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Network Science (2005)

Chapter: Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2005. Network Science. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11516.
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Appendixes

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2005. Network Science. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11516.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2005. Network Science. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11516.
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A
Biographical Sketches of Committee Members

Charles B. Duke (NAS/NAE), Chair, is vice president and senior research fellow in the Innovation Group of Xerox Corporation. He was formerly deputy director and chief scientist at the Pacific Northwest National laboratory. He was founding editor in chief of the Journal of Materials Research, the official journal of the Materials Research Society. For a decade he served as editor in chief of Surface Science and Surface Science Letters. He has served on the governing boards of the American Institute of Physics, the American Physical Society, the Materials Research Society, and the American Vacuum Society. He has written a monograph and over 350 papers on surface science, materials research, semiconductor physics, the electronic structure of molecular solids, and research management. He has edited three volumes on surface science and digital systems integration. He received his Ph.D. in physics from Princeton University following a B.S. summa cum laude with distinction in mathematics from Duke University. He is chair based on demonstrated leadership of research in electronic structures of physical and biological systems and for his expertise in the network design of distributed systems and in real-world applications of control and communication theory.

John E. Hopcroft (NAE), Vice Chair, is IBM Professor of Engineering and Applied Mathematics at Cornell University. He received his B.S. from Seattle University and his M.S. and Ph.D. from Stanford University, all in electrical engineering. Dr. Hopcroft is a recipient of the A.M. Turing Award of the Association of Computing Machinery and serves on the National Research Council’s Board on Mathematical Sciences and their Applications. His research centers on the theoretical aspects of computing, especially the analysis of algorithms, automata theory, and graph algorithms. He has expertise in computer science and engineering.

Adam P. Arkin is assistant professor of bioengineering and chemistry at the University of California at Berkeley and faculty scientist in physical biosciences at the E.O. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. He is also an assistant investigator at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. His laboratory develops and applies mathematical theory and computational and experimental approaches to the analysis of cellular function. He was recognized as one of the most innovative young scientists by the MIT Technology Review and is a member of the National Academies’ Committee on the Frontiers at the Interface Between Computing and Biology. Dr. Arkin received his B.A. from Carleton College and his Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He has expertise in quantitative biology and the modeling of cellular networks.

Robert E. Armstrong is a senior research professor in the Center for Technology and National Security Policy at the National Defense University. Dr. Armstrong also serves as a member of the advisory council for the Agronomy Department at Purdue University. He is a colonel in the U.S. Army Reserve. He received his B.A. from Wabash College, his M.A. in experimental psychology from Oxford University, and an M.S. (biology) and a Ph.D. (plant breeding and genetics) from Purdue University. He has expertise in biodefense applications for networks.

Albert L. Barabási is director of the Center for Complex Networks Research at the University of Notre Dame. He is also Emil T. Hofman Professor of Physics at Notre Dame and has previous research experience at the IBM T.J. Watson Research Center. Dr. Barabási has published extensively on complex systems and networks in books, magazines, and journals. He is a member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Dr. Barabási received his M.S. from Eotvos Lorand University in Budapest and his Ph.D. in physics from Boston University. He is author of the book Linked: The New Science of Networks and has published the article “Network biology: Understanding the cell’s functional organization.” His expertise is in biological and physical networks.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2005. Network Science. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11516.
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Ronald J. Brachman is the director of the Information Processing Technology Office at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). He has previous experience at AT&T Labs, where he served as the vice president of Communication Service Research as well as director of the Software and Systems Research Center. Dr. Brachman currently serves as the president of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence and is a fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery. He received his B.S.E. in electrical engineering from Princeton University and his S.M. and Ph.D. in applied mathematics from Harvard University. He has expertise in network applications research.

Norval L. Broome is a consultant for the MITRE Corporation. He was director of San Diego Operations and department head of Naval Communications Systems for MITRE and is a retired engineering duty officer in the U.S. Navy. Dr. Broome’s research interests include software-derived multimode, multifunction radios for high-data-rate tactical communications. He received his B.S.E.E. and M.S.E.E. from Purdue University and the Ph.D.E.E. from the California Institute of Technology. He has published in journals of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), including those of the Antennas and Propagation Society and the Communications Society. His expertise lies in command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence (C4I) systems and network applications.

Stan Davis is writer and consultant on business strategy, organization, and management. He spent 20 years on university faculties, mainly at the Harvard Business School, and was a senior research fellow at the Cap Gemini Ernst & Young Center for Business Innovation. Dr. Davis is author of 13 books, including Future Perfect, Blur, and It’s Alive! The Convergence of Biology, Information and Business. He has a Ph.D. in social science from Washington University in St. Louis and has expertise in and knowledge of social and business network applications.

Richard A. De Millo is the John P. Imlay, Jr., Dean of Computing in the College of Computing at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Before accepting his position at Georgia Tech he was the chief technology officer for Hewlett-Packard. Dr. DeMillo’s distinguished technology career spans business, government, and academia, including important positions at the National Science Foundation (NSF), Telcordia Technologies, and Purdue University. He received a Ph.D. in information and computer science from Georgia Tech and a B.S. in mathematics from the College of St. Thomas. His expertise is in computer science and engineering.

William J. Hilsman is a retired Army lieutenant general and a consultant to the Institute for Defense Analyses. He is the chief executive officer of DTI International. Before that, he was the CEO and chairman of the board of InterDigital Communications Corporation, which pioneered the development of digital wireless networks. As director of the Defense Communications Agency, General Hilsman managed the National Communications System for the DOD worldwide C3 system. He also was commanding general of the Army Communications–Electronics Research and Development Command. He is a graduate of the U.S. Military Academy and received his M.S. in electrical engineering from Northeastern University. He has expertise in military applications and communications.

Will E. Leland is chief scientist in the Network Systems Research Laboratory of the Telcordia Corporation. As research scientist for Bellcore, Dr. Leland uncovered fundamental characteristics of network analysis and design based on the mathematical concept of self-similarity. He has published extensively on distributed network performance and is the recipient of the Baker and Bennett prizes from the IEEE. He has served as manager of and technical adviser for the Telcordia Network Management System program for the Army’s Future Combat Systems and is currently involved with Telcordia’s planning and research for the Air Force’s Transformational Communications System. Dr. Leland received a B.S. in both mathematics and physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in computer sciences from the University of Wisconsin. He has expertise in communications networks and knowledge of research in commercial telecommunications networking and military ad hoc wireless networking.

Thomas W. Malone is the Patrick J. McGovern Professor of Management at the MIT Sloan School of Management. He is also the founder and director of the MIT Center for Coordination Science. Dr. Malone has published four books, most recently Network the Future of Work, and over 75 research papers; he also holds 11 patents. Prior to his work at MIT, he was a research scientist at the Palo Alto Research Center of Xerox. He received a B.A. in mathematical sciences from Rice University, an M.S. in engineering-economic systems from Stanford University, and an M.A. and Ph.D. in psychology from Stanford University. His expertise is in human networks, coordination theory, and the use of information technology in organizations.

Richard M. Murray is the chair of the Engineering and Applied Science Division at the California Institute of Technology. His current research is in the area of dynamics and control of mechanical, fluid, materials, and information systems, with applications in aerospace vehicles, robotics, turbomachinery, and thin-film processing. He received a B.S. in electrical engineering from the California Institute of Technology and an M.S. and a Ph.D. in electrical engineering and computer science, both from the University of California at Berkeley. He is an IEEE fellow and a member of the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board. He has published

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2005. Network Science. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11516.
×

work in several journals, including the paper “Control in an information rich world: Report of the Panel on Future Directions in Control, Dynamics, and Systems.” He has expertise in engineering and network controls.

Jack Pellicci is the group vice president of business development for Oracle Corporation’s Public Sector Group. He retired from the U.S. Army as a brigadier general with 30 years of experience as an infantry officer, including service as the commanding general of the Personnel Information Systems Command, deputy director of training for the U.S. Army, and brigade commander in the 7th Infantry Division. He is a graduate of the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, the Army War College, and the Senior Executive Seminar in National and International Affairs. General Pellicci received a B.S. degree in engineering from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point and an M.S.M.E. from the Georgia Institute of Technology. His expertise is in military operations and information system development.

Pamela A. Silver is professor of systems biology at Harvard Medical School and a member of the Department of Cancer Biology at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. She has developed novel genetic and cell biological approaches to study the movement of macromolecules in eukaryotic cells, first as a faculty member at Princeton University and now at Harvard. Dr. Silver received a Ph.D. in molecular biology from the University of California and was a postdoctoral fellow at Harvard University. She is an expert in the emerging field of synthetic biology, with a published paper, “The potential for synthetic biology.”

Paul K. Van Riper is a retired lieutenant general in the U.S. Marine Corps. He continues to participate in defense and security-related seminars and lectures frequently at the National Defense University and military educational institutions. General Van Riper consults part-time for DARPA and has participated in numerous war games and experiments related to network-centric warfare. He has also served on the Army Science Board and the National Research Council’s Naval Studies Board. He received a B.A. from California State College, in Pennsylvania, and is a graduate of the Marine Corps Amphibious Warfare School, the U.S. Army Airborne and Ranger Schools, the U.S. Navy College of Command and Staff, and the U.S. Army War College. He has expertise in military applications for networks.

Duncan J. Watts is an associate professor in the Department of Sociology at Columbia University and was postdoctoral fellow at the Santa Fe Institute and the Sloan School of Management at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His research and teaching focus on mathematical and computational modeling of complex networks as applied to problems in social network theory, contagion, computation, and the theory of the organization. Dr. Watts is the author of Small Worlds: The Dynamics of Networks Between Order and Randomness; Six Degrees: The Science of a Connected Age; and more than 20 peer-reviewed articles, including “The ‘new’ science of networks.” He received a B.S. in physics from the University of New South Wales, Australia, and a Ph.D. in theoretical and applied mechanics from Cornell University. Dr. Watts has expertise in sociological networks.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2005. Network Science. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11516.
×
Page 53
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2005. Network Science. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11516.
×
Page 54
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2005. Network Science. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11516.
×
Page 55
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2005. Network Science. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11516.
×
Page 56
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2005. Network Science. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11516.
×
Page 57
Next: Appendix B Committee Meetings and Other Activities »
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The U.S. Army depends on a broad array of interacting physical, informational, cognitive, and social networks. Nevertheless, fundamental understanding about these networks is primitive. This gap between what is known and what is needed to ensure the smooth operation of complex networks makes the Army’s transformation to a force capable of network-centric operations (NCO) problematic. To help address this problem, the Army asked the National Research Council to find out whether identifying and funding “network science” research could help close this gap. This book presents an assessment of the importance and content of network science as it exists today. The book also provides an analysis of how the Army might advance the transformation to NCO operations by supporting fundamental research on networks. The study finds that networks are indispensable to the defense of the United States. In addition, there is no science today that offers the fundamental knowledge necessary to design large, complex networks in a predictable manner. The study also concluded that current federal funding of network research is focused on specific applications and not on advancing fundamental knowledge.

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