National Academies Press: OpenBook

Climate Data Records from Environmental Satellites: Interim Report (2004)

Chapter: C Acronyms and Initialisms

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Suggested Citation:"C Acronyms and Initialisms." National Research Council. 2004. Climate Data Records from Environmental Satellites: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10944.
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C Acronyms and Initialisms


ACSYS

Arctic Climate System

ADEOS

Advanced Earth Observing Satellite

AIRS

Atmospheric Infrared Sounder

AMSR

Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer

AMSU

Advanced Microwave Sounder Unit

ARM

Atmospheric Measurement Program

ASOS

Automated Surface Observing System

ATBD

Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document

AVHRR

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer


BAA

Broad Agency Announcement

BS

Bootstrap sea ice algorithm

BUFR

Binary Universal Form for the Representation of meteorological data


CCRI

Climate Change Research Initiative

CCSP

Climate Change Science Plan

CDAS

climate data assimilation system

CDSC

Climate Data Science Council

CDST

Climate Data Science Team

CDC

Climate Diagnostic Center

CDR

climate data record

CEOS

Committee on Earth Observing Satellites

CLASS

Comprehensive Large Array-data Stewardship System

CliC

Cryosphere and Climate

CLIVAR

Climate Variability and Predictability

COMET

Cooperative Program for Operational Meteorology, Education and Training Outreach Program

Suggested Citation:"C Acronyms and Initialisms." National Research Council. 2004. Climate Data Records from Environmental Satellites: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10944.
×

CSTAR

Collaborative Science, Technology, and Applied Research Program

CZCS

Coastal Zone Color Scanner


DAAC

Distributed Active Archive Center

DLESE

Digital Library for Earth Science Education

DLT

Digital Linear Tape

DMSP

Defense Meteorological Satellite Program

DOD

U.S. Department of Defense

DOE

U.S. Department of Energy


ECHO

EOSDIS Clearing House

ECMWF

European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts

ECS

EOSDIS Core System

EDR

environmental data record

EOS

Earth Observing System

EOSDIS

EOS Data and Information System

ERBE

Earth Radiation Budget Experiment

ESA

European Space Agency

ESMR

Electrically Scanning Microwave Radiometer

EUMETSAT

European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites


FAQ

Frequently Asked Questions

FCDR

fundamental climate data record


GACP

Global Aerosol Climatology Project

GCM

General Circulation Model

GCOS

Global Climate Observing System

GEO

Group on Earth Observations

GEWEX

Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment

GIS

Geographic Information System

GMS

Geostationary Meteorological Satellite

GOES

Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites

GPCP

Global Precipitation Climatology Project

GPCC

Global Precipitation Climatology Center

GSFC

Goddard Space Flight Center

GVaP

Global Water Vapor Project


HIRS

High Infrared Sounder

Suggested Citation:"C Acronyms and Initialisms." National Research Council. 2004. Climate Data Records from Environmental Satellites: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10944.
×

HSB

Humidity Sounder for Brazil


ICSU

International Council of Scientific Unions

IDPS

Integrated Data Processing System

IGOS

International Global Observing Strategy partnership

IMS

Interactive Multisensor Snowmap

IOC

International Oceanographic Commission

IOOS

Integrated Ocean Observing System

IPO

NPOESS Integrated Program Office

IR

infrared

IRI

International Research Institute

ISCCP

International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project

ISLSCP

International Satellite Land-Surface Climatology Project

ISO

International Organization for Standardization


JAXA

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency


LTA

long-term archive


MOBY

Marine Optical Buoy

MODIS

Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer

MSU

Microwave Sounder Unit


NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NCAR

National Center for Atmospheric Research

NCDC

National Climatic Data Center

NCEP

National Center for Environmental Prediction

NCTP

NOAA Climate Transition Program

NDVI

Normalized Difference Vegetation Index

NESDIS

National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service

NEXRAD

Next Generation Radar

NIDIS

National Integrated Drought Information System

NGDC

National Geophysical Data Center

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NODC

National Ocean Data Center

NOPP

National Ocean Partnership Program

NORLC

National Ocean Research Leadership Council

NPOESS

National Polar-Orbiting Operational Satellite System

NPP

NPOESS Preparatory Project

Suggested Citation:"C Acronyms and Initialisms." National Research Council. 2004. Climate Data Records from Environmental Satellites: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10944.
×

NRC

National Research Council

NSDL

National Science Digital Library

NSF

National Science Foundation

NSIDC

National Snow and Ice Data Center

NT

NASA Team sea ice algorithm

NT2

NASA Team sea ice algorithm 2

NWP

Numerical Weather Prediction

NWS

National Weather Service


OAR

Office of Atmospheric Research

OCTS

Ocean Color and Temperature Sensor

OFCM

Office of the Federal Coordinator for Meteorological Services and Supporting Research

OLR

Outgoing Long-wave Radiation

ORAP

Ocean Research Advisory Panel

OSC

Orbital Sciences Corporation

OSDPD

Office of Satellite Data Processing and Distribution


PODAG

Polar DAAC User Working Group

POES

Polar Operational Environmental Satellite

PPDS

pilot planetary data system


RFI

Request for Information

RSS

Remote Sensing Systems


SBSTA

Subsidiary Board on Scientific and Technical Assessment

SDR

sensor data record

SeaWiFS

Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-View Sensor

SIMBIOS

Satellite Intercomparison and Merger for Biological and Interdisciplinary Ocean Science

SIRS

A Space Infra-Red Sounder

SMMR

Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer

SPARC

Stratospheric Processes and Their Role in Climate

SR

Scanning Radiometer

SSM/I

Special Sensor Microwave/Imager

SST

sea surface temperature

SSU

stratospheric sounder unit


TCDR

thematic climate data record

THREDDS

Thematic Real-time Environmental Distributed Data Services

Suggested Citation:"C Acronyms and Initialisms." National Research Council. 2004. Climate Data Records from Environmental Satellites: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10944.
×

TIROS N

Television InfraRed Operational Satellite Next-generation

TOA

Top of Atmosphere

TOVS

TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder

TRMM

Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission

T2

Global average temperature for the lower troposphere


UAH

University of Alabama, Huntsville

UNFCC

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

USGCRP

U.S. Global Change Research Program


VIIRS

Visible/Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite

VTPR

Vertical Temperature Profile Radiometer


WCRP

World Climate Research Programme

WDC

World Data Center

WGA

Western Governors Association

WMO

World Meteorological Organization

Suggested Citation:"C Acronyms and Initialisms." National Research Council. 2004. Climate Data Records from Environmental Satellites: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10944.
×

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Suggested Citation:"C Acronyms and Initialisms." National Research Council. 2004. Climate Data Records from Environmental Satellites: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10944.
×
Page 117
Suggested Citation:"C Acronyms and Initialisms." National Research Council. 2004. Climate Data Records from Environmental Satellites: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10944.
×
Page 118
Suggested Citation:"C Acronyms and Initialisms." National Research Council. 2004. Climate Data Records from Environmental Satellites: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10944.
×
Page 119
Suggested Citation:"C Acronyms and Initialisms." National Research Council. 2004. Climate Data Records from Environmental Satellites: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10944.
×
Page 120
Suggested Citation:"C Acronyms and Initialisms." National Research Council. 2004. Climate Data Records from Environmental Satellites: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10944.
×
Page 121
Suggested Citation:"C Acronyms and Initialisms." National Research Council. 2004. Climate Data Records from Environmental Satellites: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10944.
×
Page 122
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The report outlines key elements to consider in designing a program to create climate-quality data from satellites. It examines historical attempts to create climate data records, provides advice on steps for generating, re-analyzing, and storing satellite climate data, and discusses the importance of partnering between agencies, academia, and industry. NOAA will use this report--the first in a two-part study--to draft an implementation plan for climate data records.

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