Biographical Information on Committee Members
Dr. John D. Baldeschwieler (committee chair) (member, National Academy of Sciences) is J. Stanley Johnson Professor and professor of chemistry, emeritus, at the California Institute of Technology. Dr. Baldeschwieler joined the Caltech faculty in 1973. His research has focused on molecular assemblies for use in the delivery of pharmaceuticals, for scientific instrumentation, and particularly for development of ion cyclotron resonance spectroscopy. He also pioneered the use of nuclear magnetic resonance and double resonance spectroscopy, nuclear Overhauser effects, and perturbed angular correlation spectroscopy in chemical systems. Dr. Baldeschwieler was a member of the President’s Science Advisory Committee from 1969 to 1972, serving as vice chairman from 1970 to 1972. He served as deputy director of the Office of Science and Technology from 1971 to 1973. He was a founder of Vestar Inc., which merged with NeXagen Inc. to form NeXstar Pharmaceuticals. He also served as director of NeXstar until it was acquired by Gilead Sciences, Inc. Dr. Baldeschwieler was also a founder and director of Combion, Inc. He currently serves as a managing member of the Athenaeum Fund and is a director of Drug Royalty Corporation Inc., the Huntington Medical Research Institutes, Pasadena Entretec, and several privately held companies. Dr. John Baldeschwieler is a recipient of the National Medal of Science.
Dr. Robert Anex received his Ph.D. in civil and environmental engineering from the University of California at Davis in 1995. Prior to completing his Ph.D., Dr. Anex spent eight years in industry as a systems engineer. From 1996 to 2002, he was a research fellow at the Institute for Science and Public Policy at the
University of Oklahoma and an associate professor in that university’s School of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering. He is currently an associate professor of agricultural and biosystems engineering and a research associate of the Center for Sustainable Environmental Technologies at Iowa State University. His research interests include technology assessment, industrial ecology, environmental and technology policy analysis, and risk assessment. In 1999, he was selected to participate in a two-week National Research Council (NRC) Young Investigators Program on Energy and Environment in Armenia.
Dr. Barry C. Barish (member, National Academy of Sciences) is Linde Professor of Physics and Director of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory, California Institute of Technology. A fellow of the American Physical Society, Dr. Barish is an experimental high-energy and gravitational-wave physicist. He is involved in the MINOS project, a long baseline neutrino physics experiment between Fermilab and the Soudan Mine in Minnesota, as well as other major non-accelerator experiments both in the United States and Italy. He is a former member of the 1991 Astronomy Survey Panel on Particle Astrophysics, the Briefing Panel on Scientific Frontiers and the Superconducting Super Collider for the 1986 physics survey, and the 2001 Astronomy Survey Panel on Particle, Nuclear, and Gravitational-wave Astrophysics. Dr. Barish co-chaired the U.S. Department of Energy/National Science Foundation (DOE/NSF) High Energy Physics Advisory Panel’s recent subpanel on long-range planning for the U.S. high energy physics community. He is chair of the oversight committee for IceCube and a member of the agency review committee for the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory. He is also a member of the oversight council for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Gamma-Ray Large Area Space Telescope and the Commission on Cosmic Rays of the International Union on Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP). Dr. Barish recently served as chair of the IUPAP Commission on Particles and Fields, as well as the DOE/NSF Scientific Assessment Group on Experimental Non-Accelerator Physics review panel. He is the chair of the international organizing committee for the NSF-sponsored workshop on neutrinos and underground science and currently chairs the NRC-administered U.S. Liaison Committee for IUPAP.
Dr. John R. Filson is a scientist emeritus with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). After several years at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Advanced Research Projects Agency of the Department of Defense working on scientific problems related to the detection and identification of underground nuclear tests, he joined USGS in 1978 and from 1980-1988 served as the Chief of the Office of Earthquakes, Volcanoes, and Engineering. He served as Acting Chief Geologist of the USGS from November 1994 through March 1995. From April 1995 through March 1997 he worked on the technical aspects of the application of seismology to the verification of arms control agreements. From August
1997 through July 2003 Dr. Filson served as coordinator of the Earthquake Hazards, Geomagnetism, and Global Seismology programs of the USGS. He retired in August 2003 and currently holds the position of scientist emeritus at the USGS, continuing to work on issues related to earthquake safety. He has received many awards and is also a past president of the Seismological Society of America and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Dr. Norman P. Neureiter is director of the Center for Science, Technology, and Security Policy at the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He retired in September 2003 from the post of Science and Technology Adviser to the Secretary of State upon the completion of his three-year term of service. Previously, he was vice president of Texas Instruments (TI) Asia. While at TI, he held a number of positions, including director of East-West business development, manager of international business development, manager of the TI Europe Division, and director of TI-Japan. During a five-year residency in Tokyo, he was an active participant in negotiation and implementation of the U.S.-Japan Semiconductor Trade Agreement. Prior to his work with private industry, Dr. Neureiter worked as an international affairs assistant in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy during 1969-1973, reporting to the President’s Science Adviser. Dr. Neureiter entered the U.S. Foreign Service in 1965, serving as Deputy Science Attaché in the U.S. Embassy in Bonn, Germany. From 1967 to 1969, he was the first U.S. Science Attaché in Eastern Europe, based at the U.S. Embassy, Warsaw, with responsibility for Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Poland.
Dr. Abigail Salyers is a professor of microbiology at the University of Illinois. Dr. Salyers is a member of the American Academy for Microbiology and served as president of the American Society for Microbiology from 2000 to 2001. She has served as co-chair of the NRC’s Committee on the Progress and Promise of Systems Biology since 2001. Dr. Salyers received her Ph.D. in physics from The George Washington University in 1969, also completing graduate study in biochemistry and anaerobic microbiology at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University from 1972 to 1975. She was a research associate and then associate professor in the Anaerobe Laboratory at Virginia Tech for five years before joining the faculty of the University of Illinois as an assistant professor in 1978. She began her current role as professor in 1988. Dr. Salyers also served as co-director of the Microbial Diversity Summer Course of the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Massachusetts, from 1995 to 1999. Dr. Salyers’ research interests include the interaction of colonic bacteria with host, molecular microbial ecology, genetics of obligate anaerobes, polysaccharide uptake and catabolism by Bacteroides, and conjugative transposons of Bacteroides.