Biographical Sketches of Committee Members
Harlan J. Onsrud, Chair, is a professor in the Department of Spatial Information Science and Engineering at the University of Maine and chair of the Scientific Policy Committee of the National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis. He received B.S. and M.S. degrees in Civil Engineering from the University of Wisconsin and Juris Doctorate from the University of Wisconsin Law School. His research focuses on (1) analysis of legal and institutional issues affecting the creation and use of digital databases and the sharing of geographic information, (2) assessing utilization of geographic information systems (GIS) and the social impacts of the technology, and (3) developing and assessing strategies for supporting the diffusion of geographic information innovations.
Prudence S. Adler is associate executive director of the Association for Research Libraries (ARL). Her responsibilities include federal relations with a focus on information policies, intellectual property rights, telecommunications, issues relating to access to government information, and project management for the ARL GIS Literacy Project. Prior to joining ARL in 1989, Ms. Adler was Assistant Project Director, Communications and Information Technologies Program, Congressional Office of Technology Assessment, where she worked on studies relating to government information, networking, and supercomputer issues, and information technologies and education. Ms. Adler has an M.S. in Library Science, an M.A. in American History, and a B.A. in History. She has participated in several
advisory councils including the Depository Library Council, the Board of Directors of the National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis, and the Advisory Committee for the National Satellite Land Remote Sensing Data Archive. From 1997 through 1999, she served on the National Research Council (NRC) Panel on Distributed Geolibraries.
Hugh N. Archer has been the commissioner for the Kentucky Department for Natural Resources since 1998. He oversees the Divisions of Energy, Conservation, and Forestry, as well as the Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission. Previously, Dr. Archer served as Executive Director of the Kentucky River Authority (1995–1998). He has been a member of both the Kentucky and Wisconsin bar associations for over 25 years and was an attorney and planner for the Kentucky Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Cabinet for four years. Dr. Archer has consulted for government agencies, utilities, and private-sector clients on GIS issues including infrastructure management and natural resource management. He was a member of the NRC Mapping Science Committee from 1994 to 1997.
Stanley M. Besen is vice president of Charles River Associates. He was a visiting professor of Economics and Law at Georgetown University Law Center (1990–1991), a visiting Henley Professor of Law and Business at Columbia University (1988–1989), and Co-director of the FCC's Network Inquiry Special Staff (1978–1980). From 1980 to 1992, Besen was Senior Economist at The Rand Corporation, where he co-edited the RAND Journal of Economics (1985–1988). He currently serves on the editorial board of Economics of Innovation and New Technology. He has coauthored two books and authored numerous monographs, articles, and book chapters on telecommunications, media economics and regulation, and intellectual property. Dr. Besen holds a B.B.A. in Economics from the City College of New York and an M.A. and Ph.D. in Economics from Yale University. He is a member of the Committee on Internet Searching and the Domain Name System: Technical Alternatives and Policy Implications (2001–2003) and previously served on the U.S. National Committee for CODATA (1993–1996).
John W. Frazier is a professor of urban geography and co-chair of the Department of Geography, as well as director of the GIS Core Facility at Binghamton University. He has authored three books and numerous articles on the applied aspects of geography. Professor Frazier has received a number of awards, including the New York State University Professors’ Service Award (1994), a national Applied Geography Specialty Group
Project Award (1994), a Kent State University Distinguished Geographer Award (1994), a Distinguished Service Award of the National Applied Geography Conferences (1995), and the James R. Anderson Medal of Applied Geography (1996), the highest honor bestowed by the Association of American Geographers for Applied Geography.
Kathleen (Kass) Green recently retired from her position as president of Space Imaging Solutions, a division of Space Imaging, LLC. While with Space Imaging, Ms. Green supervised over 200 employees, offering satellite imagery, and remote-sensing and GIS services to clients worldwide. Prior to joining Space Imaging, Ms. Green was president of Pacific Meridian Resources, a GIS consulting firm she cofounded in 1988 and sold to Space Imaging in 2000. Ms. Green's background includes 30 years of experience in natural resource policy, economics, GIS analysis, and remote sensing. She is the author of numerous articles on GIS and remote sensing and has coauthored a book on the practical aspects of accuracy assessment. Ms. Green is the recent past president of Management Association for Private Photogrammetric Surveyors, an organization of private mapping firms dedicated to advancing the mapping industry. She received a B.S. in Forestry and Resource Management from the University of California, Berkeley (1974), an M.S. in Resource Policy and Management from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (1981), and advanced to candidacy toward her Ph.D. in Wildland Resource Science from University of California, Berkeley. Ms. Green currently serves as an independent consultant and board member to public, private, and nonprofit natural resource and geospatial organizations.
William S. Holland is a principal, cofounder, and chief executive officer of GeoAnalytics, Inc. His expertise lies in the organizational, legal, economic, policy, and administrative aspects of GIS implementation. Mr. Holland is past president and board of directors member of the National States Geographic Information Council (NSGIC). He provided leadership to NSGIC in its development and formulation of key policy instruments underlying the development of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure. Mr. Holland has given numerous lectures and workshops at local, regional, and national conferences, and he has authored several articles about information and technology policy and intergovernmental coordination. Prior to cofounding GeoAnalytics, Mr. Holland was the first executive director of the State of Wisconsin Land Information Board. He was responsible for implementing the nation's premier program for the coordinated development of integrated geographic and land information systems across local, state, and federal agencies.
Terrence J. Keating is currently the chairman of Z/I Imaging Corporation, an Intergraph Company, and executive vice president at Intergraph Corporation, and formerly president of Lucerne International. Dr. Keating is a certified photogrammetrist, registered land surveyor, and professional engineer, and received his Ph.D. in photogrammetry and remote sensing from the University of Wisconsin, Madison. He subsequently became a professor at the University of Maine, Orono. In 1981, Dr. Keating founded Kork Systems and worked with several hundred U.S. and international mapping firms. In 1994, he sold Kork to Autometric, Inc., and served as Autometric’s vice president of Commercial Products. Dr. Keating has held professional memberships and taught continuing education seminars in the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping, the Urban and Regional Information Systems Association, and the Management Association for Private Photogrammetric Surveyors. A member of the American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS) since 1971, Dr. Keating is currently president and has served on or chaired many ASPRS committees. He was president of the Maine Society of Land Surveyors, and his honorary society memberships include Chi Epsilon and Sigma Xi. Dr. Keating was a panelist on a National Academy of Public Administration study that developed a comprehensive, governmentwide assessment of geospatial activities, and is a former member of the NRC Mapping Science Committee.
Jeff Labonté is the director of GeoConnections Programs, a national partnership to build the Canadian Geospatial Data Infrastructure led by Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) in cooperation with federal, provincial, and territorial agencies and the private and academic sectors. He holds a B.A. in Geography and Political Sciences from Carleton University and a Masters in Public Administration. Prior to working on GeoConnections, he worked on various geospatial data integration, GIS applications, and policy projects in the Mapping Services Branch, the National Atlas, and GIS Division, all within Geomatics Canada at NRCan. He has also worked on secondment with J2 Geomatics in the Department of National Defence, developing geospatial infrastructure tools and applications.
Xavier R. Lopez is Director of Oracle's Location Services group. Dr. Lopez leads Oracle's efforts to incorporate spatial technologies across Oracle's database, application server, and eBusiness applications. He has 12 years of experience in the area of GIS and spatial databases. He holds advanced engineering and planning degrees from University of Maine, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the University of California, Davis. Dr. Lopez has been active in numerous academic and government
research initiatives on geographic information. He is the author of a book on government spatial information policy and has authored over 50 scientific and industry publications in areas related to spatial information technology. Dr. Lopez has served on the NRC Committee on Multimodal Transportation Requirements for Spatial Information Infrastructure since 2001 and on the Committee to Review the U.S. Geological Survey Concept of the National Map since July 2002.
Stephen M. Maurer has practiced intellectual property law since 1982. He also teaches Internet law and economics at University of California, Berkeley's Goldman School of Public Policy. His research interests include academic and industry transactions, database economics, scientific data, and patent reform. Mr. Maurer's work has appeared in various journals including Nature, Science, Human Mutation, and Economica, and he has authored several articles on the protection of geospatial databases. He has spoken at conferences for organizations including the National Academy of Sciences, the National Institutes of Health, the U.S. Department of Transportation, Duke University Law School, Stanford University, the Mutation Database Initiative, and the American Association of Geographers.
Susan R. Poulter is professor of law at the S. J. Quinney College of Law, University of Utah, in Salt Lake City. She teaches in the areas of environmental law, intellectual property, and torts. Dr. Poulter holds B.S. and Ph.D. degrees in chemistry, both from the University of California, Berkeley. After a period during which she taught chemistry at the University of Utah, she received a J.D. from the University of Utah College of Law where she was executive editor of the Utah Law Review and was inducted into the Order of the Coif. Professor Poulter has been a member of the Council of the Section of Science and Technology Law of the American Bar Association (ABA), and has served as a section representative, ABA co-chair, and section liaison to the National Conference of Lawyers and Scientists, a joint committee of the ABA and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Currently, she is a member of the Advisory Board of the AAAS project on Court-appointed Scientific Experts and the Advisory Board of the AAAS project on Science and Intellectual Property in the Public Interest.
Mark E. Reichardt serves as president of Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). He formerly was executive director of the Outreach and Community Adoption Program for OGC. Before joining the OGC, Mr. Reichardt was involved in a number of technology modernization and production programs for the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). In
the mid 1990s, he was a member of a DoD Geospatial Information Integrated Product Team (GIIPT). Under his leadership, the GIIPT validated the ability of commercial off-the-shelf hardware and software to meet many of the DoD functional requirements for geospatial production operations. In 1999, Mr. Reichardt was selected to establish and lead an international Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) program for the Federal Geographic Data Committee. In this position, he supported the advancement of globally compatible national and regional SDI practices in Africa, South America, Europe, and the Caribbean.
Tsering Wangyal Shawa is GIS librarian at Princeton University. In this role, Mr. Shawa is responsible for the design, launching, and management of an automated digital cartographic and geospatial information service in a campuswide networked environment. He has widespread experience in GIS data selection, software, and hardware and holds degrees in the areas of library science, geography, cartography, and education. Mr. Shawa is an active member of the American Library Association’s Map and Geography Round Table (MAGERT). Currently, he is chair of MAGERT’s Geographic Technologies Committee and also a MAGERT representative to the Cartographic Users Advisory Council. He was born in Tibet and has lived in several countries, including India, Nepal, Kenya, and Sudan.
National Research Council Staff
Paul M. Cutler, study director, is a senior program officer for the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources of the National Academies. He directs the Mapping Science Committee and ad hoc studies in the areas of earth science and geographic information science. Dr. Cutler received a B.Sc. (Hons) in Geography from Manchester University, England, an M.Sc. in Geography from the University of Toronto, and a Ph.D. in Geology from the University of Minnesota. Before joining the Academies, he was an assistant scientist and lecturer in the Department of Geology and Geophysics at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. His research is in glaciology, hydrology, and quaternary science. In addition to numerical modeling and GIS research, he has conducted field studies in Alaska, Antarctica, arctic Sweden, the Swiss Alps, Pakistan’s Karakoram mountains, the midwestern United States, and the Canadian Rockies. Dr. Cutler is a member of the Geological Society of America, American Geophysical Union, Geological Society of Washington, and a fellow of the Royal Geographical Society.
Monica R. Lipscomb is a research associate for the National Academies’ Board on Earth Sciences and Resources. She earned an M.S. degree in Urban and Regional Planning at Virginia Polytechnic Institute, with a concentration in environmental planning. Previously, she served as a Peace Corps volunteer in Côte d’Ivoire and has worked as a biologist at the National Cancer Institute. She holds a B.S. in Environmental and Forest Biology from the State University of New York, Syracuse.
Karen Imhof is a senior project assistant for the Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources of the National Academies. She previously worked for the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources. Earlier, she worked as a staff and administrative assistant in diverse organizations, including the Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, the National Wildlife Federation, and the Three Mile Island nuclear facility.