Biographical Information on the Committee on Research Priorities for Airborne Particulate Matter
JONATHAN SAMET (Chair), Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland
Jonathan Samet is professor and chairman of the Department of Epidemiology at The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Dr. Samet earned his M.D. from the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry and an M.S. in epidemiology from the Harvard School of Public Health. He is board-certified in internal medicine and the subspecialty of pulmonary disease. He was formerly professor and chief of the Pulmonary and Critical Care Division in the Department of Medicine at the University of New Mexico School of Medicine. He is past-president of the Society for Epidemiologic Research and the American College of Epidemiology. He has served on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Science Advisory Board. He is an editor of the American Journal of Epidemiology. Dr. Samet was awarded the Surgeon General’s Medallion in 1990. He was elected to the Institute of Medicine in 1997 and currently serves as chairman of the present committee. He also served as chairman of the NRC Committee on Health Risks of Exposure to Radon (BEIR VI). He is also chair of the NRC’s Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology.
JUDITH C. CHOW, Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nevada
Judith Chow is a research professor at the Division of Atmospheric Sciences, Desert Research Institute, University and Community College System of Nevada. She earned her Sc.D. in environmental science from
Harvard University. Dr. has been a major collaborator in more than 50 air quality studies and is currently co-principal investigator on several studies including the evaluation of aerosol measurement methods, sampling strategies, and data bases. She authored the Air & Waste Management Association’s 1995 annual critical review on aerosol measurement methods and has over 100 peer-reviewed publications. She serves as air group coordinator of the Air & Waste Management Association and as the chair of the critical review committee under the organization’s technical council. She also serves as chair of the Metals 1 Subcommittee of the Intersociety Committee for Methods of Air Sampling and Analysis. She is chair of the editorial review board for the Journal of Air and Waste Management Association and member of the editorial review board of the Journal of Scientific World. She is currently a member of NRC’s Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology.
BART E. CROES, California Air Resources Board, Sacramento, California
Bart Croes is the chief of the Research Division at the California Air Resources Board. He received his B.S. in chemical engineering from the California Institute of Technology and his M.S. in chemical engineering from the University of California at Santa Barbara. He was the program manager for the 1997 Southern California Ozone Study and Aerosol Program, and former manager of atmospheric processes, particulate matter, and acid deposition research at the California Air Resources Board. He is on the Executive Steering Committee for NARSTO and he has served on several EPA peer review panels.
ROBERT E. FORSTER, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Robert Forster is Isaac Ott Professor Emeritus in the Department of Physiology at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. He received his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania, is a former chairman of the department of physiology at the University of Pennsylvania, past-president of the American Physiological Society, and was awarded a Von Humboldt Prize in 1993. Dr. Forster was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1973 and has served as chair of NAS Section 23 (Physiology and Pharmacology) and as a member of several NRC committees. Dr. Forester’s interests are in respiratory physiology; in particular on the kinetics of oxygen, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide processes in related exchanges.
DANIEL S. GREENBAUM, Health Effects Institute, Boston, Massachusetts
Daniel S. Greenbaum is the president and chief executive officer of the Health Effects Institute, an independent research institute funded jointly by government and industry to provide impartial and relevant research on the health effects of air pollution. He earned his Masters of City Planning from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. At the Health Effects Institute, Mr. Greenbaum has overseen the development and implementation of a research plan that focuses the Institute's efforts on providing critical research and reanalysis on particulate matter, air toxics, and alternative fuels. In 1999, he served as chair of the EPA Blue Ribbon Panel on Oxygenates in Gasoline which made recommendations on how to preserve the air pollution benefits of Reformulated Gasoline while preventing water contamination from MTBE and other additives. In 2002, he chaired the Committee to Review the Performance of the PM Research Centers of the EPA Science Advisory Board. Prior to joining the Health Effects Institute, he served as commissioner of the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection. He served as vice chair of the NRC Committee on Air Quality Management in the United States. Mr. Greenbaum is currently a member of NRC’s Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology.
PHILIP K. HOPKE, Clarkson University, Potsdam, New York
Philip Hopke is the Bayard D. Clarkson Distinguished Professor in the Departments of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry at Clarkson University and holds an appointment in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering. Dr. Hopke received his Ph.D. in chemistry from Princeton University and was a research associate at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. After 4 years as an assistant professor of chemistry at the State University College at Fredonia, NY, he joined the University of Illinois as a visiting assistant professor of chemistry. He then joined the Institute for Environmental Studies at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) as an assistant professor of chemistry and eventually became professor of environmental chemistry with joint appointments in the Departments of Civil Engineering and Nuclear Engineering. He moved to Clarkson University in 1989. In 1991, he won the Principal Investigator Award in Air Quality Research from the Ontario Ministry of the Environment. Dr. Hopke has served on multiple NRC committees including the Committee on Advances in Assessing Human Exposure to Airborne Pollutants, the Committee on Risk Assessment of Hazardous Air Pollutants, Risk Assessment for Radon in Drinking Water, and the Committee on Air Quality Management in the United States. He also serves on several EPA Science
Advisory Board Committees, including being the chair of the Clean Air Science Advisory Committee.
PETROS KOUTRAKIS, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts
Petros Koutrakis is professor of environmental sciences and director of the Environmental Chemistry Laboratory at Harvard University. He received his Ph.D. in environmental chemistry from the University of Paris. His research interests include human exposure assessment, ambient and indoor air pollution, environmental analytical chemistry, and environmental management. Dr. Koutrakis has 130 peer reviewed publications and seven patents. He is the director of the EPA/Harvard University Ambient Particle Center. He is the technical editor-in-chief of the Journal and Waste Management Association, consultant to the EPA Science Advisory Board, member of the American Chemistry Council Strategic Science Team, and consultant to the Chilean Environmental Agency.
DANIEL KREWSKI, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Daniel Krewski is professor of medicine and of epidemiology and community medicine at the University of Ottawa, and adjunct research professor of statistics at Carleton University. Previously, Dr. Krewski served as director of Risk Management and as director of the Bureau of Chemical Hazards with Health Canada. He received his M.Sc. and Ph.D. in mathematics and statistics from Carleton University, and his M.H.A. from the University of Ottawa. Dr. Krewski is associate editor of Risk Analysis and the Journal of Epidemiology and Biostatistics. He is currently a member of the NRC’s Committee on Toxicology. He recently chaired the NRC's Colloquium on Scientific Advances and the Future in Toxicologic Risk Assessment. He served as a member of the NRC’s Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology. Dr. Krewski has published more than 300 journal articles and book chapters in the areas of risk assessment, biosta tistics, and epidemiology.
PAUL JAMES LIOY, University of Medicine and Dentistry–New Jersey, Piscataway, New Jersey
Paul Lioy is currently a professor of environmental and community medicine of UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, and deputy director of Government Relations and director of Exposure Measurement and Assessment Division at the jointly sponsored Environmental and Occupational Medicine (EOHSI) of Rutgers, the State University of New
Jersey and University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey. Dr. Lioy received his Ph.D. in environmental sciences from Rutgers University. He has over 200 peer reviewed publications. His research interests include assessing human exposure to outdoor and indoor air pollutants, and techniques and field studies for characterizing atmospheric pollutants. He is the recipient of the Jerome Wesolowski Award for achievements in exposure assessment research from the International Society of Exposure Analysis, and the Frank Chambers award in air pollution from the Air and Waste Management Association. He is a former chairman of the New Jersey Clean Air Council. He is a former member of the NRC’s Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology and five NRC committees. He served as chairman of the NRC Committee on Advances in Assessing Human Exposure to Airborne Pollutants. He served on the Science Advisory Board of the U.S. EPA and is chair of the Subcommittee on Health and Ecological Effects Valuation, and is a consultant to the EPA Clean Air Science Advisory Committee. He is a member of the International Air Quality Board of the International Joint Commission of U.S./Canada.
JOE L. MAUDERLY, Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Albuquerque, New Mexico
Joe Mauderly is vice president of the Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, president of its subsidiary, the Lovelace Biomedical and Environmental Research Institute, director of one of its research programs, the National Environmental Respiratory Center, and former director of the Inhalation Toxicology Research Institute. Dr. Mauderly received his doctor of veterinary medicine degree from Kansas State University, and after brief periods in clinical practice and the U.S. Air Force, specialized in research on comparative respiratory physiology, comparative pulmonary responses to inhaled toxicants, and the adverse effects of materials inhaled in the workplace and environment. During the past decade, his research has focused on the health effects of complex mixtures of air contaminants, including engine emissions. He is an adjunct professor of medicine at the University of New Mexico and on the editorial board of Experimental Lung Research. He is a member of the Particulate Matter Panel of the Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee (CASAC) and member or chairman of several research center advisory committees. His past appointments include chairman of the Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee of the EPA Science Advisory Board, Chairman and member of several NRC committees, chairman of the Environmental and Occupational Health Assembly of the American Thoracic Society, president of the Inhalation Specialty Sec-
tion of the Society of Toxicology, member of the Research Committee of the Health Effects Institute, chairman of the Air Pollution Health Advisory Committee of the Electric Power Research Institute, associate editor of Fundamental and Applied Toxicology, and member of the editorial board of Inhalation Toxicology.
ROGER O. MCCLELLAN, Albuquerque, Mexico
Roger McClellan is currently a private consultant in inhalation toxicology and human health risk analysis. He is president emeritus of the Chemical Industry Institute of Toxicology (CIIT), having served as president of CIIT from 1988 to 1999. He is a former president and director of the Inhalation Toxicology Research Institute, Lovelace Biomedical and Environmental Research Institute, which now operates as the Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute. Dr. McClellan earned his D.V.M. from Washington State University and is a diplomate of the American Board of Veterinary Toxicology and the American Board of Toxicology. He has served or is serving on the adjunct faculty of the University of New Mexico, Colorado State University, Washington State University, Duke University, North Carolina State University, and University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill. He has served on numerous government advisory committees, including the National Institutes of Health (NIH) toxicology study section, Naitonal Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) advisory council, CDC National Center for Environmental Health, Department of Energy (DOE) Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee, EPA’s Science Advisory Board and as chair of EPA’s Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee. He is a past president of the Society of Toxicology (SOT), the Inhalation Specialty Section of SOT, and American Association for Aerosol Research and a fellow of the Society for Risk Analysis, the Health Physics Society, and the American Association for Advancement of Science. He serves or has served on various editorial boards including the Journal of Fundamental and Applied Toxicology, Environmental Health Perspectives, Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, and Inhalation Toxicology and serves as editor of Critical Reviews in Toxicology. He has received special awards from the Society of Toxicology, Health Physics Society, American Association for Aerosol Research, the International Society for Aerosols in Medicine, and the International Society of Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology. Dr. McClellan was elected to the Institute of Medicine in 1990. He is a former chair of the NRC’s Committee on Toxicology and has served on several other NRC and Institute of Medicine committees. He has a long-standing interest in the toxicology and assessment of human risks of airborne materials.
GÜNTER OBERDÖRSTER, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York
Günter Oberdörster is professor in the Department of Environmental Medicine and head of the Division of Respiratory Biology and Toxicology at the University of Rochester and director of the University of Rochester Ultrafine Particle Center. He is internationally recognized for his research on the effects and underlying mechanisms of lung injury induced by inhaled non-fibrous and fibrous particles, including extrapolation modeling and risk assessment. Dr. Oberdörster earned his D.V.M. and Ph.D. (med. vet.) from the University of Giessen in Germany. He has served on several national and international committees, including EPA’s Science Advisory Board committees, Board of Scientific Counselors of the National Toxicology Program, NRC’s Committee on Toxicology, TLV Committee of the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, several working groups of the International Agency for Research on Cancer on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, IUPAC Commission on Toxicology, ad hoc Expert Group of Chemicals Bureau of the European Commission, several WHO consultancies, and advisory panel of the German Research Association. Dr. Oberdörster is a past-president of the Society of Toxicology’s Inhalation Toxicology Specialty Section (ISS). He is a recipient of the Joseph von Fraunhofer Prize (Germany), the Society of Toxicology's ISS Career Achievement Award, 1996, the Society of Toxicology's ISS 1997 Paper of the Year Award, and the 2003 T.T. Mercer Award for excellence in Pharmaceutical Aerosols and Inhalable Materials jointly awarded by the American Association for Aerosol Research and the International Society for Aerosols in Medicine. He is on the editorial boards of Environmental Health Perspectives, Journal of Aerosol Medicine, International J. Hygiene & Environmental Health, and Associate Editor of Inhalation Toxicology.
REBECCA PARKIN, George Washington University, Washington, D.C.
Rebecca Parkin is associate dean for research and public health practice as well as associate professor and scientific director of the Center for Risk Science and Public Health at George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services. Dr. Parkin earned her M.P.H. in environmental health and her Ph.D. in epidemiology from Yale University. She is a former director of scientific, professional, and section affairs at the American Public Health Association as well as assistant commissioner for the Division of Occupational and Environmental Health of the New Jersey Department of Health. She has served as a member of the NRC Water Science and Technology Board, and on several IOM and NRC committees, including the Committee on Risk Assessment of Hazardous Air Pollutants.
She has served as a liaison member of the National Advisory Committee on Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention, and a peer reviewer for the New Jersey Cancer Research Commission. She has served on the Quality Management Subcommittee and the Modeling Studies Group of EPA’s Science Advisory Board, and was a member of the Multisite Epidemiologic Studies Panel of ATSDR. She currently serves on the U.S. EPA Science Advisory Board as the Chair of the Integrated Human Exposure Committee and the Environmental Health Committee, and as a member of the Health Effects Subcommittee of the Advisory Council on Clean Air Compliance Analysis and the Executive Committee.
JOYCE PENNER, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan
Joyce Penner is a professor of atmospheric, oceanic, and space sciences at the University of Michigan-Ann Arbor. She earned her Ph.D. in applied mathematics from Harvard University. Dr. Penner is a former division leader of the Global Climate Research Division at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. She has been an associate editor for the Journal of Geophysical Research and the Journal of Climate and has served as a member of the NRC Committee on Geophysical and Environmental Data and on the NRC Committee on Atmospheric Chemistry and the Panel on Aerosol Radiative Forcing and Climate Change. Currently, she is the chair of the National Science Foundation (NSF) Geosciences Advisory Committee and serves as a member of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Earth System Science Advisory Committee. She was convening lead author of the chapter “Aerosols, their direct and indirect effects” for the 2001 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change scientific assessment of climate change.
RICHARD SCHLESINGER, Pace University, New York, New York
Richard Schlesinger is professor and chair of the Department of Biological Sciences and director of the Graduate Program in Environmental Sciences at Pace University, New York, NY. He received his Ph.D. in biology from New York University, and formerly held a number of research and academic appointments at the New York University (NYU) School of Medicine. He was a recipient of a Research Career Development Award from NIEHS and the Kenneth Morgareidge Award from the International Life Sciences Institute for contributions to the field of inhalation toxicology. He is a past-president of the Inhalation Specialty Section of the Society of Toxicology, and is recipient of the Career Achievement Award from the Specialty Section. He has served on a number of EPA’s Peer Review Panels for the Environmental Toxicology and Human Studies
Divisions, and EPA’s Expert Panel to Assess Needs for Ozone Research. Dr. Schlesinger is currently an associate editor of Inhalation Toxicology. He has served on the NCRP Task Force for Dosimetry Modeling and on the NRC Subcommittee on Pulmonary Toxicology, and is currently a member of the NRC Subcommittee on Acute Exposure Guideline Levels and the Committee on Gulf War and Health III.
FRANK SPEIZER, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
Frank Speizer is professor of medicine at the Harvard Medical School, professor of environmental science at the Harvard School of Public Health, and a senior physician at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Beth Israel Hospital. Dr. Speizer received his M.D. from Stanford University Medical School. He has held a number of academic appointments at the Harvard University Medical School and School of Public Health since 1968. He has served on the Scientific Advisory Board of the American Lung Association/American Thoracic Society, and was a councillor to the Board of the International Society for Environmental Epidemiology. He is a member of CASAC and a member of the Institute of Medicine. He is currently associate editor for Environmental Research. Dr. Speizer was a member of the NRC Committee on an Assessment of a Study of Possible Occupational Health Effects on Ionizing Radiation Among Nuclear Utility Workers and a member of the NRC Subcommittee on Pulmonary Toxicology.
MARK UTELL, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York
Mark Utell is professor of medicine and environmental medicine at the University of Rochester School of Medicine. Dr. Utell earned his M.D. from Tufts University School of Medicine. He has been at the University of Rochester School of Medicine since 1975, holding a number of positions, including acting chairman of medicine. Currently, he serves as the director of the Pulmonary/Critical Care and Occupational/Environmental Medicine Divisions. He has served on many national committees and is currently a member of EPA Science Advisory Board (SAB). He has previously served on the Executive Committee of the EPA SAB; as chair, the EPA Environmental Health and the Human Studies Division Review Committees; and as a member and consultant to the EPA Clean Air Science Advisory Committee. Dr. Utell also serves as chair of the Heath Effects Institute's Research Committee. He has served on several other NRC and IOM Committees and is currently a member of the Gulf War and Health Committee. He is on the editorial boards of Environmental Health Perspectives and Journal of Aerosol Medicine.
RONALD H. WHITE, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland
Ronald White is associate scientist in the Department of Epidemiology at The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, Maryland, where he serves as deputy director of the Risk Sciences and Public Policy Institute. He previously served as assistant executive director, Education, Research, and Community Affairs at the National Osteoporosis Foundation and as assistant vice president, National Policy at the American Lung Association. He earned his master of science in environmental studies from Antioch University in 1978. Prior to joining the American Lung Association, he was a senior transportation/air quality planner and then public participation coordinator with the Tri-State Regional Planning Commission in New York. He has served as a member of the Integrated Human Exposure Committee of the EPA Science Advisory Board, as well as on the EPA Blue Ribbon Panel to review the use of oxygenates in gasoline. Mr. White currently serves on the External Science Advisory Committee for the National Environmental Respiratory Center, and as a consultant to the EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee for the Particulate Matter NAAQS review.
WARREN H. WHITE, University of California, Davis, California
Warren White is a visiting professor at Crocker Nuclear Laboratory at the University of California, Davis. Previously, he served as a senior research associate at Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri. He received his Ph.D. in mathematics from the University of Wisconsin. Dr. White's research focuses on airborne particles and atmospheric visibility impairment. He served on the review panel for the PM Criteria Document and is currently a member of the EPA Clean Air Science Advisory Committee (CASAC) and its PM Monitoring Subcommittee. He has served as a member of other NRC committees, including the Committee on Haze in National Parks and Wilderness Areas.
RONALD WYZGA, Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, California
Ronald Wyzga is Technical Executive of the Air Quality, Health, and Risk Area of EPRI (Electric Power Research Institute). He received his A.B. in mathematics from Harvard College, his M.S. in statistics from Florida State University, and his Sc.D. in biostatistics from Harvard School of Public Health. Dr. Wyzga has held various research and managerial positions within EPRI since 1975, including senior manager of Air Quality and Risk. He has been involved in air quality research on particulate matter, ozone, air toxics, and visibility issues. He is a fellow of the American Statistical Association. He previously served with the Organization for
Economic Cooperation and Development in Paris, where he coauthored a book on evaluation of environmental damage. He has served on several committees of the NRC and EPA’s Science Advisory Board.
TERRY F. YOSIE, American Chemistry Council, Arlington, Virginia
Terry Yosie is vice president of Environmental, Health, Safety and Security Performance at the American Chemistry Council. He earned his doctorate from the College of Humanities and Social Sciences at Carnegie Mellon University. He has approximately 25 years of professional experience in managing and analyzing the use of scientific information in the setting of environmental standards. From 1978 to 1981, he was the first executive director of the Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee (CASAC) which is responsible for reviewing the scientific basis of National Ambient Air Quality Standards. He served as director of EPA’s Science Advisory Board (1981-1988) and as vice president for health and environment at the American Petroleum Institute (1988-1992). From 1992 to 1999, Dr. Yosie was executive vice president of Ruder Finn, Inc. where he was responsible for the firm's environmental management practice. He was a member of the NRC Committee to Review the Structure and Performance of the Health Effects Institute and served on the NRC’s Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology. He is also a consultant to EPA’s Science Advisory Board. He is the author of numerous publications on the use of scientific information in the development of public health and environmental policies.