman holds an M.S. and Ph.D. in molecular biophysics from Yale. As a member of the Board of Directors of the Stryker Corporation (Kalamazoo, Michigan), he par- ticipated in a collaboration with a biotechnology firm to bring a new product, OF- 1, to market, based in part on science in the academic sector. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, chair of the Science and Technology Steering Committee at Brookhaven National Laboratory, and a member of sev- eral National Academies panels; he also teaches biochemistry to undergraduates. He is a past chair of his department, acting dean of Yale College, and director of the Division of Biological Sciences. DAVID ,1. FARBER is the Alfred Fitter Moore Professor of Telecommunication Systems at the University of Pennsylvania, where he has appointments in the Computer Science and Electrical Engineering departments. He was responsible for the design of the DCS system, one of the first operational message-based fully distributed systems and is one of the authors of the SNOBOL programming language. Dr. Farber was one of the principals in the creation and implementation of CSNet, NSFNet, BITNET II, and CREN and was instrumental in the creation of the NSF/DARPA-funded Gigabit Network Testbed Initiative; he was chair of the Gigabit Testbed Coordinating Committee. His background includes positions at Bell Laboratories, the RAND Corporation, Xerox Data Systems, University of California-Irvine, and the University of Delaware. Dr. Farber is a fellow of IEEE and a member of the boards of directors of both the Electronic Frontier Foundation and the Internet Society. He was a 10-year alumnus of the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB) of the National Research Council and a recipient of the 1995 SIGCOMM Award (for seminal contributions to the field of computer networks and distrib- uted computer systems) and the 1996 John Scott Award (for contributions to humanity). He is a fellow of the Japan Glocom Institute and of the Cyberlaw Institute, and a member of the U.S. Presidential Advisory Committee on High- Performance Computing and Communications, Information Technology, and the Next-Generation Internet. ANNETINE C. GELI,INS is director of the International Center for Health Outcomes and Innovation Research and an associate professor of surgical sci- ences in the Department of Surgery, College of Physicians and Surgeons, and the
BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION 241 School of Public Health, Columbia University. Her current research is focused on the factors driving the rate and direction of innovative activity in medicine, technological change and its relation to health-care costs, and measuring the outcomes of clinical interventions. Before coming to Columbia in 1993, she directed the Program on Technological Innovation in Medicine at the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. From 1983 to 1987, she worked for the Steering Committee on Future Health Scenarios and for the Health Council, the Netherlands. Dr. Gelijns has been a consultant to various national and inter- national organizations, including the World Health Organization and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. She has a Ph.D. from the medical faculty, University of Amsterdam, and bachelor' s and master' s degree in law from the University of Leyden, the Netherlands. CAMILO C. GOMEZ received a B.S. in 1981 in electrical engineering and a Ph.D. in 1986 in physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. From 1986 to 1991, he was principal investigator at Los Alamos National Laboratory in the Los Alamos Laser Fusion Program. From 1992 to 1995, he worked in Equity Derivatives at Lehman Brothers developing program trading systems and valua- tion models for exotic derivatives. In 1995, he cofounded CASA and headed the Investment Analytics Group, which focused on finance, risk management, and corporate dynamics. Recently, he has been working on the application of ad- vanced analytical methods to the measurement and management of risk in the trade receivable space. DANIEL S. GREGORY has been associated with the Greylock Organization, a Boston venture capital firm, since its formation in 1965, and has been a partner of the Greylock Management Corporation; from 1976 to 1991, he was managing partner of the partnerships. Mr. Gregory served in Governor William Weld's cabinet as secretary of economic affairs until January 1992; he was the first chair and is still a member of the Governor's Council for Economic Growth and Technology. In 1983 and 1984, Mr. Gregory was president, and then chair, of the National Venture Capital Association in Washington, D.C. He is a graduate of Wesleyan University and was the recipient of Wesleyan's Distinguished Alumni Award in 1986. He served in the U.S. Navy as a deck officer from 1952 to 1955 and graduated from the Harvard Graduate School of Business Administration in 1957. Mr. Gregory has served on the boards of directors of numerous emerging, high-tech companies, including Avid Technology, Ge- netics Institute, New England Business Services, Teradyne Corporation, and Vertex Pharmaceuticals. He is a trustee of Wellesley College, Thompson Island Outward Bound School, Mystic Seaport Museum, and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
242 THE IMPACT OF ACADEMIC RESEARCH ON INDUSTRIAL PERFORMANCE KENNETH C. HALL received his S.B., S.M., and Sc.D. from the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. From 1987 to 1990, he was an associate research engineer at the United Technologies Research Center. In 1990, he joined the faculty of the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science at Duke University; he is currently the chair of that department. Dr. Hall' s primary research is on the unsteady aerodynamics and aeroelasticity of gas turbine engines and aircraft. Other areas of research include optimization techniques, structural dynamics, and animal propulsion. He is a fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and an associate fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. GEORGE H. HEILMEIER is chairman emeritus of Telcordia Technologies (formerly Bellcore), a leading provider of telecommunications software and pro- fessional services based on world-class research. Before joining Bellcore in 1991, Dr. Heilmeier was senior vice president and chief technical officer of Texas Instruments, Inc. He holds a B.S. in electrical engineering from the University of Pennsylvania and an M.A., M.S.E., and Ph.D. in solid-state electronics from Princeton University. He has also been awarded honorary degrees by Stevens Institute and the Israel Institute of Technology (The Technion). Dr. Heilmeier joined RCA Laboratories in 1958, where his work with electro- optic effects in liquid crystals led to the first liquid-crystal displays for calcula- tors, watches, computers, and instrumentation. In 1968, he was honored with the prestigious David Sarnoff Award from the IEEE and the Eta Kappa Nu Award as the Outstanding Young Electrical Engineer in the United States. In 1970, he was chosen as a White House fellow working on long-range research and develop- ment planning and technology assessment as a special assistant to the Secretary of Defense. A year later, he was appointed assistant director of Defense Research and Engineering in charge of all U.S. Department of Defense programs in elec- tronics, computer technology, and the physical sciences. Heilmeier won confir- mation in 1975 as director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), where he initiated major efforts in stealth aircraft, space-based lasers and reconnaissance systems, infrared technology, and artificial intelligence. Dur- ing his tenure at DARPA, he was twice awarded the Department of Defense Distinguished Civilian Service Medal. Dr. Heilmeier has received numerous other awards, including the Japanese Communications and Computers Prize (1990) and three major IEEE awards. In September 1991, he was awarded the National Medal of Science by President Bush for contributions to national security and competitiveness. He received the National Academy of Engineering Founders Award in 1992 and the Eta Kappa Nu Vladimir Karapetoff Eminent Member's Award in April 1993. In 1993, he received the Industrial Research Institute Medal for outstanding accomplishment in leadership of industrial research and was named the first Technology Leader of the Year by Industry Week magazine. In 1996, he received the John Scott Award
BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION 243 for Scientific Achievements from the city of Philadelphia for his pioneering work in the development of liquid-crystal displays. Dr. Heilmeier is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, Defense Science Board, and the National Security Agency Scientific Advisory Board; he serves on the boards of directors of several companies. ROBERT ,1. HERMANN is senior partner at Global Technology Partners, LLC. Prior to this, he was senior vice president, science and technology, at United Technologies Corporation, where he was responsible for the develop- ment of the company's technical and scientific resources and overseeing the United Technologies Research Center. He joined the company in 1982 as vice president, systems technology, in the electronics sector and later served in a series of assignments in the Defense and Space Systems groups. For 20 years, Or Hermann served with the National Security Agency, where he was assigned to research and development, operations, and NATO. In 1977, he was ap- pointed principal deputy assistant secretary of defense for communications, command, control, and intelligence. In 1979, he was named assistant secretary of the Air Force for research, development and logistics and director of the National Reconnaissance Office. He received his B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Iowa State University. Dr. Hermann is a member of the Defense Science Board, National Academy of Engineering, and Board of Directors of the American National Standards Institute; he is chair of the Board of Directors for Draper Laboratory ADAM B. GAFFE is Fred C. Hecht Professor of Economics and Dean of Arts and Sciences at Brandeis University. He is also coordinator of the Innovation Policy and the Economy group of the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER). At NBER, he was also principal investigator for a National Science Foundation research project, funded through NBER, to compile a comprehensive database on patents and patent citations and use these data to document the flows of technological knowledge across time, industries, and geographic areas. Previ- ously, he was assistant and then associate professor of economics at Harvard University. From 1992 to 1994, he was visiting professor at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard. Professor Jaffe's areas of specialization are the economics of technological change, the economic impact of universities, and the economics of regulated industries. He has published papers on industrial research and development, the economics of basic research and universities, incentive regulation and regulatory reform, and the determinants of the diffusion of new technologies. In 1990-1991, Dr. Jaffe took leave from Harvard to serve as senior staff economist to the President's Council of Economic Advisers in Washington, D.C., where he was responsible for energy policy, technology policy, and regulatory policy. He re- ceived his S.B. in chemistry (1976) and his S.M. in technology and policy (1978)
244 THE IMPACT OF ACADEMIC RESEARCH ON INDUSTRIAL PERFORMANCE from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and his Ph.D. in economics from Harvard University (1985~. JACK L. KERREBROCK is professor emeritus of aeronautics and astronautics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He joined the faculty of MIT in 1960, where he remained as professor, department head, and associate dean (except for two years as associate administrator for aeronautics and space tech- nology at National Aeronautics and Space Administration [NASAj). Dr. Kerrebrock is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and was chair of the National Research Council (NRC) Committee on the Space Station. He has also served as member and chair of numerous other NRC and NASA committees. Dr. Kerrebrock received his Ph.D. from the California Institute of Technology. KENT KRESA was elected president of Northrop Grumman in 1987, chief executive officer in January 1990, and chairman in September 1990. Before joining Northrop Grumman in 1975, he worked at the Defense Advanced Re- search Projects Agency, where he was responsible for applied research and de- velopment programs in the tactical and strategic defense arena. From 1961 to 1968, he was associated with the Lincoln Laboratory at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), where he worked on ballistic missile defense research and reentry technology. Mr. Kresa has received many industry and government honors, most re- cently, the Private Sector Council's 2001 Leadership Award (for commitment to improve governmental efficiency), the Aerospace Historical Society International von Karman Wings Award (for contributions to the industry), and (with Northrop Grumman) "Manufacturer of the Century" by the California Manufacturers and Technology Association. Mr. Kresa is serving a one-year term as president of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, the past chair of the Board of Governors of the Aerospace Industries Association, and chair of the Defense Policy Advi- sory Committee on Trade. Mr. Kresa received a B.S., M.S., and E.A.A., all in aeronautics and astronautics, from MIT. BLAKE D. LEBARON, who earned a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Chicago, is professor of finance at the Graduate School of International Eco- nomics and Finance of Brandeis University, a faculty research fellow at the National Bureau of Economic Research, a member of the external faculty of the Santa Fe Institute, and a Sloan fellow. Before moving to Brandeis, Dr. LeBaron was associate professor of economics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. In 1993, he was director of the Economics Program at the Santa Fe Institute. Dr. LeBaron's research has been concentrated on the nonlinear behavior of financial and macroeconomic time series. His current interests are the quantitative dynam- ics of interacting systems of adaptive agents and how these systems replicate
BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION 245 observed real-world phenomena and the observed behavioral characteristics of traders in financial markets, including strategies and policy questions. In general, he seeks to discover the empirical implications of learning and adaptation as applied to finance and macroeconomics. JOHN M. MULVEY is a professor in the Department of Operations Research and Financial Engineering and a founding member of the Bendheim Center for Finance at Princeton University. His specialty is the application of large-scale optimization models and algorithms, with an emphasis on strategic financial planning. He has implemented integrated risk-management systems for many companies, linking the key risks to the organization and assisting in high-level decisions. In addition, he has designed a number of significant planning systems for government agencies, including the Office of Tax Analysis for the Treasury Department, the Joint Chiefs of Staff in the U.S. Department of Defense, and personnel planning for the U.S. Army. He holds a B.S. (1969) in general engi- neering and an M.S. (1969) in computer science from the University of Illinois, Urbana, and an M.S. (1974) and Ph.D. (1975) in management science from the University of California, Los Angeles. He has edited three books and published over 100 scholarly papers. HOMER PIEN is chief executive officer of SRU Biosystems, Woburn, Massa- chusetts; previously, he was chief technology officer of Medical OnLine, Lexing- ton, Massachusetts. Dr. Pien also spent 10 years at Draper Laboratory, both as manager of biomedical technologies and head of the Image Recognition Systems Laboratory. Concurrently, he was director of technology at the Center for Innova- tive Minimally Invasive Therapy, a research consortium comprising Massachu- setts General Hospital, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and Draper Laboratory. Prior to joining Draper, he was with MIT Lincoln Laboratory for five years. Dr. Pien received his B.S. in math- ematics from the University of Illinois, his M.S. and Ph.D. in computer science from Northeastern University, and an M.S. (Management) from the MIT Sloan School. He is an adjunct professor in the Graduate College of Computer Science at Northeastern University and a member of the Department of Radiology at Massachusetts General Hospital. H. DONALD RATLIFF is UPS and Regents Professor of Industrial and Systems Engineering, as well as executive director of the Logistics Institute, at Georgia Institute of Technology. He is also cofounder and president of CAPS Logistics, a leading-edge supplier of logistics software. He has pub- lished more than 50 refereed papers, designed a variety of computer software applications addressing logistics issues, delivered more than 200 invited presentations at national and international meetings, and has been a consult- ant for more than 40 companies on a wide range of issues related to the
246 THE IMPACT OF ACADEMIC RESEARCH ON INDUSTRIAL PERFORMANCE movement and storage of products. He has supervised 20 Ph.D. students, 11 of whom currently hold faculty appointments at various universities. Dr. Ratliff has been editor in chief of the Journal of Operations Research, area editor for Optimization, departmental editor for applied optimization in IIE Transactions, and associate editor of Management Science. He was awarded the 1991 Outstanding Research Award of the Institute of Industrial Engi- neers for his work in logistics and is a fellow of the Institute of Industrial Engineers and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. .~. DAVID ROESSNER is professor of public policy at Georgia Institute of Technology, codirector of the Technology Policy and Assessment Center at Georgia Tech and, since September 1995, program manager for technology policy at SRI International. Prior to joining the Georgia Tech faculty in 1980, he was principal scientist and group manager for industrial policy and planning at the Solar Energy Research Institute in Golden, Colorado; policy analyst with the National Science Foundation (NSF) R&D Assessment Program; acting leader of the Working Group on Innovation Processes and Their Management in the Divi- sion of Policy Research and Analysis at NSF; and research associate at the Bureau of Social Science Research, Inc. He began his professional career as a development engineer for Hewlett-Packard in Palo Alto, California. Dr. Roessner received his B.S. from Brown University, his M.S. in electrical engineering from Stanford University, an M.S. and his Ph.D. in science, technol- ogy, and public policy from Case Western Reserve University. His research interests include national technology policy, the evaluation of research programs, the management of innovation in industry, technology transfer, and indicators of scientific and technological development. In addition to numerous technical re- ports, he has published papers in many policy-oriented journals. From 1987 to 1995, he was a U.S. editor of Research Policy and is still an advisory editor for that journal. He is also a member of the editorial boards of the Journal of Tech- nology Transfer and Technology Studies; principal author of The Impact of Office Automation on ClericalEmployment, 1985-2000 (Quorum Books, 1985~; editor of Government Innovation Policy: Design, Implementation, Evaluation (St. Martin's Press, 1988~; editor of a special issue of Research Policy, published in 1989, devoted to the evaluation of government innovation programs; and co-editor of a 1996 special issue of Research Policy, "Evaluation of Indus- trial Modernization." Dr. Roessner is a member of the Committee on Science, Engineering and Public Policy of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and, in 1996, was elected a fellow of the AAAS. He has served as a consultant to the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment; the U.S. Departments of Defense, Energy, and Commerce; National Science Foundation; Jet Propulsion Laboratory; Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Sandia National
BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION 247 Laboratories; Los Alamos National Laboratory; the General Accounting Office; the RAND Corporation; and SRI International. ROBERT F. SPROULL, vice president and fellow at Sun Microsystems Labo- ratories, leads a section of the laboratory in Burlington, Massachusetts. Since his undergraduate days, he has been building hardware and software for computer graphics, including clipping hardware, an early device-independent graphics package, page description languages, laser printing hardware and software, and window systems. He has also been involved in VLSI design, especially of asyn- chronous circuits and systems. Before joining Sun, he was a principal with Sutherland, Sproull & Associates, an associate professor at Carnegie Mellon University, and a member of the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center. He is co- author, with William Newman, of Principles of Interactive Computer Graphics (McGraw-Hill, 1981) and an author of Logical Effort (Morgan Kaufmann Pub- lishers, l999~. Dr. Sproull is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, has served on the U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board, is a special partner of Advanced Technology Ventures, and is a member of the Board of Directors of Alphatech, Inc. MORRIS TANENBAUM retired as vice chairman of the board and chief finan- cial officer of AT&T on June 30, 1991. He began his career there in 1952 as a member of the technical staff of Bell Telephone Laboratories, was promoted to department head in the Research Division in 1955, to director of the Solid State Device Laboratory in 1962, director of research and development for the Western Electric Company in 1964, followed by vice president of the Engineering Divi- sion and vice president of manufacturing, before returning to Bell Labs in 1975 as executive vice president responsible for the development of customer services, switching and transmission equipment, and electronics technology. Dr. Tanenbaum holds seven patents and has contributed to numerous books and technical journals. He pioneered the use of silicon as a commercial semiconduc- tor material with the invention of the diffused-base silicon transistor, which be- came the principal building block of integrated circuitry. Later he supervised the group that discovered the first practical superconducting materials for high field strength magnets. Dr. Tanenbaum has served on many corporate boards and is a director of the New Jersey Performing Arts Center, a member of the Corporation of the Massa- chusetts Institute of Technology, an associate trustee of Battelle Memorial Insti- tute, an honorary trustee of the Brookings Institution, and trustee emeritus of the Johns Hopkins University and Tufts University. Formerly, Dr. Tanenbaum served as vice president and councillor of the National Academy of Engineering and as a member of the Governing Board of the National Research Council. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the IEEE, the American Physical Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and
248 THE IMPACT OF ACADEMIC RESEARCH ON INDUSTRIAL PERFORMANCE a member of the American Chemical Society and the Metallurgical Society of AIME. Dr. Tanenbaum earned a B.A. in chemistry from Johns Hopkins Univer- sity and a Ph.D. in physical chemistry from Princeton University. FREDERICK W. TELLING is a corporate vice president of Pfizer, Inc., and head of Corporate Policy and Strategic Management; he began his career with Pfizer in 1977. Dr. Telling received his B.A. from Hamilton College and his Master of Industrial and Labor Relations and Ph.D. in economics and public policy from Cornell University. He is vice chairman for the American Founda- tion for Pharmaceutical Education and an invited faculty lecturer at the Harvard University School of Public Health and Cornell University. He is involved in the work of the Council on Competitiveness, the National Association of Manufac- turers, and the Institute of Medicine (IOM), where he was a contributing author to the IOM series on Technology Innovation in Medicine. He is a member of the Board of the Alliance for Aging Research, Bergen County United Way and Bergen County United Way Community Foundation, Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO), California Health Care Institute, Children of Bellevue, Com- mittee for Economic Development, HealthCare Institute of New Jersey, National Council on Aging, New York Academy of Medicine, New York Academy of Sciences, and many other organizations. He is also a trustee and a member of the Executive Committee of the New Jersey Aviation Hall of Fame; he is actively involved in aviation policy and history. STEPHEN WOLFF is executive director of the Advanced Internet Initiatives Division of Cisco Systems, Inc., where he is responsible for seeking out, initiat- ing, and leading Cisco's participation in partnerships at the forefront of Internet development and deployment worldwide, including U.S. Next Generation Internet Program and the Internet2 Project. Prior to joining Cisco in 1995, Mr. Wolff was director of the Division of Networking and Communications Research and Infra- structure at the National Science Foundation (NSF), where he was responsible for the National Research and Education Network (NREN) and NSFNET programs and for NSF's support of basic research in networking and communications. He was educated at Swarthmore College, Princeton University, and Imperial Col- lege; he is a member of the Association for Computing Machinery and a life member of the IEEE.