National Academies Press: OpenBook

The Scientific Context for Exploration of the Moon: Interim Report (2006)

Chapter: Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2006. The Scientific Context for Exploration of the Moon: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11747.
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B
Acronyms and Abbreviations

ALSEP—the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package

ASTP—the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, a joint U.S.-U.S.S.R. mission

ATP—NASA’s Advanced Technology Program

Chang’e—a Chinese National Space Administration lunar orbiter

CHEX—the NRC’s Committee on the Human Exploration of Space

ESMD—NASA’s Exploration Systems Mission Directorate

EVA—Extravehicular activity

ISRU—in situ resource utilization

KREEP—lunar basalts that are rich in potassium, rare-earth elements, and phosphorus

LCROSS—the Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite, a secondary payload to be launched with the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter

LHB—the Late Heavy Bombardment period, about 3.9 billion years ago

LPRP—the Lunar Precursor and Robotic Program of the Exploration Systems Mission Directorate

LRO—NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter

LSAM—NASA’s Lunar Surface Access Module

Lunar A—a Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency lunar mission

M3—Moon Mineralogy Mapper, an imaging spectrometer on the Indian Space Research Organization’s Chandrayaan-1 lunar mission

MER—NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover

SBE—surface boundary exosphere

SELENE—Selenological and Engineering Explorer, a Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency lunar orbiter

SIM—the Apollo Scientific Instrument Module, which contained panoramic and mapping cameras, a gamma-ray spectrometer, a laser altimeter, and a mass spectrometer

SMART-1—Small Missions for Advanced Research in Technology, a European Space Agency lunar mission

SMD—NASA’s Science Mission Directorate

SPA—the lunar South Pole-Aitken basin

Vision—NASA’s Vision for Space Exploration

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2006. The Scientific Context for Exploration of the Moon: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11747.
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Because of the Moon's unique place in the evolution of rocky worlds, it is a prime focus of NASA's space exploration vision. Currently NASA is defining and implementing a series of robotic orbital and landed missions to the Moon as the initial phase of this vision. To realize the benefits of this activity, NASA needs a comprehensive, well-validated, and prioritized set of scientific research objectives. To help establish those objective, NASA asked the NRC to provide guidance on the scientific challenges and opportunities enabled by sustained robotic and human exploration of the Moon during the period 2008-2013+. This interim report, which focuses on science of the Moon, presents a number of scientific themes describing broad scientific goals important for lunar research, discussions of how best to reach these goals, a set of three priority areas that follow from the themes, and recommendations for these priorities and related areas. A final report will follow in the summer of 2007.

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