National Academies Press: OpenBook

Biological Science and Biotechnology in Russia: Controlling Diseases and Enhancing Security (2006)

Chapter: Appendix D Main Goals and Objectives in Combating Infectious Diseases in the Russian Federation

« Previous: Appendix C Decision of the Board of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation: Tasks for the Periods 2001-2005 and 2006-2010 from Protocol #6
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Main Goals and Objectives in Combating Infectious Diseases in the Russian Federation." National Research Council. 2006. Biological Science and Biotechnology in Russia: Controlling Diseases and Enhancing Security. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11382.
×

Appendix D
Main Goals and Objectives in Combating Infectious Diseases in the Russian Federation1

The main goals of health care agencies and institutions, as well as of the State Sanitary Epidemiological Surveillance Service of the Russian Federation, in the field of combating infectious diseases, are as follows:

  • by 2010, eradicate measles within the framework of the measles eradication program

  • keep diphtheria incidence at a sporadic level and prevent severe clinical forms of the disease and resulting mortality

  • by 2010, reduce mumps and rubella rates to a level of not higher than 5 cases per 100,000 population and the whooping cough rate to no more than 10 cases per 100,000 population, and eradicate maternally-transmitted congenital rubella syndrome

  • by 2010, reduce the viral hepatitis B rate to no more than 10 cases per 100,000 population and eradicate cases of infants becoming carriers

  • implement organizational and practical measures within the framework of the global World Health Organization (WHO) program for polio eradication

  • by 2010, reduce ascariasis rate by 80 percent within the framework of the WHO implementation strategy

  • prevent incidence of localized cases of malaria

  • within the framework of federal- and regional-level programs, stabilize the epidemiological situation with regard to socially conditioned infectious dis-

1  

Translated from the Russian by Supernova Translations.com.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Main Goals and Objectives in Combating Infectious Diseases in the Russian Federation." National Research Council. 2006. Biological Science and Biotechnology in Russia: Controlling Diseases and Enhancing Security. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11382.
×

eases (HIV/AIDS, other sexually transmitted diseases, tuberculosis) and reduce mortality and disability rates resulting from these diseases.

The main objectives of healthcare agencies and institutions, as well as of the State Sanitary Epidemiological Surveillance Service of the Russian Federation, in the field of combating infectious diseases are as follows:

  • increase the effectiveness of the system of epidemiological monitoring of infectious diseases through universal use of computerized information analysis systems and monitoring of the environment, and through collective immunity of the population

  • develop regulations and procedures regarding the prevention of infectious and parasitic diseases

  • implement federal- and regional-level programs to ensure the sanitary and epidemiological wefare of the population

  • within the framework of the national vaccination calendar, improve the vaccine-based prevention system for infectious diseases and achieve vaccination rates of more than 95 percent among children

  • on the basis of the “Prevention of Nosocomial Infections” concept, develop regional programs and take organizational and practical steps for their implementation

  • strengthen organizational measures to combat infections emanating from natural environment sources and, most importantly, ensure timely implementation of steps to reduce the reservoir population and number of carriers

  • continuously monitor the spread of influenza viruses, ensure their timely delivery to the Federal Influenza Center of the Ministry of Health, and incorporate new strains of the viruses into influenza vaccines

  • formulate a plan of activities to develop regulatory and procedural documentation and review existing sanitary rules and prepare new ones governing organizational, preventative, and epidemiological activities for specific nosological forms of infectious pathology

  • increase the public awareness campaign to foster individual and collective compliance with infectious disease prevention measures

  • take necessary steps to upgrade laboratories in treatment and prevention institutions, as well as in state sanitary epidemiological surveillance centers, outfit them with modern equipment, and introduce advanced methods of clinical detection of infectious disease agents (polymerase chain reaction, etc.)

  • increase scientific research in the diagnosis, etiology, treatment, epidemiology, and prevention of infectious and parasitic diseases

  • expand the scope of R&D activities in order to:

    • develop new rapid methods and means of clinical detection of infectious disease agents

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Main Goals and Objectives in Combating Infectious Diseases in the Russian Federation." National Research Council. 2006. Biological Science and Biotechnology in Russia: Controlling Diseases and Enhancing Security. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11382.
×
  • create vaccines for rubella and hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome as well as a comprehensive meningococcal vaccine

  • create new-generation vaccines, including live recombinant vaccines employing virus vectors produced using genetic engineering, live polyvalent antiviral vaccines, and DNA vaccines

  • synthesize chemical substances and use them to develop new disinfectants, insecticides, acaricides, and repellents

  • create technologies, equipment, and devices for sterilizing medical instruments and other hardware. In doing so, focus on products made of thermolabile materials and on new means of monitoring the effectiveness of disinfection and sterilization.

SOURCE: Onischchenko, G.G. 2002. Main Goals and Objectives in Combating Infectious Diseases in the Russian Federation. Epidemiological Situation and Basic Directions of Activities for Its Stabilization. All-Russian Congress of Epidemiologists, Microbiologists, and Parasitologists, Moscow, March 26-28. Ministry of Health, Moscow, 55-56. Reprinted with the permission of G.G. Onischchenko.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Main Goals and Objectives in Combating Infectious Diseases in the Russian Federation." National Research Council. 2006. Biological Science and Biotechnology in Russia: Controlling Diseases and Enhancing Security. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11382.
×
Page 93
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Main Goals and Objectives in Combating Infectious Diseases in the Russian Federation." National Research Council. 2006. Biological Science and Biotechnology in Russia: Controlling Diseases and Enhancing Security. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11382.
×
Page 94
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D Main Goals and Objectives in Combating Infectious Diseases in the Russian Federation." National Research Council. 2006. Biological Science and Biotechnology in Russia: Controlling Diseases and Enhancing Security. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11382.
×
Page 95
Next: Appendix E Regulations on the Federal Service for the Supervision in the Sphere of Health and Social Development »
Biological Science and Biotechnology in Russia: Controlling Diseases and Enhancing Security Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $57.00 Buy Ebook | $45.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

In July 2005, the National Academies released the report Biological Science and Biotechnology in Russia: Controlling Diseases and Enhancing Security. The report offered a number of recommendations that could help restore Russia’s ability to join with the United States and the broader international community in leading an expanded global effort to control infectious diseases. A proposed bilateral intergovernmental commission could play a pivotal role toward that end as cooperation moves from assistance to partnership. The report proposed the establishment of two model State Sanitary Epidemiological Surveillance Centers in Russia, more focused support of competitively selected Russian research groups as centers of excellence, the promotion of investments in biotechnology niches that are well suited for Russian companies, and expanded opportunities for young scientists to achieve scientific leadership positions in Russia. Also, the report highlighted the importance of U.S. programs that support the integration of former Soviet defense scientists with civilian researchers who had not been involved in military-related activities.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!