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Suggested Citation:"D Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2006. Visualizing Chemistry: The Progress and Promise of Advanced Chemical Imaging. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11663.
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D
Acronyms and Abbreviations

ACRONYMS

ADMP Atom-centered Density Matrix Propagation

AES Atomic Emission Spectroscopy

AFM Atomic Force Microscopy

ATP Adenosine 5’-Triphosphate

AXSIA Expert Spectral Image Analysis

BEEM Ballistic Electron Emission Microscopy

BOMD Bohr-Oppenheimer Molecular Dynamics

CARS Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering

CAT Computerized Axial Tomography

CCD Charge-Coupled Device

CIF Chemical Image Fusion

CPMD Carr-Parrinello Molecular Dynamics

CT Computed Tomography

CTAB Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide

CW Continuous Wave (Laser)

DCT Discrete Cosine Transformation

DIC Differential Interference Contrast

DICOM Digital Imaging Communications in Medicine

DIM Diffraction Imaging Microscopy

DWT Discrete Wavelet Transform

Suggested Citation:"D Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2006. Visualizing Chemistry: The Progress and Promise of Advanced Chemical Imaging. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11663.
×

EDXS Energy-dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy

EELS Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy

EM Electron Microscopy

ENVI Environment for Visualizing Images

FCS Fluorescence Correlation Spectroscopy

FT Fourier Transform

fMRI Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging

FTIR Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy

GFP Green Fluorescent Protein

GID Global Image Database

GISAXS Grazing Incidence Small-angle X-ray Scattering

GMR Giant Magnetoresistivity

GRIN Gradient Refractive Index

GUI Graphical User Interface

HPLC High-performance Liquid Chromatography

ICS Indosyanine Green

IETS Inelastic Electron Tunneling Spectroscopy

IXS Inelastic X-ray Scattering

IR Infrared

LCLS Linear Coherent Light Source

LDL Low-density Lipoprotein

LED Light-emitting Diode

LEEM Low-energy Electron Microscopy

MALDI Matrix-assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization

MCM-41 Mobile Crystalline Material-41

MCR Multivariate Curve Resolution

MD Molecular Dynamics

ME Matrix-enhanced

MFM Magnetic Force Micrscopy

MI Multivariate Image

MPM Multiphoton Microscopy

MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging

MS Mass Spectroscopy

MVA Multivariate Analysis

NEXAFS Near-edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (Spectroscopy)

NIBIB National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Suggested Citation:"D Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2006. Visualizing Chemistry: The Progress and Promise of Advanced Chemical Imaging. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11663.
×

NIGMS National Institute of General Medical Sciences

NIH National Institutes of Health

NIR Near Infrared

NMR Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

NRS Nuclear Resonant Scattering

NSOM Near-field Scanning Optical Microscopy

PACS Picture Archiving and Communication Systems

PCA Principal Component Analysis

PDB Protein Data Bank

PEEM Photoemission Electron Microscopy

PESTM STM Photoemission Spectroscopy

PET Positron Emission Tomography

PrP Prion Protein

RFP Red Fluorescent Protein

RGB Red, Green, Blue

ROI Region of Interest

RIXS Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering

SAXS Small-angle X-ray Scattering

SEM Scanning Electron Microscopy

SERS Surface-enhanced Raman Scattering

SHG Second Harmonic Generation

SIMS Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry

SPM Scanning Probe Microscopy

SQUID Superconducting Quantum Interference Device

STEM Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy

STM Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

STXM Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscopy

SXES Soft X-ray Emission Spectroscopy

TEM Transmission Electron Microscope

TERS Tip-enhanced Ramen Spectroscopy

THG Third Harmonic Generation

THz Terahertz

TOF Time of Flight

TXM Full-field X-ray Microscopy

UV Ultraviolet

WAXS Wide-angle X-ray Scattering

WT Wavelet Transform

Suggested Citation:"D Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2006. Visualizing Chemistry: The Progress and Promise of Advanced Chemical Imaging. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11663.
×

XAS X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy

XMCD X-ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism

XPCS X-ray Photon Correlation Spectroscopy

XPS X-ray Photoemission Spectroscopy

XTM X-ray Tomography

UNIT ABBREVIATIONS

Å angstrom (length)

amu atomic mass unit (atomic size)

cm centimeter (length)

Hz, MHz, THz hertz, megahertz, terahertz (frequency)

Da, kDa dalton, kilodalton (molecular size)

eV, keV electronvolt, kiloelectronvolt (energy)

K kelvin (temperature)

MB megabyte

mm millimeter (length)

mW milliwatt (power)

nm nanometer (length)

T tesla (magnetic strength)

µm micrometer or micron (length)

Suggested Citation:"D Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2006. Visualizing Chemistry: The Progress and Promise of Advanced Chemical Imaging. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11663.
×

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Suggested Citation:"D Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2006. Visualizing Chemistry: The Progress and Promise of Advanced Chemical Imaging. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11663.
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Suggested Citation:"D Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2006. Visualizing Chemistry: The Progress and Promise of Advanced Chemical Imaging. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11663.
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Suggested Citation:"D Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2006. Visualizing Chemistry: The Progress and Promise of Advanced Chemical Imaging. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11663.
×
Page 210
Suggested Citation:"D Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2006. Visualizing Chemistry: The Progress and Promise of Advanced Chemical Imaging. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11663.
×
Page 211
Suggested Citation:"D Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2006. Visualizing Chemistry: The Progress and Promise of Advanced Chemical Imaging. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11663.
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Page 212
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Scientists and engineers have long relied on the power of imaging techniques to help see objects invisible to the naked eye, and thus, to advance scientific knowledge. These experts are constantly pushing the limits of technology in pursuit of chemical imaging—the ability to visualize molecular structures and chemical composition in time and space as actual events unfold—from the smallest dimension of a biological system to the widest expanse of a distant galaxy. Chemical imaging has a variety of applications for almost every facet of our daily lives, ranging from medical diagnosis and treatment to the study and design of material properties in new products. In addition to highlighting advances in chemical imaging that could have the greatest impact on critical problems in science and technology, Visualizing Chemistry reviews the current state of chemical imaging technology, identifies promising future developments and their applications, and suggests a research and educational agenda to enable breakthrough improvements.

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