After two full days of discussion, the workshop ended cordially. Workshop participants from both countries expressed the view that the workshop had been a success. They noted that the informal setting, free of explicit negotiation instructions from their governments, had been extremely beneficial, laying the foundation for a fruitful, informative discussion. Many participants suggested that the results of the workshop be followed up to identify and propose a specific joint study within the framework of the Joint Committee on U.S.-Russian Cooperation on Nuclear nonproliferation. Participants were hopeful that the achievements of the workshop boded well for the future of cooperation between the United States and Russian Federation on nuclear nonproliferation.