National Academies Press: OpenBook
« Previous: 9 The Present and Future Hazards and Disaster Research Workforce
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

References

Abkowitz, M., and E. Meyer. 1996. Technological advancements in hazardous materials evacuation planning. Transportation Research Record 1522:116-121.

Adams, B.J., C.K. Huyck, M.Z. Mio, S. Cho, S. Ghosh, S, H. Chung, R.T. Eguchi, B. Houshmand, M. Shinozuka, and B. Mansouri. 2004a. The Bam (Iran) Earthquake of December 26, 2003: Preliminary Reconnaissance Using Remotely Sensed Data and the VIEWS System; available at http://mceer.buffalo.edu/research/Bam/bam.pdf.

Adams, B.J., C.K. Huyck, M.Z. Mio, S. Cho, R.T. Eguchi, J.A. Womble, and K. Mehta, K. 2004b. Streamlining post-disaster data collection and damage assessment, using VIEWS (Visualizing Impacts of Earthquakes with Satellites) and VRS (Virtual Reconnaissance System). Proceedings of 2nd International Workshop on Remote Sensing for Post-Disaster Response, Newport Beach, CA, October 7-8.

Adams, B.J., M.Z. Mio, K. Mehta, J.A. Womble, and S. Ghosh. 2004c. Collection of Satellite Referenced Building Damage Information in the Aftermath of Hurricane Charley. MCEER Quick Response Report Series, Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research: Buffalo.

Addison, T. 2000. Aid in Conflict. In Rap Finn (ed.) Foreign Aid and Development: Lessons Learnt and Direction for the Future. London: Routledge.

Adger, W.N., T.P. Hughes, C. Folke, S. Carpenter, and J. Rockstrom. 2005. Social-ecological resilience to coastal disasters. Science 309:1036-1039.

Aguirre, B.E. 2002. Can sustainable development sustain us? International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 20(2):111-126.

Aguirre, B.E. 2004. Homeland Security Warnings: Lessons Learned and Unlearned. University of Delaware Disaster Research Center Preliminary Paper 342.

Aguirre, B.E., W. Anderson, S. Balandran, B.E. Peters, and H.M. White. 1991. Saragosa, Texas, Tornado, May 22, 1987: An Evaluation of the Warning System. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Aguirre, B.E., D. Wenger, T.A. Glass, M. Diaz-Murillo, and G.Vigo. 1995. The social organization of search and rescue: Evidence from the Guadalajara gasoline explosion. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 13:93-106.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Aguirre, B.E., D. Wenger, and G. Vigo. 1998. A test of the emergent norm theory of collective behavior. Sociological Forum 13:301-320.

Akaka, Daniel. 2001. FEMA’s Project Impact. Congressional Record, March 1, S1742.

Albala-Bertrand, J.M. 1993. The Political Economy of Large Natural Disasters. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Alesch, D.J., and J.N. Holly. 1998. Small business failure, survival, and recovery: Lessons from the January 1994 Northridge earthquake. NEHRP Conference and Workshop on Research on the Northridge, California Earthquake of January 17, 1994.

Alesch, D.J. and W.J. Petak. 1986. The Politics and Economics of Earthquake Hazard Mitigation: Unreinforced Masonry Buildings in Southern California. Boulder, CO: Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado.

Alesch, D.J., C. Taylor, S. Ghanty, and R.A. Nagy. 1993. Earthquake risk reduction and small business. Pp. 133-160 in Committee on Socioeconomic Impacts (eds.) 1993 National Earthquake Conference Monograph 5: Socioeconomic Impacts. Memphis, TN: Central United States Earthquake Consortium.

Alesch, D.J., J.N. Holly, E. Mittler, and R. Nagy. 2001. Organizations at Risk: What Happens When Small Businesses and Not-for-Profits Encounter Natural Disasters. Fairfax, VA: Public Entity Risk Institute.

Alesch, D.J., P. May, R. Olshansky, W. Petak, and K. Tierney. 2004. Promoting Seismic Safety: Guidance for Advocates. Joint publication of the Mid-America Earthquake Center, the Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, and the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center. Buffalo, NY: State University of New York at Buffalo, Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research.

Alexander, D.A. 1993. Natural Disasters. New York: Chapman and Hall.

Alexander, D.A. 2000. Confronting Catastrophe. New York: Oxford University Press.

Anderson, J.E. 1994. Public Policy making: An Introduction. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Anderson, W. 1998. A history of social science earthquake research: From Alaska to Kobe. In The EERI Golden Anniversary Volume 1948-1998. Oakland, CA, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute. Pp. 29-33.

Anderson, W. 2000. The Natural Hazards Research Community: Comments on the 25th Anniversary of the Annual Hazards Research and Applications Workshop, Natural Hazards Workshop, Boulder, CO, July.

Anderson, W. 2005. Bringing Children into Focus on the Social Science Disaster Research Agenda. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 23:159-175.

Anderson, W., and S. Mattingly. 1991. Future directions. Pp. 311-335 in T. Drabek and G. Hoetmer (eds.) Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government. Washington, DC: International City Management Association.

Applegate, D. 2004. Personal communication, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, July.

Arlikatti, S., M.K. Lindell, and C.S. Prater. 2004. Perceived Stakeholder Role Relationships and Adoption of Seismic Hazard Adjustments. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Hazard Reduction and Recovery Center.

Arlikatti, S., M.K. Lindell, C.S. Prater, and Y. Zhang. In press. Risk area accuracy and hurricane evacuation expectations of coastal residents. Environment and Behavior.

Arnold, C. 1998. Earthquake as Opportunity: Downtown Santa Cruz: The Tenth Year After the Earthquake. Palo Alto, CA: Building Systems Development Inc.

Arthur, W., Jr., B.D. Edwards, S.T. Bell, A.J. Villado, and W. Bennett, Jr. In press. Team task analysis: Identifying tasks and jobs that are team based. Human Factors.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Asada, J., T. Katada, D. Okajima, and S. Kobatake. 2001. A study of providing the information to make inhabitants understand the refuge information at the time of a flood. Annual Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 45:37-42 (in Japanese).

Association of American Geographers Global Change in Local Places (GCLP) Research Group. 2003. Global Change and Local Places: Estimating, Understanding, and Reducing Greenhouse Gases. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

ATLAS.ti Scientific Software Development GmbH. 2002. Available at http://www.atlasti.com/index.php (Accessed July 21, 2005).

Atwood, L.E. and A.M. Major. 1998. Exploring the “Cry Wolf” Hypothesis. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 16:279-302.

Backer, Thomas E., Susan L. David, and Gerald Saucy. 1995. Reviewing the Behavioral Science Knowledge Base on Technology Transfer. NIDA Research Monograph 155. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department Of Health And Human Services, Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health National Institute on Drug Abuse.

Baker, E.J. 1991. Hurricane evacuation behavior. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 9:287-310.

Bankoff, G. 2001. Rendering the world unsafe: “Vulnerability” as Western discourse. Disasters 25(1):19-35.

Bankoff, G. 2004. Time is of the essence: Disasters, vulnerability, and history. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 22:23-42.

Barrett, B., B. Ran, and R. Pillai. 2000. Developing a dynamic traffic management modeling framework for hurricane evacuation. Transportation Research Record 1733:115-121.

Barrows, H.H. 1923. Geography as human ecology. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 13(1):1-14.

Barton, A.H. 1969. Communities in Disaster: A Sociological Analysis of Collective Stress Situations. Garden City, NY: Anchor, Doubleday.

Barton, A.H. 1989. Taxonomies of disaster and macrosocial theory. Pp. 346-351 in G.A. Kreps (ed.) Social Structure and Disaster. Newark, DE: University of Delaware and Associated University Presses.

Barton, A.H. 2005. Disaster and collective stress. Pp. 100-130 in E.L. Quarantelli and R.W. Perry (eds.) What Is a Disaster? New Answers to Old Questions. Philadelphia: Xlibris.

Bates, F.L. (ed.) 1982. Recovery, Change and Development: A Longitudinal Study of the 1976 Guatemalan Earthquake. Athens, GA: Department of Sociology, University of Georgia.

Bates, F.L., and W.G. Peacock. 1987. Disasters and social change. Pp. 291-330 in R.R. Dynes, B. DeMarchi, and C. Pelanda (eds.) Sociology of Disasters. Milan: Franco Angeli.

Bates, F.L., and W.G. Peacock. 1992. Measuring disaster impacts on household living conditions: The domestic assets approach. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 10(1):133-160.

Bates, F.L. and W.G. Peacock. 1993. Living Conditions, Disasters, and Development: An Approach to Cross-Cultural Comparisons. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press.

Bates, F.L., W. Timothy Farrell, and J.K. Glittenberg. 1979. Some changes in housing characteristics in Guatemala following the February 1976 earthquake and their implications for future earthquake vulnerability. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 4:121-133.

Beady, C.H. Jr., and R.C. Bolin. 1986. The Role of the Black Media in Disaster Reporting to the Black Community. Natural Hazards Research Working Paper 56. Boulder: Natural Hazard Research and Applications Information Center, University of Colorado.

Been, V. and F. Gupta. 1997. Coming to the nuisan,ce of going to the barrios? A longitudinal analysis of environmental justice claims. Ecology Law Quarterly 24(1):1-56.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Belardo, S., H.L. Pazer, W.A. Wallace, and W.D. Danko. 1983. Simulation of a crisis management information network: A serendipitous evaluation. Decision Sciences 14 (4):588-606.

Berke, P.R. 1998. Reducing natural hazard risks through state growth management. Journal of the American Planning Association 64(1):76-88.

Berke, P.R., and T. Beatley. 1992. Planning for Earthquakes: Risk, Politics and Policy. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Berke, P.R., and T. Beatley. 1997. After the Hurricane: Linking Recovery to Sustainable Development in the Caribbean. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Berke, P.R., J. Kartez, and D. Wenger. 1993. Recovery after disaster: Achieving sustainable development, mitigation and equity. Disasters 17 (2):93-109.

Berke, P.R., N.E., J. Crawford, and J. Dixon. 2002. Planning and indigenous people: Human rights and environmental protection in New Zealand. Journal of Planning Education and Research 22 (2):115-134.

Berry, B.J.L. (ed.) 1977. The Social Burdens of Environmental Pollution: A Comparative Metropolitan Data Source. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger.

Berry, B.J.L., E.C. Conkling, and D.M. Ray. 1996. The Global Economy in Transition (2nd Edition). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Beyer, J.M., and H.M. Trice. 1982. The utilization process: A conceptual framework and synthesis of empirical findings. Administrative Science Quarterly 27:591-622.

Bhaduri, B.L., E.A. Bright, P.R. Coleman, and J.E. Dobson. 2002. LandScan: Locating people is what matters, GeoInformatics, 5:34-37.

Bingham, R.D., B.W. Hawkins, J.P. Frendreis, and M.P. LeBlanc. 1981. Professional Associations and Municipal Innovation. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

Birkland, T.A. 1997. After Disaster: Agenda Setting, Public Policy, and Focusing Events. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.

Blaikie, P., T. Cannon, I. Davis, and B. Wisner. 1994. At Risk: Natural Hazards, People’s Vulnerability, and Disasters. London: Routledge.

Bolin, R.C. 1976. Family recovery from natural disaster: A preliminary model. Mass Emergencies 1:267-277.

Bolin, R.C. 1982. Long-Term Family Recovery from Disaster. Monograph 36. Boulder, CO: Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado.

Bolin, R.C. 1985. Disaster characteristics and psychosocial impacts. Pp. 3-28 in B.J. Sowder (ed.) Disasters and Mental Health: Selected Contemporary Perspectives. Rockville, MD: National Institute of Mental Health.

Bolin, R.C. 1993a. Household and Community Recovery After Earthquakes. Monograph 56. Boulder, CO: Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado.

Bolin, R.C. 1993b. Post-earthquake shelter and housing: Research findings and policy implications. Pp. 107-131 in Committee on Socioeconomic Impacts (ed.) 1993 National Earthquake Conference Monograph 5: Socioeconomic Impacts. Memphis, TN: Central United States Earthquake Consortium.

Bolin, R., and P. Bolton. 1986. Race, Religion, and Ethnicity in Disaster Recovery. Monograph No. 42. Boulder, CO: University of Colorado, Institute for Behavioral Science, Natural Hazard Research and Applications Information Center, Environment and Behavior.

Bolin, R., and D.J. Klenow. 1988. Older people in disasters: A comparison of black and white victims. International Journal of Aging and Human Development 26(1):29-43.

Bolin, R., and L. Stanford. 1998. The Northridge Earthquake: Vulnerability and Disaster. New York: Routledge.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Bollens, S. 2000. On Narrow Ground: Urban Policy and Conflict in Jerusalem and Belfast. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Bollens, S. 2002. Urban planning and intergroup conflict: Confronting a fractured public interest, Journal of the American Planning Association 68(1):79-91.

Bond, A., and L. Gasser (eds.) 1988. Readings in Distributed Artificial Intelligence. San Mateo, CA: Kaufmann.

Bosworth, S.L. and G.A. Kreps. 1986. Structure as process: Organization and role. American Sociological Review 51:699-716.

Bourque, L.B., K.I. Shoaf, and L.H. Nguyen. 2002. Pp. 157-194. Survey research. In R.A. Stallings (ed.) Methods of Disaster Research. Newark, Delaware: International Research Committee on Disasters.

Bowen, W.M. 2001. Environmental Justice Through Research-Based Decision making. New York: Garland Publishing.

Bowen, W.M. 2002. An analytic review of environmental justice research: What do we really know? Environmental Management 29:3-15.

Bowen, W.M., and M.V. Wells. 2002. The politics and reality of environmental justice: A history and consideration for public administrators and policy makers. Public Administration Review 62(6):688-698.

Bram, J., J. Orr, and C. Rapaport. 2002. Measuring the effects of the September 11 attack on New York City. FRBNY Economic Policy Review 8(2):5-20.

Breslau, N., R.C. Kessler, H.D. Chilcoat, L.R. Schultz, G.C. Davis, and P. Andreski. 1998. Trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder in the community: The 1996 Detroit area survey of trauma. Archives of General Psychiatry 55:626-632.

Brewer, C.A., and T.A. Suchan. 2001. Mapping Census 2000: The Geography of U.S. Diversity. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau.

Briechle, K.J. 1999. Natural hazard mitigation and local government decision making. Pp. 3-9 in The Municipal Yearbook 1999. Washington, DC: International City/County Management Association.

Briggs, X. 1998. Brown kids in white suburbs: Housing mobility and the many faces of social capital, Housing Policy Debate 9(1):177-221.

Briggs, X. 2004. Social capital: Easy beauty or meaningful resource? Journal of the American Planning Association 70(2):151-158.

Britton, N. 2004. Higher education in emergency management: What is happening elsewhere. 7th Annual By-Invitation Emergency Management Higher Education Conference, Emmitsburg, MD, June.

Bruneau, M. 2004. Invited presentation to the committee, August 4.

Bruneau, M., S.E. Chang, R.T. Eguchi, G.C. Lee, T.D. O’Rourke, A.M. Reinhorn, M. Shinozuka, K.J. Tierney, W.A. Wallace, and D. von Winterfeldt. 2003. A framework to quantitatively assess and enhance the seismic resilience of communities. Earthquake Spectra 19(4):733-752.

Bruzewicz, A.J. 2003. Remote sensing imagery for emergency management. Pp. 87-97 in S.L. Cutter, D.B. Richardson, and T.J. Wilbanks (eds.) Geographical Dimensions of Terrorism. New York: Routledge.

Buckle, P. (ed.) 2004. Special issue: New perspectives on vulnerability. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 22:5-109.

Buika, J. and L. Comfort. 2004. Building researcher and practitioner coalitions: Safeguarding our future against disasters. Natural Hazard Observer 29(2):3-4.

Bullard, R. 1990. Dumping in Dixie: Race, Class, and Environmental Quality. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Burby, R.J. 1994. Floodplain planning and management: Research needed for the 21st century. Water Resources Update (97):44-47.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Burby, R.J. (ed.) 1998. Cooperating with Nature: Confronting Natural Hazards with Land-use Planning for Sustainable Communities. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press.

Burby, R.J., P.J. May, P.R. Berke, L.C. Dalton, S.P. French, and E.J. Kaiser. 1997. Making Governments Plan: State Experiments in Managing Land-use. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Burby, R.J., S.P. French, and A.C. Nelson. 1998. Plans, Code Enforcement, and Damage Reduction: Evidence from the Northridge earthquake. Earthquake Spectra 14:59-74.

Burby, R.J., T. Beatley, P.R. Berke, R.E. Deyle, S.P. French, D. Godschalk, E.J. Kaiser, J.D. Kartez, P.J. May, R.Olshansky, R.G. Paterson, and R.H. Platt. 1999. Unleashing the power of planning to create disaster-resistant communities. Journal of the American Planning Association 65(3):247-258.

Burton, I.R., R.W. Kates, and G.F. White. 1993. The Environment as Hazard (2nd Edition) New York: Oxford University Press.

Calthorpe, P., and W. Fulton. 2001. The Regional City. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Campbell, J.P., and N.R. Kuncel. 2002. Individual and team training. Pp. 278-312 in N. Anderson, D.S. Ones, H.K. Sinangil, and C. Viswesvaran (eds.) Handbook of Industrial, Work and Organizational Psychology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Cannon, T. 2002. Gender and climate hazards in Bangladesh. Gender and Development 10(2):45-50.

Carley, K.M., and W.A. Wallace. 2001. Computational Organization Theory. In Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science (2nd Edition) Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Caro-Coops. 2005. Carolinas Coastal Oceans Observing and Prediction System. Available at http://nautilus.baruch.sc.edu/carocoops_website/general_info.htm (Accessed May 9, 2005).

Carrara, A., and F. Guzzetti (eds.) 1995. Geographical Information Systems in Assessing Natural Hazards. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Cash, D.W., W.C. Clark, F. Alcock, N.M. Dickson, N. Eckley, D.H. Guston, J. Jager, and R.B. Mitchell. 2003. Knowledge systems for sustainable development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 100(14):8086-8091.

Cederman, L.E. 2005. Computational models and social forms: Advancing generative process theory. American Journal of Sociology 110:864-894.

Chakraborty, J. 2001. Acute exposure to extremely hazardous substances: An analysis of environmental equity risk analysis 21(5):883-894.

Chakraborty, J., and M. Armstrong. 1997. Exploring the use of buffer analysis for the identification of impacted areas in environmental equity assessment. Cartography and Geographic Information Systems 24(3):145-157.

Chang, S.E. 2000. Disasters and transport systems: Loss, recovery and competition at the Port of Kobe after the 1995 earthquake. Journal of Transport Geography 8:53-65.

Chang, S.E. 2001. Structural change in urban economies: Recovery and long-term impacts in the 1995 Kobe earthquake, Kokumin Keizai Zasshi (Journal of Economics and Business Administration) 183(1):47-66.

Chang, S.E. 2003. Evaluating disaster mitigations: a methodology for infrastructure systems. Natural Hazards Review 4(4):186-196.

Chang, S.E. 2005. Modeling How Cities Recover from Disasters. Paper presented at the International Conference on Urban Disaster Reuction, Kobe, Japan, January 18-20.

Chang, S.E., and A. Falit-Baiamonte. 2002. Disaster vulnerability of businesses in the 2001 Nisqually earthquake. Environmental Hazards 4:59-71.

Chang, S.E., and M. Shinozuka. 2004. Measuring improvements in the disaster resilience of communities. Earthquake Spectra 20(3):739-755.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Chang, S.E., W.D. Svekla, and M.Shinozuka. 2002. Linking infrastructure and urban economy: Simulation of water disruption impacts in earthquakes. Environment and Planning B 29(2):281-301.

Charvériat, C. 2000. Natural Disasters in Latin America and the Caribbean: An Overview of risk. Working Paper 434. Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank.

Christopolis, I., J. Mitchell, and A. Liljelund. 2001. Re-framing risk: The changing context of disaster mitigation and preparedness. Disasters 25(3):185-198.

Clark, G.L., M.P. Feldman, and M.S. Gertler. 2000. The Oxford Handbook of Economic Geography. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Clark, W.C., and N.M. Dickson. 2003. Sustainability science: The emerging research program. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 100(14):8059-8061.

Clark, W.C., J. Jager, R. Corell, R. Kasperson, J.J. McCarthy, D. Cash, S.J. Cohen, P. Desanker, N.M. Dickson, P. Epstein, D.H. Guston, J.M. Hall, C. Jaeger, A. Janetos, N. Leary, M.A. Levy, A. Luers, M. MacCracken, J. Melillo, R. Moss, J.M. Nigg, M.L. Parry, E.A. Parson, J.C. Ribot, D.P. Schrag, G.A. Seiselstad, E. Shea, C. Vogel, and T.J. Wilbanks. 2000. Assessing Vulnerability to Global Environmental Risks. Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs (BCSIA) Discussion Paper 2000-12. Cambridge, MA: Environment and Natural Resources Program, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. Available at http://ksgnotes1.harvard.edu/BCSIA/sust.nsf/pubs/pub1.

Clarke, L. 1989. Acceptable Risk: Making Decisions in a Toxic Environment. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Clarke, L. 2002. Panic: Myth or reality? Contexts (Fall):21-26.

Clarke, L. 2003. Conceptualizing responses to extreme events: The problem of panic and failing gracefully. Pp. 123-141 in L.B. Clarke (ed.) Terrorism and Disaster: New Threats, New Ideas. Research in Social Problems and Public Policy (11). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Cochrane, H.C. 1974. Predicting the Economic Impact of Earthquakes. Working Paper 15. Boulder, CO: University of Colorado Institute of Behavioral Science.

Cochrane, H.C. 1975. Natural Hazards and Their Distributive Effects. Boulder, CO. Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado.

Cohen, J. 1977. Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences (Revised Edition). New York: Academic Press.

Cohen, M.D. 1986. Artificial intelligence and the dynamic performance of organizational designs. In Ambiguity and Command: Organizational Perpsectives on Military Decision Making. J.G. March and R. Weissinger-Baylon (eds.) Marshfield, MA: Pitman.

Coleman, J. 1988. Social Capital in the Creation of Human Capital, American Journal of Sociology (Supplement) 94:S95-S120.

Comerio, M.C. 1997. Housing issues after disasters. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management 3:166-178.

Comerio, M.C. 1998. Disaster Hits Home: New Policy for Urban Housing Recovery. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Comfort, L.K. 1999. Shared Risk: Complex Systems in Seismic Response. Amsterdam: Pergamon.

Congress of New Urbanism. 2004. New Urban Projects on a Neighborhood Scale in the United States. Ithaca, NY: New Urban News.

Congressional Research Service. 2006. FEMA Reorganization Legislation in the 109th Congress. Available at http://www.openers.com/document/RL33522.

Converse, P.E. 1964. The nature of belief systems in mass publics. Pp. 206-261 in D.E. Apter (ed.) Ideology and Discontent. New York: Free Press.

Cova, T.J., and R.L. Church. 1997. Modeling community evacuation vulnerability using GIS. International Journal of Geographical Information Science 11:763-784.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Cova, T.J., and J.P. Johnson. 2002. Microsimulation of neighborhood evacuations in the urban-wildland interface. Environment and Planning A 34(12):2211-2229.

Crapo, A., L.B. Waisel, W.A. Wallace and T.R. Willemain. 2000. Visualization and the process of modeling: A cognitive-theoretic view. Pp. 218-226 in Proceedings KDD-2000: The Sixth ACM SIGDD, International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, Boston, MA.

Cuny, Fred. 1983. Disasters and Development. London: Oxford University Press.

Cutter, S.L. 1993. Living with Risk. London: Edward Arnold.

Cutter, S.L. 1995. The forgotten casualties: Women, children, and environmental change. Global Environmental Change 5(3):181-194.

Cutter, S.L. 1996. Vulnerability to environmental hazards. Hazards Progress in Human Geography 20:529-539.

Cutter, S.L. (ed.) 2001. American Hazardscapes: The Regionalization of Hazards and Disasters. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press.

Cutter, S.L. 2003a. The science of vulnerability and the vulnerability of science. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 93(1):1-12.

Cutter, S.L. 2003b. GI science, disasters, and emergency management. Transactions in GIS 7(4):439-445.

Cutter, S.L., and C. Emrich, 2005. Are natural hazards and disaster losses in the U.S. increasing? EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 86(41):381-389.

Cutter, S.L., and W.R. Renwick. 2004. Exploitation, Conservation Preservation: A Geographic Perspective on Natural Resource Use (4th Edition). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.

Cutter, S.L., D. Holm, and L. Clark. 1996. The role of geographic scale in monitoring environmental justice. Risk Analysis 16:517-526.

Cutter, S.L., J.T. Mitchell, and M.S. Scott. 2000. Revealing the vulnerability of people and places: A case study of Georgetown County, South Carolina. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 90(4):713-737.

Cutter, S.L., M.E. Hodgson, and K. Dow. 2001. Subsidized inequities: The spatial patterning of environmental risks and federally assisted housing. Urban Geography 22(1):29-53.

Cutter, S.L., B.J. Boruff, and W.L. Shirley. 2003. Social Vulnerability to Environmental Hazards. Sociological Quarterly 84:242-261.

Cvetkovich, G., and Earle, T. C. (1985). Classifying hazardous events. Journal of Environmental Psychology 5:5-35.

Dacy, D.C., and H. Kunreuther. 1969. The Economics of Natural Disasters. New York: Free Press.

Dahlhamer, J.M. 1998. Rebounding from Environmental Jolts: Organizational and Ecological Factors Affecting Business Disaster Recovery. Doctoral dissertation. Newark, DE: Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, University of Delaware.

Dahlhamer, J.M., and M.J. D’Sousa. 1997. Determinants of business-disaster preparedness in two U.S. metropolitan areas. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 15:265-281.

Dahlhamer, J.M., and L.M. Reshaur. 1996. Businesses and the 1994 Northridge earthquake: An analysis of pre- and post-disaster preparedness. Newark, DE: University of Delaware Disaster Research Center.

Daines, G.E. 1991. Planning, training, and exercising. Pp. 161-200 in T.S. Drabek and G.J. Hoetmer (eds.) Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government. Washington, DC: International City/County Management Association.

Dash, N., W.G. Peacock, and B.H. Morrow. 1997. And the poor get poorer: A neglected black community. Pp. 206-225 in W.G. Peacock, B.H. Morrow, and H. Gladwin (eds.) Hurricane Andrew: Ethnicity, Gender and the Sociology of Disasters. London: Routledge.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Davis, M. 1998. Ecology of Fear: Los Angeles and the Imagination of Disaster. New York: Metropolitan Books.

Davis, M., and S.T. Seitz. 1982. Disasters and governments. Journal of Conflict Resolution 26:547-568.

Department of the Interior. 2003. U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1242. A Plan to Coordinate NEHRP Post-earthquake Investigations. Reston, VA.

DeVoe, R.F., Jr. 1997. The natural disaster boom theory; Or window-breaking our way to prosperity. Pp. 181-188 in B.G. Jones (ed.) Economic Consequences of Earthquakes: Preparing for the Unexpected. Report No. NCEER-SP-0001. Buffalo, NY: State University of New York at Buffalo, Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research.

Deyle, R.E., S.P. French, R.B. Olshansky, and R.G. Paterson. 1998. Pp. 119-166 in R.J. Burby (ed.) Cooperating with Nature: Confronting Natural Hazards with Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Communities. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press.

Dobson, S. 2005. E-mail correspondence with committee, April 12.

Dooley, D., R. Catalano, S. Mishra, and S. Serxner. 1992. Earthquake preparedness: Predictors in a community survey. Journal of Applied Social Psychology 22:451-470.

Dow, K., and S.L. Cutter. 1998. Crying wolf: Repeat responses to hurricane evacuation orders. Coastal Management 26:237-252.

Dow, K., and S.L. Cutter. 2000. Public orders and personal opinions: Household strategies for hurricane risk assessment. Environment 2:143-155.

Dow, K., and S.L. Cutter. 2002. Emerging hurricane evacuation issues: Hurricane Floyd and South Carolina. Natural Hazards Review 3:12-18.

Drabek, T.E. 1983. Shall we leave? A study on family reactions when disaster strikes. Emergency Management Review 1(Fall):25-29.

Drabek, T.E. 1985. Managing the emergency response. Public Administration Review 45(special issue):85-92.

Drabek, T.E. 1986. Human System Responses to Disaster: An Inventory of Sociological Findings. New York: Springer Verlag.

Drabek, T.E. 1987. The professional emergency manager. Boulder, CO: University of Colorado Institute of Behavioral Science.

Drabek, T.E. 1990. Emergency Management: Strategies for Maintaining Organizational Integrity. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Drabek, T.E. 1991a. Anticipating organizational evacuations: Disaster planning by managers of tourist-oriented private firms. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 9:219-245.

Drabek, T.E. 1991b. Microcomputers and disaster responses. Disasters 15:186-192.

Drabek, T.E. 1994. Disaster Evacuation and the Tourist Industry. Boulder, CO: Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado. Monograph #57.

Drabek, T.E. 1995. Disaster responses within the tourist industry. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 13:7-23.

Drabek, T.E. 2003. Strategies for Coordinating Disaster Responses. Monograph 61. Boulder, CO: Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado.

Drabek, T.E. 2004. Social Dimensions of Disaster (2nd Edition). Instructor Guide. Emmitsburg, MD: Federal Emergency Management Agency.

Drabek, T.E., and J.E. Haas. 1969. Laboratory simulation of organizational stress. American Sociological Review 34(2):223-238.

Drabek, T.E., and G.J. Hoetmer (eds.) 1991. Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government. Washington, DC: International City Management Association.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Drabek, T.E., and W.H. Key. 1976. The impact of disaster on primary group linkages. Mass Emergencies 1:89-105.

Drabek, T.E., and W.H. Key. 1984. Conquering Disaster: Family Recovery and Long-Term Consequences. New York: Irvington.

Drabek, T.E., and D.A. McEntire. 2002. Emergent phenomena and multiorganizational coordination in disasters: Lessons from the research literature. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 20(2):197-224.

Drabek, T.E., W.H. Key, P.E. Erikson, and J.L. Crowe. 1975. The impact of disaster on kin relationships. Journal of Marriage and the Family 37:481-494.

Drabek, T.E., H.L. Tamminga, T.S. Kilijanek, and C.R. Adams. 1981. Managing Multiorganizational Emergency Responses. Boulder, CO: University of Colorado Institute of Behavioral Science.

Drabek, T.E., H.L. Tamminga, T.S. Kilijanek, and C.R. Adams. 1982. Managing Multiorganizational Emergency Responses: Emergent Search and Rescue Networks in Natural Disasters and Remote Area Settings. Boulder, CO: Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center, University of Colorado.

Duany, A., and E. Talen. 2002. Transect planning. Journal of the American Planning Association 68(3):245-266.

Dubin, R. 1978. Theory Building. New York: The Free Press.

Durkin, M. 1984. The economic recovery of small businesses after earthquakes: The Coalinga experience. International Conference on Natural Hazards Mitigation Research and Practice, New Delhi, October 6-8.

Dye, T.R. 1992. Understanding Public Policy (7th Edition). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Dynes, R.R. 1970. Organized Behavior in Disaster. Lexington, MA: Heath-Lexington Books.

Dynes, R.R. 1977. Interorganizational relations in communities under stress. Pp. 49-64 in E.L. Quarantelli (ed.) Disasters: Theory and Research. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Dynes, R.R. 1993. Disaster reduction: The importance of adequate assumptions about social organization. Sociological Spectrum 6:24-25.

Dynes, R.R. 1994. Community emergency planning: False assumptions and inappropriate analogies. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 12:141-158.

Dynes, R.R. 1998. Coming to terms with community disaster. Pp. 109-27 in E.L. Quarantelli (ed.) What Is a Disaster: Perspectives on the Question. London and New York: Routledge.

Dynes, R.R. 2002. The Importance of Social Capital in Disaster Research, Preliminary Paper 327. Newark, DE: University of Delaware, Disaster Research Center.

Dynes, R.R. 2004. Expanding the horizons of disaster research. Natural Hazards Observer 27:1-3.

Dynes, R.R., and T.E. Drabek. 1994. The structure of disaster research: Its policy and disciplinary implications. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters (3rd Edition). 12:5-23.

Dynes, R.R., and E.L. Quarantelli. 1968. What looting in civil disturbances really means. Transaction (May):9-14.

Dynes, R.R., E.L. Quarantelli, and G.A. Kreps. 1981. A Perspective on Disaster Planning (3rd Edition). Newark, DE: University of Delaware, Disaster Research Center.

Eagly, A.H., and S. Chaiken. 1993. The Psychology of Attitudes. Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt, Brace Jovanovich.

Earthquake Spectra. 1997. Theme Issue: Loss Estimation 13(4). Oakland, CA: EERI.

Edson, E. 2001. Bibliographic Essay: History of Cartography 38(11/12):1899-1909; available at http://www.maphistory.info/edson.html.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Edwards, M.L. 1993. Social location and self-protective behavior: Implications for earthquake preparedness. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 11:293-304.

EERI (Earthquake Engineering Research Institute). 1995. Northridge Earthquake, January 17, 1994: Reconnaissance Report 1. Earthquake Spectrum, Supplement C to Vol. II. Oakland, CA: EERI.

EERI. 2003. Securing Society Against Catastrophic Earthquake Losses: A Research and Outreach Plan in Earthquake Engineering. Oakland, CA: EERI.

EERI. 2005. Membership Roster, 2004. Oakland, CA: EERI.

Eguchi, R.T., C.K. Huyck, and B.J. Adams. 2005. An urban damage scale based on satellite and airborne imagery. Presented at the First International Conference on Urban Disaster Reduction, Kobe, Japan, January 18-20.

Eguiluz, V.M., M.G. Zimmerman, C.J. Cela-Conde, and M. Miguez. 2005. Cooperation and the emergence of role differentiation in the dynamics of social networks. American Journal of Sociology 110:977-1009.

Ellis, D.G., and B.A. Fisher. 1994. Small group decision making: Communication and the group process. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Enarson, E., and B.H. Morrow. 1998. The Gendered Terrain of Disaster: Through Women’s Eyes. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Enarson, E., L. Meyreles, M. González, B.H. Morrow, A. Mullings, and J. Soares. 2003. Working with Women at Risk: Practical Guidelines for Assessing Local Disaster Risk. International Hurricane Center. Miami, FL: Florida International University.

English, M.R. 2004. Environmental risk and justice. Pp. 119-159 in T. McDaniels and M.J. Small (eds.) Risk Analysis and Society: An Interdisciplinary Characterization of the Field, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Ericksen, N., P. Berke, J. Crawford, and J. Dixon. 2004. Plan-making for Sustainability: The New Zealand Experience. London: Ashgate Publishers.

Erikson, K.T. 1994. A New Species of Trouble: Explorations in Disaster, Trauma, and Community. New York: W.W. Norton and Co.

Estrin, D., W. Michener, G. Bonito, and workshop participants. 2003. Environmental Cyber-infrastructure Needs for Distributed Sensor Networks: A Report from a National Science Foundation Sponsored Workshop, August 12-14. La Jolla, CA: Scripps Institution of Oceanography.

Feinberg, W.E., and N.R. Johnson. 2001. The ties that bind: A macro-level approach to panic. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 19(3):269-295.

FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency). 1996. Guide for All-Hazard Emergency Operations Planning. SLG-101. Washington, DC.

FEMA. 1997. Multi-hazard Identification and Risk Assessment: A Cornerstone of the National Mitigation Strategy. Washington, DC.

FEMA. 2003a. Expanding and Using KnowledgeTo Reduce Earthquake Losses: The National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program Strategic Plan, 2001-2005. Washington, DC.

FEMA. 2003b. Exercise Design Course, IS 139. Emmitsburg, MD: Emergency Management Institute.

FEMA. 2004. HAZUS-MH. Available at www.fema.gov/hazus (Accessed December, 18 2004).

Fischer, H.W. III. 1998. Response to Disaster: Fact Versus Fiction and Its Perpetuation: The Sociology of Disaster. New York: University Press of America.

Fleiss, J.L. 1971. Measuring minimal scale agreement among many raters. Psychological Bulletin 76:378-382.

Flynn, J., P. Slovic, and H. Kunreuther (eds.) 2001. Risk, Media, and Stigma: Understanding Public Challenges to Modern Science. London: Earthscan.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Ford, J.K., and A.M. Schmidt. 2000. Emergency response training: Strategies for enhancing real-world performance. Journal of Hazardous Materials 75:195-215.

Fordham, M. 1999. The intersection of gender and social class in disasters: Balancing resilience and vulnerability. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 17:15-36.

Forrest, T. 1993. A social reconstruction of time. Sociological Inquiry 63:444-457.

Fothergill, A. 1996. Gender, risk and disaster. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 14(1):33-56.

Fothergill, A. 1998. The neglect of gender in disaster work: An overview of the literature. Pp. 11-25 in E. Enarson and B.H. Morrow (eds.) The Gendered Terrain of Disaster: Through Women’s Eyes. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Fothergill, A. 2000. Knowledge transfer between researchers and practitioners. Natural Hazards Review 2:91-98.

Fothergill, A. 2003. The stigma of charity: Gender, class, and disaster assistance. Sociological Quarterly 44(4):659-680.

Fothergill, A. 2004. Heads Above Water: Gender, Class, and Family in the Grand Forks Flood. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Fothergill, A., E. Maestas, and J.D. Darlington. 1999. Race, ethnicity and disasters in the U.S.: A review of the literature. Disasters 23(2):156-173.

Fradkin, P.L. 2005. The Great Earthquake and Firestorms of 1906: How San Francisco Nearly Destroyed Itself. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Freedy, J., M. Saladin, D. Kilpatrick, H. Resnick, and B. Saunders. 1994. Understanding acute psychological distress following natural disaster. Journal of Traumatic Stress 5:441-454.

French, J.R.P., and B.H. Raven. 1959. The bases of social power. Pp. 150-167 in D. Cartwright (ed.) Studies in Social Power. Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research.

Freudenburg, W.R., and R. Gramling. 1994. Oil in Troubled Waters: Perceptions, Politics, and the Battle over Offshore Drilling. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Frey, R. 1978. The Club of Mainz for improved worldwide emergency and critical care medicine systems and disaster preparedness. Crit. Care Med. 6(6):389-391.

Friesema. H.P., J. Caparano, G. Goldstein, R. Lineberry, and R. McCleary. 1979. Aftermath: Communities After Natural Disasters. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Fritz, C.E. 1961. Disasters. Pp. 651-694 in R.K. Merton and R. Nisbet (eds.) Social Problems. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World.

GAO (General Accounting Office). 1983. Siting of Hazardous Waste Landfills and Their Correlation with Racial and Economic Status of Surrounding Communities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

GAO. 1992. Earthquake Recovery: Staffing and Other Improvements Made Following the Loma Prieta Earthquake. RCED-92-141. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

GAO. 1993a. Disaster Management: Improving the Nation’s Response to Catastrophic Disasters, RCED-93-186. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

GAO. 1993b. Disaster Management: Recent Disasters Demonstrate the Need to Improve the Nation’s Response Strategy. T-RCED-93-13. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

GAO. 2004. Homeland Security—Communication Protocols and Risk Communication Principles Can Assist in Refining the Advisory System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Gasser, L., and M.N. Huhns (eds.) 1989. Distributed Artificial Intelligence 2. New York: Morgan Kaufmann.

Gerrity, E.T., and B.W. Flynn. 1997. Mental health consequences of disasters. Pp. 101-121 in E.K. Noji (ed.) The Public Health Consequences of Disasters. New York: Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Gilbert, N., and A. Abbot. 2005. Introduction (special issue on computational modeling and visualization) American Journal of Sociology 110:859-864.

Gillespie, D.F. 1991. Coordinating community resources. Pp. 55-78 in T.S. Drabek and G.J. Hoetmer (eds.) Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government. Washington, DC: International City/County Management Association.

Gillespie, D.F., and C.L. Streeter. 1987. Conceptualizing and measuring disaster preparedness. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 5:155-176.

Gillespie, D.F., and R.A. Colignon. 1993. Structural change in disaster preparedness networks. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 11:143-162.

Gillespie, D.F., R.A. Colignon, M.M. Banerjee, S.A. Murty, and M. Rogge. 1993. Partnerships for Community Preparedness. Boulder, CO: University of Colorado Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center.

Girard, C., and W.G. Peacock. 1997. Ethnicity and segregation: Post-hurricane relocation. Pp. 191-205 in W.G. Peacock, B.H. Morrow, and H. Gladwin (eds.) Hurricane Andrew: Ethnicity, Gender and the Sociology of Disasters. London: Routledge.

Gladwin, H., and W.G. Peacock. 1997. Warning and evacuation: A night for hard houses. Pp. 52-74 in W.G. Peacock, B.H. Morrow, and H. Gladwin (eds.) Hurricane Andrew: Ethnicity, Gender and the Sociology of Disasters. London and New York: Routledge.

Gladwin, C.H., H. Gladwin, and W.G. Peacock. 2001. Modeling hurricane evacuation decisions with ethnographic methods. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 19 (2):117-143.

Glass, T.A., and M. Schoch-Spana. 2002. Bioterrorism and the people: How to vaccinate a city against panic. Clinical Infectious Diseases 34:217-223.

Godschalk, D.R. 2000. Smart growth around the nation. Popular Government 66(1):12-20.

Godschalk, D.R. 2003. Urban hazard mitigation: Creating resilient cities. Natural Hazards Review 4(3):136-143.

Godschalk, D.R., E.J. Kaiser, and P.R. Berke. 1998. Pp. 85-118 in R.J. Burby (ed.) Cooperating with Nature: Confronting Natural Hazards with Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Communities. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press.

Godschalk, D.R., T. Beatley, P. Berke, D.J. Brower and E.J. Kaiser. 1999. Natural Hazard Mitigation: Recasting Disaster Policy and Planning.Washington, DC: Island Press.

Goggin, M.L., A. O’M Bowman, J.P. Lester, and L.J. O’Toole. 1990. Implementation Theory and Practice: Toward a Third Generation. Glenview, IL: Scott Foresman.

Goldstein, I.L., and J.K. Ford. 2001. Training in Organizations: Needs Assessment, Development and Evaluation (4th edition). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Goodchild, M.F. 2003. Geospatial data in emergencies. Pp. 27-34 in S.L. Cutter, D.B. Richardson, and T.J. Wilbanks (eds.) Geographical Dimensions of Terrorism. New York: Routledge.

Gordon, P., H.W. Richardson, B. Davis, C. Steins, and A. Vasishth. 1995. The Business Interruption Effects of the Northridge Earthquake. Los Angeles, CA: University of Southern California Lusk Center Research Institute.

Grabowski, M. and W.A. Wallace. 1993. An expert system for maritime pilots: Its design and assessment using gaming. Management Science 39(12):1506-1520.

Green, R., and I.A. Ahmed. 1999. Rehabilitation, sustainable peace, and development: Towards reconceptualisation, Third World Quarterly 20(1):189-206.

Greenberg, M.R. 1993. Proving environmental inequity in siting locally unwanted land-uses. Risk: Issues in Health and Safety 4 (summer):235-252.

Greene, R.W. 2002. Confronting Catastrophe: A GIS Handbook. Redlands, CA: ESRI Press.

Grossi, P., H. Kunreuther, and C. Patel. (eds.) 2004. Catastrophe Modeling: A New Approach to Managing Risk. New York: Springer Science+Business Media.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Gruntfest, E., K. Carsell, and T. Plush. 2002. An Evaluation of the Boulder Creek Local Flood Warning System. Colorado Springs, CO: Deparment of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Colorado.

Gruntfest, E., and C. Huber. 1989. Status Report on Flood Warning Systems in the United States. Environmental Management 13(3):279-286.

Guy Carpenter and Company Inc. 2004. Southern California wildfires October/November 2003. CAT-i Catastrophe Information. Available at http://www.guycarp.com/portal/extranet/pdf/California_Wildfires.pdf;jsessionid=percent407e70ecpercent3a105358b4b8c?vid=1 (Accessed July 20, 2005).

Guzzo, R.A., and M.W. Dickson. 1996. Teams in organizations: Recent research on performance and effectiveness. Annual Review of Psychology 47:307-338.

Haas, J.E., R.W. Kates, and M.J. Bowden (eds.) 1977. Reconstruction Following Disaster. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Hackett, E.J. 2000. Interdisciplinary research initiatives at the U.S. National Science Foundation. Pp. 248-259 in P. Weingart and N. Stehr (eds.) Practising Interdisciplinarity. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Hackman, J.R., and R. Wageman. 2005. A theory of team coaching. Academy of Management Review 30:269-287.

Haddow, G.D., and J.A. Bullock. 2003. Introduction to Emergency Management. New York: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Halford, E., and S. Nolan. 2002. Rogue volunteers: Response to the WTC attacks by volunteers who refused to leave. Paper presented at the International Research Committee on Disasters session, annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Chicago, IL, August 16-19.

Hamilton, R. 2003. Milestones in Earthquake Research. Geotimes (March):5, 38.

Hammond, K. 2000. Judgments Under Stress. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Harrell-Bond, E. 1986. Imposing Aid. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Heinz Center. 2002. Human links to coastal disasters. Washington, DC: The H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics and the Environment.

Hepner, G.F., and M.V. Finco. 1995. Modeling dense gaseous contaminant pathways over complex terrain using a geographic information system. Journal of Hazardous Materials 42:187-199.

Hewings, G.J.D., and Y. Okuyama, 2003. Economic assessments of unexpected events. Pp. 153-160 in S.L. Cutter, D.B. Richardson, and T.J. Wilbanks (eds.) The Geographical Dimensions of Terrorism. New York and London: Routledge.

Hewitt, K., and I. Burton, 1971. The Hazardousness of a Place: A Regional Ecology of Damaging Events. Toronto: Department of Geography, University of Toronto.

Hiroyuki, K. 2003. Overview to the 6th EQTAP Multilateral Workshop,” Kashikojima, Japan, December 1-2.

Hobeika, A.G., and C. Kim. 1998. Comparison of traffic assignments in evacuation modeling. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management 45:192-198.

Hodgson, M.E., and S.L. Cutter. 2001. Mapping and the spatial analysis of Hazardscapes. Pp. in S.L. Cutter (ed.) American Hazardscapes: The Regionalization of Hazards and Disasters. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press.

Hollenbeck, J.R., D.R. Ilgen, D.J. LePine, J.A. Colquitt, and J. Hedlund. 1998. Extending the multilevel theory of team decision making: Effects of feedback and experience in hierarchical teams. Academy of Management Journal 41:269-282.

Holling, C.S. 1973. Resilience and stability of ecological systems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 4:1-23.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Holzer, T., R.D. Borchert, C.D. Comartin, R.D. Hanson, C.R. Scawthorn, K.J. Tierney, and T.L. Youd. 2003. The Plan to Coordinate NEHRP Post-Earthquake Investigations. Washington, DC: U.S. Geological Survey.

Homberger, W.S., J.W. Hall, R.C. Loutzenheiser, and W.R. Reilly. 1996. Fundamentals of Traffic Engineering (14th Edition). Berkeley, CA: University of California Institute of Transportation Studies.

Hoover, C.A., and M.R. Greene. 1996. Construction Quality, Education, and Seismic Safety. Oakland, CA: EERI.

Hoover, G.A., and F.L. Bates. 1985. The impact of a natural disaster on the division of labor in twelve Guatemalan communities: A study of social change in a developing country. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 3:7-26.

Houts, P.S., P.D. Cleary, and T.W. Hu. 1988. The Three Mile Island Crisis: Psychological, Social, and Economic Impacts on the Surrounding Population. University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press.

Hughes, J.W., and M.K. Nelson. 2002. The New York region’s post-September 11 economic geography. Transportation Quarterly 56(4):27-42.

Huizer, G. 1997. Participatory Action Research as a Method of Rural Development. In SD Dimensions. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations.

Hwang, H.H.M., H. Lin, and M. Shinozuka. 1998. Seismic Performance Assessment of Water Delivery Systems. Journal of Infrastructure Systems 4:118-125.

Hwang, S.N., W.G. Sanderson, and M.K. Lindell. 2001. Analysis of state emergency management agencies’ hazard analysis information on the Internet. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 19:85-106.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). 2001. Climate Change 2001: Synthesis Report, Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

International Red Cross Red Crescent Society (IFRC). 2000. Strategy 2010. Available at www.ifrc.org/publicat/s2010/ (Accessed October 27, 2004).

International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR). 2004. Living with Risk: A Global Review of Disaster Reduction Initiatives. Volumes I and II. Geneva: United Nations Press.

Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR). 2005. Guide to Social Science Data Preparation and Archiving: Best Practice throughout the Data Life Cycle. Ann Arbor, MI.

Jackson, E.L. 1981. Response to earthquake hazard: The West Coast of North America. Environment and Behavior 13:387-416.

Jackson, S.E., K.E. May, and K. Whitney. 1995. Understanding the dynamics of diversity in decision making teams. Pp. in 204-261 in R.A. Guzzo, E. Salas, and Associates (eds.) Team Effectiveness and Decision Making in Organizations. San Francisco, CA: Josey-Bass.

Jensen, J.R. 2000. Remote Sensing of the Environment. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Johnson, N.R. 1987. Panic at the “Who Concert Stampede”: An Empirical Assessment. Social Problems 34:362-373.

Johnson, N.R., W.F. Feinberg, and D.M. Johnston, 1994. MicroStructure and panic: The impact of social bonds on individual action and collective flight from the Beverly Hills Supper Club fire. Pp. 168-189 in R.R. Dynes and K.J. Tierney (eds.) Disasters, Collective Behavior, and Social Organization. Newark, DE: University of Delaware Press.

Jones, B.G., and S.E. Chang. 1995. Economic aspects of urban vulnerability and disaster mitigation. Pp. 311-320 in F.Y. Cheng and M.-S. Sheu (eds.) Urban Disaster Mitigation: The Role of Engineering and Technology. Oxford, UK: Elsevier Science Ltd.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Kahneman, D., P. Slovic, and A. Tversky. 1982. Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Kaiser Family Foundation. 2002. Sicker and Poorer: The Consequences of Being Uninsured; available at: http://www.kff.org/uninsured/loader.cfm?url=/commonspot/security/getfile.cfmandPageID=13970.

Kang, J.E., M.K. Lindell, and C.S. Prater. 2004. Hurricane evacuation expectations and actual behavior in Hurricane Lili. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Hazard Reduction and Recovery Center.

Kasperson, J.X., and R.E. Kasperson. 2001. International Workshop on Vulnerability and Global Environmental Change. Stockholm: Stockholm Environment Institute.

Kasperson, R.E., O. Renn, P. Slovic, H.S. Brown, J. Emel, R. Goble, J.X. Kasperson, and S. Ratick. 1988. The social amplification of risk. Risk Analysis 8(2):177-187.

Kasperson, R.E., J. Kasperson, and K. Dow. 2001. Vulnerability, equity, and global environmental change. J. Kasperson and R. Kasperson (eds.) Global Environmental Risk. New York: United Nations University Press.

Katada, T., and M. Kodama. 2001. Study of inhabitant’s anxiety and action in a state of Mt. Tokachi volcanic eruption. Journal of Infrastructure Planning and Management 18:239-244 (in Japanese).

Kates, R.W., and D. Pijawka. 1977. From rubble to monument: The pace of reconstruction. Pp. 1-24 in J. Haas, R. Kates, and M. Bowden (eds.) Reconstruction Following Disaster. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Kates, R.W., and T.M. Parris. 2003. Long-term trends and a sustainable transition. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 100(14):8062-8067.

Kates, R.W., C. Hohenemser, and J.X. Kasperson, 1985. Perilous Progress: Managing the Hazards of Technology. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Kates, R.W., W.C. Clark, R. Corell, J.M. Hall, C.C. Jaeger, O. Lowe, J. McCarthy, H.J. Schellnhuber, B. Bolin, N.M. Dickson, S. Faucheux, G.C. Gallopin. A. Grubler, B. Huntley, J. Jager, N.S. Jodha, R.E. Kasperson, A. Mabogunje, P. Matson, H. Mooney, B. Moore III, T. O’Riordan, and U. Svedin. 2001. Sustainability science. Science 292:641-642.

Kendra, J.M. and T. Wachtendorf. 2002. Rebel food … Renegade supplies: Convergence after the World Trade Center attack. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, Chicago, IL, August 16-19.

Kessler, R.C., and S. Zhao. 1999. Overview of descriptive epidemiology of mental disorders. Pp. 127-150 in C.S. Anashensel and J.C. Phelan (eds.) Handbook of the Sociology of Mental Health. New York: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

King, D. 2001. Uses and limitations of socioeconomic indicators of community vulnerability to natural hazards: Data and disasters in Northern Australia. Natural Hazards 24: 147-156.

Kingdon, J.W. 1984. Agendas, Alternatives and Public Policies. Boston, MA: Little, Brown.

Kingdon, J.W. 1995. Agendas, Alternatives and Public Policies. (2nd Edition) New York: Harper Collins.

Klein, J.T. 1990. Interdisciplinarity: History, Theory, and Practice. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press.

Kleindorfer, P.R., and H.C. Kunreuther. 1987. Insuring and Managing Hazardous Risks: From Seveso to Bhopal and Beyond. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Klinenberg, E. 2002. Heat Wave: A Social Autopsy of Disaster in Chicago. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.

Korten, D. 1980. Community organization and rural development: A learning process approach. Public Administration Review September/October.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Korten, D. 1984. People centered development: Toward a framework. In D. Korten and R. Klauss (eds.) People Centered Development: Contributions Toward Theory and Planning Frameworks. West Hartford, CT: Kumarian Press.

Kraiger, K. 2003. Perspectives on training and development. Pp.171-192 in W.C. Borman, D.R. Ilgen, R.J. Klimoski, and I.B. Weiner (eds.) Handbook of Psychology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley.

Kreps, G.A. 1978. The organization of disaster response: Some fundamental theoretical issues. Pp. 65-86 in E.L. Quarantelli (ed.) Disasters: Theory and Research. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Kreps, G.A. 1984. Sociological inquiry and disaster research. Annual Review of Sociology 10:309-330.

Kreps, G.A. 1985. Disaster and the social order. Sociological Theory 3:49-64.

Kreps, G.A. 1989a. Future directions in disaster research: The role of taxonomy. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 7:215-241.

Kreps, G.A. (ed.) 1989b. Social Structure and Disaster. Newark, DE: University of Delaware Press.

Kreps, G.A. 1990. The Federal Emergency Management System in the United States: Past and Present. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 8(3):275-300.

Kreps, G.A. 1991a. Organizing for emergency management. Pp. 30-54 in T.S. Drabek and G.J. Hoetmer (eds.) Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government. Washington, DC: International City/County Management Association.

Kreps, G.A. 1991b. Answering organizational questions: A brief for structural codes. Pp. 143-177 in G. Miller (ed.) Studies in Organizational Sociology. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.

Kreps, G.A. 1994. Disaster archives and structural analysis: Uses and limitations. Pp. 45-71 in R.R. Dynes and K.J. Tierney (eds.) Disaster, Collective Behavior, and Social Organization. Newark, DE: University of Delaware and Associated University Presses.

Kreps, G.A. 1998. Disasters as systemic events and social catalysts. Pp. 31-56 in E.L. Quarantelli (ed.) What Is a Disaster: Perspectives on the Question. London and New York: Routledge.

Kreps, G.A. 2001. Disaster, Sociology of. Pp. 3718-3721 in N.J. Smelser and Paul B. Bates (eds.) International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Amsterdam: Elsevier Publishing Company.

Kreps, G.A., and S.L. Bosworth. 1993. Disaster, organizing, and role enactment: A structural approach. American Journal of Sociology 99:428-463.

Kreps, G.A., and S.L. Bosworth. Forthcoming. Organizational adaptation to disaster. In H. Rodriguez, E.L. Quarantelli, and R.R. Dynes (eds.) Handbook of Disaster Research. New York: Springer.

Kreps, G.A., and T.E. Drabek. 1996. Disasters are nonroutine social problems. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 14:129-153.

Krishna, A. 2002. Active Social CapitaI. New York: Columbia University Press.

Krishna, A., and E. Schrader. 1999. The social capital tool assessment. Paper presented at the World Bank Conference on Social Capital and Poverty Reduction, Washington, DC. Available at http://pverty.worldbank.org/library/view/8151/ (Accessed September 12, 2004).

Kroll, C.A., J.D. Landis, Q. Shen, and S. Stryker. 1991. Economic Impacts of the Loma Prieta Earthquake: A Focus on Small Businesses. Working Paper 91-187, Berkeley, CA: U.C. Transportation Center and the Center for Real Estate and Urban Economics, University of California at Berkeley.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Kroll-Smith, J.S., and S.R. Crouch, 1991. What is a disaster? An ecological-symbolic approach to resolving the definitional debate. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 9:355-366.

Kruvant, W. 1974. Incidence of Pollution Where People Live in Washington. Washington, DC: Center for Metropolitan Studies.

Kunreuther, H., and A. Rose (ed.) 2004. The Economics of Natural Hazards, Vols. I and II. The International Library of Critical Writings in Economics 178. Cheltenham, UK: Elgar.

Kunreuther, H., and R.R. Roth (eds.) 1998. Paying the Price: The Status and Role of Insurance Against Natural Disasters in the United States.Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press.

Kunreuther, H., and P. Slovic. 1978. Economics, psychology, and protective behavior. American Economic Review 68(2):64-69.

Kunreuther, H., and P. Slovic. 1996. The process of risk management: science, values, and risk. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 545:116-125.

Kunreuther, H., R. Ginsberg, L. Miller, P. Sagi, P. Slovic, B. Borkan, and N. Katz. 1978. Disaster Insurance Protection. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Kunreuther, H., A. Onculer, and P. Slovic. 1998. Time insensitivity for protective investments. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 16:279-299.

La Porte, T., and P. Consolini. 1998. Theoretical and operational challenges of “high-reliability organizations: Air traffic control and aircraft carriers. International Journal of Public Administration (Part 2):847-853.

LA RED. 2002. DesInventar Data Bases. Available at www.desinventar.org/en/usuarios/ suramerica/co.html (Accessed September 23, 2004).

Lambright, W.H. 1984. The Role of States in Earthquake and Natural Hazard Innovation at the Local Level. Syracuse, NY: Science and Technology Policy Center, Syracuse Research Corporation.

Larson, L., and D. Plascencia. 2001. No adverse impact: A new direction in floodplain management policy. Natural Hazards Review 2(4):167-181.

Laska, S. 2004. What if Hurricane Ivan had not missed New Orleans? Natural Hazards Observer 29(2).

Lazarus, R.S., and S. Folkman. 1984. Stress, Appraisal, and Coping. New York: Springer.

Leaning, J. 1984. The Counterfeit Ark: Crisis Relocation for Nuclear War. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger.

Lecomte, E., and K. Gahagen, 1998. Hurricane insurance protection in Florida. Pp. 97-124 in H. Kunreuther and Richard J. Roth, Sr. (eds.) Paying the Price: The Status and Role of Insurance Against Natural Disasters in the United States. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press.

Lester, J.P., D.W. Allen, and K.M. Hill, 2001. Environmental Injustice in the United States: Myths and Realities. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Lew, H.S., Richard W. Bukowski, and Nicholas J. Carino. 2005. Design, Construction, and Maintenance of Structural and Life Safety Systems (draft). Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Lindell, M.K. 1994. Perceived characteristics of environmental hazards. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 12:303-326.

Lindell, M.K., and C.J. Brandt. 2000. Climate quality and climate consensus as mediators of the relationship between organizational antecedents and outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology 85:331-348.

Lindell, M.K., and M.J. Meier. 1994. Effectiveness of community planning for toxic chemical emergencies. Journal of the American Planning Association 60:222-234.

Lindell, M.K., and R.W. Perry. 1987. Warning mechanisms in emergency response systems. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 5:137-153.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Lindell, M.K., and R.W. Perry. 1990. Effects of the Chernobyl accident on public perceptions of nuclear plant accident risks. Risk Analysis 10:393-399.

Lindell, M.K., and R.W. Perry. 1992. Behavioral Foundations of Community Emergency Management. Washington, DC: Hemisphere Publishing Corp.

Lindell, M.K., and R.W. Perry. 1996. Identifying and managing conjoint threats: Earthquake-induced hazardous materials releases in the U.S. Journal of Hazardous Materials 50:31-46.

Lindell, M.K., and R.W. Perry. 1998. Earthquake impacts and hazard adjustment by acutely hazardous materials facilities following the Northridge earthquake. Earthquake Spectra 14:285-299.

Lindell, M.K., and R.W. Perry. 2000. Household adjustment to earthquake hazard: A review of research. Environment and Behavior 32:590-630.

Lindell, M.K., and R.W. Perry. 2001. Community innovation in hazardous materials management: Progress in implementing SARA Title III in the United States. Journal of Hazardous Materials 88:169-194.

Lindell, M.K., and R.W. Perry. 2004. Communicating Environmental Risk in Multiethnic Communities. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Lindell, M.K., and C.S. Prater. 2000. Household adoption of seismic hazard adjustments: A comparison of residents in two states. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 18:317-338.

Lindell, M.K., and C.S. Prater. 2002. Risk area residents’ perceptions and adoption of seismic hazard adjustments. Journal of Applied Social Psychology 32:2377-2392.

Lindell, M.K., and C.S. Prater. 2003. Assessing community impacts of natural disasters. Hazards Review 4:176-185.

Lindell, M.K., and D.J. Whitney. 1995. Effects of organizational environment, internal structure and team climate on the effectiveness of local emergency planning committees. Risk Analysis 15:439-447.

Lindell, M.K., and D.J. Whitney. 2000. Correlates of seismic hazard adjustment adoption. Risk Analysis 20:13-25.

Lindell, M.K., C.S. Prater, R.W. Perry, and J.Y. Wu. 2002. EMBLEM: An Empirically-Based Large Scale Evacuation Time Estimate Model. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Hazard Reduction and Recovery Center.

Lindell, M.K., D.J. Whitney, C.J. Futch, and C.S. Clause. 1996. The local emergency planning committee: A better way to coordinate disaster planning. In R.T. Silves and W.L. Waugh, Jr. (eds.) Disaster Management in the U.S. and Canada: The Politics, Policy making, Administration and Analysis of Emergency Management. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas Publishers.

Lindell, M.K., D. Alesch, P.A. Bolton, M.R. Greene, L.A. Larson, R. Lopes, P.J. May, J-P. Mulilis, S. Nathe, J.M. Nigg, R. Palm, P. Pate, R.W. Perry, J. Pine, S.K. Tubbesing, and D.J. Whitney. 1997. Adoption and implementation of hazard adjustments. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters Special Issue 15:327-453.

Lindell, M.K., S. Naik, S. Veluswami, and C. Agrawal. 2004. EMDSS: An evacuation management Decision Support System for Hurricane Emergencies. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Hazard Reduction and Recovery Center.

Litynski, D.M., M.R. Grabowski, and W.A. Wallace. 1997. The relationship between three dimensional imaging and group decision making: An exploratory study. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics 27(4): 402-411.

Liu, F. 2001. Environmental Justice Analysis: Theories, Methods, and Practice. New York: Lewis Publishers.

Los Angeles Almanac. 2004. Available at www.losangelesalmanac.com/topics/population/ po47a.htm.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Lougeay, R., P. Baumann, and M.D. Nellis, 1994. Two digital approaches for calculating the area of regions affected by the Great American Flood of 1993. Geocarto International 9:53-59.

Lu, J.C., M.K. Lindell, and C.S. Prater, C.S. In press. Household evacuation decision making in response to Hurricane Lili. Natural Hazards Review.

Margai, F.L. 2001. Health risks and environmental inequity: A geographical analysis of accidental releases of hazardous materials. Professional Geographer 53(3):422-434.

Marra, M.A., S.J.M. Jones, C.R. Astell, et al. 2003. The Genome Sequence of the SARS-Associated Coronavirus. Available online at: http://www.sciencemag.org/feature/data/sars/.

May, P.J. 1985. Recovery from Catastrophes: Federal Disaster Relief Policy and Politics. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

May, P.J. 1994. Analyzing mandate design: State mandates governing hazard-prone areas. Publius: The Journal of Federalism 24:1-16.

May, P.J. 2005. E-mail correspondence with committee, April 12.

May, P.J., and R.E. Deyle. 1998. Governing land-use in hazardous areas with a patchwork system. Pp. 57-82 in R.J. Burby (ed.) Cooperating with Nature: Confronting Natural Hazards with Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Communities. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press.

May, P.J., and W. Williams. 1986. Disaster Policy Implementation: Managing Programs Under Shared Governance. New York: Plenum.

May, P.J., R. Burby, N. Ericksen, J. Handmer, S. Michaels, and D.I. Smith. 1996. Environmental Management and Governance to Hazards and Sustainability. London: Routledge.

Mazmanian, D., and P. Sabatier. 1989. Implementation and public policy. Lanham, MD: University Press of America.

McFarland, D. 2002. Cell phone ownership grows 29 percent from 1999-2001. Scarborough Research, March.

McIntyre, R.M., and E. Salas. 1995. Measuring and managing for team performance: Lessons from complex environments. Pp. 9-45 in R.A. Guzzo, E. Salas and Associates (eds.) Team effectiveness and decision making in organizations. San Francisco, CA: Josey-Bass.

McLuckie, B. 1974. Warning—A call to action: Warning and disaster response, a sociological background. National Weather Service Southern Region.

McMaster, R. B., H. Leitner, and E. Sheppard. 1997. GIS-based environmental equity and risk assessment: Methodological problems and prospects. Cartography and Geographic Information Systems 24:172-189.

Medvedev, Z.A. 1990. The legacy of Chernobyl. New York: Norton.

Mejia-Navarro, M., E.E. Wohl, and S.D. Oaks. 1994. Geological hazards, vulnerability, and risk assessment using GIS: Model of Glenwood Springs, Colorado. Geomorphology 10:31-35.

Mendonca, D., and W.A. Wallace. 2002. Development of a decision logic to support improvisation: An application to emergency response. Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences HICSS-35:220b-221.

Mendonca, D., and W.A. Wallace. 2004. Studying organizationally situated improvisations in response to extreme events. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 22:5-31.

Mennis, J. 2002. Using geographic information systems to create and analyze statistical surfaces of population and risk for environmental justice analysis. Social Science Quarterly 83:281-297.

Meo, M., B. Ziebro, and A. Patton. 2004. Tulsa turnaround: From disaster to sustainability. Natural Hazard Review 5(1):1-9.

Messner, S., E. Baumer, and R. Rosenfeld. 2004. Dimensions of social capital and rates of criminal homicide. American Sociological Review 69(6):882-903.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Meszaros, J. and M.K. Fiegener. 2002. Effects of the 2001 Nisqually earthquake on small businesses in Washington State. Draft report for the Economic Development Administration. Seattle, WA: University of Washington.

Mileti, D.S. 1987. Sociological methods and disaster research. Pp. 57-71 in R.R. Dynes and K.J. Tierney (eds.) Disaster, Collective Behavior, and Social Organization. Newark, DE: University of Delaware and Associated University Presses.

Mileti, D.S. 1999a. Design for Future Disasters: A Sustainable Approach for Hazards Research and Application in the United States. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press.

Mileti, D.S. 1999b. Disasters by Design: A Reassessment of Natural Hazards in the United States. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press.

Mileti, D.S., and J.D. Darlington. 1997. The role of searching in shaping reactions to earthquake risk information. Social Problems 44:89-103.

Mileti, D.S., and C. Fitzpatrick. 1993. The Great Earthquake Experiment: Risk Communication and Public Action. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Mileti, D.S., and P. O’Brien. 1992. Warnings during disaster: Normalizing communicated risk. Social Problems 39:40-57.

Mileti, D.S., and L. Peek. 2000. The social psychology of public response to warnings of a nuclear power plant accident. Journal of Hazardous Materials 75:181-194.

Mileti, D.S., and J.H. Sorensen. 1987. Why people take precautions against natural disasters. Pp. 296-320 in N. Weinstein (ed.) Taking Care: Why People Take Precautions. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Mileti, D.S., T.S. Drabek, and J.E. Haas. 1975. Human systems in extreme environments. Boulder, CO: University of Colorado Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center.

Mileti, D.S., J.H. Sorensen, and P.W. O’Brien. 1992. Toward an explanation of mass care shelter use in evacuations. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 10:25-42.

Mileti D.S., D.M. Cress, and J.D. Darlington. 2002. Earthquake culture and corporate action. Sociological Forum 17:161-180.

Miller, A.M., and M. Heldring. 2004. Mental health and primary care in a time of terrorism: Psychological impact of terrorist attack. Families, Systems and Health 22(1):7-30.

Miranda, M.L., D.C. Dolinoy, and M.A. Overstreet. 2002. Mapping for prevention: GIS models for directing childhood lead poisoning prevention programs. Environmental Heath Perspectives 110(9):947-953.

Mitchell, J. 1989. Hazards Research. Pp. 410-424 in G. Gaile and C. Willmott (eds.) Geography in America. Columbus, OH: Merrill Publishing.

Mitchell, J. 1992. Natural hazards and sustainable development. Paper presented at the Natural Hazards Research and Applications Workshop, Boulder, CO.

Mitchell, J. (ed.) 1999. Crucibles of Hazard: Mega-Cities and Disasters in Transition. New York: United Nations Press.

Mitchell, J. 2004. Personal communication; Bloomsburg University, June.

Mitchell, J., M.S. Scott, D.S.K. Thomas, M. Cutler, P.D. Putnam, R.F. Collins, and S.L. Cutter. 1997. Mitigating against disaster: Assessing hazard vulnerability at the local level. Pp. 563-571 in GIS/LIS ’97 Proceedings, Bethesda, MD.

Mitchell, J., D.S.K. Thomas, and S.L. Cutter. 1999. Dumping in Dixie revisited: The evolution of environmental injustices in South Carolina. Social Science Quarterly 80(2):229-243.

Monmonier, M. 1997. Cartographies of Danger: Mapping Hazards in America. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Montz, B.E., J. Cross, and S.L. Cutter. 2003a. Hazards. Pp. 479-491 in G. Gaile and C. Willmott (eds.) Geography in America at the Dawn of the 21st Century. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Montz, B.E., J.A. Cross, and S.L. Cutter. 2003b. Hazards. Pp. 481-91 in G. Gaile and C. Willmott (eds.) Geography in America II. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Morgan, B.B., Jr. and C.A. Bowers. 1995. Teamwork stress: Implications for team decision making. Pp. 262-290 in R.A. Guzzo, E. Salas and associates (eds.) Team Effectiveness and Decision Making in Organizations. San Francisco, CA: Josey-Bass.

Morrow, B.H. 1997. Stretching the bonds: The families of Andrew. Pp. 141-170 in W.G. Peacock, B.H. Morrow, and H. Gladwin (eds.) Hurricane Andrew: ethnicity, gender and the Sociology of Disasters. London, UK: Routledge.

Morrow, B.H. 1999. Identifying and mapping community vulnerability. Disasters 23:1-18.

Morrow, B.H., and W.G. Peacock. 1997. Disasters and social change: Hurricane Andrew and the reshaping of Miami? Pp. 226-242 in W.G. Peacock, B.H. Morrow, and H. Gladwin (eds.) Hurricane Andrew: Ethnicity, Gender and the Sociology of Disaster. London: Routledge.

Mulilis, J.P., and T.S. Duval. 1995. Negative threat appeals and earthquake preparedness: A person-relative-to-event PrE model of coping with threat. Journal of Applied Social Psychology 25:1319-1339.

Mulilis, J.P., and R.A. Lippa. 1990. Behavioral change in earthquake preparedness due to negative threat appeals: A test of protection motivation theory. Journal of Applied Social Psychology 20:619-638.

Multihazards Mitigation Council. 2005. Natural Hazard Mitigation Saves: An Independent Study to Assess the Future Savings from Mitigation Activities. Washington, DC: National Institute of Building Sciences.

Munich Re. 2002. Topics, Annual Review, Natural Catastrophes. Available at www. munichre.com/default_e.asp (Accessed September 6, 2004).

Murakami, H. 2000. Underground: The Tokyo Gas Attack and the Japanese Psyche. London: The Harvill Press.

Mustafa, D. 2002. To each according to his power: Participation, access, and vulnerability in irrigation and flood management in Pakistan. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 20:737-752.

NAPA (National Academy of Public Administration). 1993. Coping with Catastrophe: Building an Emergency Management System to Meet People’s Needs in Natural and Man-Made Disaster. Washington, DC: NAPA.

NASA. 2005. Remote Sensing in History. NASA Observatorium. Available at http:// observe.arc.nasa.gov/nasa/exhibits/history/history_1.html (Accessed May 9, 2005).

Nathe, S. 2000. Public education for earthquake hazards. Natural Hazards Review(4):191-196.

National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States. 2004. The 9/11 Commission Report. New York: Norton.

National Response Team. 1990. Developing a Hazardous Materials Exercise Program: A Handbook for State and Local Officials. NRT-2. Washington, DC.

National Science Board. 2001. Toward a More Effective Role for the U.S. Government in International Science and Engineering. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation.

National Science Board. 2004. Science and Engineering Indicators 2004. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation.

Neal, D.M. 1990. Volunteer organization responses to the earthquake. Pp. 91-98 in R. Bolin (ed.) The Loma Prieta Earthquake: Studies of Short-Term Impacts. Monograph 50. Boulder, CO: Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado.

Neal, D.M. 1997. Reconsidering the phases of disasters. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 15(2):239-264.

NEHRP (National Earthquake Hazard Reduction Program). 1992. Indirect Economic Consequences of a Catastrophic Earthquake. Washington, DC: FEMA, July.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Nelson, A.C., and J.B. Duncan. 1995. Growth management principles and practices. Chicago: American Planning Association Planners Press.

Ngo, E.B. 2001. When disasters and age collide: Reviewing vulnerability of the elderly. Natural Hazards Review 2(2):80-89.

NHRAIC (Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center). 2003. Beyond September 11th: An account of post-disaster research. Boulder, CO: University of Colorado.

NHRAIC. 2003. Beyond September 11: An Account of Post Disaster Research. Special Publication 39. Boulder, CO: NHRIA Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado.

NIBS (National Institute of Building Sciences). 1998. HAZUS. Washington, DC.

NIBS-FEMA. 1999. HAZUS®99 Earthquake Loss Estimation Methodology, Service Release 1 (SR1). Technical Manual, Developed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency through agreements with the National Institute of Building Sciences, Washington, DC.

Nigg, J.M. 1995. Anticipated Business Disruption Effects Due to Earthquake-Induced Lifeline Interruptions. Pp. 46-58 in W. Yayong and F. Chen (eds.) Proceedings of the Sino-US Symposium on Post-Earthquake Rehabilitation and Reconstruction. Beijing: Ministry of Construction.

Nigg, J.M. 1998. Emergency response following the 1994 Northridge earthquake: Intergovernmental coordination issues. Pp. 245-251 in Proceedings of the NEHRP Conference and Workshop on Research on the Northridge, California Earthquake of January 17, 1994, Vol. IV. Richmond, CA: California Universities for Research in Earthquake Engineering.

NIMS (National Incident Management System). 2004. NIMS and the Incident Command System (ICS). Available at: http://www.nimsonline.com/nims_ics_position_paper.htm (Accessed July 25, 2005).

NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology). 2005 Reports of the Federal Building and Fire Safety Investigation of the World Trade Center Disaster. Gaithersburg, MD: NIST.

NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration). 1972. A Study of Earthquake Losses in the San Francisco Bay Area: Data and Analysis. Prepared for the Office of Emergency Preparedness by the NOAA, Washington, DC.

NOAA. 1973. A Study of Earthquake Losses in the Los Angeles, California Area, prepared for the Federal Disaster Assistance Administration, Department of Housing and Urban Development by the NOAA, Washington, DC.

Noji, E.K. (ed.) 1997. The Public Health Consequences of Disasters. New York: Oxford University Press.

Noon, J.M. 2001. Revisiting key issues about collective behavior, organizing, and role enactment. Sociological Spectrum 21:479-506.

Norris, F.H., M.J. Friedman, and P.J. Watson. 2002a. 60,000 disaster victims speak: Part II. Summary and implications of disaster mental health research. Psychiatry 65(3):240-260.

Norris, F.H., M.J. Friedman, P.J. Watson, C.M. Byrne, E. Diaz, and K. Kaniasty. 2002b. 60,000 disaster victims speak. Part I. An empirical review of the empirical literature, 1981-2001. Psychiatry 65(3):207-239.

North, C.S., S.J. Nixon, S. Shariat, S. Mallonee, J.C. McMillen, E.L. Spitznagel, and E.M. Smith. 1999. Psychiatric disorders among survivors of the Oklahoma City bombing. Journal of the American Medical Association 282(8):755-762.

NRC (National Research Council). 1970. The Great Alaska Earthquake of 1964. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences.

NRC. 1975. Earthquake Prediction and Public Policy. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

NRC. 1989. Estimating Losses from Future Earthquakes. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

NRC. 1992. The Economic Consequences of a Catastrophic Earthquake: Proceedings of a Forum, August 1 and 2, 1990. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

NRC. 1999a. Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change: Research Pathways for the Next Decade. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

NRC. 1999b. Our Common Journey: A Transition Toward Sustainability. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

NRC. 1999c. The Impacts of Natural Disasters: A Framework for Loss Estimation. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

NRC, 1999d. Toward Environmental Justice: Research, Education, and Health Policy Needs. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

NRC. 2001. Grand Challenges in Environmental Sciences. Washington, DC: -National Academy Press.

NRC. 2002a. Countering Terrorism: Lessons Learned from Natural and Technological Disasters. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NRC. 2002b. Making the Nation Safer: The Role of Science and Technology in Countering Terrorism. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NRC. 2002c. The National Plant Genome Initiative: Objectives for 2003-2008. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NRC. 2003a. Large Scale Biomedical Science: Exploring Strategies for Future Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NRC. 2003b. Preventing Earthquake Disasters: The Grand Challenge in Earthquake Engineering. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NRC. 2003c. Protecting Participants and Facilitating Social and Behavioral Sciences Research. Constance F. Citro, Daniel R. Ilgen, and Cora B. Marrett (eds.) Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NRC. 2004. Reducing Future Flood Losses: The Role of Human Actions—Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NRC. 2005a. Decision Making for the Environment: Social and Behavioral Science Research Priorities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NRC. 2005b. Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

NSF (National Science Foundation). 2002. Integrated Research in Risk Analysis and Decision Making in a Democratic Society. Workshop report, July 17-18.

NSF and Department of Interior. 1976. Earthquake Prediction and Hazard Mitigation: Options for USGS and NSF Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Oak Ridge National Laboratory. 2003. Oak Ridge Evacuation Modeling System: OREMS Version 2.60. Oak Ridge, TN.

Oakes, J.M., D.L. Anderton, and A.B. Anderson. 1996. A longitudinal analysis of environmental equity in communities with hazardous waste facilities. Social Science Research 25(2):125-148.

O’Brien, P., and D.S. Mileti. 1992. Citizen participation in emergency response following the Loma Prieta earthquake. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 10:71-89.

Ofori-Atta, K., E. Roseman, B. Saha, S. Stuart, M. Lipschultz and J. Smidt. 2004. Profiting from transmission investment: A holistic, new approach to cost/benefit analysis. Public Utilities Fortnightly, (October):72-77.

Okuyama, Y. and S.E. Chang (eds.) 2004. Modeling Spatial and Economic Impacts of Disasters. Berlin: Springer.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Oliver-Smith, A. 1990. Post-disaster housing reconstruction and social inequality: A challenge to policy and practice. Disasters 14.

Oliver-Smith, A. 2001. Displacement, Resistance and the Critique of Development: From the Grass Roots to the Global. Final report prepared for ESCOR R7644 and the Research Programme on Development Induced Displacement and Resettlement, Refugee Study Centre, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. Available at www.qeh.ac.uk/resp/ (Accessed April 2, 2005).

Oliver-Smith, A., and R. Goldman. 1988. Planning goals and urban realities: Post-disaster Reconstruction in a Third World city. City and Society 2(2):67-79.

Olshansky, R.S., and J. Kartez. 1998. Managing land-use to build resilience. Pp. 167-202 in R.J. Burby (ed.) Cooperating with nature: Confronting Natural Hazards with Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Communities.Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press.

Olson, R.S. 2000. Toward a politics of disaster: Losses, values, agendas, and blame. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 18(2):265-287.

Olson, R.S., and A.C. Drury. 1997. Un-therapeutic communities: A cross-national analysis of post-disaster political unrest. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 15:221-238.

Olson, R.S., and V.T. Gawronski. 2003. Disasters as critical junctures? Managua, Nicaragua 1972 and Mexico City 1985. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 21(1):5-35.

Olson, R.S., and R.A. Olson. 1993. The rubble’s standing up in Oroville, California: The politics of building safety. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 11(2):163-188.

Olson, R.S., and R.A. Olson. 1994. Trapped in politics: The life, death, and afterlife of the Utah Seismic Safety Council. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 12:77-94.

Olson, R.S., R.A. Olson, and V.T. Gawronski. 1998. Night and day: Mitigation policy making in Oakland, California before and after the Loma Prieta disaster. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 16(2):145-179.

Ostrom, E., T. Dietz, N. Dolsak, P.C. Stren, S. Stoninsh, and E.U. Weber (eds.) 2001. The Drama of the Commons. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Palm, R.I. 1998. Demand for disaster insurance: Residential coverage. Pp. 51-66 in H. Kunreuther and Richard J. Roth, Sr. (eds.) Paying the Price: The Status and Role of Insurance Against Natural Disasters in the United States. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press.

Palm, R.I., and M.E. Hodgson. 1992. After a California Earthquake: Attitude and Behavior Change. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Palm, R.I., M.E. Hodgson, R.D. Blanchard, and D. Lyons. 1990. Earthquake insurance in California. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Park, J., P. Gordon, J. Moore, and H. Richardson. 2005. Simulating the state-by-state effects of terrorist attacks on three major U.S. ports: Applying NIEMO. Paper presented at the Second Annual DHS CREATE Center Symposium, University of Southern California, Los Angeles.

Parris, T.M., and R.W. Kates. 2003. Characterizing a sustainability transition: Goals, targets, trends, and driving forces. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 100(14):8068-8073.

Peacock, W.G., and C. Girard. 1997. Ethnic and racial inequalities in hurricane damage and insurance settlements. Pp. 171-190 in W.G. Peacock, B.H. Morrow, and H. Gladwin (eds.) Hurricane Andrew: Ethnicity, Gender and the Sociology of Disasters. London: Routledge.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Peacock, W.G., C.D. Killian, and F.L. Bates. 1987. The effect of disaster damage and housing aid on household recovery following the 1976 Guatemalan earthquake. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 5:63-88.

Peacock, W.G., B.H. Morrow, and H. Gladwin. 1997. Hurricane Andrew: Ethnicity, Gender, and the Sociology of Disaster. New York: Routledge.

Peacock, W., B.H. Morrow, and H. Gladwin. 2000. Hurricane Andrew and the Reshaping of Miami: Ethnicity, Gender, and the Socio-political Ecology of Disasters. Miami: Florida International University, International Hurricane Center.

Peek-Asa, C., M. Ramirez, and K.I. Shoaf. 2001. Population-based case-control study of earthquake-related deaths and hospitalized admissions sustained during the 1994 Northridge, CA Earthquake. Proceedings 1st Workshop for Comparative Study on Urban Earthquake Disaster Management. Kobe, Japan, January 18-19.

Peek-Asa, C., M. Ramirez, H.A. Seligson, and K.I. Shoaf. 2003. Seismic, structural, and individual factors associated with earthquake-related injury. Injury Prevention 9:62-66.

Pelling, Mark. 2003. The Vulnerability of Cities: Natural Disasters and Social Resilience. London: Earthscan.

Pellmar, T.C., and L. Eisenberg, (eds.) 2000. Bridging Disciplines in the Brain, Behavioral, and Clinical Sciences. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Perilla, J.L., F.H. Norris, and E.A. Lavizzo. 2002. Ethnicity, culture, and disaster response: Identifying and explaining ethnic differences in PTSD six months after Hurricane Andrew. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology 21(1):20-45.

Perrow, C. 1984. Normal Accidents: Living with High Risk Technologies. New York: Basic Books.

Perry, R.W. 2005. Disasters, definitions, and theory building. Pp. 282-296 in R.W. Perry and E.L. Quarantelli (eds.) What Is a Disaster? New Answers to Old Questions. Philadelphia: Xlibris.

Perry, R.W., and M.K. Lindell. 1978. The psychological consequences of natural disaster: A review of research on American communities. Mass Emergencies 3:105-115.

Perry, R.W., and M.K. Lindell. 1990. Living with Mt. St. Helens: Human Adjustment to Volcano Hazards. Pullman, WA: Washington State University Press.

Perry, R.W., and M.K. Lindell. 1991. The Effects of ethnicity on evacuation decision making. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 9:47-68.

Perry, R.W., and M.K. Lindell. 1997. Earthquake planning for governmental continuity. Environmental Management 21:89-96.

Perry, R.W., M.R. Greene, and M.K. Lindell. 1980. Enhancing evacuation warning compliance: Suggestions for emergency planning Disasters 4(4):433-449.

Perry, R.W., and E.L. Quarantelli (eds.) 2005. What Is a Disaster? New Answers to Old Questions. Philadelphia: XLibris.

Petak, W.J., and A.A. Atkisson. 1982. Natural Hazard Risk Assessment and Public Policy: Anticipating the Unexpected. New York: Springer Verlag.

Petonito, L. 2004. University Programs, Science and Technology Division, Department of Homeland Security. Invited presentation to the committee, August 4.

Pfirman, S., and the AC-ERE. 2003. Complex Environmental Systems, Synthesis for Earth, Life, and Society in the 21st Century. A report summarizing a 10-year outlook in environmental research and education for the National Science Foundation. Washington, DC: NSF.

Phillips, B.D. 1993. Cultural diversity in disasters: Sheltering, housing, and long term recovery. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 11:99-110.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Phillips, B.D. 1998. Sheltering and housing of low-income and minority groups in Santa Cruz County after the Loma Prieta earthquake. Pp. 17-28 in J.M. Nigg (ed.) The Loma Prieta, California, Earthquake of October 17, 1989—Recovery, Mitigation, and Reconstruction. Washington, DC: U.S. Geological Survey.

Phillips, B.D. 2004. Personal communication with Brenda Phillips, Oklahoma State University, August.

Pine, J.C., B.D. Marx, and A. Lakshmanan. 2002. An examination of accidental-release scenarios from chemical-processing sites: The relation of race to distance. Social Science Quarterly 83(1):317-331.

Platt, R.H. 1994. Evolution of coastal hazards policies in the United States. Coastal Management 22:265-284.

Platt, R.H. 1998. Planning and land-use adjustments in historical perspective. Pp. 29-56 in R.J. Burby (ed.) Cooperating with Nature: Confronting Natural Hazards with Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Communities. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press.

Platt, R.H. 1999. Disasters and Democracy. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Platt, R.H. 2004. Land-Use and Society: Geography, Law and Public Policy (Revised Edition). Washington, DC: Island Press.

Popkins, R., and C. Rubin. 2000. Practitioners’ views of the Natural Hazards Center, Natural Hazards Review 1(4):212-221.

Posner, R. 2004. Catastrophe: Risk and Response. New York: Oxford University Press.

Prater, C.S. 2001. The short history of Project Impact: A preliminary evaluation. Presented at the APEC Workshop on Dissemination of Disaster Mitigation Technologies, Taipei, Taiwan, June 18-21.

Prater, C.S., and M.K. Lindell. 2000. The politics of hazard mitigation. Natural Hazards Review 1:73-82.

Prater, C.S., M.K. Lindell, W.G. Peacock, Y. Zhang, and J.C. Lu. 2004. A Social Vulnerability Approach to Estimating Potential Socioeconomic Impacts of Earthquakes. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Hazard Reduction and Recovery Center.

Prince, S. 1920. Catastrophe and Social Change. New York: Longmans, Green and Co.

Putman, R. 1995. Bowling alone: America’s declining social capital. Journal of Democracy 6:65-78.

Putnam, R. 1993. Making Democracies Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Qualrus Idea Works Inc. 2003. Available at http://www.ideaworks.com/Qualrus.shtml (Accessed July 21, 2005).

Quarantelli, E.L. 1978. Some basic themes in sociological studies of disasters. Pp. 1-14 in E.L. Quarantelli (ed.) Disasters: Theory and Research. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Quarantelli, E.L. 1982. Sheltering and housing after major community disasters: Case studies ad general conclusions. Newark, DE: University of Delaware Disaster Research Center.

Quarantelli, E.L. 1987. Disaster studies: An analysis of the social historical factors affecting the development of research in the area. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 5:285-310.

Quarantelli, E.L. 1989. Conceptualizing disasters from a sociological perspective. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 7:243-251.

Quarantelli, E.L. 1994. Disaster studies: The consequences of the historical use of a sociological approach in the development of research. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 12:25-49.

Quarantelli, E.L. (ed.) 1998. What Is a Disaster? Perspectives on the Question. New York: Routledge.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Quarantelli, E.L. 1999. International Sociological Association Research Committee on the Sociology of Disasters RC 39. Available at http://www.ucm.es/info/isa/rc39orig.htm (Accessed September 9, 2004).

Quarantelli, E.L. 2002. The Disaster Research Center (DRC) field studies of organized behavior in the crisis time period of disasters. Pp. 94-126 in R.A. Stallings (ed.) Methods of Disaster Research. Philadelphia: Xlibris.

Quarantelli, E.L. 2004. Personal communication.

Quarantelli, E.L. 2006. Looting and Other Criminal Behavior in Hurricane Katrina: Atypical and Complex but Seen Before in Other Catastrophes. Newark, DE: University of Delaware Disaster Research Center.

Quarantelli, E.L., and R.R. Dynes. 1970. Property norms and looting: Their patterns in community crises. Phylon 31:168-182.

Quarantelli, E.L., and R.R. Dynes. 1972. When disaster strikes (it isn’t much like what you’ve heard and read about). Psychology Today 5:66-70.

Quarantelli, E.L., and R.R. Dynes. 1977. Response to social crisis and disaster. Annual Review of Sociology 3:23-49.

Radke, J., T. Cova, M.F. Sheridan, A. Troy, L. Mu, and R. Johnson. 2000. Application challenges for geographic information science: Implications for research, education, and policy for emergency preparedness and response. URISA Journal 12(2):15-30.

Ramsey, E.W., M.E. Hodgson, S.K. Sapkota, S.C. Laine, G.A. Nelso, and D.K. Chappell. 2001. Forest impact estimated with NOAA AVHRR and Landsat TM data related to a predicted hurricane windfield distribution. International Journal of Remote Sensing 77:279-292.

Rashed, T., and J. Weeks. 2003. Assessing vulnerability to earthquake hazards through spatial multicriteria analysis of urban areas. International Journal of Geographical Information Science 17:547-576.

Raven, B.H. 1993. The bases of power: Origins and recent developments. Journal of Social Issues 49:227-251.

Raven, P.H. 2002. Science, sustainability and the human prospect. AAAS Presidential Address. Science 297(5583):954-958.

Reddy, S. 2000. Factors influencing the incorporation of hazard mitigation during recovery from disaster. Natural Hazards 22:185-201.

Rhodes, E.L. 2003. Environmental Justice in America: A New Paradigm. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.

Rhoten, D. 2004. Interdisciplinary research: Trend or transition. Items and Issues 5(1/2): 6-11. Available at http://www.ssrc.org/publications/items/items_5.12/interdisciplinary_ research.pdf.

Ripley, R., and G. Franklin. 1984. Congress, Bureaucracy, and Public Policy (2nd Edition). Homewood, IL: Dorsey Press.

Roberts, K.H. 1989. New challenges in organizational research: High reliability organizations. Industrial Crisis Quarterly 3:111-125.

Rocha, J.L., and I. Christopolis. 2001. Disaster mitigation and preparedness on the Nicaraguan post-Mitch agenda. Disasters 25(3):24-250.

Rochefort, D.A. and R.W. Cobb. 1994. The Politics of Problem Definition: Shaping the Policy Agenda. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press.

Rodriguez, H., J. Trainor, and E.L. Quarantelli. Forthcoming. Rising to the challenge of a catastrophe: The emergent and pro-social behavior following Hurricane Katrina. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.

Rogers, G., and J. Sorensen. 1988. Diffusion of emergency warnings. Environmental Professional 10:281-294.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Rohe, W. 2004. Building social capital through community development. Journal of the American Planning Association 70(2):158-164.

Rose, A. 2004. Defining and measuring economic resilience to disasters. Disaster Prevention and Management 13(4):307-314.

Rose, A., and S. Liao. 2005. Modeling regional economic resilience to disasters: A computable general equilibrium analysis of water service disruptions. Journal of Regional Science 45(1)75-112.

Rose, A., J. Benavides, S.E. Chang, P. Szczesniak, and D. Lim. 1997. The regional economic impact of an earthquake: Direct and indirect effects of electricity lifeline disruptions. Journal of Regional Science 37(3):437-458.

Rose, A., G. Oladosu, and D. Salvino. 2004. Regional Economic Impacts of Electricity Outages in Los Angeles: A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis. Pp. 179-210 in Crew, M. and M. Spiegel (eds.) Obtaining the Best from Regulation and Competition. Dordrecht: Kluwer.

Rosenfeld, M.J. 1997. Celebration, politics, selective looting and riots: A micro level study of the Bulls Riot of 1992 in Chicago. Social Problems 44(4):483-502.

Rossi, P.H., J.D. Wright, S.R. Wright, and E. Weber-Burdin. 1978. Are there long term effects of American natural disaster? Estimation of floods, hurricanes, and tornadoes occurring 1960 to 1970 on U.S. Census tracts in 1970. Mass Emergencies 3:117-132.

Rossi, P.H., J.D. Wright, and E. Weber-Burdin. 1982. Natural Hazards and Public Choice: The State and Local Politics of Hazard Mitigation. New York: Academic Press.

Rubin, C.B. 1991. Recovery from disaster. Pp. 224-259 in T.E. Drabek and G.J. Hoetmer (eds.) Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government. Washington, DC: International City Management Association.

Rubin, C.B. 1999. Disaster Time Line: Selected Milestone Events and U.S. Outcomes (1965-2000). Available at http://www.disaster-timeline.com.

Rubin, C.B., M.D. Saperstein, and D.G. Barbee. 1985. Community Recovery from a Major Natural Disaster. Monograph 41. Boulder, CO: Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado.

Rubin, C.B., W.R. Cumming, and I. Renda-Tanali. 2003. Terrorism Time Line: Major Focusing Events and U.S. Outcomes (1993–2003). Available at http://www.disaster-timeline.com.

Rubonis, A.V., and L. Bickman. 1991. Psychological impairment in the wake of disaster: The disaster-psychopathology relationship. Psychological Bulletin 109(May):384-399.

Russell, L., J.D. Goltz, and L.B. Bourque. 1995. Preparedness and hazard mitigation actions before and after two earthquakes. Environment and Behavior 27:744-770.

Safwat, N., and H.Youssef. 1997. Texas hurricane evacuation time estimates. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Hazard Reduction and Recovery Center.

Sagan, S.D. 1993. The Limits of Safety: Organizations, Accidents, and Nuclear Weapons. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Salas, E., and J.A. Cannon Bowers. 2001. The science of training: A decade of progress. Annual Review of Psychology 52:471-499.

Saunders, S.L., and G.A. Kreps. 1987. The life history of organization in disaster. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science 23:443-462.

Schroeder, R.A. 1987. Gender Vulnerability to Drought: A Case Study of the Hausa Social Environment. Natural Hazards Research Working Paper 58. Boulder, CO: Natural Hazard Research and Applications Information Center, University of Colorado.

Schuman, H., and G. Kalton. 1985. Survey methods. Pp. 635-698 in G. Lindzey and E. Aronson (eds.) The handbook of social psychology (3rd Edition, Vol. 1). Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Schwab, J., K.C. Topping, C.C. Eadie, R.E. Deyle, and R.A. Smith, R.A. 1998. Planning for Post-disaster Recovery and Reconstruction. PAS Report 483/484. Chicago, IL: American Planning Association.

Select Bipartisan Committee to Investigate the Preparation for and Response to Hurricane Katrina. 2006. A Failure of Initiative: Final Report of the Select Bipartisan Committee to Investigate the Preparation for and Response to Hurricane Katrina. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Seligson, H.A., and K.I. Shoaf. 2002. Human Impacts of Earthquakes. In C. Scawthorn (ed.) Earthquake Engineering Handbook. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Seligson, H.A., K.I. Shoaf, C. Peek-Asa, and M. Mahue-Giangreco. 2002. Engineering-based earthquake casualty modeling: Past, present and future. Proceedings of the Seventh U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Boston, MA, July 21-25.

Sen, A. 1981. Poverty and Famine: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Sexton, K., and J. Adgate. 1999. Looking at environmental justice from an environmental health perspective. Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology 9:3-8.

Sexton, K., L. Waller, R.B. McMaster, G. Maldonado, and J. Adgate. 2002. The importance of spatial scale for environmental health policy and research. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 8(1):109-125.

Shefner, J. 1999. Pre- and post-disaster political instability and contentious supporters: A case study of political ferment. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 17:37-160.

Shinozuka, M., S.E. Chang, R.T. Eguchi, D.P. Abrams, H.H.M. Hwang, and A. Rose. 1997. Advances in Earthquake Loss Estimation and Application to Memphis, Tennessee. Earthquake Spectra 13(4):739-758.

Shinozuka, M., A. Rose, and R.T. Eguchi (eds.) 1998. Engineering and Socioeconomic Impacts of Earthquakes: An Analysis of Electricity Lifeline Disruptions in the New Madrid Area. Monograph No.2. Buffalo, NY: Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research.

Shoaf, K.I., H.S. Sareen, L.H. Nguyen, and L.B. Bourque. 1998. Injuries as a result of California earthquakes in the past decade. Disasters 22(3):218-235.

Shoaf, K.I., H.A. Seligson, C. Peek-Asa, and M. Mahue-Giangreco. 2000. Standardized Injury Categorization Schemes for Earthquake Related Injuries, produced for the National Science Foundation by the UCLA Center for Public Health and Disaster Relief. Available at http://www.ph.ucla.edu/cphdr/scheme.pdf (Accessed July 21, 2005).

Shoaf, K.I., H.A. Seligson, C. Peek-Asa, and M. Mahue-Giangreco. 2001. Enhancement of casualty models for post-earthquake response and mitigation. Proceedings U.S.-Japan Cooperative Research on Urban Earthquake Disaster Mitigation, Third Grantees Meeting, Seattle, WA, August 15-16.

Shoaf, K.I., H.A. Seligson, C. Peek-Asa, and M. Mahue-Giangreco. 2002. Advancing the science of casualty estimation: A standardized classification scheme. Proceedings of the Seventh U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering. Boston, MA, July 21-25.

Shoaf, K., C. Sauter, L.B. Bourque, C. Giangreco, and B. Weiss. 2004. Suicides in Los Angeles County in relation to the Northridge earthquake. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 19(4):307-310.

Showalter, P.S. 1993. Prognostication of doom: An earthquake prediction’s effect on four small communities. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 11:279-292.

Shrivastava, P. 1987. Bhopal: Anatomy of a Crisis. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger Publishing Co.

Shrivastava, P., and I. Mitroff. 1984. Enhancing organizational research utilization: The role of decision makers’ assumptions. Academy of Management Review 9:18-26.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Siegel, J.M., L.B. Bourque, and K.I. Shoaf. 1999. Victimization after a natural disaster: Social disorganization or community cohesion? International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 17:265-294.

Siegel, J.M., K.I. Shoaf, and L.B. Bourque. 2000. The C-Mississippi Scale for PTSD in postearthquake communities. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 18:339-346.

Sime, J.D. 1999. Crowd facilities, management and communications in disasters. Facilities 17:313-324.

Simile, C. 1995. Disaster Settings and Mobilization for Contentious Collective Action: Case Studies of Hurricane Hugo and the Loma Prieta Earthquake. Doctoral dissertation. Newark, DE: Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, University of Delaware.

Simpson, D.M. 2001. Community emergency response training (CERTs): A recent history and review. Natural Hazards Review 2:54-63.

Sitarz, D. (ed.) 1993. Agenda 21: The Earth Summit Strategy to Save Our Planet. Covel, CA: Island Press.

Skinner, P., D.F. Borenstein, M. Perreault, M. Rubin, and S. Kobasa. 1991. It Can’t Happen Here! Recent Significant Toxic Chemical Incidents: A Compendium and Discussion, New York State Attorney General’s Office.

Slovic, P. 1987. Perception of risk. Science 236:280-285.

Slovic, P. 2000. The Perception of Risk. London: Earthscan Publications Ltd.

Slovic, P. 2005. Personal communication, February 11.

Slovic, P., H. Kunreuther, and G.F. White. 1974. Decision processes, rationality, and adjustment to natural Hazards. Pp. 187-205 in G.F. White (ed.) Natural Hazards: Local, National, Global. New York: Oxford University Press.

Slovic, P., M. Funucane, E. Peters, and D.G. MacGregor. 2004. Risk as analysis and risk as feelings: Some thoughts about affect, reason, risk, and rationality. Risk Analysis 24(2):311-322.

Smith, S.K., J. Tayman, D.A. Swanson. 2001. State and Local Population Projections: Methodology and Analysis, New York: Kluwer.

Sorensen, J.H. 1991. When shall we leave? Factors affecting the timing of evacuation departures. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 9:153-165.

Sorensen, J.H. 2000. Hazard warning systems: Review of 20 years of progress. Natural Hazards Review 1:119-125.

Sorensen, J.H., and D.S. Mileti. 1987. Programs that encourage the adoption of precautions against natural hazards: Review and evaluation. Pp. 321-339 in N. Weinstein (ed.) Taking Care: Why People Take Precautions. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Sorensen, J.H., and G.O. Rogers. 1988. Local preparedness for chemical accidents: A survey of U.S. communities. Industrial Crisis Quarterly 2:89-108.

Sorensen, J.H., and G.O. Rogers. 1989. Warning and response in two hazardous materials transportation accidents in the U.S. Journal of Hazardous Materials 22:57-74.

Sorensen, J.H., G.O. Rogers and D. Fisher. 1988. Public alert and warning systems for chemical emergencies Proceedings of the AIChE Hazardous Material Spills Conference.

Southwest Educational Development Laboratory. 1996. A Review of the Literature on Dissemination and Knowledge Utilization. Austin, TX.

Spangle, W.E. 1987. Pre-Earthquake Planning for Post-Earthquake Rebuilding (PEPPER). Journal of Environmental Sciences 29:49-54.

Spangle Associates Urban Planning and Research. 1997. Evaluation of use of the Los Angeles recovery and reconstruction plan after the Northridge earthquake. Available at http:// spangleassociates.com/.

Srinivasan, D. 2003. Battling hazards with a brand new tool. Planning 69(2):10-13.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Stallings, R.A. 1978. The structural patterns of four types of organizations in disaster. Pp. 87-104 in E.L. Quarantelli (ed.) Disasters: Theory and Research. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Stallings, R.A. 1995. Promoting Risk: Constructing the Earthquake Threat. New York: De Gruyter.

Stallings, R.A. 2002. Methods of disaster research: Unique or not? Pp. 21-47 in R.A. Stallings (ed.) Methods of Disaster Research. Newark, DE: International Research Committee on Disasters.

Stallings, R.A., and E.L. Quarantelli. 1985. Emergent citizen groups and emergency management. Public Administration Review 45:93-100.

Stern, P.C., O.R. Young, and D. Druckman (eds.) 1992. Global Environmental Change: Understanding the Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Stockwell, J.R., J.W. Sorenson, J.W. Eckert Jr., and E.M. Carreras. 1993. The U.S. EPA geographic information system for mapping environmental releases of toxic chemical release inventory (TRI) chemicals. Risk Analysis 13:155-164.

Suparamaniam, N., and S. Dekker. 2003. Paradoxes of power: The separation of knowledge and authority in international disaster relief work. Disaster Prevention and Management 12(4):312-318.

Sustein, C. 2002. Risk and Reason: Safety, Law, and the Environment. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Szasz, A., and M. Meuser. 1997. Environmental inequalities: Literature review and proposals for new directions in research and theory. Current Sociology 45(3):99-120.

Thomas, D.S.K. 2001. Data, data everywhere, but can we really use them? Pp. 61-76 in S.L. Cutter (ed.) American Hazardscapes: The Regionalization of Hazards and Disasters. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press.

Thompson, J.D. 1967. Organizations in Action. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Tierney, K.J. 1988. Social aspects of the Whittier Narrows earthquake. Earthquake Spectra 4:11-23.

Tierney, K.J. 1994. Emergency preparedness and Response. Pp. 105-128 in Practical Lessons from the Loma Prieta Earthquake. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Tierney, K.J. 1997a. Business impacts of the Northridge earthquake. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management 5(2):87-97.

Tierney, K.J. 1997b. Impacts of Recent Disasters on Businesses: The 1993 Midwest Floods and the 1994 Northridge Earthquake. Pp. 189-222 in B.G. Jones (ed.) Economic Consequences of Earthquakes: Preparing for the Unexpected. Buffalo, NY: National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research.

Tierney, K.J. 2000. Controversy and consensus in disaster mental health research. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 15(4):181-187.

Tierney, K.J. 2002. The field turns fifty: Social change and the practice of disaster fieldwork. Pp. 349-374 in R. Stallings (ed.) Methods of Disaster Research. International Research Committee on Disasters. Philadelphia: Xlibris.

Tierney, K.J. 2003. Disaster beliefs and institutional interests: Recycling disaster myths in the aftermath of 9-11. Pp. 33-51 in L. Clarke (ed.) Terrorism and Disaster: New Threats, New Ideas. Research in Social Problems and Public Policy 11. New York: Elsevier Science Ltd.

Tierney, K.J. Forthcoming. Recent developments in U.S. homeland security policies and their implications for the management of extreme events. In H. Rodriguez, E.L. Quarantelli, and R.R. Dynes (eds.) Handbook of Disaster Research. New York: Springer.

Tierney, K.J., and J.M. Nigg. 1995. Business vulnerability to disaster-related lifeline disruption. Pp. 72-79 in Proceedings of the 4th U.S. Conference on Lifeline Earthquake Engineering. American Society of Civil Engineers.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Tierney, K.J., and J. Trainor. 2004. Networks and Resilience in the World Trade Center Disaster. Pp. 157-172 in Research Progress and Accomplishments 2003-2004 Buffalo, NY: State University of New York at Buffalo, Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research.

Tierney, K.J., C. Bevc, and E. Kuligowski. Forthcoming. Metaphors matter: Disaster myths, media frames, and their consequences in Hurricane Katrina. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.

Tierney, K.J., and G.R. Webb. Forthcoming. Business Vulnerability to Earthquakes and Other Disasters. In E. Rovai and C.M. Rodrigue (eds.) Earthquakes. New York: Routledge.

Tierney, K.J., S.E. Chang, R.T. Eguchi, A. Rose, and M. Shinozuka. 1999. Improving earthquake loss estimation: Review, assessment and extension of loss estimation methodologies. Pp. 13-28 in Research Progress and Accomplishments, 1997-1999. Buffalo, NY: State University of New York at Buffalo, Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research.

Tierney, K.J., M. Lindell, and R. Perry. 2001. Facing the Unexpected: Disaster Preparedness and Response in the United States. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press.

Tjosvold, D. 1995. Cooperation theory, constructive controversy, and effectiveness: Learning from crisis. Pp. 79-112 in R. A. Guzzo, E. Salas and Associates (eds.) Team effectiveness and decision making in organizations. San Francisco: Josey-Bass.

Tobin, G.A., and B.E. Montz, 2004. Natural hazards and technology: vulnerability, risk, and community response in hazardous environments. Pp. 547-570 in S.D. Brunn, S.L. Cutter, and J.W. Harrington, Jr. (eds.) Geography and Technology. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Tourangeau, R. 2004. Invited presentation to the committee, August 4.

Transportation Research Board. 1998. Highway Capacity Manual. Special Report 209 (3rd Edition). Washington, DC.

Troutman, T.W., R. Smith, and M.A. Rose. 2001. Situation Specific Call-to-Action Statements. NOAA Technical Memorandum NWS SR-202. National Weather Service. Fort Worth, TX: Scientific Services.

Tubbesing, T. 2004. Personal communication. EERI, July.

Turner, B.L. 1978. Man-Made Disasters. London: Wykeham.

Turner, B.L. II. 2005. Personal communication, April 18.

Turner, B.L. II, R.E. Kasperson, P.A. Matson, J.J. McCarthy, R.W. Corell, L. Christensen, N. Eckley, J.X. Kasperson, A. Luers, M.L. Martello, C. Polsky, A. Pulsipher, and A. Schiller. 2003a. A framework for vulnerability analysis in sustainability science. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 100(14): 8074-8079.

Turner, B.L. II, P.A. Matson, J.J. McCarthy, R.W. Corell, L. Christensen, N. Eckley, G.K. Hovelsrud-Broda, J.X. Kasperson, R.E. Kasperson, A. Luers, M.L. Martello, S. Mathiesen, R. Naylor, C. Polsky, A. Pulsipher, A. Schiller, H. Selin, and N. Tyler. 2003b. Illustrating the coupled human-environment system for vulnerability analysis: Three case studies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 100(14):8080-8085.

Turner, R.H. 1994. Rumor as intensified information seeking: Earthquake rumors in China and the United States. Pp. 244-256 in R.R. Dynes and K.J. Tierney (eds.) Disasters, Collective Behavior, and Social Organization. Newark, DE: University of Delaware Press.

Turner, R.H., and L.M. Killian. 1987. Collective Behavior (3rd Edition). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Turner, R.H., J.M. Nigg, and D. Paz. 1986. Waiting for Disaster: Earthquake Watch in California. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Tweedie, S.W., J.R. Rowland, S.J. Walsh, R.P. Rhoten, and P.I. Hagle. 1986. A methodology for estimating emergency evacuation times. The Social Science Journal 23:189-204.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Ulin, David L. 2004. The Myth of Solid Ground. New York: Penguin.

United Church of Christ (UCC), Commission for Racial Justice. 1987. Toxic Wastes and Race: A National Report on the Racial and Socioeconomic Characteristics of Communities with Hazardous Waste Sites. New York.

United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. 2001. Natural Disasters and Sustainable Development: Understanding the Links Between Development, Environment, and Natural Disasters Background Document for the World Summit on Sustainable Development. Available at http://www.unisdr.org (Accessed September 8, 2004).

United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED). 1992. Agenda 21: The United Nations Programme of Action from Rio. New York: United Nations.

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). 2004. Reducing Disaster Risk: A Challenge for Development. Available at http://www.undp.org/bcrp/disred/english/publications/rdr.htm (Accessed September 20, 2004).

University of South Carolina Research. 2005. Bird’s-eye View. Breakthrough 2005:14-16.

Uphoff, Norman. 1991. Fitting projects to people. In M. Cernea (ed.) Putting People First: Sociological Variables in Rural Development. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Urbanik, T. 1994. State of the art in evacuation time estimates for nuclear power plants. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 12:327-343.

Urbanik, T. 2000. Evacuation time estimates for nuclear power plants. Journal of Hazardous Materials 75:165-180.

Urbanik, T., M.P. Moeller, and K. Barnes. 1988. Benchmark Study of the I-DYNEV Evacuation Time Estimate Computer Code, NUREG/CR-4873. Washington, DC: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

U.S. Census Bureau. 2001. Current Population Survey (CPS)—Home Computers and Internet Use in the United States: August 2000. Available at http://www.census.gov/prod/2001pubs/p23-207.pdf.

U.S. Census Statistical Abstract. 2004. Table 21. Available at http://www.census.gov/prod/www/statistical-abstract-04.html.

U.S. Census Statistical Abstract. 2004. Table 23. Available at http://www.census.gov/prod/www/statistical-abstract-04.html.

U.S. Census Statistical Abstract. 2004. Table 117. (Health). Available at http://www.census.gov/prod/www/statistical-abstract-04.html.

U.S. Census Statistical Abstract. 2004. Table 213. Available at http://www.census.gov/prod/www/statistical-abstract-04.html.

U.S. Census Statistical Abstract. 2004. Table 216. Available at http://www.census.gov/prod/www/statistical-abstract-04.html.

U.S. Census Statistical Abstract. 2004. Table 648. Available at http://www.census.gov/prod/www/statistical-abstract-04.html.

U.S. Geological Survey. 2003. The Plan to Coordinate NEHRP Post-earthquake Investigations, Circular 1242. Reston, VA: U.S. Geological Survey.

U.S. President’s Commission on the Accident at Three Mile Island. 1979. Report of the President’s Commission on the Accident at Three Mile Island: The Need for Change—The Legacy of TMI. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Vale, L., and T.J. Campanella (eds.) 2005. A Resilient City. London: Oxford University Press.

Van Meter, D.S., and C.E. Van Horn. 1975. The policy implementation process: A conceptual framework. Administration and Society 6:445-488.

Vaughan, D. 1996. The Challenger Launch Decision: Risky Technology, Culture, and Deviance at NASA. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Vaughan, D. 1999. The dark side of organizations: Mistake, misconduct, and disaster. Annual Review of Sociology 25:271-305.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Wachtendorf, T. 2004. Improvising 9-11: Organizational Improvisation Following the World Trade Center Disaster. Newark, DE: doctoral dissertation, Department of Sociology, University of Delaware.

Waisel Laurie B., W.A. Wallace, and T. Willemain. 1998. Using diagrammatic reasoning in mathematical modeling: The sketches of expert modelers. Proceedings of the AAAI 1997 Fall Symposium on Reasoning with Diagrammatic Representation II. Menlo Park, CA: AAAI Press.

Warren, Roland. 1963. The Community in America. Chicago, IL: Rand McNally.

Watts, M.J., and H.G. Bohle. 1993. The space of vulnerability: The causal structure of hunger and famine. Progress in Human Geography 17(1):43-67.

Waugh, W.L., Jr. 2000. Living with Hazards; Dealing with Disasters: An Introduction to Emergency Management. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.

Waugh, W.L., Jr., and R.T. Sylves. 1996. Intergovernmental relations in emergency management. Pp. 46-68 in R.T. Silves and W.L. Waugh, Jr. (eds.) Disaster Management in the U.S. and Canada: The Politics, Policy making, Administration and Analysis of Emergency Management. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas Publishers.

Waugh, W.L., Jr., and R.T. Sylves. 2002. Organizing the War on Terrorism. Public Administration Review 62:81-89.

Webb, G.R. 2002. Role improvising during crisis situations. International Journal of Emergency Management 2:47-61.

Webb, G.R., K.J. Tierney, and J.M. Dahlhamer. 2000. Businesses and disasters: Empirical patterns and unanswered questions. Natural Hazards Review 1(2):83-90.

Webb, G.R., K.J. Tierney, and J.M. Dahlhamer. 2003. Predicting long-term business recovery from disaster: A comparison of the Loma Prieta Earthquake and Hurricane Andrew. Environmental Hazards 4:45-58.

Weick, K.E. 1993. The collapse of sense-making in organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly 38:628-652.

Wenger, D.E. 1978. Community response to disaster: Functional and structural alterations. Pp. in E.L. Quarantelli (ed.) Disasters: Theory and Research. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Wenger, D.E., and T.F. James. 1994. The convergence of volunteers in a consensus crisis: The case of the 1985 Mexico City earthquake. Pp. 229-243 in R.R. Dynes and K.J. Tierney (eds.) Disasters, Collective Behavior, and Social Organization. Newark, DE: University of Delaware Press.

West, C., and D. Lenze. 1994. Modeling the regional impact of natural disaster and recovery. International Regional Science Review 17:121-150.

White, G., and J. Haas. 1975. Assessment of Research on Natural Hazards. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

White House. 2006. The Federal Response to Hurricane Katrina: Lessons Learned. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Whitney, D.J., and M.K. Lindell. 2000. Member commitment and participation in local emergency planning committees. Policy Studies Journal 28:467-484.

Whitney, D.J., A. Dickerson, and M.K. Lindell. 2001. Nonstructural seismic preparedness of Southern California hospitals. Earthquake Spectra 17:153-171.

Whitney, D.J., M.K. Lindell, and D.H. Nguyen. 2004. Earthquake beliefs and adoption of seismic hazard adjustments. Risk Analysis 24:87-102.

Williams, H. 1954. Fewer disasters: Better studied. Journal of Social Issues 10:5-11.

Wisner, B. 2001. Risk and neoliberal state: Why post-Mitch lessons didn’t reduce El Salvador’s earthquake losses. Disasters 25(3):251-268.

Working Group on Earthquake Hazards Reduction. 1978. Earthquake Hazards Reduction: Issues for an Implementation Plan. Washington, DC: Office of Technology Assessment.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

Working Group on “Governance Dilemmas” in Bioterrorism Response. 2004. Leading during bioattacks and epidemics with the public’s trust and help. Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: Biodefense Strategy, Practice, and Science 2(1):25-40.

World Bank. 1990. The World Bank and the Environment. Washington, DC: World Bank Press.

World Commission on Environment and Economic Development (WCED). 1987. Our Common Future (also known as the Brundtland Commission report). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Wright, J.D., P.H. Rossi, S.R. Wright, and E. Weber-Burdin. 1979. After the Clean-Up: Long-Range Effects of Natural Disasters. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Wu, J.Y., and M.K. Lindell. 2004. Housing reconstruction after two major earthquakes: The 1994 Northridge earthquake in the United States and the 1999 Chi-Chi earthquake in Taiwan. Disasters 28:63-81.

Yandle, T., and D. Burton. 1996. Reexamining environmental justice: A statistical analysis of historical hazardous waste landfill siting patterns in metropolitan Texas. Social Science Quarterly 77(3):477-492.

Yezer, A. 2002. The economics of natural disasters. Pp. 213-235 in R. Stallings (ed.) Methods of Disaster Research. International Research Committee on Disasters. Philadelphia: Xlibris.

Yin, R., and G. Andranovich. 1987. Getting Research Used in the Natural Hazards Field: The Role of Professional Associations. Washington, DC: Cosmos Corporation.

Yin, R., and G. Moore. 1985. The Utilization of Research: Lessons Learned from the Natural Hazards Field. Washington, DC: Cosmos Corporation.

Zerubavel, E. 1981. Hidden Rhythms: Schedules and Challenges of Social Life. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Zerubavel, E. 1997. Social Mindscapes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Zerubavel, E. 2003. Time Maps: Collective Memory and the Social Shape of the Future. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Zhang, Y., C.S. Prater, and M.K. Lindell. 2004a. Risk area accuracy and evacuation from Hurricane Bret. Natural Hazards Review 5:115-120.

Zhang, Y., M.K. Lindell, and C.S. Prater. 2004b. Modeling and managing the vulnerability of community businesses to environmental disasters. Paper presented at the 45th Annual Conference of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning, Portland, OR, October 23.

Ziegler, D.J., S. D. Brunn, and J.H. Johnson. 1981. Evacuation from a nuclear technological disaster. Geographical Review 71:1-16.

Zimmerman, R. 1994. Issues of classification in environmental equity: How we manage is how we measure. Fordham Urban Law Journal 21:633-670.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×

This page intially left blank

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 340
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 341
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 342
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 343
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 344
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 345
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 346
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 347
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 348
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 349
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 350
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 351
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 352
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 353
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 354
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 355
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 356
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 357
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 358
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 359
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 360
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 361
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 362
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 363
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 364
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 365
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 366
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 367
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 368
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 369
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 370
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 371
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 372
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 373
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 374
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 375
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2006. Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11671.
×
Page 376
Next: Appendix A Acronyms »
Facing Hazards and Disasters: Understanding Human Dimensions Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $75.00 Buy Ebook | $59.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Social science research conducted since the late 1970's has contributed greatly to society's ability to mitigate and adapt to natural, technological, and willful disasters. However, as evidenced by Hurricane Katrina, the Indian Ocean tsunami, the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States, and other recent events, hazards and disaster research and its application could be improved greatly. In particular, more studies should be pursued that compare how the characteristics of different types of events--including predictability, forewarning, magnitude, and duration of impact--affect societal vulnerability and response. This book includes more than thirty recommendations for the hazards and disaster community.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!