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Sensor Systems for Biological Agent Attacks: Protecting Buildings and Military Bases (2005)

Chapter: Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2005. Sensor Systems for Biological Agent Attacks: Protecting Buildings and Military Bases. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11207.
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Appendix B
Acronyms and Abbreviations


ACPLA

agent-containing particles per liter of air

ACTD

Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration

AD

aerodynamic diameter

ADP

adenosine diphosphate

AHTS

aerosol-to-hydrosol transfer stage

AIDS

acquired immune deficiency syndrome

AK

adenylate kinase

AMV

alfalfa mosaic virus

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

A/SPODs

airports and seaports of debarkation

ATP

adenosine triphosphate


BASIS

Biological Aerosol Sentry and Information System

BAWS

biological agent warning sensor

bDNA

branched DNA

BIDS

Biological Integrated Detection System

BW

biowarfare


CANARY

cellular analysis and notification of antigen risks and yields

CBIAC

Chemical and Biological Information Analysis Center

CBMS

chemical-biological mass spectrometer

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

cDNA

complementary DNA

cfu

colony-forming unit

CO2

carbon dioxide

CSA

catalyzed signal amplification


DARPA

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid

DoD U.S.

Department of Defense

DOE U.S.

Department of Energy

Dstl

Defense Science and Technology Laboratory (U.K.)

DTRA

Defense Threat Reduction Agency

DTW

detect-to-warn

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2005. Sensor Systems for Biological Agent Attacks: Protecting Buildings and Military Bases. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11207.
×

ECBC

Edgewood Chem-Bio Center

ELISA

enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency


FLAPS

fluorescent aerodynamic particle sizing

FTIR

Fourier transform infrared


HEPA

high-efficiency particulate air

HHA

handheld immunochromotographic assay

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

HVAC

heating, ventilation, and air conditioning


ID

identification

IOM

Institute of Medicine

IR

infrared

ISE

ion-selective electrodes


JBPDS

Joint Biological Point Detection System

JBREWS

Joint Biological Remote Warning System


LAR

ligase amplification reaction

LBNL

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

LCR

ligase chain reaction

LD50

lethal dose 50 (having a 50 percent probability of causing death)

lidar

light detection and ranging

LSPR

localized surface plasmon resonance


MALDI

matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization

MIT

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

MRE

molecular recognition element

mRNA

messenger RNA

MS

mass spectrometer

MS/MS

tandem mass spectrometry


NAD(P)

nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate)

NAD(P)H

reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate)

NADH

reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

NASBA

nucleic acid-sequence-based amplification

NIJ

National Institute of Justice

NIOSH

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

NRC

National Research Council


OTA

Office of Technology Assessment


PCR

polymerase chain reaction

pH

potential of hydrogen; negative 10-base log (power) of the positive hydrogen ion concentration; measure of acidity

pI

isoelectric point; the pH at which a particle is neutral

PM-10

particulate matter of 10 micrometers in diameter or smaller


QCM

quartz crystal microbalance

RNA bacteriophage


RCA

rolling circle amplification

RNA

ribonucleic acid

rRNA

ribosomal RNA

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2005. Sensor Systems for Biological Agent Attacks: Protecting Buildings and Military Bases. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11207.
×

SAW

surface acoustic wave

SDA

strand displacement amplification

SMART

sensitive membrane antigen rapid test

SPR

surface plasmon resonance


TOF

time of flight

tRNA

transfer RNA

TSM

thickness shear mode


UK NAIAD

United Kingdom National Institutes of Allergy and Infections

USNRC

United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission

UV

ultraviolet

UV-LIF

ultraviolet laser-induced fluorescence

UVRR

UV resonance Raman

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2005. Sensor Systems for Biological Agent Attacks: Protecting Buildings and Military Bases. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11207.
×
Page 194
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2005. Sensor Systems for Biological Agent Attacks: Protecting Buildings and Military Bases. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11207.
×
Page 195
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2005. Sensor Systems for Biological Agent Attacks: Protecting Buildings and Military Bases. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11207.
×
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Over the last ten years, there has been growing concern about potential biological attacks on the nation’s population and its military facilities. It is now possible to detect such attacks quickly enough to permit treatment of potential victims prior to the onset of symptoms. The capability to “detect to warn”, that is in time to take action to minimize human exposure, however, is still lacking. To help achieve such a capability, the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) asked the National Research Council (NRC) to assess the development path for “detect to warn” sensors systems. This report presents the results of this assessment including analysis of scenarios for protecting facilities, sensor requirements, and detection technologies and systems. Findings and recommendations are provided for the most probable path to achieve a detect-to-warn capability and potential technological breakthroughs that could accelerate its attainment.

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