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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities - Brief Summary: Institute of Medicine Regional Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11580.
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Brief Summary

Institute of Medicine Regional Symposium

Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities

In collaboration with the Healthcare Georgia Foundation Supported by The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

October 6–7, 2005

Georgia Tech Hotel and Conference Center

Atlanta, Georgia

Committee on Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity

Food and Nutrition Board

INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES
Washington, D.C.
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities - Brief Summary: Institute of Medicine Regional Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11580.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20001

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

The study is supported by Grant No. 052339 between the National Academy of Sciences and The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

Additional copies of this report are available from the
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For more information about the Institute of Medicine, visit the IOM home page at: www.iom.edu.

Copyright 2006 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Illustration by Becky Heavner.

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The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The serpent, adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine, is a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatliche Museen in Berlin.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities - Brief Summary: Institute of Medicine Regional Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11580.
×

“Knowing is not enough; we must apply.

Willing is not enough; we must do.”

—Goethe

INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Advising the Nation. Improving Health.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities - Brief Summary: Institute of Medicine Regional Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11580.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine


The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J.Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences.


The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Wm.A.Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering.


The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V.Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine.


The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J.Cicerone and Dr. Wm.A.Wulf are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.

www.national-academies.org

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities - Brief Summary: Institute of Medicine Regional Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11580.
×

COMMITTEE ON PROGRESS IN PREVENTING CHILDHOOD OBESITY

JEFFREY P.KOPLAN (Chair),

Woodruff Health Sciences Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA

ROSS C.BROWNSON,

Department of Community Health, St. Louis University School of Public Health, MO

ANN BULLOCK,

Health and Medical Division, Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, Cherokee, NC

SUSAN B.FOERSTER,

Cancer Prevention and Nutrition Section, California Department of Health Services, Sacramento, CA

JENNIFER C.GREENE,

Department of Educational Psychology, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

DOUGLAS B.KAMEROW,

Health, Social and Economics Research, RTI International, Washington, DC

MARSHALL W.KREUTER,

Institute of Public Health, College of Health and Human Sciences, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA

RUSSELL R.PATE,

Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia

JOHN C.PETERS,

Food and Beverage Technology, Procter & Gamble Company, Cincinnati, OH

KENNETH E.POWELL,

Chronic Disease, Injury, and Environmental Epidemiology Section, Division of Public Health, Georgia Department of Human Resources (emeritus), Atlanta, GA

THOMAS N.ROBINSON,

Division of General Pediatrics and Stanford Prevention Research Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA

EDUARDO J.SANCHEZ,

Texas Department of State Health Services, Austin, TX

ANTRONETTE YANCEY,

Department of Health Services, UCLA School of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA

Consultant

SHIRIKI K.KUMANYIKA,

Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities - Brief Summary: Institute of Medicine Regional Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11580.
×

Staff

VIVICA I.KRAAK, Co-Study Director

CATHARYN T.LIVERMAN, Co-Study Director

LINDA D.MEYERS, Director, Food and Nutrition Board

SHANNON L.WISHAM, Research Associate

JON Q.SANDERS, Senior Program Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities - Brief Summary: Institute of Medicine Regional Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11580.
×

FOOD AND NUTRITION BOARD

ROBERT M.RUSSELL (Chair),

Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA

LARRY R.BEUCHAT,

Center for Food Safety, University of Georgia, Griffin

MICHAEL P.DOYLE,

Center for Food Safety, University of Georgia, Griffin

SUSAN FERENC,

SAF*Risk, LC, Madison, WI

NANCY F.KREBS,

Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver

SHIRIKI KUMANYIKA,

Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia

REYNALDO MARTORELL,

Department of Global Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA

J.GLENN MORRIS, JR.,

Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore

SUZANNE P.MURPHY,

Cancer Research Center of Hawaii, University of Hawaii, Honolulu

JOSE M.ORDOVAS,

Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA

LYNN PARKER,

Child Nutrition Programs and Nutrition Policy, Food Research and Action Center, Washington, DC

NICHOLAS J.SCHORK,

Department of Psychiatry, Polymorphism Research Laboratory, University of California, San Diego

REBECCA J.STOLTZFUS,

Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY

JOHN W.SUTTIE,

Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison

WALTER C.WILLETT,

Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA

CATHERINE E.WOTEKI, Global Director of Scientific Affairs,

Mars, Incorporated, McLean, VA

BARRY L.ZOUMAS,

Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities - Brief Summary: Institute of Medicine Regional Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11580.
×

Staff

LINDA D.MEYERS, Director

GERALDINE KENNEDO, Administrative Assistant

ANTON L.BANDY, Financial Associate

IOM boards do not review or approve individual reports and are not asked to endorse conclusions and recommendations. The responsibility for the content of the report rests with the authoring committee and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities - Brief Summary: Institute of Medicine Regional Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11580.
×

Reviewers

This symposium summary has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published summary as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report:

STEWART GORDON, Louisiana Council on Obesity Prevention, Baton Rouge

SUSAN L.HANDY, Department of Environmental Science and Policy University of California, Davis

HELEN MATHENY, West Virginia State Medical Association, Charleston

AVIVA MUST, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston

GARY NELSON, Healthcare Georgia Foundation, Inc., Atlanta

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the the final draft of the symposium summary before its release. The review of this summary was overseen by CHARLES ROYER, Institute for Community Change, Seattle.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities - Brief Summary: Institute of Medicine Regional Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11580.
×

Appointed by the National Research Council, they were responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities - Brief Summary: Institute of Medicine Regional Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11580.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities - Brief Summary: Institute of Medicine Regional Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11580.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities - Brief Summary: Institute of Medicine Regional Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11580.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities - Brief Summary: Institute of Medicine Regional Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11580.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities - Brief Summary: Institute of Medicine Regional Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11580.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities - Brief Summary: Institute of Medicine Regional Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11580.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities - Brief Summary: Institute of Medicine Regional Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11580.
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Page R7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities - Brief Summary: Institute of Medicine Regional Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11580.
×
Page R8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities - Brief Summary: Institute of Medicine Regional Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11580.
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Page R9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities - Brief Summary: Institute of Medicine Regional Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11580.
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The nation faces a growing epidemic of childhood obesity that threatens the immediate health of our children and their prospects of growing up healthy into adulthood. During the past 30 years, obesity in the United States has more than doubled among young children aged 2-5 years and adolescents aged 12-19 years, and it has more than tripled among youth aged 6-11 years. Currently, more than 9 million children 6 years of age and older are considered to be obese. The sequelae of obesity among children and youth are also rapidly increasing, including an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, asthma, and social and psychological consequences including low self-esteem and depression.

To develop a prevention-focused action plan to reduce the number of obese children and youth in the United States, the Institute of Medicine organized three regional symposia, and held its second regional symposium in Atlanta, Georgia on October 6-7, 2005.

Progress in Preventing Childhood Obesity: Focus on Communities highlights the recurring themes that emerged from the symposium for accelerating change and moving forward with obesity prevention efforts: empower communities and neighborhoods, change the environment, forge strategic partnerships, garner and mobilize political support, educate stakeholders, identify leaders and build on cultural assets, collect and disseminate local data, evaluate programs and interventions, and translate successful interventions to other communities. Approximately 90 individuals active in childhood obesity prevention efforts in the southeastern region of the United States who represented a range of stake holder perspectives and innovative practices in local communities including students, community leaders, physicians, health educators, clergy, teachers, and state and federal government officials were invited to participate in the symposium. The contents of this summary reflect specific examples presented and discussed during the symposium, and unless otherwise noted, the general perspectives of the participants. This summary, along with two other symposia summaries, and a more detailed discussion of insights and regional examples, will be incorporated in the IOM committee's final report on progress in preventing childhood obesity that will be released in the fall of 2006.

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