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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2005. The Geological Record of Ecological Dynamics: Understanding the Biotic Effects of Future Environmental Change. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11209.
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APPENDIX B
Acronyms and Abbreviations


AMS

Accelerator Mass Spectrometry

AO

Arctic Oscillation

ATM

Division of Atmospheric Sciences


BE

Biocomplexity in the Environment

BIO

Directorate for Biosciences

BP

Before Present


CCM-1

Community Climate Model-1

CCSP

Climate Change Science Program

CSBE

Center for Synthesis in Biological Evolution


DDIG

Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant

DEB

Division of Environmental Biology

DSDP

Deep Sea Drilling Project


EAR

Division of Earth Sciences

ENSO

El Niño-Southern Oscillation

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

ERE

Environmental Research and Education

EROC

Ecological Rates of Change

ESH

Earth Systems History Program

ESPRI

Earth Surface Processes Research Institute

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2005. The Geological Record of Ecological Dynamics: Understanding the Biotic Effects of Future Environmental Change. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11209.
×

GE

Geology and Paleontology Program

GEG

Geobiology and Environmental Geochemistry

GEO

Directorate for Geosciences

GEON

Geosciences Network

GLD

Geomorphology and Land Use Dynamics

GPD

Global Pollen Database

GTER

Geologic Time Ecological Research


IGERT

Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship

IODP

Integrated Ocean Drilling Program

ITDMS

Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry


LTER

Long Term Ecological Research


MESH

Marine Aspects of Earth Systems History


NAO

North Atlantic Oscillation

NAPD

North American Pollen Database

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NCEAS

National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis

NEON

National Ecological Observatory Network

NOAA

National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration

NRC

National Research Council

NSF

National Science Foundation


OCE

Division of Ocean Sciences

ODP

Ocean Drilling Program


PAGES

Past Global Changes

PDO

Pacific Decadal Oscillation

PRISM

Pliocene Research, Interpretation, and Synoptic Mapping


SALVIAS

Spatial Analysis of Local Vegetation Inventories Across Scales

SGP

Sedimentary Geology and Paleobiology Program

SHRIMP

Super High-Resolution Ion Microbe

SI

Stomatal Index

SST

sea-surface temperature

STAR

Science to Achieve Results


USGS

U.S. Geological Survey


YDI

Younger Dryas Interval

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2005. The Geological Record of Ecological Dynamics: Understanding the Biotic Effects of Future Environmental Change. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11209.
×
Page 199
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2005. The Geological Record of Ecological Dynamics: Understanding the Biotic Effects of Future Environmental Change. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11209.
×
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In order to answer important questions about ecosystems and biodiversity, scientists can look to the past geological record—which includes fossils, sediment and ice cores, and tree rings. Because of recent advances in earth scientists’ ability to analyze biological and environmental information from geological data, the National Science Foundation and the U.S. Geological Survey asked a National Research Council (NRC) committee to assess the scientific opportunities provided by the geologic record and recommend how scientists can take advantage of these opportunities for the nation’s benefit. The committee identified three initiatives for future research to be developed over the next decade: (1) use the geological record as a “natural laboratory” to explore changes in living things under a range of past conditions, (2) use the record to better predict the response of biological systems to climate change, and (3) use geologic information to evaluate the effects of human and non-human factors on ecosystems. The committee also offered suggestions for improving the field through better training, improved databases, and additional funding.

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