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A Statement of Task The Workshop on Health and Medicine is one of six workshops held as part of "Challenges for the Chemical Sciences in the 21st Century." The workshop topics reflect areas of societal need materials, energy and transportation, na- tional security and homeland defense, health and medicine, information and com- munications, and environment. The charge for each workshop was to address the four themes of discovery, interfaces, challenges, and infrastructure as they relate to the workshop topic: · Discoverymajor discoveries or advances in the chemical sciences dur- ing the last several decades; · Interfacesinterfaces that exist between chemistry and chemical engi- neering and such areas as biology, environmental science, materials science, medicine, and physics; · Challenges -the grand challenges that exist in the chemical sciences to- day; and · Infrastructure infrastructure that will be required to allow the potential of future advances in the chemical sciences to be realized. 37